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Molecules and cells 19건

  1. [국내논문]   Thiamine attenuates hypoxia-induced cell death in cultured neonatal rat cardiomyocytes.  

    Shin, Bo Hee , Choi, Seung Hyuk , Cho, Eun Young , Shin, Min-Jeong , Hwang, Ki-Chul , Cho, Hong Keun , Chung, Ji Hyung , Jang, Yangsoo
    Molecules and cells v.18 no.2 ,pp. 133 - 140 , 2004 , 1016-8478 ,

    초록

    Previous studies have demonstrated that thiamine (vitamin B1) has a cytoprotective effect against ischemic damage to the heart, and that heat shock protein 70 (Hsp70) is capable of protecting cardiac cells from lethal ischemia/hypoxia. We show here that thiamine has a cytoprotective effect on cultured neonatal rat cardiomyocytes under hypoxic insult, and also protects the cardiomyocytes against hypoxia-induced apoptosis; caspase-3 activation, PARP cleavage and DNA fragmentation are all inhibited. Moreover, it increases the level of Hsp70 protein in the cardiomyocytes even under prolonged hypoxic stress and its effects on hypoxia-induced cardiac cell death are antagonized by an Hsp70 inhibitor. These results suggest that the cytoprotective effect of thiamine in cardiomyocytes under hypoxic stress is due to its ability to induce Hsp70.

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    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

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  2. [국내논문]   Frameshift deletion mechanisms in Egyptian Duchenne and Becker muscular dystrophy families.  

    Elhawary, Nasser A , Nasser A, Elhawary , Shawky, Rabah Mohamad , Hashem, Nemat
    Molecules and cells v.18 no.2 ,pp. 141 - 149 , 2004 , 1016-8478 ,

    초록

    Partial gene deletion is the major type of mutation leading to Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) and its mild allelic form, Becker muscular dystrophy (BMD). Amplification of the genomic DNAs of 152 unrelated dystrophin patients using multiple primers detected 78 (51.3%) probands with deletion mutations. We predicted the translational reading frame for all the deletions in Egyptian dystrophin males. The frameshift rule was confirmed positively ranging for 50 to 67% of the cases depending on the type of disease. We discuss ways of accounting for some exceptions from the frameshift hypothesis in the central and proximal regions. These explanations may help in developing procedures for reducing the severity of dystrophin phenotypes to restore the correct frame by disrupting the translational fidelity. Great efforts have been put into the development of effective 'gene correction' procedures via such intrinsic mechanisms. In addition, we mapped regional difference in deletion mutation frequencies within the DMD gene locus between the different Egyptian governorates. There were no double deletions in the Egyptian dystrophin males.

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    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

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  3. [국내논문]   Cloning and functional analysis of a cDNA encoding Ginkgo biloba farnesyl diphosphate synthase.  

    Wang, Peng , Liao, Zhihua , Guo, Liang , Li, Wenchao , Chen, Min , Pi, Yan , Gong, Yifu , Sun, Xiaofen , Tang, Kexuan
    Molecules and cells v.18 no.2 ,pp. 150 - 156 , 2004 , 1016-8478 ,

    초록

    Farnesyl diphosphate synthase (FPS; EC2.5.1.1/EC2. 5.1.10) catalyzes the synthesis of farnesyl diphosphate, and provides precursor for biosynthesis of sesquiterpene and isoprenoids containing more than 15 isoprene units in Ginkgo biloba. Here we report the cloning, characterization and functional analysis of a new cDNA encoding FPS from G. biloba. The full-length cDNA (designated GbFPS) had 1731 bp with an open reading frame of 1170 bp encoding a polypeptide of 390 amino acids. The deduced GbFPS was similar to other known FPSs and contained all the conserved regions of trans-prenyl chain-elongating enzymes. Structural modeling showed that GbFPS had the typical structure of FPS, the most prominent feature of which is the arrangement of 13 core helices around a large central cavity. Southern blot analysis revealed a small FPS gene family in G. biloba. Expression analysis indicated that GbFPS expression was high in roots and leaves, and low in stems. Functional complementation of GbFPS in an FPS-deficient strain confirmed that GbFPS mediates farnesyl diphosphate biosynthesis.

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    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

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  4. [국내논문]   Regulatory elements involved in transcription of the human NeuAcalpha2,3Galbeta1,3GalNAcalpha2,6-sialyltransferase (hST6GalNAc IV) gene.  

    Kang, Nam-Young , Park, Young-Don , Choi, Hee-Jung , Kim, Kyung-Sook , Lee, Young-Choon , Kim, Cheorl-Ho
    Molecules and cells v.18 no.2 ,pp. 157 - 162 , 2004 , 1016-8478 ,

    초록

    We previously cloned and characterized the promoter region of the human NeuAcalpha2,3Galbeta1,3GalNAcalpha2,6-sialyltransferase (hST6GalNAc IV) gene [Kim et al. (2003)]. In the present study, we identified a region of 294 bp upstream of exon 1 of the gene that produced maximal transcriptional activity in human Jurkat T cells. Site-directed mutagenesis and transient transfection assays demonstrated that Sp1 and MZF1 elements in this region were required for the promoter activity. Further analysis by electrophoretic mobility shift assays using specific competitors and antibody revealed that Sp1 and MZF1 nuclear proteins interacted with these elements. These results indicate that Sp1 and MZF1 are involved in the transcriptional regulation of the hST6GalNAc IV gene in Jurkat T cells.

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    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

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  5. [국내논문]   Inhibitory effects of glycoprotein-120 (G-120) from Ulmus davidiana Nakai on cell growth and activation of matrix metalloproteinases.  

    Son, Young-Ok , Lee, Kyung-Yeol , Choi, Ki-Choon , Chung, Youngji , Kim, Jong-Ghee , Jeon, Young-Mi , Jang, Yong-Suk , Lee, Jeong-Chae
    Molecules and cells v.18 no.2 ,pp. 163 - 170 , 2004 , 1016-8478 ,

    초록

    Excessive breakdown of extracellular matrix by metalloproteinases (MMPs) occurs in many pathological conditions. Consequently, methods for inhibiting MMP activity have therapeutic potential. In this study, we investigated the effect of G-120, a 120 kDa glycoprotein purified from the Oriental herbal plant, Ulmus davidiana Nakai (UDN), on the activity and production of several MMPs by evaluating its growth inhibitory effect on NIH 3T3 cells. Tritium uptake assays showed that proliferation of NIH 3T3 cells was strongly suppressed, and G-120-mediated inhibition of DNA synthesis proved to involve a cytostatic, rather than a cytotoxic, effect, as shown by cytotoxicity and apoptosis assays. More importantly, G-120 strongly reduced the gelatinolytic and collagenase activities of MMP proteins, as well as expression of MMP-2 and MMP-9. Electrophoretic mobility shift assays revealed that it suppressed the DNA binding activity of NF-kappaB. Collectively, our observations show that G-120 strongly inhibits the activation of MMPs and NF-kappaB.

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    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

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  6. [국내논문]   Expression of 17beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenease in testis of the ascidian Ciona intestinalis [corrected]  

    Kho, Kang Hee , Inaba, Kazuo
    Molecules and cells v.18 no.2 ,pp. 171 - 176 , 2004 , 1016-8478 ,

    초록

    Ascidians have been employed as model organisms in investigating spermatogenesis. 17beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (HSD) is a steroidogenic enzyme essential for invertebrate spermatogenesis. A homologue of HSD was found in the EST database of Ciona intestinalis and cloned. Sequence analysis showed significant homology to zebra fish, sea urchin and human 17beta-HSD. The gene has an open reading frame (ORF) of 918 nucleotides coding for a polypeptide of 306 amino acids and a calculated mass of 35-kDa. Immunoblotting with an antibody raised against HSD recognized a 35-kDa protein purified from the C. intestinalis testis. The HSD protein was localized in steroidogenic cells in the Ciona testis. These results suggest that C. intestinalis 17beta-HSD is equivalent to the enzyme of vertebrate Leydig cells and that 17beta-HSD could be a phylogenetic marker for organisms producing steroids.

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    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

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  7. [국내논문]   Trichomonas vaginalis inhibits proinflammatory cytokine production in macrophages by suppressing NF-kappaB activation.  

    Chang, Jae-Ho , Ryang, Yong-Suk , Morio, Tomohiro , Lee, Sang-Kyou , Chang, Eun-Ju
    Molecules and cells v.18 no.2 ,pp. 177 - 185 , 2004 , 1016-8478 ,

    초록

    Activation of NF-kappaB leads to the production of proinflammatory cytokines such as IL-12 and TNF-alpha that are involved in innate and adaptive immunity. We determined whether T. vaginalis-induced inflammatory response in macrophages associated with NF-kappaB. T. vaginalis adhesion led to transient NF-kappaB activation at 6 h but activation declined dramatically by 8 h. Super-shift assays showed that the gel-shifted complexes consisted of p65 (Rel A) and p50 (NF-kappaB1). NF-kappaB activation was accompanied by IkappaB-alpha degradation, and was inhibited by blocking T. vaginalis adhesion, indicating that the early NF-kappaB activation by T. vaginalis depends on IkappaB-alpha degradation. Quantitative real-time RT-PCR analyses revealed that the expression of TNF-alpha and IL-12 mRNA in T. vaginalis-adhesive cells was rapidly suppressed in comparison with LPS stimulation. We also observed that the parasite inhibited the nuclear translocation of NF-kappaB at 8 h, and diminished IL-12 and TNF-alpha production in response to LPS. In addition, inhibition of IkappaB-alpha degradation by MG-132 resulted in apoptosis. These results demonstrate that effects of T. vaginalis on NF-kappaB regulation are critical for cytokine production and the survival of macrophages. We suggest that there exist inhibitory mechanisms induced by T. vaginalis to evade host immunity.

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    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

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  8. [국내논문]   CD99 costimulation up-regulates T cell receptor-mediated activation of JNK and AP-1.  

    Yoon, Sang Soon , Kim, Hyun Jung , Chung, Doo Hyun , Kim, Tae Jin
    Molecules and cells v.18 no.2 ,pp. 186 - 191 , 2004 , 1016-8478 ,

    초록

    Although CD28 is the principal T cell costimulatory molecule for the T cell receptor, a number of other cell surface proteins have costimulatory functions and perform specific roles in different contexts. Here we analyzed the mechanism of CD99 costimulation of the T cell receptor. Cooperation of CD99 engagement with suboptimal TCR/CD3 signals resulted in greatly enhanced CD4+ T cell proliferation. CD99 costimulation also led to elevated expression of CD25 and GM1 on the CD4+ T cell surface within 3 days. In Jurkat TAg cells, CD99 costimulation led to increased apoptosis compared to stimulation with CD3 or CD99 alone. CD99 costimulation also augmented activation of MAP kinases, especially of JNK, and increased AP-1 activation was also observed using a luciferase reporter assay. These results show that CD99 has a costimulatory function for T cells and acts by a mechanism distinct from CD28.

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    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

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  9. [국내논문]   Nucleotide sequences of a Korean isolate of apple stem grooving virus associated with black necrotic leaf spot disease on pear (Pyrus pyrifolia).  

    Shim, Hyekyung , Min, Yeonju , Hong, Sungyoul , Kwon, Moonsik , Kim, Daehyun , Kim, Hyunran , Choi, Yongmoon , Lee, Sukchan , Yang, Jaemyung
    Molecules and cells v.18 no.2 ,pp. 192 - 199 , 2004 , 1016-8478 ,

    초록

    Pear black necrotic leaf spot (PBNLS) is a disease of pears caused by capillovirus-like particles, which can be observed under the electron microscope. The disease was analyzed by Western blot analysis with antisera raised against apple stem grooving virus (ASGV) coat protein. cDNAs covering the entire genome were synthesized by RT-PCR and RACE using RNA isolated from Chenopodium quinoa infected with sap extracted from pear leaves carrying black necrotic spot disease. The complete genome sequence of the putative pear virus, 6497 nucleotides in length excluding the poly (A) tail, was determined and analyzed. It contains two overlapping open reading frames (ORFs). ORF1, spans from nucleotide position 37 to 6354, producing a putative protein of 241 kDa. ORF2, which is in a different reading frame within ORF1, begins at nucleotide 4788 and terminates at 5750, and produces a putative protein of 36 kDa. The 241 kDa protein contains sequences related to the NTP-binding motifs of helicases and RNA-dependent RNA polymerases. The 36-kDa protein contains the consensus sequence GDSG found in the active sites of several cellular and viral serine proteases. Morphological and serological analysis, and sequence comparison between the putative pear virus, ASGV, citrus tatter leaf virus and cherry virus A of the capillovirus suggest that PBNLS may be caused by a Korean isolate of ASGV.

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    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

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  10. [국내논문]   IKKgamma inhibits activation of NF-kappaB by NIK.  

    Kwon, Woo Jong , Kim, Sun Hee , Park, Yeo Ok , Cho, Mong , Kang, Chi Dug , Lee, Gwang , An, Woo Gun , Joo, Woo Hong , Kim, Dong Wan
    Molecules and cells v.18 no.2 ,pp. 200 - 206 , 2004 , 1016-8478 ,

    초록

    IKKgamma is a component of the IKK complex, which regulates NF-kappaB activity. To investigate the role of IKKgamma, we expressed wild type IKKgamma containing 412 amino acids, and deletion mutants containing residues 1-312 and 101-412, using murine IKKgamma cDNA. In a co-transfection assay with a CAT reporter plasmid, NIK activated NF-kappaB-dependent gene expression approximately two fold and this expression was inhibited by co-transfection of a wild type IKKgamma expression plasmid. In binding assays IKKgamma inhibited the association of IkappaBalpha with IKKbeta and the subsequent phosphorylation of IkappaBalpha that is activated by NIK. Inhibition by IKKgamma also occurred in an assay with a dominant negative mutant of NIK but not with a C-terminal deletion mutant of IKKgamma, indicating that the C-terminal 100 amino acids of IKKgamma are important for negative regulation of NF-kappaB activation. In addition, the interaction of IKKbeta with IKKgamma was inhibited by co-transfection with a NIK expression plasmid. Our results suggest that overexpression of IKKgamma inhibits activation of NF-kappaB by NIK by competing with NIK for interaction with IKKbeta.

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    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

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