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Pest management science v.74 no.8, 2018년, pp.1880 - 1891  

Does selective hormesis impact herbicide resistance evolution in weeds? ACCase‐resistant populations of Alopecurus myosuroides Huds. as a case study

Belz, Regina G (University of Hohenheim, Hans‐Ruthenberg Institute, Agroecology Unit, Stuttgart, Germany ) ; Farooq, Muhammad B (University of Hohenheim, Hans‐Ruthenberg Institute, Agroecology Unit, Stuttgart, Germany ) ; Wagner, Jean (PlantaLyt GmbH, Hannover, Germany ) ;
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    Abstract BACKGROUND A field‐evolved herbicide‐resistant weed population can represent a heterogeneous composite of subpopulations that differ in their susceptibility and responsiveness to herbicide hormesis. Variable hormesis responsiveness can result in selection for and against certain subpopulations under low herbicide doses, and this has the potential to contribute to the evolution of resistance. The relevance of this hypothesis at practical field rates was studied for two field‐collected acetyl‐coenzyme A carboxylase (ACCase) target‐site resistant (TSR) biotypes of Alopecurus myosuroides Huds. (haplotype Leu1781) exposed to three ACCase inhibitors. Herbicide dose responses were evaluated at the population level and at different subpopulation levels after the dissection of individual plants by herbicide selection and genotyping. RESULTS The practical field rates of fenoxaprop‐P were lower than the observed hormetic doses in the resistant subpopulation, whereas the field rates of clodinafop and cycloxydim stimulated the shoot biomass in different resistant subpopulations by 21–38% above that of the control. Because variable dose levels induced hormesis in the different subpopulations, the practical field rates showed a significant potential to selectively enhance parts of a resistant field population, but did not impact or adversely affect other parts of the population. CONCLUSION As a consequence of population heterogeneity, herbicide hormesis may impact resistance evolution in weeds at realistic use rates via the selective promotion of individual genotypes. However, the practical relevance of this phenomenon may be influenced by many factors, such as the herbicidal active ingredient used, as indicated in this study. ⓒ 2018 Society of Chemical Industry


  • 주제어

    dose response .   growth stimulation .   herbicide hormesis .   acetyl‐coenzyme A carboxylase (ACCase) inhibitor .   target‐site resistance.  

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