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Seminars in oncology 10건

  1. [해외논문]   Update: vinorelbine (navelbine) in non-small cell lung cancer.  

    Crawford, J
    Seminars in oncology v.23 no.2 suppl.5 ,pp. 2 - 7 , 1996 , 0093-7754 ,

    초록

    Vinorelbine (navelbine; Burroughs Wellcome Co, Research Triangle Park, NC; Pierre Fabre Medicament, Paris, France), a novel semisynthetic vinca alkaloid, is the first drug approved by the Food and Drug Administration in over 20 years for the first-line treatment of ambulatory patients with unresectable advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLS). In a multicenter, randomized US trial, single-agent vinorelbine produced response rates of 12%, compared with prior single-center studies demonstrating a response rate of 30%. Furthermore, in the US trial, median survival for patients receiving vinorelbine was 30 weeks, with a 1-year survival rate of 25%, compared with 22 weeks for 5-fluorouracil and leucovorin, with a 1-year survival rate of 16%. This impact on survival was confirmed in a European multicenter randomized trial. In this study, vinorelbine as a single agent demonstrated a median survival of 31 weeks, with a 1-year survival rate of 30%. Single-agent vinorelbine was comparable to the combination of vindesine/cisplatin, which had a median survival of 32 weeks and a 1-year survival rate of 27%. By contrast, the combination of vinorelbine/cisplatin produced a medial survival of 40 weeks and a 1-year survival rate of 35%. The major dose-limiting toxic effect of vinorelbine is granulocytopenia. Vinorelbine has demonstrated a survival advantage in patients with advanced NSCLC in two controlled clinical trials and has been associated with a favorable safety profile associated with a low incidence of hospitalization. These findings would suggest that vinorelbine alone or in combination with cisplatin may be a cost-effective treatment for appropriate patients with advanced NSCLC.

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    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

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  2. [해외논문]   Cisplatin and ifosfamide with various doses of vinorelbine (navelbine) in advanced non-small lung cancer.  

    Souquet, P J ; Fournel, P ; Bohas, C H ; Fortune, I C ; Chatte, G
    Seminars in oncology v.23 no.2 suppl.5 ,pp. 8 - 10 , 1996 , 0093-7754 ,

    초록

    From November 1992 to March 1994 we concluded a phase II trial of the combination of cisplatin 75 mg/m2 and ifosfamide 3 g/m2 on day 1 and increasing doses of vinorelbine (Navelbine; Burroughs Wellcome Co, Research Triangle Park, NC; Pierre Fabre Medicament, Paris, France). Group A was given vinorelbine 25 mg/m2 on day 1, group B 25 mg/m2 on days 1 and 8, and group C 25 mg/m2 on days 1 and 15 and 12.5 mg/m2 on day 8. Inclusion criteria were histologically proven non-small cell lung cancer, stage IIIB or IV disease, no underlying disease, performance status

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    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

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  3. [해외논문]   Preliminary report on a phase I study of ifosfamide and vinorelbine (navelbine) in advanced non-small cell lung cancer.  

    Masters, G A ; Hoffman, P C ; Drinkard, L C ; Watson, S ; Samuels, B L ; Golomb, H M ; Vokes, E E
    Seminars in oncology v.23 no.2 suppl.5 ,pp. 11 - 18 , 1996 , 0093-7754 ,

    초록

    Vinorelbine (Navelbine; Burroughs Wellcome Co, Research Triangle Park, NC; Pierre Fabre Medicament, Paris, France), a semisynthetic vinca alkaloid, and ifosfamide have each shown activity as a single agent and in various combination-chemotherapy regimens against non-small cell lung cancer. Vinorelbine usually has been given on a once-weekly schedule. We designed a phase I study adding escalating doses of vinorelbine on a novel schedule of 3 consecutive days to ifosfamide in a dose-intensive regimen with granulocyte colony-stimulating factor. The goals were to define the dose-limiting toxicity and maximum tolerated dose of vinorelbine and to document the toxicity profile and the overall response and survival rates observed. Eligibility criteria included histologically or cytologically documented stage IIIB or stage IV non-small cell lung cancer, measurable or evaluable disease, and no prior chemotherapy. Treatment consisted of escalating doses of vinorelbine (starting at 15 mg/m2) on days 1, 2, and 3 and ifosfamide at 2 g/m2 and decreased to 1.6 g/m2 on days 1, 2, and 3. Granulocyte colony-stimulating factor was administered subcutaneously at 5 micrograms/kg on days 5 through 11 in all patients. Cycles were repeated every 21 days. Forty-two patients were treated. The median age was 58 years (age range, 34 to 75 years); 41 patients had a performance status of 0 or 1. Dose-limiting neutropenia was observed in two of three patients at the initial dose level of ifosfamide 2 g/m2 and vinorelbine 15 mg/m2. Ifosfamide was therefore decreased to 1.6 g/m2, and vinorelbine was subsequently escalated, with a maximum administered dose of 35 mg/m2. The recommended phase II dose was ifosfamide 1.6 g/m2 on days 1, 2, and 3 with vinorelbine 30 mg/m2 on days 1, 2, and 3, given with granulocyte colony-stimulating factor support, on a 21-day cycle. At the recommended phase II dose myelosuppression remained the most common toxic effect, with grade 3 or 4 neutropenia of brief duration occurring in 20 patients. Final analysis has not yet been completed, but responses have been observed at several dose levels. The maximum tolerated dose of vinorelbine given on days 1, 2, and 3 is 30 mg/m2 when given with ifosfamide at 1.6 g/m2 on days 1, 2, and 3 and granulocyte colony-stimulating factor support. Myelosuppression is the dose-limiting toxic effect. Future analyses of the data will report the overall response and survival rates in these patients.

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    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

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  4. [해외논문]   Pilot study of vinorelbine (navelbine) and paclitaxel in patients with refractory non-small cell lung cancer.  

    Chang, A Y ; DeVore, R ; Johnson, D
    Seminars in oncology v.23 no.2 suppl.5 ,pp. 19 - 21 , 1996 , 0093-7754 ,

    초록

    Eighteen patients with metastatic non-small cell lung cancer were treated with a combination of intravenous vinorelbine (Navelbine; Burroughs Wellcome Co, Research Triangle Park, NC; Pierre Fabre Medicament, Paris, France) 25 mg/m2 on days 1 and 8 and intravenous paclitaxel 175 mg/m2 on day 2 every 3 weeks. All patients were given granulocyte colony-stimulating factor 5 micrograms/kg/d subcutaneously on days 3 through 7 and 9 through 17 or until the absolute neutrophil count reached 10 x 10(9)/L or higher. One patient was enrolled in this study too recently to be assessed. The mean age of the remaining 17 patients was 59 years (age range, 33 to 75 years); all but one patient had refractory disease, mostly to cisplatin-containing regimens. Four patients were ineligible (two because of poor performance status and two because of previous exposure to vinblastine). Three partial responses were observed, with durations of 46, 64, and 140+ days. Four patients had stable disease and four had progressive disease. The most common side effect was neutropenia (five grade 4 and one grade 3); two patients died of leukopenic sepsis in the first cycle. Peripheral neuropathy was also common (four grade 1 and one grade 2 sensory neuropathy). Other toxic effects were anemia and nausea and vomiting. The median survival was 153 days in all patients and 179 days in eligible patients. The preliminary results in this ongoing study of combination vinorelbine and paclitaxel as second-line therapy for metastatic non-small cell lung cancer are promising, and using this regimen as first-line therapy is warranted.

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    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

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  5. [해외논문]   Combination regimens and dose intensification in non-small cell lung cancer: a panel discussion (Part 1).  

    Crawford, J ; Chang, A Y ; Gralla, R J ; Souquet, P J ; Vokes, E E
    Seminars in oncology v.23 no.2 suppl.5 ,pp. 22 - 24 , 1996 , 0093-7754 ,

    초록

    Eighteen patients with metastatic non-small cell lung cancer were treated with a combination of intravenous vinorelbine (Navelbine; Burroughs Wellcome Co, Research Triangle Park, NC; Pierre Fabre Medicament, Paris, France) 25 mg/m2 on days 1 and 8 and intravenous paclitaxel 175 mg/m2 on day 2 every 3 weeks. All patients were given granulocyte colony-stimulating factor 5 micrograms/kg/d subcutaneously on days 3 through 7 and 9 through 17 or until the absolute neutrophil count reached 10 x 10(9)/L or higher. One patient was enrolled in this study too recently to be assessed. The mean age of the remaining 17 patients was 59 years (age range, 33 to 75 years); all but one patient had refractory disease, mostly to cisplatin-containing regimens. Four patients were ineligible (two because of poor performance status and two because of previous exposure to vinblastine). Three partial responses were observed, with durations of 46, 64, and 140+ days. Four patients had stable disease and four had progressive disease. The most common side effect was neutropenia (five grade 4 and one grade 3); two patients died of leukopenic sepsis in the first cycle. Peripheral neuropathy was also common (four grade 1 and one grade 2 sensory neuropathy). Other toxic effects were anemia and nausea and vomiting. The median survival was 153 days in all patients and 179 days in eligible patients. The preliminary results in this ongoing study of combination vinorelbine and paclitaxel as second-line therapy for metastatic non-small cell lung cancer are promising, and using this regimen as first-line therapy is warranted.

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    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

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  6. [해외논문]   Cost-effectiveness analysis of three regimens using vinorelbine (Navelbine) for non-small cell lung cancer.  

    Hillner, B E ; Smith, T J
    Seminars in oncology v.23 no.2 suppl.5 ,pp. 25 - 30 , 1996 , 0093-7754 ,

    초록

    The costs and cost-effectiveness of different treatments are increasing concerns in healthcare. Vinorelbine (Navelbine; Burroughs Wellcome Co, Research Triangle Park, NC; Pierre Fabre Medicament, Paris, France), the first new agent approved for the treatment of metastatic non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) in more than a decade, was recently approved in the United States. In this report the terminology of cost-effectiveness analysis is reviewed and the findings from a comparative cost-effectiveness analysis of three regimens for NSCLC are discussed. The findings are from a randomized clinical trial of vinorelbine alone versus vinorelbine plus cisplatin versus vindesine plus cisplatin in 612 European patients with NSCLC (J Clin Oncol 12:360-367, 1994) and from cost data from the Medical College of Virginia. In this study the vinorelbine plus cisplatin regimen was the most effective, with a mean survival of 49.6 weeks. Using vinorelbine alone as the baseline, vinorelbine plus cisplatin added 56 days of life at an additional cost of $2,700, resulting in an incremental cost-effectiveness ratio of $17,700 per year of life gained. Similarly, vindesine plus cisplatin added 19 days of life at a cost of $1,150, or $22,100 per year of life gained. Compared with vindesine plus cisplatin, vinorelbine plus cisplatin added 37 days of life at a cost of $1,570, or $15,500 per year of life gained. The cost-effectiveness of the vinorelbine plus cisplatin regimen was within the accepted limits for medical interventions. If vinorelbine is preferred because of its more favorable toxicity profile, adding cisplatin to the treatment regimen substantially increases efficacy at an acceptable cost. The study demonstrated that, compared with other available medical interventions, chemotherapy for NSCLC has acceptable efficacy and cost effectiveness. Access to treatment should not be denied on the basis of clinical or economic grounds.

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    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

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  7. [해외논문]   Comparison of instruments for measuring quality of life in patients with lung cancer.  

    Hollen, P J ; Gralla, R J
    Seminars in oncology v.23 no.2 suppl.5 ,pp. 31 - 40 , 1996 , 0093-7754 ,

    초록

    This review compares the key features and psychometric properties of three site-specific quality of life measures that are currently being used in clinical trials for new therapeutic agents for lung cancer. These measures include the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaire (EORTC-QLQ-C30) and its lung cancer module (EORTC-QLQ-LC13), the Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy--Lung Cancer Quality of Life Instrument (FACT-L), and the Lung Cancer Symptom Scale (LCSS). Differences are found among the three instruments. However, these differences allow choice of detail concerning specific aspects of quality of life, depending on the purpose of the assessment. All three instruments have acceptable feasibility. The FACT-L and LCSS are also reliable measures for lung cancer patients, but the EORTC lung cancer module needs refinement of its pain subscale and further testing of reliability. Additionally, all three instruments have support for validity, with the LCSS and EORTC lung cancer modules having had more extensive testing, and having been tested with larger samples than the FACT-L. The EORTC and FACT are still under development; thus, each will need further testing. The LCSS has fewer questionable psychometric properties than the other two measures, and the development of items is complete. For repeated measures with patients with the progressive disease of lung cancer, the LCSS provides less patient and staff burden with its nine-item patient and six-item observer scales. Both the EORTC lung cancer module and FACT-L are measures that expect the core measure to be administered, requiring 40+ items each. Alternatively, the EORTC and the FACT, including their site-specific modules, provide a more comprehensive assessment than the LCSS, if that is the intent of the quality of life assessment.

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    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

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  8. [해외논문]   Potentiation of radiation therapy by vinorelbine (Navelbine) in non-small cell lung cancer.  

    Edelstein, M P ; Wolfe, L A ; Duch, D S
    Seminars in oncology v.23 no.2 suppl.5 ,pp. 41 - 47 , 1996 , 0093-7754 ,

    초록

    Vinorelbine (Navelbine; Burroughs Wellcome Co, Research Triangle Park, NC; Pierre Fabre Medicament, Paris, France), a semisynthetic vinca alkaloid that is a potent inhibitor of mitotic microtubule polymerization, was recently approved for the treatment of non-small cell lung cancer. Radiotherapy also has been widely used to treat this malignancy. Since other antitumor agents that act on microtubules, such as paclitaxel and estramustine, have been shown to act as radiosensitizers, we studied the ability of vinorelbine to potentiate radiation. The in vitro activity of this combination was evaluated in the human lung carcinoma cell lines NCI-H460 and A549. when NCI-H460 cells were exposed to vinorelbine for 24 hours and then irradiated (1 to 6 Gy) the drug potentiated radiation in a dose-dependent manner, with the ratio of fractional survival (radiation) to fractional survival (drug plus radiation) ranging from 1.7:1 at 1 Gy to 5.5:1 at 6 Gy. When the treatment sequence was reversed (ie, radiation was followed by drug exposure), similar survival ratios were obtained at concentrations of vinorelbine that were five to 10 times lower. In this cell line radiation produced a block in the G2/M phase of the cell cycle, with the maximum block (60% to 70%) occurring 10 hours after treatment. The greatest potentiation was seen when irradiated cells were exposed to vinorelbine after they had plateaued in the G2/M phase of the cycle. Vinorelbine given early after irradiation, when only 10% to 30% of the cells were in G2/M, produced survival ratios similar to those of controls treated with radiation alone. In A549 cells radiation induced a G1 block. In this case, vinorelbine was unable to potentiate the effects of radiation. These studies show that vinorelbine can potentiate the antitumor effects of radiation and that the potentiation is cell cycle-dependent, with the maximal effect being obtained when the cells are in the G2 phase.

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    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

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  9. [해외논문]   Vinorelbine (Navelbine), cisplatin, and concomitant radiation therapy for advanced malignancies of the chest: a Phase I study.  

    Vokes, E E ; Haraf, D J ; Masters, G A ; Hoffman, P C ; Drinkard, L C ; Ferguson, M ; Olak, J ; Watson, S ; Golomb, H M
    Seminars in oncology v.23 no.2 suppl.5 ,pp. 48 - 52 , 1996 , 0093-7754 ,

    초록

    Most patients with advanced solid tumors of the chest will have local and/or distant disease progression despite standard therapy. Vinorelbine (Navelbine; Burroughs Wellcome Co, Research Triangle Park, NC; Pierre Fabre Medicament, Paris, France) is a new semisynthetic vinca alkaloid with single-agent activity in lung cancer that recently also has been shown to act as a radiosensitizer in vitro. This study aims to define the maximum tolerated dose and dose-limiting toxicity when vinorelbine is given with cisplatin and concomitant radiation therapy. To date, 25 patients with advanced malignancies of the chest have been treated in a dose-escalation trial of vinorelbine administered once weekly with cisplatin (100 mg/m2 every 21 days) and concomitant thoracic radiation therapy (2 Gy/d x 30 fractions for 60 Gy). Vinorelbine was initially given at 20 and 25 mg/m2/wk. Acute dose-limiting toxicity was myelosuppression, which was seen at a vinorelbine dose of 25/mg/m2/wk, with grade 4 neutropenia in two of three patients and one treatment-related death from neutropenic sepsis. At vinorelbine 20/mg/m2/wk, no acute dose-limiting toxicity was seen, but grade 3 or 4 esophagitis developed in three of six patients near the end or after completion of radiation therapy. We subsequently decreased the administration of vinorelbine to weeks 1, 2, 4, and 5. Tolerance appears to be greater with this schedule; however, severe or life-threatening esophagitis at the completion of therapy continues to be observed. Given these preliminary results, it appears feasible to treat patients with advanced chest malignancies with concomitant cisplatin, vinorelbine, and radiation therapy. The significant dose reduction of vinorelbine that is necessary with concomitant radiation therapy provides the first in vivo evidence of a strong radiosensitizing effect of vinorelbine. The schedule is currently being modified to reduce the incidence of esophagitis.

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    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

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  10. [해외논문]   Pharmacoeconomics, quality of life, and combination modalities in non-small cell lung cancer: a panel discussion (Part 2).  

    Crawford, J ; Duch, D S ; Gralla, R J ; Hillner, B E ; Hollen, P J ; Vokes, E E
    Seminars in oncology v.23 no.2 suppl.5 ,pp. 53 - 55 , 1996 , 0093-7754 ,

    초록

    Most patients with advanced solid tumors of the chest will have local and/or distant disease progression despite standard therapy. Vinorelbine (Navelbine; Burroughs Wellcome Co, Research Triangle Park, NC; Pierre Fabre Medicament, Paris, France) is a new semisynthetic vinca alkaloid with single-agent activity in lung cancer that recently also has been shown to act as a radiosensitizer in vitro. This study aims to define the maximum tolerated dose and dose-limiting toxicity when vinorelbine is given with cisplatin and concomitant radiation therapy. To date, 25 patients with advanced malignancies of the chest have been treated in a dose-escalation trial of vinorelbine administered once weekly with cisplatin (100 mg/m2 every 21 days) and concomitant thoracic radiation therapy (2 Gy/d x 30 fractions for 60 Gy). Vinorelbine was initially given at 20 and 25 mg/m2/wk. Acute dose-limiting toxicity was myelosuppression, which was seen at a vinorelbine dose of 25/mg/m2/wk, with grade 4 neutropenia in two of three patients and one treatment-related death from neutropenic sepsis. At vinorelbine 20/mg/m2/wk, no acute dose-limiting toxicity was seen, but grade 3 or 4 esophagitis developed in three of six patients near the end or after completion of radiation therapy. We subsequently decreased the administration of vinorelbine to weeks 1, 2, 4, and 5. Tolerance appears to be greater with this schedule; however, severe or life-threatening esophagitis at the completion of therapy continues to be observed. Given these preliminary results, it appears feasible to treat patients with advanced chest malignancies with concomitant cisplatin, vinorelbine, and radiation therapy. The significant dose reduction of vinorelbine that is necessary with concomitant radiation therapy provides the first in vivo evidence of a strong radiosensitizing effect of vinorelbine. The schedule is currently being modified to reduce the incidence of esophagitis.

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