A Historical Review of the Nixon Administration and European Political Cooperation
Abstract With a historical approach, this paper examines the Nixon administration's policy and stance towards European Political Cooperation (EPC). In December 1969, at The Hague Summit the leaders of the European Community expressed their determination for deepening European integration. The final communiquE of The Hague Summit stressed that the European Community's desire to achieve EPC and to parallel the European Community's economic increasing strength with a role to play in the world affairs. With this in mind, the paper will examine the impacts that Nixon administration's attempts to rebalance U.S. foreign relations reflected in the opening to China and the dEtente with the Soviet Union had on European political integration. Then, it will be argued that the Nixon administration's shifting foreign policy priorities can be seen as one of the driving forces of EPC. The paper puts forth that a European Community, whose weight was increased by first its economic integration and then its political cooperation, was seen by the Nixon administration as a challenge to the United States. It is concluded that after a long time of consistently supporting European integration as a means to secure peace and prosperity in Europe, the United States under the Nixon administration had to re-consider its foreign relations and rebalance its focus on the global chessboard. This rebalancing certainly impacted EPC in particular and the European integration process in general.
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