Online approximation of the multichannel Wiener filter with preservation of interaural level difference for binaural hearing-aids
Abstract This work presents an online approximation method for the multichannel Wiener filter (MWF) noise reduction technique with preservation of the noise interaural level difference (ILD) for binaural hearing-aids. The steepest descent method is applied to a previously proposed MWF-ILD cost function to both approximate the optimal linear estimator of the desired speech and keep the subjective perception of the original acoustic scenario. The computational cost of the resulting algorithm is estimated in terms of multiply and accumulate operations, whose number can be controlled by setting the number of iterations at each time frame. Simulation results for the particular case of one speech and one-directional noise source show that the proposed method increases the signal-to-noise ratio SNR of the originally acquired speech by up to 16.9 dB in the assessed scenarios. As compared to the online implementation of the conventional MWF technique, the proposed technique provides a reduction of up to 7 dB in the noise ILD error at the price of a reduction of up 3 dB in the output SNR. Subjective experiments with volunteers complement these objective measures with psychoacoustic results, which corroborate the expected spatial preservation of the original acoustic scenario. The proposed method allows practical online implementation of the MWF-ILD noise reduction technique under constrained computational resources. Predicted SNR improvements from 12 dB to 16.9 dB can be obtained in application-specific integrated circuits for hearing-aids and state-of-the-art digital signal processors. Highlights It is presented an online noise reduction method for binaural hearing aids. It is an approximation of the Multichannel Wiener Filter with preservation of the noise interaural level difference. The computational cost of the proposed algorithm is estimated in terms of multiply and accumulate operations. Its computational cost fits state-of-the-art digital signal processors and integrated circuits for hearing-aids. SNR improvements of up to 16.9 dB can be achieved with preservation of the original acoustic spatial scenario.
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- DOI : http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.compbiomed.2018.02.017
- Elsevier : 저널 > 논문
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