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Journal of research in personality v.73, 2018년, pp.63 - 74   SSCI
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Freedom and responsibility go together: Personality, experimental, and cultural demonstrations

Sheldon, Kennon M.    (University of Missouri, United States   ); Gordeeva, Tamara    (International Laboratory of Positive Psychology of Personality and Motivation, National Research University Higher School of Economics, Russia   ); Leontiev, Dmitry    (International Laboratory of Positive Psychology of Personality and Motivation, National Research University Higher School of Economics, Russia   ); Lynch, Martin F.    (International Laboratory of Positive Psychology of Personality and Motivation, National Research University Higher School of Economics, Russia   ); Osin, Evgeny    (International Laboratory of Positive Psychology of Personality and Motivation, National Research University Higher School of Economics, Russia   ); Rasskazova, Elena    (International Laboratory of Positive Psychology of Personality and Motivation, National Research University Higher School of Economics, Russia   ); Dementiy, Liudmila    (F.M. Dostoevskiy Omsk State University, Russia  );
  • 초록  

    Abstract In three cross-cultural studies we tested the premise that psychological freedom (aka autonomy) and personal responsibility are complementary rather than conflicting, and the further premise that freedom causes responsibility, rather than vice versa. In all studies, (a) supporting autonomy in an experimental context increased responsibility-taking after failure, whereas emphasizing responsibility did not; (b) measures of dispositional autonomy and dispositional responsibility were positively correlated; (c) and responsibility-taking was slightly lower in Russia, a country typically ranked lower in world freedom indices. Supporting a control sensitivity explanation of the socio-cultural differences, the last study found that Russians were inclined to take more responsibility than Americans, but only when it was requested (not demanded) by family/friends (but not by authorities or by strangers). Highlights Trait freedom (autonomy) and responsibility were positively associated in 3 studies. In Russia, a society with less freedom than the U.S., there was less responsibility. But Russians took more responsibility than Americans, when asked nicely by ingroups. Experiments in both countries showed that supporting autonomy boosted responsibility. Responsibility-taking could not be manipulated directly, only indirectly via autonomy.


  • 주제어

    Freedom .   Autonomy .   Responsibility .   Self-determination theory .   Russia.  

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