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Molecules and cells 25건

  1. [국내논문]   Escherichia coli DnaA protein: the replication initiator.  

    Kaguni, J M
    Molecules and cells v.7 no.2 ,pp. 145 - 157 , 1997 , 1016-8478 ,

    초록

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    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

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  2. [국내논문]   Effects of pleiotrophic mutations, degUh and spoOA, on the production of foreign proteins using the heterologous secretion system of Bacillus subtilis.  

    Kim, S I , Choi, J W , Lee, S Y
    Molecules and cells v.7 no.2 ,pp. 158 - 164 , 1997 , 1016-8478 ,

    초록

    To elevate the production of foreign target proteins using a heterologous protein secretion system of Bacillus subtilis, two different pleiotrophic mutations, degUh for increase of transcriptional level of target genes and spoOA for reduction of extracellular protease activity of a host strain were introduced, respectively. The productivities of three differently originated enzymes, beta-lactamase, streptokinase and human pancreatic trypsin inhibitor (hPSTI) were examined under the each mutation background. By the degUh mutation, the activities of all three enzymes secreted in the culture were increased, although the increased levels were different from 1.2-fold (streptokinase) to 1.8-fold (beta-lactamase). The lower productivity of streptokinase compared to other enzymes under the degUh background was caused by the higher susceptibility to proteolytic degradation. The increased transcriptional level of the beta-lactamase gene by degUh mutation resulted in the accumulation of unprocessed precursor protein in the cytoplasm and cytoplasmic membrane. In the case of the spoOA mutation background, the differences in the levels of the secreted target proteins were not significant and observed only after a stationary phase of the growth.

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    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

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  3. [국내논문]   Characterization of viral inhibitory substance released from fused splenocyte.  

    Kim, Y W , Yoon, J W , Cho, M K
    Molecules and cells v.7 no.2 ,pp. 165 - 169 , 1997 , 1016-8478 ,

    초록

    The D variant of the encephalomyocarditis (EMC-D) virus is diabetogenic in mice by infecting and destroying pancreatic beta cells, but the EMC-B and EMC-DV viruses are not diabetogenic. We have presumed that the nondiabetogenicity of EMC-B and EMC-DV is mainly caused by release of some viral inhibitory factors from lymphocytes or phagocytic cells. Mice were infected with EMC-B and their splenocytes were fused with myeloma cells. The splenocyte hybridoma 12D8 releases the viral inhibitory substance (VIS) which is neither immunoglobulin nor interferon. VIS has inhibitory effects against EMC-D in several kinds of cell lines, and against EMC-D, EMC-B, coxsackie B4, reovirus and the vesicular stomatitis virus in the L cell. VIS has a strong preventive effect (100%) against EMC-D induced diabetes in SJL/J mice and DBN/2N mice. In both pre- and post-treatment studies, VIS remarkably decreased the incidence of both illness and death in SJL/J mice infected with the EMC-D virus. VIS, culture supernate itself of hybridoma, had viral inhibitory activities equivalent to 10(6)-10(7) IU/ml of interferon. VIS was very labile to heat (75% loss of activities at 37 degrees C for 18 h), stable only at pH 5-9, and precipitated at 50% (NH4)2SO4 solution. VIS activities existed in supernatant and pellet prepared from ultracentrifugation, but the properties of their activities could be differentiated quantitatively and qualitatively. It is speculated that VIS may be composed of at least two factors even though interferon may partially participate in one component of supernatant. The prevention and treatment effect of VIS on EMC-D infection in SJL/J mice might be due to the inhibition of the virus replication by VIS.

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    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

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  4. [국내논문]   Isolation and characterization of daunorubicin-resistant AML-2 sublines.  

    Choi, C H , Ling, V
    Molecules and cells v.7 no.2 ,pp. 170 - 177 , 1997 , 1016-8478 ,

    초록

    An attempt was made to isolate resistant sublines of acute myelogenous leukemia (OCI/ AML-2) cells by chronic exposure to gradually increasing concentrations of daunorubicin in order to determine the mechanism of its resistance to this drug. Four daunorubicin-resistant sublines, AML-2/D100, /D250, /D500, and /D1,000 were isolated. The values of relative resistance of each daunorubicin-resistant AML subline were about 3, 6, 18, and 23-fold, respectively, as compared to the AML-2 line with an IC50 of 5 nM. The daunorubicin-resistant AML-2 sublines also showed cross resistance to various anticancer drugs including another anthracycline doxorubicin, a Vinca alkaloid vincristine, and an epipodophyllotoxin etoposide. A functional assay using flow cytometry showed decreased accumulation of daunorubicin in these sublines as compared to that of AML-2, which was reversed by cyclosporin A or cyanide. The development of the ATP-dependent multidrug resistant phenotype was due to low to high levels of expression of P-glycoprotein (PGP). The major mechanisms of increased PGP appears to be associated with gene amplification. In addition, other mechanisms such as increased stability of protein or mRNA might be involved depending on the concentration of daunorubicin used for selection. However, a multidrug resistance-associated protein (MRP) was not involved in these resistant sublines. These daunorubicin-resistant AML-2 sublines could provide a useful model for the study of multidrug resistance mediated by PGP.

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    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

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  5. [국내논문]   Effect of a novel saponin adjuvant derived from Quillaja saponaria on the immune response to recombinant hepatitis B surface antigen.  

    So, H S , Yoon, H S , Choi, D Y , Kwon, Y S , Sung, J H , Lee, T G , Park, E S , Cho, H S , Lee, B M , Cho, J M , Ryu, W S
    Molecules and cells v.7 no.2 ,pp. 178 - 186 , 1997 , 1016-8478 ,

    초록

    Adjuvant activity of saponins extracted from the South American tree Quillaja saponaria has been demonstrated with many antigens. Recently, four saponin fractions (designated as QS-7, QS-17, QS-18, and QS-21) with adjuvant activity were purified by reverse phase chromatography. In particular, efficacy of the less toxic QS-21 fraction has been demonstrated with several recombinant viral antigens including HIV gp120. Here, we report a novel saponin fraction (designated as QS-L1) derived from Quillaja saponaria. Unlike previously identified saponins, QS-L1 had a different chemical structure and showed adjuvant activity only when administered in the presence of alum-precipitated antigen. Interestingly, the QS-L1 greatly increased not only a humoral immune response but also cellular immune response to recombinant hepatitis B virus surface antigen (HBsAg). Furthermore, QS-L1 showed lower toxicity in vivo and in vitro than the previously identified saponin fraction, QS-21. Finally, we examined the chemical structure of the QS-L1 using mass spectroscopic analysis, carbohydrate composition analysis and NMR spectroscopic analysis. Thus, our results indicated that this novel QS-L1 saponin fraction had several desirable properties required for an effective adjuvant.

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    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

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  6. [국내논문]   Prevalent and novel mutations of the tyrosinase gene in Korean patients with tyrosinase-deficient oculocutaneous albinism.  

    Park, S K , Lee, K H , Park, K C , Lee, J S , Spritz, R A , Lee, S T
    Molecules and cells v.7 no.2 ,pp. 187 - 191 , 1997 , 1016-8478 ,

    초록

    We analyzed the tyrosinase (TYR) gene of 12 Korean patients with various types of oculocutaneous albinism (OCA). We identified five different mutations in the TYR gene in 4 patients with severe OCA and in 2 patients with mild OCA, but found no mutations in the 6 patients with mild OCA phenotypes. Among the 5 mutations, a frameshift mutation, P310insC, was detected most frequently (allele frequency = 0.5), and the other mutations were found less frequently, two of which, L288delT and IVS2-7t-->a,-10(-)-11deltt, are novel. This study may provide valuable information for the molecular diagnosis of and accurate genetic counseling for OCA1 in Koreans and perhaps other Asian groups.

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    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

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  7. [국내논문]   Identification of putative phosphoinositide-specific phospholipase C genes in filamentous fungi.  

    Jung, O J , Lee, E J , Kim, J W , Chung, Y R , Lee, C W
    Molecules and cells v.7 no.2 ,pp. 192 - 199 , 1997 , 1016-8478 ,

    초록

    Five putative phosphoinositide-specific phospholipases C (PLC) genes were identified in three species of filamentous fungi. Using polymerase chain reaction with degenerate oligonucleotide primers, gene fragments encoding amino acid sequences homologous to PLCs of mammals and other organisms were amplified: one sequence from Botryotinia fuckeliana, one from Aspergillus nidulans, and three from Neurospora crassa. The molecular cloning and sequencing of a putative PLC gene (BCPLC1) from B. fuckeliana showed that it encoded a polypeptide containing X and Y domains, the two conserved regions found in all known PLCs. The hypothetical gene product of BCPLC1 was of delta type in its primary structural organization. The identification of three PLC genes in N. crassa shows that multiple PLC isozymes also occur in microbial eukaryotes.

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    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

    이미지

    Fig. 1 이미지
  8. [국내논문]   Chromosomal localization and neural distribution of voltage dependent calcium channel beta 3 subunit gene.  

    Park, S H , Suh, Y S , Kim, H , Rhyu, I J , Kim, H L
    Molecules and cells v.7 no.2 ,pp. 200 - 203 , 1997 , 1016-8478 ,

    초록

    Voltage dependent calcium channel (VDCC) mediates the influx of free calcium ions that acts as a signal transducer. The beta 3 subunit of the VDCC regulates the activation (opening) and inactivation (closing) kinetics through phosphorylation/dephosphorylation. We isolated a genomic clone of the human VDCC beta 3 subunit from a human genomic DNA library using VDCC beta 3 cDNA as a probe. We localized VDCC beta 3 with this genomic DNA on the chromosome by fluorescent in situ hybridization, and the distribution of VDCC beta 3 in the nervous system was investigated in rats by in situ hybridization histochemistry with rat VDCC beta 3 cDNA. The gene for the VDCC beta 3 was specifically localized on human chromosome 12q13. The mRNA for the VDCC beta 3 was predominantly expressed in the nervous system. In the brain, a strong expression of VDCC beta 3 mRNA was found in the medial habenular nucleus, a high level of expression was observed in the olfactory bulb and cerebellum, and a relatively high level of VDCC beta 3 mRNA was localized in the cerebral cortex, caudate-putamen and hippocampal formation. Interestingly, this distribution pattern is very similar to that of the rbE-II, mid-low VDCC 1 subunit, and it is suspected that VDCC beta 3 and rbE-II may function together as a pair.

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    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

    이미지

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  9. [국내논문]   Sequence analysis, tissue expression and chromosomal localization of a mouse secreted superoxide dismutase gene.  

    Suh, J G , Takai, S , Yamanishi, T , Kikuchi, T , Folz, R J , Tanaka, K , Oh, Y S , Wada, K
    Molecules and cells v.7 no.2 ,pp. 204 - 207 , 1997 , 1016-8478 ,

    초록

    Using a reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR), a complement DNA encoding secreted superoxide dismutase (s-SOD) of a mouse kidney has been isolated and the nucleotide sequence was determined. The deduced amino acid sequence of mouse s-SOD cDNA shares 79% identity with the rat seminal SOD sequence and 61% identity with the human SOD3 sequence. Northern blot analysis showed that mouse s-SOD is intensely expressed in the kidney and lung tissues and detectable in other tested tissues, including the brain. The mouse s-SOD gene was assigned to chromosome 5 using fluorescence in situ hybridization analysis and PCR analysis of mouse/hamster hybrid cells.

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    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

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  10. [국내논문]   Expression of the fibroblast growth factor-2 gene during chick development.  

    Han, J K
    Molecules and cells v.7 no.2 ,pp. 208 - 213 , 1997 , 1016-8478 ,

    초록

    In this report, we have carried out mRNA in situ hybridization analysis to study the pattern of expression of the fibroblast growth factor-2 (FGF-2) gene during chick development. The expression pattern of FGF-2 was compared to that of the fibroblast growth factor-1 (FGF-1) gene to further assess a possible role of the FGF-2 during chick embryogenesis. The whole embryos of various stages were examined with 35S-labeled riboprobes transcribed from the coding regions of chick FGF-2 and FGF-1 cDNAs. We show that the distribution pattern of FGF-2 mRNA was highly specific. The FGF-2 transcripts were localized to limb mesenchymes, pharyngeal regions, and embryonic kidneys in day 3 to day 6 chick embryos. However, no FGF-1 mRNA was detected in these structures indicating a unique role of FGF-2 in chick development. These results support the hypothesis that FGF-2 may be a crucial signaling molecule during chick embryogenesis.

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    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

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