본문 바로가기
HOME> 저널/프로시딩 > 저널/프로시딩 검색상세

저널/프로시딩 상세정보

권호별목차 / 소장처보기

H : 소장처정보

T : 목차정보

The New England journal of medicine 29건

  1. [해외논문]   Leukemia Following Chemotherapy for Ovarian Cancer  

    Kaldor, John M. (From the International Agency for Research on Cancer, Lyon, France (J.M.K., A.A.)) , Day, Nicholas E. (Medical Research Council Biostatistics Unit, Cambridge, United Kingdom (N.E.D.)) , Pettersson, Folke (Department of Gynecological Oncology, Karolinska Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden (F.P., B.Z.)) , Clarke, E. Aileen (Ontario Cancer Treatment and Research Foundation, Toronto (E.A.C.)) , Pedersen, Dorthe (Radiumstationen, Aarhus Kommune Hospital, Aarhus, Denmark (D.P.)) , Mehnert, Wolf (National Cancer Registry of the German Democratic Republic, Berlin (W.M., B.K.)) , Bell, Janine (Thames Cancer Registry, Surrey, United... ) , Høst, Herman (From the International Agency for Research on Cancer, Lyon, France (J.M.K., A.A.)) , Prior, Patricia (Medical Research Council Biostatistics Unit, Cambridge, United Kingdom (N.E.D.)) , Karjalainen, Sakari (Department of Gynecological Oncology, Karolinska Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden (F.P., B.Z.)) , Neal, Frank (Ontario Cancer Treatment and Research Foundation, Toronto (E.A.C.)) , Koch, Maria (Radiumstationen, Aarhus Kommune Hospital, Aarhus, Denmark (D.P.)) , Band, Pierre (National Cancer Registry of the German Democratic Republic, Berlin (W.M., B.K.)) , Choi, Won (Thames Cancer Re) , Kirn, Vera Pompe , Arslan, Annie , Zaré , n, Birgitta , Belch, A.R. , Storm, Hans , Kittelmann, Bernd , Fraser, Patricia , Stovall, Marilyn
    The New England journal of medicine v.322 no.1 ,pp. 1 - 6 , 1990 , 0028-4793 ,

    초록

    An international collaborative group of cancer registries and hospitals identified 114 cases of leukemia following ovarian cancer. We investigated the possible etiologic role of chemotherapy, radiotherapy, and other factors, using a case-control study design, with three controls matched to each case of leukemia. Chemotherapy alone was associated with a relative risk of 12 (95 percent confidence interval, 4.4 to 32), as compared with surgery alone, and patients treated with both chemotherapy and radiotherapy had a relative risk of 10 (95 percent confidence interval, 3.4 to 28). Radiotherapy alone did not produce a significant increase in risk as compared with surgery alone. The risk of leukemia was greatest four or five years after chemotherapy began, and the risk was elevated for at least eight years after the cessation of chemotherapy. The drugs cyclophosphamide, chlorambucil, melphalan, thiotepa, and treosulfan were independently associated with significantly increased risks of leukemia, as was the combination of doxorubicin hydrochloride and cisplatin. Chlorambucil and melphalan were the most leukemogenic drugs, followed by thiotepa; cyclophosphamide and treosulfan were the weakest leukemogens, and the effect per gram was substantially lower at high doses than at lower doses. The extent to which the relative risks of leukemia are offset by differences in chemotherapeutic effectiveness is not known.

    원문보기

    원문보기
    무료다운로드 유료다운로드

    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

    이미지

    Fig. 1 이미지
  2. [해외논문]   Leukemia Following Hodgkin's Disease  

    Kaldor, John M. (From the International Agency for Research on Cancer, Lyon, France (J.M.K.)) , Day, Nicholas E. (Medical Research Council Biostatistics Unit, Cambridge, United Kingdom (N.E.D.)) , Clarke, E. Aileen (Ontario Cancer Treatment and Research Foundation, Toronto (E.A.C.)) , Van Leeuwen, Flora E. (Netherlands Cancer Institute, Amsterdam (F.E.V.L., R.S.)) , Henry-Amar, Michel (Departments of Medical Statistics and Hematocytology, Institut Gustave-Roussy, Villejuif, France (M.H.-A., B.P.-C)) , Fiorentino, Mario V. (Ospedale Civile, Divisione di Oncologia Medica, Padua, Italy (M.V.F., G.L.P.)) , Bell, Janine (Thames Cancer Registry,... ) , Pedersen, Dorthe (From the International Agency for Research on Cancer, Lyon, France (J.M.K.)) , Band, Pierre (Medical Research Council Biostatistics Unit, Cambridge, United Kingdom (N.E.D.)) , Assouline, David (Ontario Cancer Treatment and Research Foundation, Toronto (E.A.C.)) , Koch, Maria (Netherlands Cancer Institute, Amsterdam (F.E.V.L., R.S.)) , Choi, Won (Departments of Medical Statistics and Hematocytology, Institut Gustave-Roussy, Villejuif, France (M.H.-A., B.P.-C)) , Prior, Patricia (Ospedale Civile, Divisione di Oncologia Medica, Padua, Italy (M.V.F., G.L.P.)) , Blair, Valerie (Thames Cancer) , Langmark, Froydis , Kirn, Vera Pompe , Neal, Frank , Peters, David , Pfeiffer, Rudolf , Karjalainen, Sakari , Cuzick, Jack , Sutcliffe, Simon B. , Somers, Reiner , Pellae-Cosset, Brigitte , Pappagallo, Giovanni L. , Fraser, Patricia , Storm, Hans , Stovall, Marilyn
    The New England journal of medicine v.322 no.1 ,pp. 7 - 13 , 1990 , 0028-4793 ,

    초록

    To investigate the effect of different treatments for Hodgkin's disease on the risk of leukemia, we used an international collaborative group of cancer registries and hospitals to perform a case-control study of 163 cases of leukemia following treatment for Hodgkin's disease. For each case patient with leukemia, three matched controls were chosen who had been treated for Hodgkin's disease but in whom leukemia did not develop. The use of chemotherapy alone to treat Hodgkin's disease was associated with a relative risk of leukemia of 9.0 (95 percent confidence interval, 4.1 to 20) as compared with the use of radiotherapy alone. Patients treated with both had a relative risk of 7.7 (95 percent confidence interval, 3.9 to 15). After treatment with more than six cycles of combinations including procarbazine and mechlorethamine, the risk of leukemia was 14-fold higher than after radiotherapy alone. The use of radiotherapy in combination with chemotherapy did not increase the risk of leukemia above that produced by the use of chemotherapy alone, but there was a dose-related increase in the risk of leukemia in patients who received radiotherapy alone. The peak in the risk of leukemia came about five years after chemotherapy began, and a large excess persisted for at least eight years after it ended. After adjusting for drug regimen, we found that patients who had undergone splenectomy had at least double the risk of leukemia of patients who had not, and an advanced stage of Hodgkin's disease carried a somewhat higher risk of leukemia than Stage I disease. We conclude that chemotherapy for Hodgkin's disease greatly increases the risk of leukemia and that this increased risk appears to be dose-related and unaffected by concomitant radiotherapy. In addition, the risk is greater for patients with more advanced stages of Hodgkin's disease and for those who undergo splenectomy.

    원문보기

    원문보기
    무료다운로드 유료다운로드

    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

    이미지

    Fig. 1 이미지
  3. [해외논문]   Adrenomyeloneuropathy Presenting as Addison's Disease in Childhood  

    Sadeghi-Nejad, Abdollah (From the Department of Pediatrics, Tufts University School of Medicine, and the Pediatric Endocrine-Metabolic Service, New England Medical Center (Floating Hospital for Infants and Children), Boston. Address reprint requests to Dr. Senior at Box 346, 750 Washington St., Boston, MA 02111. ) , Senior, Boris (From the Department of Pediatrics, Tufts University School of Medicine, and the Pediatric Endocrine-Metabolic Service, New England Medical Center (Floating Hospital for Infants and Children), Boston. Address reprint requests to Dr. Senior at Box 346, 750 Washington St., Boston, MA 02111.)
    The New England journal of medicine v.322 no.1 ,pp. 13 - 16 , 1990 , 0028-4793 ,

    초록

    Adrenoleukodystrophy, a sex-linked peroxisomal disorder that results in the impaired oxidation of long-chain saturated fatty acids and causes neurologic impairment, is a rare cause of Addison's disease in children. Adrenomyeloneuropathy is the name given to a biochemically identical but milder and more slowly progressive variant of adrenoleukodystrophy that affects young adults, in whom adrenal insufficiency may long precede nervous system dysfunction. The transmission of adrenomyeloneuropathy, like that of most cases of adrenoleukodystrophy, is sex-linked. Because of a preponderance of male patients among a group of patients with the onset of adrenal failure in childhood, we questioned whether this condition might be the initial manifestation of adrenomyeloneuropathy. We therefore measured the plasma concentrations of very-long-chain saturated fatty acids in eight patients with adrenal insufficiency; of these, five had elevated plasma hexacosanoic acid concentrations (range, 2.42 to 6.43 mumol per liter; mean normal level [+/- SD], 0.83 +/- 0.45), confirming the presence of adrenomyeloneuropathy. Magnetic resonance imaging showed clear evidence of brain involvement in all five patients. Reexploration of the family histories revealed additional missed cases. We conclude that the possibility of adrenomyeloneuropathy should be considered in any boy with Addison's disease.

    원문보기

    원문보기
    무료다운로드 유료다운로드

    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

    이미지

    Fig. 1 이미지
  4. [해외논문]   Treatment of visceral leishmaniasis with pentavalent antimony and interferon gamma.  

    Badaro, R , Falcoff, E , Badaro, F S , Carvalho, E M , Pedral-Sampaio, D , Barral, A , Carvalho, J S , Barral-Netto, M , Brandely, M , Silva, L
    The New England journal of medicine v.322 no.1 ,pp. 16 - 21 , 1990 , 0028-4793 ,

    초록

    Acute visceral leishmaniasis is associated with an antigen-specific immunosuppression of mononuclear cells as evidenced by defective in vitro production of interferon gamma. We evaluated treatment with recombinant human interferon gamma in combination with conventional pentavalent antimony therapy in patients with visceral leishmaniasis. Six of eight patients with visceral leishmaniasis (mean duration, 17 months) that had been unresponsive to multiple courses of pentavalent antimony responded to treatment with recombinant human interferon gamma (100 to 400 micrograms per square meter of body-surface area per day) in addition to pentavalent antimony (20 mg per kilogram of body weight per day) for 10 to 40 days. The other two patients improved initially but then relapsed and required treatment with amphotericin B. Eight of nine additional patients with previously untreated severe visceral leishmaniasis were also successfully treated with the combination of interferon gamma and pentavalent antimony. The 14 patients who responded to this regimen had marked improvement in symptoms and in measures of anemia and leukopenia, as well as weight gain, a decrease in spleen size, and an absence or reduction of leishmanias in splenic aspirates. These patients had no recurrence of illness after a mean (+/- SE) follow-up of 8 +/- 1 months. Fever was the only major side effect of interferon gamma. We conclude that the combination of interferon gamma and pentavalent antimony is effective in treating seriously ill patients with refractory or previously untreated visceral leishmaniasis.

    원문보기

    원문보기
    무료다운로드 유료다운로드

    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

    이미지

    Fig. 1 이미지
  5. [해외논문]   The Increased Needs of Patients in Nursing Homes and Patients Receiving Home Health Care  

    Shaughnessy, Peter W. (From the Center for Health Services Research, University of Colorado Health Sciences Center, and the Department of Internal Medicine, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Denver. Address reprint requests to Dr. Shaughnessy at the Center for Health Services Research, Suite 706, 1355 South Colorado Blvd., Denver, CO 80222. ) , Kramer, Andrew M. (From the Center for Health Services Research, University of Colorado Health Sciences Center, and the Department of Internal Medicine, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Denver. Address reprint requests to Dr. Shaughnessy at the Center for Health Services Research, Suite 706, 1355 South Colorado Blvd., Denver, CO 80222.)
    The New England journal of medicine v.322 no.1 ,pp. 21 - 27 , 1990 , 0028-4793 ,

    초록

    To evaluate the effects of Medicare's prospective payment system and Medicaid's preadmission regulations on long-term care, we constructed clinical profiles in 1982 and 1986 of about 500 randomly selected patients from each of three types of facilities: nursing homes with relatively high proportions of Medicare patients (high-Medicare nursing homes; n = 23), traditional nursing homes (n = 19), and home health agencies (n = 18). Data were obtained directly from the care givers on the medical problems, problems requiring skilled nursing, and functional problems of these representative patients from 12 states. For Medicare patients in high-Medicare nursing homes, the prevalence of medical problems and problems requiring skilled nursing increased substantially, whereas the prevalence of functional problems remained relatively unchanged. For example, from 1982 to 1986 there was a marked increase in the frequency of tube feedings (21 to 29 percent), oxygen use (6 to 14 percent), urinary tract infection (7 to 13 percent), and diastolic hypertension (1 to 10 percent), but not difficulty in eating (48 to 51 percent) or speaking (28 to 29 percent). In contrast, in traditional nursing homes there was an increase in the prevalence of functional disability, but virtually no change in that of problems requiring medical and skilled nursing care. In home health care the functional care needs of Medicare patients increased significantly, and there was a slight increase in the prevalence of problems requiring medical and skilled nursing care. We conclude that from 1982 to 1986 the needs of patients in long-term care increased substantially. This trend appears to result from Medicare's prospective payment system, which encourages earlier hospital discharge to long-term care settings, and from Medicaid's policy of de-institutionalization. Meeting this greater need for care will be costly. We require a better system of reimbursing for long-term care and ensuring its quality.

    원문보기

    원문보기
    무료다운로드 유료다운로드

    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

    이미지

    Fig. 1 이미지
  6. [해외논문]   Treatment of late infantile metachromatic leukodystrophy by bone marrow transplantation.  

    Krivit, W , Shapiro, E , Kennedy, W , Lipton, M , Lockman, L , Smith, S , Summers, C G , Wenger, D A , Tsai, M Y , Ramsay, N K
    The New England journal of medicine v.322 no.1 ,pp. 28 - 32 , 1990 , 0028-4793 ,

    초록

    To evaluate the effects of Medicare's prospective payment system and Medicaid's preadmission regulations on long-term care, we constructed clinical profiles in 1982 and 1986 of about 500 randomly selected patients from each of three types of facilities: nursing homes with relatively high proportions of Medicare patients (high-Medicare nursing homes; n = 23), traditional nursing homes (n = 19), and home health agencies (n = 18). Data were obtained directly from the care givers on the medical problems, problems requiring skilled nursing, and functional problems of these representative patients from 12 states. For Medicare patients in high-Medicare nursing homes, the prevalence of medical problems and problems requiring skilled nursing increased substantially, whereas the prevalence of functional problems remained relatively unchanged. For example, from 1982 to 1986 there was a marked increase in the frequency of tube feedings (21 to 29 percent), oxygen use (6 to 14 percent), urinary tract infection (7 to 13 percent), and diastolic hypertension (1 to 10 percent), but not difficulty in eating (48 to 51 percent) or speaking (28 to 29 percent). In contrast, in traditional nursing homes there was an increase in the prevalence of functional disability, but virtually no change in that of problems requiring medical and skilled nursing care. In home health care the functional care needs of Medicare patients increased significantly, and there was a slight increase in the prevalence of problems requiring medical and skilled nursing care. We conclude that from 1982 to 1986 the needs of patients in long-term care increased substantially. This trend appears to result from Medicare's prospective payment system, which encourages earlier hospital discharge to long-term care settings, and from Medicaid's policy of de-institutionalization. Meeting this greater need for care will be costly. We require a better system of reimbursing for long-term care and ensuring its quality.

    원문보기

    원문보기
    무료다운로드 유료다운로드

    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

    이미지

    Fig. 1 이미지
  7. [해외논문]   Platelets and thrombolytic therapy.  

    Coller, B S
    The New England journal of medicine v.322 no.1 ,pp. 33 - 42 , 1990 , 0028-4793 ,

    초록

    To evaluate the effects of Medicare's prospective payment system and Medicaid's preadmission regulations on long-term care, we constructed clinical profiles in 1982 and 1986 of about 500 randomly selected patients from each of three types of facilities: nursing homes with relatively high proportions of Medicare patients (high-Medicare nursing homes; n = 23), traditional nursing homes (n = 19), and home health agencies (n = 18). Data were obtained directly from the care givers on the medical problems, problems requiring skilled nursing, and functional problems of these representative patients from 12 states. For Medicare patients in high-Medicare nursing homes, the prevalence of medical problems and problems requiring skilled nursing increased substantially, whereas the prevalence of functional problems remained relatively unchanged. For example, from 1982 to 1986 there was a marked increase in the frequency of tube feedings (21 to 29 percent), oxygen use (6 to 14 percent), urinary tract infection (7 to 13 percent), and diastolic hypertension (1 to 10 percent), but not difficulty in eating (48 to 51 percent) or speaking (28 to 29 percent). In contrast, in traditional nursing homes there was an increase in the prevalence of functional disability, but virtually no change in that of problems requiring medical and skilled nursing care. In home health care the functional care needs of Medicare patients increased significantly, and there was a slight increase in the prevalence of problems requiring medical and skilled nursing care. We conclude that from 1982 to 1986 the needs of patients in long-term care increased substantially. This trend appears to result from Medicare's prospective payment system, which encourages earlier hospital discharge to long-term care settings, and from Medicaid's policy of de-institutionalization. Meeting this greater need for care will be costly. We require a better system of reimbursing for long-term care and ensuring its quality.

    원문보기

    원문보기
    무료다운로드 유료다운로드

    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

    이미지

    Fig. 1 이미지
  8. [해외논문]   Case records of the Massachusetts General Hospital. Weekly clinicopathological exercises. Case 1-1990. A 29-year-old man with a positive test for HIV and a reticulonodular pulmonary infiltrate.  


    The New England journal of medicine v.322 no.1 ,pp. 43 - 51 , 1990 , 0028-4793 ,

    초록

    To evaluate the effects of Medicare's prospective payment system and Medicaid's preadmission regulations on long-term care, we constructed clinical profiles in 1982 and 1986 of about 500 randomly selected patients from each of three types of facilities: nursing homes with relatively high proportions of Medicare patients (high-Medicare nursing homes; n = 23), traditional nursing homes (n = 19), and home health agencies (n = 18). Data were obtained directly from the care givers on the medical problems, problems requiring skilled nursing, and functional problems of these representative patients from 12 states. For Medicare patients in high-Medicare nursing homes, the prevalence of medical problems and problems requiring skilled nursing increased substantially, whereas the prevalence of functional problems remained relatively unchanged. For example, from 1982 to 1986 there was a marked increase in the frequency of tube feedings (21 to 29 percent), oxygen use (6 to 14 percent), urinary tract infection (7 to 13 percent), and diastolic hypertension (1 to 10 percent), but not difficulty in eating (48 to 51 percent) or speaking (28 to 29 percent). In contrast, in traditional nursing homes there was an increase in the prevalence of functional disability, but virtually no change in that of problems requiring medical and skilled nursing care. In home health care the functional care needs of Medicare patients increased significantly, and there was a slight increase in the prevalence of problems requiring medical and skilled nursing care. We conclude that from 1982 to 1986 the needs of patients in long-term care increased substantially. This trend appears to result from Medicare's prospective payment system, which encourages earlier hospital discharge to long-term care settings, and from Medicaid's policy of de-institutionalization. Meeting this greater need for care will be costly. We require a better system of reimbursing for long-term care and ensuring its quality.

    원문보기

    원문보기
    무료다운로드 유료다운로드

    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

    이미지

    Fig. 1 이미지
  9. [해외논문]   Treatment-related leukemia.  

    Coltman, C A , Dahlberg, S
    The New England journal of medicine v.322 no.1 ,pp. 52 - 53 , 1990 , 0028-4793 ,

    초록

    To evaluate the effects of Medicare's prospective payment system and Medicaid's preadmission regulations on long-term care, we constructed clinical profiles in 1982 and 1986 of about 500 randomly selected patients from each of three types of facilities: nursing homes with relatively high proportions of Medicare patients (high-Medicare nursing homes; n = 23), traditional nursing homes (n = 19), and home health agencies (n = 18). Data were obtained directly from the care givers on the medical problems, problems requiring skilled nursing, and functional problems of these representative patients from 12 states. For Medicare patients in high-Medicare nursing homes, the prevalence of medical problems and problems requiring skilled nursing increased substantially, whereas the prevalence of functional problems remained relatively unchanged. For example, from 1982 to 1986 there was a marked increase in the frequency of tube feedings (21 to 29 percent), oxygen use (6 to 14 percent), urinary tract infection (7 to 13 percent), and diastolic hypertension (1 to 10 percent), but not difficulty in eating (48 to 51 percent) or speaking (28 to 29 percent). In contrast, in traditional nursing homes there was an increase in the prevalence of functional disability, but virtually no change in that of problems requiring medical and skilled nursing care. In home health care the functional care needs of Medicare patients increased significantly, and there was a slight increase in the prevalence of problems requiring medical and skilled nursing care. We conclude that from 1982 to 1986 the needs of patients in long-term care increased substantially. This trend appears to result from Medicare's prospective payment system, which encourages earlier hospital discharge to long-term care settings, and from Medicaid's policy of de-institutionalization. Meeting this greater need for care will be costly. We require a better system of reimbursing for long-term care and ensuring its quality.

    원문보기

    원문보기
    무료다운로드 유료다운로드

    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

    이미지

    Fig. 1 이미지
  10. [해외논문]   The Leukodystrophies  

    Menkes, John H. (1201 Park Way Beverly Hills, CA 90210)
    The New England journal of medicine v.322 no.1 ,pp. 54 - 55 , 1990 , 0028-4793 ,

    초록

    To evaluate the effects of Medicare's prospective payment system and Medicaid's preadmission regulations on long-term care, we constructed clinical profiles in 1982 and 1986 of about 500 randomly selected patients from each of three types of facilities: nursing homes with relatively high proportions of Medicare patients (high-Medicare nursing homes; n = 23), traditional nursing homes (n = 19), and home health agencies (n = 18). Data were obtained directly from the care givers on the medical problems, problems requiring skilled nursing, and functional problems of these representative patients from 12 states. For Medicare patients in high-Medicare nursing homes, the prevalence of medical problems and problems requiring skilled nursing increased substantially, whereas the prevalence of functional problems remained relatively unchanged. For example, from 1982 to 1986 there was a marked increase in the frequency of tube feedings (21 to 29 percent), oxygen use (6 to 14 percent), urinary tract infection (7 to 13 percent), and diastolic hypertension (1 to 10 percent), but not difficulty in eating (48 to 51 percent) or speaking (28 to 29 percent). In contrast, in traditional nursing homes there was an increase in the prevalence of functional disability, but virtually no change in that of problems requiring medical and skilled nursing care. In home health care the functional care needs of Medicare patients increased significantly, and there was a slight increase in the prevalence of problems requiring medical and skilled nursing care. We conclude that from 1982 to 1986 the needs of patients in long-term care increased substantially. This trend appears to result from Medicare's prospective payment system, which encourages earlier hospital discharge to long-term care settings, and from Medicaid's policy of de-institutionalization. Meeting this greater need for care will be costly. We require a better system of reimbursing for long-term care and ensuring its quality.

    원문보기

    원문보기
    무료다운로드 유료다운로드

    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

    이미지

    Fig. 1 이미지

논문관련 이미지