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Anaerobe v.51, 2018년, pp.42 - 46   SCI SCIE
본 등재정보는 저널의 등재정보를 참고하여 보여주는 베타서비스로 정확한 논문의 등재여부는 등재기관에 확인하시기 바랍니다.

High prevalence of Clostridium difficile PCR ribotype 078 in pigs in Korea

Kim, Ha-Young (Animal Disease Diagnostic Division, Animal and Plant Quarantine Agency, Gimcheon 39660, Republic of Korea ) ; Cho, Ara (Animal Disease Diagnostic Division, Animal and Plant Quarantine Agency, Gimcheon 39660, Republic of Korea ) ; Kim, Jong Wan (Animal Disease Diagnostic Division, Animal and Plant Quarantine Agency, Gimcheon 39660, Republic of Korea ) ; Kim, Heejung (Department of Laboratory Medicine and Research Institute of Bacterial Resistance, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul 03722, Republic of Korea ) ; Kim, Bumseok (Laboratory of Pathology, College of Veterinary Medicine, Chonbuk National University, Iksan 54596, Republic of Korea ) ;
  • 초록  

    Abstract Clostridium difficile can cause neonatal enteritis, but has been isolated from both diseased and healthy pigs. C. difficile shedding by pigs is a potential source of zoonotic transmission to humans. The objectives of this study were to characterize the prevalence and genotype of C. difficile with respect to age and health status in the pig industry for the first time in Korea. Fecal samples of 910 pigs were analyzed for the presence of C. difficile . In total, 176 (19.3%) C. difficile strains were isolated. The prevalence was significantly higher ( p tcdA, tcdB, cdtA, and cdtB were all detected in 153 isolates (A + B + CDT + , 86.9%). Furthermore, the majority of toxigenic strains (86.5%) were identified as PCR ribotype 078, which is an important pathogen in both pigs and humans. These results indicated that C. difficile is a leading causative pathogen of neonatal diarrhea in piglets in Korea. Highlights This study is the first large-scale analysis of Clostridium difficile in pigs in Korea. Most isolates were toxigenic with binary toxin. Korean pigs are frequently colonized with PCR ribotype 078.


  • 주제어

    Clostridium difficile .   Pig .   Ribotype 078 .   Toxin profile.  

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