The Effects of High-Dose Parathyroid Hormone Treatment on Fusion Outcomes in a Rabbit Model of Posterolateral Lumbar Spinal Fusion Alone and in Combination with Bone Morphogenetic Protein 2 Treatment
Background Parathyroid hormone (PTH) (1–34) treatment reduces fracture risk in osteoporotic patients. Previously, we demonstrated in a rabbit model that low-dose PTH treatment resulted in increased fusion mass volume. As effects of PTH on bone are dose-dependent, we aimed to evaluate whether increasing dosage of PTH increases both volume and biomechanical stiffness of the resulting fusion masses and/or exhibits synergistic effects with low-dose bone morphogenetic protein 2 (BMP-2). Methods Posterolateral lumbar spinal fusion surgery was performed on 60 New Zealand White rabbits divided into 6 experimental groups: iliac crest autograft alone, autograft plus 20 μg/kg/day PTH, autograft plus 40 μg/kg/day PTH, BMP-2 alone, BMP-2 plus 20 μg/kg/day PTH, and BMP-2 plus 40 μg/kg PTH. Fusion was assessed at postoperative week 6 via manual palpation, volumetric computed tomography analysis, and 4-point bending biomechanical testing. Results All groups treated with BMP-2 fused. Increasing doses of PTH resulted in increased fusion mass volume compared with autograft alone. Autograft plus 40 μg/kg/day PTH yielded fusion mass volumes comparable to BMP-2. When the autograft groups were considered alone, increased mechanical stiffness was observed only in the 20 μg/kg/day group. No significant stiffness differences were observed between BMP-2 groups. Conclusions Treatment with the highest dose of PTH resulted in fusion mass volumes similar to those obtained with BMP-2. When the autograft groups were considered alone, significant increases in mechanical stiffness were observed at a dosage of 20 μg/kg/day, suggesting there may be an optimal dose of PTH in the rabbit model. Effects of BMP-2 on fusion were dominant. Highlights Effects of PTH (1–34) treatment on spinal fusion were tested with and without rhBMP-2. All rhBMP-2 groups fused and yielded significantly stiffer fusion masses. Treatment with 40 μg/kg PTH yielded fusion mass volumes comparable to rhBMP-2. When PTH (1–34) is combined with BMP-2, the fusion effects of rhBMP-2 are dominant.
유료 다운로드의 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 신규 회원가입, 로그인, 유료 구매 등이 필요할 수 있습니다. 해당 사이트에서 발생하는 귀하의 모든 정보활동은 NDSL의 서비스 정책과 무관합니다.
원문복사신청을 하시면, 일부 해외 인쇄학술지의 경우 외국학술지지원센터(FRIC)에서
무료 원문복사 서비스를 제공합니다.
NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 위의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니 담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.
- 이 논문과 함께 출판된 논문 + 더보기