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Epidemiology and health v.38, 2016년, pp.e2016019 -   

Risk factors for heart failure in a cohort of patients with newly diagnosed myocardial infarction: a matched, case-control study in Iran

Ahmadi, Ali    (Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Modeling in Health Research Center, Shahrekord University of Medical Sciences, Shahrekord, Iran  ); Etemad, Koorosh    (Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran  ); Khaledifar, Arsalan    (Department of Cardiology, School of Medicine, Hajar Hospital, Modeling in Health Research Center, Shahrekord University of Medical Sciences, Shahrekord, Iran  );
  • 초록

    OBJECTIVES: Risk factors for heart failure (HF) have not yet been studied in myocardial infarction (MI) patients in Iran. This study was conducted to determine these risk factors. METHODS: In this nationwide, hospital-based, case-control study, the participants were all new MI patients hospitalized from April 2012 to March 2013 in Iran. The data on 1,691 new cases with HF (enrolled by census sampling) were compared with the data of 6,764 patients without HF as controls. We randomly selected four controls per one case, matched on the date at MI and HF diagnosis, according to incidence density sampling. Using conditional logistic regression models, odds ratios (ORs) with a 95% confidence interval (CI) were calculated to identify potential risk factors. RESULTS: The one-year in-hospital mortality rate was 18.2% in the cases and higher than in the controls (12.1%) (p CONCLUSIONS: Our findings may help to better identify and monitor the predictive risk factors for HF in MI patients. The pattern of risk factors was different in men and women.


  • 주제어

    Heart failure .   Epidemiology .   Myocardial infarction .   Mortality .   Risk factors .   Case-control studies.  

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