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Neuroscience letters 36건

  1. [해외논문]   C4 - CONTENTS  


    Neuroscience letters v.639 ,pp. OBC , 2017 , 0304-3940 ,

    초록

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    무료다운로드 유료다운로드

    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

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  2. [해외논문]   fmiii - FULL TITLE PAGE/EDITORIAL BOARD  


    Neuroscience letters v.639 ,pp. iii , 2017 , 0304-3940 ,

    초록

    원문보기

    원문보기
    무료다운로드 유료다운로드

    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

    이미지

    Fig. 1 이미지
  3. [해외논문]   Mechanism of inhibition by chlorpromazine of the human pain threshold sodium channel, Nav1.7  

    Lee, S.J. ; Kim, D.H. ; Hahn, S.J. ; Waxman, S.G. ; Choi, J.S.
    Neuroscience letters v.639 ,pp. 1 - 7 , 2017 , 0304-3940 ,

    초록

    Chlorpromazine is a phenothiazine derivative which is primarily used for schizophrenia and occasionally for migraine. Because Na v 1.7 plays an important role in pain sensation, we investigated whether chlorpromazine blocks the human Na v 1.7 (hNa v 1.7) sodium current in HEK293 cells stably expressing hNa v 1.7 using the whole-cell patch-clamp technique. The peak current of hNa v 1.7 was reduced by chlorpromazine in a concentration-dependent manner with a half-maximal inhibitory concentration of 25.9+/-0.6μM and a Hill coefficient of 2.3+/-0.1. The calmodulin inhibitory peptide did not abolish the blockade of hNa v 1.7 currents by chlorpromazine. The blockade of hNa v 1.7 currents by chlorpromazine was completely and repeatedly reversible after washout. The half-maximal voltage of activation of hNa v 1.7 was not changed by chlorpromazine. However, chlorpromazine caused hyperpolarized the steady-state inactivation of hNa v 1.7. The recovery from inactivation in the presence of chlorpromazine was slower than in the absence of chlorpromazine. Chlorpromazine also showed strong use-dependent inhibition of the hNa v 1.7 current. Our results demonstrate that chlorpromazine blocks the hNa v 1.7 current in concentration-, state- and use-dependent manners and suggest that it merits further study for potential use in pain management.

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    무료다운로드 유료다운로드

    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

    이미지

    Fig. 1 이미지
  4. [해외논문]   Effects of LY466195, a selective kainate receptor antagonist, on ethanol preference and drinking in rats  

    Van Nest, D. ; Hernandez, N.S. ; Kranzler, H.R. ; Pierce, R.C. ; Schmidt, H.D.
    Neuroscience letters v.639 ,pp. 8 - 12 , 2017 , 0304-3940 ,

    초록

    There is evidence that variation in the gene encoding a kainate receptor subunit contributes to alcohol dependence risk. Further, there is suggestive evidence that alcohol consumption is mediated, in part, by kainate receptors. In this study, we used a novel kainate receptor antagonist, LY466195, to examine the potential role of kainate receptors in alcohol drinking behavior using a rodent model of voluntary ethanol consumption. Male Sprague Dawley and Long Evans rats were given access to 20% ethanol using the intermittent two-bottle choice paradigm. Following 6 weeks of ethanol consumption, rats were pretreated with an acute dose of LY466195 (0, 4.0 and 10.0mg/kg, i.p.) prior to a two-bottle choice test session. Acute administration of LY466195 did not significantly affect ethanol-drinking behavior in Sprague Dawley rats. In contrast, Long Evans rats pretreated with 10.0mg/kg LY466195 showed a significant reduction in alcohol preference compared to vehicle-treated controls. Decreased alcohol preference in the Long Evans rats was associated with increased water intake and no change in the amount of ethanol consumed. Taken together, these results suggest that systemic administration of a selective kainate receptor antagonist reduces ethanol preference in rats, an effect that could be due to non-specific effects on overall drinking behavior.

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    무료다운로드 유료다운로드

    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

    이미지

    Fig. 1 이미지
  5. [해외논문]   Balance reactions to light touch displacements when standing on foam  

    Misiaszek, J.E. ; Vander Meulen, J.
    Neuroscience letters v.639 ,pp. 13 - 17 , 2017 , 0304-3940 ,

    초록

    We hypothesized that standing on an unstable surface would increase the relevance of light touch to standing balance, such that unexpected displacement of a touch reference would result in more consistent expression of balance corrections, compared to standing on a firm surface. Ten healthy participants stood on a foam block atop a force plate without vision, while lightly touching a reference. The touch plate was unexpectedly displaced forwards 10 times. Responses in tibialis anterior (TA) were observed more frequently across the 10 trials compared with standing on a firm surface. However, the responses evoked in trials 2-10 were functionally distinct from those following the first trial. We suggest the first trial responses represent balance corrective responses induced by the slip of the finger relative to the reference. In contrast, the subsequent responses in TA are likely related to an arm-tracking reaction that emerges, indicating a rapid repurposing of the tactile feedback.

    원문보기

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    무료다운로드 유료다운로드

    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

    이미지

    Fig. 1 이미지
  6. [해외논문]   Walking duration and slope steepness determine the effect of downslope walking on the soleus H-reflex pathway  

    Arnold, E. ; Farmer, B. ; Keightley, M. ; Lee, D. ; Rigel, T. ; Hoque, M. ; Sabatier, M.J.
    Neuroscience letters v.639 ,pp. 18 - 24 , 2017 , 0304-3940 ,

    초록

    The purpose of this study was to determine if the effect of downslope walking (DSW) on spinal excitability depends on walking duration and slope steepness, and if findings from the soleus (Sol) generalize to the tibialis anterior (TA). Sol and TA Hmax and Mmax were measured before and after four DSW doses (time/slope, min/%) on separate days (10/-15, 20/-15, 10/-25, 20/-25, n=14), and one 20-min bout of level walking (LW, n=12), always at 2.5 mph. Heart rate (HR) and ratings of perceived exertion (RPE) were measured during walking. DSW for all doses except 10/-15 caused greater Sol Hmax/Mmax depression than LW (p@?0.02), and 20/-25 caused greater Hmax/Mmax depression than 10/-15 (p@?0.01). TA H-reflex curves were substantially smaller than Sol H-reflex curves, and this study was unable to detect an effect of LW or DSW on TA Hmax/Mmax. Although HR and RPE were significantly higher during DSW at -25% than at -15% slope, group HR and RPE nevertheless peaked at relatively low values of 101.4+/-14.2 bpm and 12.6+/-2.3, respectively. In conclusion, DSW duration and slope steepness interact to determine the magnitude of Sol H-reflex depression, but these effects do not generalize to the TA.

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    원문보기
    무료다운로드 유료다운로드

    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

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    Fig. 1 이미지
  7. [해외논문]   Prenatal morphine exposure during late embryonic stage enhances the rewarding effects of morphine and induces the loss of membrane-bound protein kinase C-α in intermediate medial mesopallium in the chick  

    Wang, Y. ; Yao, Y. ; Li, Y. ; Nie, H. ; He, X.
    Neuroscience letters v.639 ,pp. 25 - 30 , 2017 , 0304-3940 ,

    초록

    The susceptibility to drug abuse may be associated with the structural and/or functional changes in the reward-related brain regions induced by drug exposure during sensitive periods of embryonic development. Previously, we have found that prenatal morphine exposure during embryonic days 17-20 may be crucial for developing the susceptibility to morphine reward after hatching. However, the underlying structure and cellular mechanisms need further investigation. In the present study, the chicks of a few days old, which were prenatally exposed to morphine during E17-20, obviously showed higher preference for the morphine-paired chamber and hyperactivity during the expression of morphine conditioned place preference (CPP), and the reduction in membrane-bound of PKCα of the bilateral intermediate medial mesopallium (IMM) assayed immunologically. These results indicate that the decreased expression of PKCα in IMM may participate in the development of the susceptibility to the rewarding effects of morphine in chicks prenatally exposed to morphine, and provide further support for the cross-species evolutionary concordance among amniotes.

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    무료다운로드 유료다운로드

    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

    이미지

    Fig. 1 이미지
  8. [해외논문]   Minocycline attenuates noise-induced hearing loss in rats  

    Zhang, J. ; Song, Y.L. ; Tian, K.Y. ; Qiu, J.H.
    Neuroscience letters v.639 ,pp. 31 - 35 , 2017 , 0304-3940 ,

    초록

    Noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL) is a serious health concern and prevention of hair cell death or therapeutic intervention at the early stage of NIHL is critical to preserve hearing. Minocycline is a semi-synthetic derivative of tetracycline and has been shown to have otoprotective effects in ototoxic drug-induced hearing impairment, however, whether minocycline can protect against NIHL has not been investigated. The present study demonstrated elevated ABR (auditory brainstem response) thresholds and outer hair cell loss following traumatic noise exposure, which was mitigated by intraperitoneal administration of minocycline (45mg/kg/d) for 5 consecutive days. In conclusion, the present study demonstrated that minocycline, a clinically approved drug with a good safety profile, can attenuate NIHL in rats and may potentially be used for treatment of hearing loss in clinic.

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    원문보기
    무료다운로드 유료다운로드

    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

    이미지

    Fig. 1 이미지
  9. [해외논문]   Formononetin attenuates Aβ25-35-induced cytotoxicity in HT22 cells via PI3K/Akt signaling and non-amyloidogenic cleavage of APP  

    Chen, L. ; Ou, S. ; Zhou, L. ; Tang, H. ; Xu, J. ; Guo, K.
    Neuroscience letters v.639 ,pp. 36 - 42 , 2017 , 0304-3940 ,

    초록

    Amyloid beta (Aβ) is the main component of the amyloid plaques that accumulate in the brains of Alzheimer patients. Here, we reported the protective role of Formononetin (Form) against Aβ 25-35 -induced neurotoxicity in HT22 cells. We found that Form significantly increased the viability of HT22 cells but decreased the cell apoptosis when challenging with Aβ 25-35. The inhibitory effects of Form were associated with PI3K/Akt signaling pathway as PI3K inhibitor (LY294002) or ERα specific inhibitor (MPP) blocked the effects. Form also accelerated the non-amyloidogenic process of amyloid precursor protein (APP) by enhancing α-secretase activity and sAPPα release. Altogether, our findings may provide a novel therapeutic target to treat AD sufferers.

    원문보기

    원문보기
    무료다운로드 유료다운로드

    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

    이미지

    Fig. 1 이미지
  10. [해외논문]   Nicotinic receptors modulate the onset of reactive oxygen species production and mitochondrial dysfunction evoked by glutamate uptake block in the rat hypoglossal nucleus  

    Tortora, M. ; Corsini, S. ; Nistri, A.
    Neuroscience letters v.639 ,pp. 43 - 48 , 2017 , 0304-3940 ,

    초록

    In several neurodegenerative diseases, glutamate-mediated excitotoxicity is considered to be a major process to initiate cell degeneration. Indeed, subsequent to excessive glutamate receptor stimulation, reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation and mitochondrial dysfunction are regarded as two major gateways leading to neuron death. These processes are mimicked in an in vitro model of rat brainstem slice when excitotoxicity is induced by DL-threo-β-benzyloxyaspartate (TBOA), a specific glutamate-uptake blocker that increases extracellular glutamate. Our recent study has demonstrated that brainstem hypoglossal motoneurons, which are very vulnerable to this damage, were neuroprotected from excitotoxicity with nicotine application through the activation of nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs) and subsequent inhibition of ROS and mitochondrial dysfunction. The present study examined if endogenous cholinergic activity exerted any protective effect in this pathophysiological model and how ROS production (estimated with rhodamine fluorescence) and mitochondrial dysfunction (measured as methyltetrazolium reduction) were time-related during the early phase of excitotoxicity (0-4h). nAChR antagonists did not modify TBOA-evoked ROS production (that was nearly doubled over control) or mitochondrial impairment (25% decline), suggesting that intrinsic nAChR activity was insufficient to contrast excitotoxicity and needed further stimulation with nicotine to become effective. ROS production always preceded mitochondrial dysfunction by about 2h. Nicotine prevented both ROS production and mitochondrial metabolic depression with a delayed action that alluded to a complex chain of events targeting these two lesional processes. The present data indicate a relatively wide time frame during which strong nAChR activation can arrest a runaway neurotoxic process leading to cell death.

    원문보기

    원문보기
    무료다운로드 유료다운로드

    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

    이미지

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