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Advanced functional materials v.28 no.28, 2018년, pp.1800497 -   

Conformal Multifunctional Titania Shell on Iron Oxide Nanorod Conversion Electrode Enables High Stability Exceeding 30 000 Cycles in Aqueous Electrolyte

Li, Ruizhi (School of Chemistry, Chemical Engineering and Life Science and State Key Laboratory of Advanced Technology for Materials Synthesis and Processing, Wuhan University of Technology, Wuhan, Hubei, 430070, P. R. China ) ; Ba, Xin (Institute of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, Department of Physics, Central China Normal University, Wuhan, Hubei, 430079, P. R. China ) ; Zhang, Haifeng (Shanghai Key Laboratory of Special Artificial Microstructure Materials and Technology, School of Physics Science and Engineering, Tongji University, Shanghai, 200092, P. R. China ) ; Xu, Pan (Institute of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, Department of Physics, Central China Normal University, Wuhan, Hubei, 430079, P. R. China ) ; Li, Yuanyuan (School of Optical and Electronic Information, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, 430074, P. R. China ) ; Cheng, Chuanwei (Shanghai Key Labor ) ; Liu, Jinping ;
  • 초록  

    Abstract Iron oxide is promising for use in aqueous energy storage devices due to the high capacity, but one of the most challenging problems is cycling instability within the large potential window that results from the complete quasi‐conversion reaction. Herein, a conformal surface coating strategy toward iron oxide via atomic layer deposition (ALD) is presented and an Fe 3 O 4 @TiO 2 core–shell nanorod array anode is reported that exhibits remarkable cycling performance exceeding 30 000 times within a wide potential window in neutral lithium salt electrolyte. ALD offers a uniform and precisely controllable TiO 2 shell that not only buffers the inner volume expansion of Fe 3 O 4 , but also contributes extra capacity through Li + intercalation/de‐intercalation and helps to alleviate the water electrolysis. Furthermore, by pairing with a pseduocapacitive cathode of V 2 O 3 @carbon and using a hydrogel electrolyte of PVA‐LiCl, a unique flexible quasi‐solid‐state hybrid supercapacitor can be assembled. With a high voltage of 2.0 V, the device delivers high volumetric energy and power densities (2.23 mWh cm −3 , 1090 mW cm −3 ), surpassing many recently reported flexible supercapacitors. This work highlights the importance of ALD conformal multifunctional shell to instable nanoarray electrodes in aqueous electrolytes and brings new opportunities to design advanced aqueous hybrid energy storage devices.


  • 주제어

    aqueous electrolytes .   atomic layer deposition .   battery‐supercapacitor hybrids .   Fe3O4@TiO2 .   ultralong cycling life.  

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