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T : 목차정보

Molecules and cells 22건

  1. [국내논문]   Cytokine signal networks and a new era in biomedical research.  

    Arai, K , Tsuruta, L , Watanabe, S , Arai, N
    Molecules and cells v.7 no.1 ,pp. 1 - 12 , 1997 , 1016-8478 ,

    초록

    Elucidation of the biochemical nature of the signal transduction pathway that regulate transcription and replication is the focus of attention in molecular biology. This research may make feasible manipulation of growth and differentiation of mammalian cells, which in turn would have profound implication in biomedical research on cell and gene therapy, and development of pharmaceutical products. Cytokines control growth, differentiation, death, and function of cells of lymphocytic, hemopoietic systems, and together with nerve cells provide a pertinent model to study intercellular communications and intercellular signal networks. This review outlines general features of signal transduction and several aspects of cytokine networks are discussed with emphasis on: transcriptional regulation of Th1 and Th2-specific cytokine genes in T cells, the roles of cytokines and their receptors in growth and differentiation of hemopoietic cells, and the manipulation of cytokine networks.

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    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

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  2. [국내논문]   Distribution of succinic semialdehyde reductase in rat brain.  

    Lee, J E , Choi, S Y , Suk, J W , Hong, J W , Yoo, B K , Choi, E Y , Jang, S H , Park, K A , Cho, S W
    Molecules and cells v.7 no.1 ,pp. 13 - 20 , 1997 , 1016-8478 ,

    초록

    Succinic semialdehyde reductase (SSR) that catalyzes the reduction of succinic semialdehyde (SSA) to gamma-hydroxybutyrate (GHB) has been identified as one of the NADPH-dependent aldehyde reductases. Reduction of SSA to GHB strongly supports the proposal that GHB biosynthesis may be an important step in the GABA shunt. It is pharmacologically significant in anesthesia, evoking the state of sleep, and an increase in brain dopamine level. Monoclonal antibodies against bovine brain succinic semialdehyde reductase were produced. Using the anti-succinic semialdehyde reductase antibodies, we investigated the distribution of brain succinic semialdehyde reductase in rat brain. The brain tissues were sectioned with a basis on the rat brain atlas of Paxinos and were stained by the immunoperoxidase staining method using monoclonal antibodies. In the section of the frontal lobe, immunoreactive cells were observed in the lateral septal area, the ventral pallidum, which belongs to the substantia innominata. We could observe immunoreactive cells in the reticular thalamic nucleus, which is closely related with 'sleeping', the basal nuclei of Meynert, which is associated with Alzheimer's disease, and hypothalamic nuclei. Immunoreactive cells were also shown in raphe nuclei or the reticular formation of the midbrain, cerebellum, and inferior olivary nuclei of the medulla oblongata. Succinic semialdehyde reductase-immunoreactive cells were distributed extensively in rat brain, especially immunoreactive cells were strongly observed in the areas associated with the limbic system and reticular formation.

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    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

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  3. [국내논문]   Promoter sequences of two homologous pectin esterase genes from Chinese cabbage (Brassica campestris L. ssp. pekinensis) and pollen-specific expression of the GUS gene driven by a promoter in tobacco plants.  

    Kim, H U , Park, B S , Jin, Y M , Chung, T Y
    Molecules and cells v.7 no.1 ,pp. 21 - 27 , 1997 , 1016-8478 ,

    초록

    The promoter regions of two genomic clones, GBAN215-6 and GBAN215-12 from Chinese cabbage (Brassica campestris L. ssp. pekinensis), were sequenced. The nucleotide sequences of their promoter regions were compared with that of the Bp19 pollen-specific gene of Brassca napus. High nucleotide sequence homologies were observed among these three genes in the region between 210 bp upstream and the putative transcription start site. A sequence motif TGTGGTG, which is similar to that of the PB core motif (TGTGGTT) of two tomato pollen-specific genes, LAT52 and LAT56, was present in these two cloned genes. To determine regulatory sequences responsible for the anther-specific expression of the gene BAN215-6, two recombinant plasmids, pBPE3 (-274- + 109) and pBPE4 (-816- + 109) containing different lengths of the promoter fused with the GUS gene, were constructed and introduced into tobacco plants by Agrobacterium-mediated transformation. The result showed that the 383 bp (-274- + 109) of the BAN215-6 promoter region was sufficient for the anther-specific expression of the GUS gene. The GUS expression in a tobacco plants transformed with these constructs was first detected in uninucleate microspores and persisted at in vitro germinated pollen tubes. The expression level was increased during anther development, reaching the highest level in mature pollens.

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    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

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  4. [국내논문]   Regulation of toxic shock syndrome toxin-1 gene in Staphylococcus aureus.  

    Woo, J H , Kim, Y S , Hwang, S D
    Molecules and cells v.7 no.1 ,pp. 28 - 33 , 1997 , 1016-8478 ,

    초록

    Staphylococcus aureus produces various proteins in response to discrete signals from the external environment like many other pathogenic microorganisms. Certain staphylococcal exoproteins including toxic shock syndrome toxin-1 (TSST-1) are secreted according to the stimuli from the environment, and the quantity synthesized is influenced by a number of different parameters. Using a transposon Tn551-mediated mutagenesis, a mutant (RN 6390) defective in TSST-1 from synthesis was constructed. TSST-1 from wild strain and mutant stain were purified and quantitated from culture supernatants of Staphylococcus aureus. The mutant strain RN 6390 produced only 2% of TSST-1 compared with that produced by the wild strain RN4282. Southern blot hybridization with a tst (TSST-1 gene) probe indicated that the inactivated chromosomal locus is distinct from the tst. These results suggest that transposition by Tn551 inactivated a chromosomal locus whose activity was essential for the expression of the TSST-1 gene.

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    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

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  5. [국내논문]   Coat protein gene and 3'-noncoding region of a new Korean isolate of cymbidium mosaic virus.  

    Youn, H S , Kim, J D , Koo, Y B , Ko, S J , Chang, M U
    Molecules and cells v.7 no.1 ,pp. 34 - 39 , 1997 , 1016-8478 ,

    초록

    A new Korean isolate of cymbidium mosaic virus (denoted as CymMV-K2), a member of potexviruses, was identified and isolated from a Korean cultivar of Cymbidium species When the nucleotide sequence of the 3'-terminal region of the viral RNA was compared with those of the corresponding regions of two Singaporean isolates (denoted as CymMV-S1 and CymMV-S2) and a Korean isolate (denoted as CymMV-K1), the nucleotide sequence of the coat protein gene of CymMV-K2 was highly homologous to other cymbidium mozaic viruses (92.9%-96.7% homology). The coat protein of CymMV-K2 and CymMV-S2 consists of 223 amino acids, while the coat protein of CymMV-K1 and CymMV-S1 consists of 220 amino acids. This difference was caused by deletions of 5 nucleotides in the coat protein open reading frame (ORF) of CymMV-S1 and CymMV-K1, when compared with CymMV-K2 and CymMV-S2. These deletions result in changes of the deduced amino acid sequence and the length of the coat protein. The 3'-noncoding region of the CymMV-K2, which contains sequences involved in the replication and polyadenylation of viral RNA, was compared with those of other cymbidium mosaic viruses. No canonical polyadenylation signal was found in the 3'-noncoding region of CymMV-K2, whereas in other CymMVs AAUAAA boxes, are present at the end of RNA with their AAA portions as the first A residue of the poly(A) tail.

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    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

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  6. [국내논문]   Tn5 tagging of the phenol-degrading gene on the chromosome of Pseudomonas putida.  

    Han, E M , Jung, Y H , On, H Y , Lee, M S , Yang, Y K , Kim, Y , Kim, C K , Lee, K S , Min, K H
    Molecules and cells v.7 no.1 ,pp. 40 - 44 , 1997 , 1016-8478 ,

    초록

    Transposon mutagenesis was performed by the method of conjugational transfer in order to identify and characterize genes encoding enzymes involved in the pathway of phenol utilization as a carbon source. Escherichia coli, which carries the Tn5-132, Was mated with Pseudomonas putida SM25 as a host. We selected a mutant that could not utilize phenol as a carbon source. Chromosomal integration of the transposon was confirmed by Southern analysis, successfully tagging the gene related to a phenol-utilizing pathway. By cell-free enzyme and genetic complementation assays, the inactivated enzyme through the mutation of the corresponding gene was identified as the catB gene, which encodes a cis,cis-muconate lactonizing enzyme.

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    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

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  7. [국내논문]   Isolation and characterization of a rice MADS box gene belonging to the AGL2 gene family.  

    Kang, H G , An, G
    Molecules and cells v.7 no.1 ,pp. 45 - 51 , 1997 , 1016-8478 ,

    초록

    The MADS box genes that encode regulatory proteins play important roles in both the formation of flower meristem and the determination of floral organ identity. We have characterized a flower-specific cDNA that belongs to the AGL2 gene family from rice, designated OsMADS5. The cDNA displays the structure of a typical plant MADS box gene, which consists of a MADS domain, K domain, a short I region between the MADS and K domain, and the C-terminal region downstream of the K domain. The gene was classified as a member of the AGL2 gene family from sequence homology analysis. The OsMADS5 protein is the most similar to OsMADS1 of rice (72% identity). In spatial and temporal RNA blot analyses, the OsMADS5 gene was expressed preferentially in anthers and weakly in carpels. During flower development, the gene was more highly expressed in the early floral stage than in the late. To study the functions of the gene, the cDNA clone was expressed ectopically using the CaMV 35S promoter in a heterologous tobacco plant system. Transgenic plants of OsMADS5 exhibited the phenotype of weak dwarfism and early flowering. These results indicate that OsMADS5 is structurally related to the AGL2 family and may be involved in controlling flowering time.

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    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

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  8. [국내논문]   Suppressive effects of Ganoderma lucidum on proliferation of peripheral blood mononuclear cells.  

    Kim, R S , Kim, H W , Kim, B K
    Molecules and cells v.7 no.1 ,pp. 52 - 57 , 1997 , 1016-8478 ,

    초록

    The basidiocarps of Ganoderma lucidum have been used for prevention and treatment of various diseases in the Orient. Methanolic extracts of this mushroom were applied to human peripheral blood mononuclear cell (PBMC) culture systems in the presence of various immunostimulating or immunosuppressive agents. Phytohemagglutinin-induced cell proliferation was reduced to 14% of that of the control by a GLE fraction that is the neutral component of the methanolic extracts of the carpophores. 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol 13-acetate (TPA)-induced cell proliferation was inhibited by the fractions of GLA, GLC, GLE and GLG. However none of these fractions inhibited proliferation of the PBMCs stimulated with TPA plus ionomycin (IM). Treatment of the PBMCs with cyclosporin A (CsA) led to blockage of the cell proliferation to 9% of that of the control. When the cells were cultured with the methanolic fractions in the presence of CsA, concentration dependent inhibition of the cell proliferation was observed by the addition of GLE and GLG fractions. On the contrary, the GLH fraction recovered the CsA induced inhibition of the cell proliferation. Taken together, among the methanolic fractions, GLE showed the highest inhibitory activity. This fraction might inhibit the protein kinase C signal pathway and accelerate the CsA signal pathway.

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    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

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  9. [국내논문]   Cloning of CTP:phosphocholine cytidylyltransferase cDNA from Arabidopsis thaliana.  

    Choi, S B , Lee, K W , Cho, S H
    Molecules and cells v.7 no.1 ,pp. 58 - 63 , 1997 , 1016-8478 ,

    초록

    As one of the first steps to elucidate the relationship between the structure and function of CTP:phosphocholine cytidylytransferase (EC 2.7.7.15) in plants, the cytidylyltransferase cDNA of Arabidopsis thaliana was cloned and characterized. The A. thaliana cytidylyltransferase cDNA is 1447 bp long and contains an open reading frame of 993 bp coding for a protein of 331 amino acids. The deduced structure of the enzyme was composed of three main regions; the catalytic domain in the N-terminal half, the hydrophilic C-terminal region and the amphipathic domain in the middle. The catalytic domain region was relatively well conserved among different organisms, showing 76 and 72% homology with the rat and yeast protein sequences, respectively. The hydropathy profile revealed that the C-terminal non-catalytic portion of the protein was very hydrophilic, highly enriched in negatively charged aspartic acid and glutamic acid residues. In the region between the catalytic domain and the C-terminal region, there was an amphipathic alpha-helical domain, which was believed to bind the membrane surface in the active formation. Unlike animal counterparts, there was only one potential site of phosphorylation by protein kinase C and none by Ca2+/calmodulin protein kinase II in the C-terminal region. The identity of cytidylyltransferase cDNA was verified by successful transformation of a yeast mutant defective in the enzyme activity, using an expression vector inserted with the A. thaliana cytidylyltransferase cDNA. This was further confirmed by in vivo analysis of the enzyme reaction product after labeling the yeast transformants with radioactive phosphocholine. Southern analysis indicated the presence of a single copy of the citidylyltransferase gene in A. thaliana.

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    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

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  10. [국내논문]   Developmental expression, subcellular localization, and tyrosine phosphorylation of NR2A and NR2B in the rat brain.  

    Jin, D H , Jung, Y W , Ham, S H , Ko, B H , Moon, I S
    Molecules and cells v.7 no.1 ,pp. 64 - 71 , 1997 , 1016-8478 ,

    초록

    We carried out quantitative analyses of the developmental expression, subcellular localization of the N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor subunit 2A (NR2A) and 2B (NR2B), and tyrosine phosphorylation of NR2B. Immunoblot analyses showed that NR2A was not detected during the embryonic period and the first postnatal week but its expression reached 63.90% of adult at P14 and continued to increase until the fourth week, reaching a maximum at P30 (110% of adult). The NR2B was detected from as early as E14 (2.65% of adult) and its expression was transiently elevated at birth (43.73% of adult), decreasing for the first postnatal week, and then increased again rapidly in the second week (105.45% of adult at P14) with a maximum at P30 (123.34% of adult). There were 2.26 +/- 0.40-fold more NR2B than NR2A proteins in the forebrain PSD fractions, and NR2A and NR2B were enriched 2.75 +/- 0.35 and 4.65 +/- 0.25 fold, respectively, in the synaptosome, and 13.75 +/- 0.80 and 16.04 +/- 0.25-fold, respectively, in the PSD fraction from brain homogenate. The tyrosine phosphorylation of NR2B reached an adult level at around birth declining in the first postnatal week but recovered to the adult level by the end of the second week, while the amount of the protein itself increased 2.28-fold after birth, indicating that only a fraction of the proteins are phosphorylated in vivo. Our results indicate that expression and tyrosine phosphorylation of NR2B might be important for NMDA receptor functions in embryonic and early postnatal development.

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    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

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