Endoscope-Assisted Cochlear Implantation
Objectives Our aim was to present our endoscope-assisted cochlear implantation (CI) technique, in which the middle ear landmarks were identified through the facial recess exposure by using an endoscopic view without elevating the tympanic annulus. The secondary goal was to assess whether the situation of difficult surgical exposure could be predicted by evaluating preoperative axial computed tomography (CT) examinations. Methods CT examinations and surgical outcomes of endoscope-assisted CI surgeries were analyzed. Results A total of 179 CI operations performed in 27 adults (15.1%) and 152 children (84.9%) were retrospectively evaluated. It was found that in 14 cases (7.8%), endoscopic examination contributed substantially in identifying the round window (RW) membrane correctly. Endoscopic identification of the RW through the posterior tympanotomy enabled us to perform a straightforward surgery in all these cases, without the need for switching to a bony cochleostomy or alternative surgical techniques. The difficulty in the surgical exposure was predicted preoperatively by examining the axial CT scans in six of the 14 cases (42.8%) for which endoscopic assistance was necessary in order to identify the RW correctly. Conclusion The main benefit of endoscope-assisted CI is the improved visibility leading to a panoramic view of the RW region. The implementation of transfacial recess endoscopic examination into the conventional CI technique is helpful to avoid problems during surgical orientation. However, the difficulty in the surgical exposure of the RW cannot be reliably predicted by the subjective evaluation of preoperative CT scans and more studies are needed to obtain reliable criteria.
- DOI : http://dx.doi.org/10.21053/ceo.2017.00927
- 대한이비인후과학회 : 저널
- PubMed Central : 저널 > https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5951066
- ScienceCentral : 저널
- 원문이 없습니다.
유료 다운로드의 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 신규 회원가입, 로그인, 유료 구매 등이 필요할 수 있습니다. 해당 사이트에서 발생하는 귀하의 모든 정보활동은 NDSL의 서비스 정책과 무관합니다.
원문복사신청을 하시면, 일부 해외 인쇄학술지의 경우 외국학술지지원센터(FRIC)에서
무료 원문복사 서비스를 제공합니다.
NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 위의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니 담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.
- 이 논문과 함께 출판된 논문 + 더보기