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Polymer international v.67 no.8, 2018년, pp.1011 - 1015  

Characterization of thermally crosslinkable polyester films by thermomechanical analysis: a versatile and very sensitive technique for the evaluation of low crosslinking degree in polymers

Prataviera, Rogério (Department of Materials Engineering, Federal University of São Carlos, São Carlos, SP, Brazil ) ; Pessan, Luiz Antonio (Department of Materials Engineering, Federal University of São Carlos, São Carlos, SP, Brazil ) ; Carvalho, Antonio José (Department of Materials Engineering, University of São Paulo, São Carlos, SP, Brazil ) ; Felix ;
  • 초록  

    Abstract Thermomechanical analysis (TMA) is an effective technique for the characterization of small samples such as thin films of micrometric thickness, allowing the determination of thermal events such as glass transition, softening temperature and thermal expansion. Here we describe use of the TMA technique to investigate the drying and curing properties of polyester thin films ranging from 40 to 70 μm thick. The main purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of residual solvent and crosslinking on the glass transition and softening temperatures of the polyester films subjected to thermal cycling. Despite the fact that the analysed films were thinner than 100 μm, TMA proved to be very sensitive to small changes in residual solvent content and to the effects of the degree of crosslinking on the glass transition and softening temperatures of the polymer films. The most important finding is the possibility of detecting very small degrees of crosslinking in an easy, fast and quantitative way. Other methods such as swelling were not sensitive enough to differentiate the crosslinked samples and data for thicker films are not comparable to the data for thin films. ⓒ 2018 Society of Chemical Industry


  • 주제어

    thermomechanical analysis .   softening temperature .   thermal properties .   polyester films .   polymer crosslinking.  

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