Methylation of ZNF331 is an independent prognostic marker of colorectal cancer and promotes colorectal cancer growth
Background ZNF331 was reported to be a transcriptional repressor. Methylation of the promoter region of ZNF331 has been found frequently in human esophageal and gastric cancers. The function and methylation status of ZNF331 remain to be elucidated in human colorectal cancer (CRC). Methods Six colorectal cancer cell lines, 146 cases of primary colorectal cancer samples, and 10 cases of noncancerous colorectal mucosa were analyzed in this study using the following techniques: methylation specific PCR (MSP), qRT-PCR, siRNA, flow cytometry, xenograft mice, MTT, colony formation, and transfection assays. Results Loss of ZNF331 expression was found in DLD1 and SW48 cells, reduced expression was found in SW480, SW620, and HCT116 cells, and high level expression was detected in DKO cells. Complete methylation of the ZNF331 in the promoter region was found in DLD1 and SW48 cells, partial methylation was found in SW480, SW620, and HCT116 cells, and unmethylation was detected in DKO cells. Loss of/reduced expression of ZNF331 is correlated with promoter region methylation. Restoration of ZNF331 expression was induced by 5-aza-2′-deoxycytidine (DAC) in DLD1 and SW48 cells. These results suggest that ZNF331 expression is regulated by promoter region methylation in CRC cells. ZNF331 was methylated in 67.1% (98/146) of human primary colorectal cancer samples. Methylation of ZNF331 was significantly associated with tumor size, overall survival (OS), and disease-free survival (DFS) ( p p p p Conclusions ZNF331 is frequently methylated in human colorectal cancer, and the expression of ZNF331 is regulated by promoter region methylation. Methylation of ZNF331 is a poor prognostic marker of CRC.
- DOI : http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13148-017-0417-4
- Springer : 저널
- PubMed Central : 저널 > https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5648453
- Biomed Central Ltd. : 저널
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