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Journal of neurogastroenterology and motility v.22 no.4, 2016년, pp.643 - 649   SCIE
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Gastric Electrical Stimulation Is an Option for Patients with Refractory Cyclic Vomiting Syndrome

Grover, Inderpreet    (Department of Medicine, University of Mississippi Medical Center, Jackson, MS, USA  ); Kim, Richard    (Division of Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition, Department of Medicine, University of Louisville, KY, USA  ); Spree, Danielle C    (Division of Digestive Diseases, University of Mississippi Medical Center, Jackson, MS, USA  ); Lahr, Christopher J    (Department of Surgery, University of Mississippi Medical Center, Jackson, MS, USA  ); Kedar, Archana    (Division of Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition, Department of Medicine, University of Louisville, KY, USA  ); Kothari, Shivangi    (Division of Digestive Diseases, University of Mississippi Medical Center, Jackson, MS, USA  ); Fleisher, David    (Department of Pediatric Gastroenterology, University of Missouri Health Care, Columbia, MO, USA  ); Abell, Thomas L    (Division of Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition, Department of Medicine, University of Louisville, KY, USA  );
  • 초록

    Background/Aims Cyclic vomiting syndrome (CVS) is a disabling migraine variant manifesting as severe episodes of nausea and vomiting and often refractory to many therapies. Gastric electrical stimulation (GES), which can reduce nausea and vomiting in gastroparesis, may provide symptomatic relief for drug-refractory CVS. This study assessed the utility GES in reducing the symptoms of CVS and improving the quality of life. Methods A one-year, non-randomized, clinical study was conducted. Eleven consecutive patients with drug refractory, cyclic vomiting syndrome based on Rome III criteria and North American Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition (NASPGHAN), underwent treatment with temporary GES (Temp GES) and permanent GES (Perm GES). Post-treatment follow up was done up to one year after permanent gastric electrical stimulation therapy. Results Total symptom score decreased by 68% and 40% after temporary and permanent GES therapies, respectively. Hospital admission events significantly decreased to 1.50 (± 1.00) events from 9.14 (± 7.21) annual admissions prior to treatment with permanent GES. Vomiting episodes fell by 83% post Temp GES and 69% after Perm GES treatments. Mucosal electrogram values also changed after temporary stimulation. Conclusions In a small group of drug-refractory CVS patients, treatments with temporary and permanent GES significantly reduced the severity of gastrointestinal symptoms and frequency of hospital admissions.


  • 주제어

    Cyclic vomiting syndrome .   Gastric electrical stimulation .   Nausea .   Vomiting.  

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