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Journal of the mechanical behavior of biomedical materials v.81, 2018년, pp.202 - 213   SCIE
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Constitutive laws with damage effect for the human great saphenous vein

Li, Wenguang
  • 초록  

    Abstract Strain energy-based constitutive laws with damage effect were proposed by using existing both uniaxial tensile test and tubular biaxial inflation test data on the human great saphenous vein (GSV) segments. These laws were applied into GSV coronary artery bypass grafts (CABG) by employing a thin-walled vessel model to evaluate their passive biomechanical performance under coronary artery physiological conditions at a fixed axial pre-stretch. At a peak systolic pressure in 100–150 mmHg, a 20–33% GSV diameter dilation was predicted with the law based on tubular biaxial inflation test data and agreed well with 25% dilation in clinical observation in comparison with as small as 2–4% dilation estimated with the law based on uniaxial tensile test data. The constitutive law generated by tubular biaxial inflation test data was mostly suitable for GSV CABG under coronary artery physiological conditions than that based on uniaxial tensile test results. With these laws, the fibre ultimate stretch was extracted from uniaxial tensile test data and the structural sub-failure/damage threshold of 1.0731 was decided for the human GSV. GSV fibres could exhibit damage effect but unlikely undergo a structure failure/break, suggesting a damage factor might exist during CABG arterialization. The damage in GSV tissue might initiate or contribute to early remodelling of CABG after implantation.


  • 주제어

    Great saphenous vein .   Constitutive law .   Damage model .   Coronary artery bypass graft .   Strain energy function .   Collagen fibre orientation.  

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