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Angewandte Chemie. international edition v.57 no.27, 2018년, pp.8110 - 8114   SCI SCIE
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Chemical/Light‐Powered Hybrid Micromotors with “On‐the‐Fly” Optical Brakes

Chen, Chuanrui (Department of Nanoengineering, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA, 92093, USA ) ; Tang, Songsong (Department of Nanoengineering, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA, 92093, USA ) ; Teymourian, Hazhir (Department of Nanoengineering, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA, 92093, USA ) ; Karshalev, Emil (Department of Nanoengineering, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA, 92093, USA ) ; Zhang, Fangyu (Department of Nanoengineering, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA, 92093, USA ) ; Li, Jinxing (Department of Nanoengineering, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA, 92093, USA ) ; Mou, Fangzhi (State Key Laboratory of Advanced Technology for Materials Synthesis and Processing, Wuhan University of Technology, Wuhan, 430070, P. R. China ) ; Liang, Yuyan (Department of ) ; Guan, Jianguo ; Wang, Joseph ;
  • 초록  

    Abstract Hybrid micromotors capable of both chemically powered propulsion and fuel‐free light‐driven actuation and offering built‐in optical brakes for chemical propulsion are described. The new hybrid micromotors are designed by combining photocatalytic TiO 2 and catalytic Pt surfaces into a Janus microparticle. The chemical reactions on the different surfaces of the Janus particle hybrid micromotor can be tailored by using chemical or light stimuli that generate counteracting propulsion forces on the catalytic Pt and photocatalytic TiO 2 sides. Such modulation of the surface chemistry on a single micromotor leads to switchable propulsion modes and reversal of the direction of motion that reflect the tuning of the local ion concentration and hence the dominant propulsion force. An intermediate Au layer (under the Pt surface) plays an important role in determining the propulsion mechanism and operation of the hybrid motor. The built‐in optical braking system allows “on‐the‐fly” control of the chemical propulsion through a photocatalytic reaction on the TiO 2 side to counterbalance the chemical propulsion force generated on the Pt side. The adaptive dual operation of these chemical/light hybrid micromotors, associated with such control of the surface chemistry, holds considerable promise for designing smart nanomachines that autonomously reconfigure their propulsion mode for various on‐demand operations.


  • 주제어

    chemical propulsion .   Janus micromotors .   optical brakes .   photocatalytic reactions.  

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