본문 바로가기
HOME> 저널/프로시딩 > 저널/프로시딩 검색상세

저널/프로시딩 상세정보

권호별목차 / 소장처보기

H : 소장처정보

T : 목차정보

Journal of bacteriology 10건

  1. [해외논문]   Progress in Understanding the Molecular Basis Underlying Functional Diversification of Cyclic Dinucleotide Turnover Proteins   SCI SCIE

    Romling, Ute (Department of Microbiology, Tumor and Cell Biology, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden ) , Liang, Zhao-Xun (School of Biological Sciences, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore, Singapore ) , Dow, J. Maxwell (School of Microbiology, Biosciences Institute, University College Cork, Cork, Ireland)
    Journal of bacteriology v.199 no.5 ,pp. e00790-16 - e00790-16 , 2017 , 0021-9193 ,

    초록

    Cyclic di-GMP was the first cyclic dinucleotide second messenger described, presaging the discovery of additional cyclic dinucleotide messengers in bacteria and eukaryotes. The GGDEF diguanylate cyclase (DGC) and EAL and HD-GYP phosphodiesterase (PDE) domains conduct the turnover of cyclic di-GMP. These three unrelated domains belong to superfamilies that exhibit significant variations in function, and they include both enzymatically active and inactive members, with a subset involved in synthesis and degradation of other cyclic dinucleotides. Here, we summarize current knowledge of sequence and structural variations that underpin the functional diversification of cyclic di-GMP turnover proteins. Moreover, we highlight that superfamily diversification is not restricted to cyclic di-GMP signaling domains, as particular DHH/DHHA1 domain and HD domain proteins have been shown to act as cyclic di-AMP phosphodiesterases. We conclude with a consideration of the current limitations that such diversity of action places on bioinformatic prediction of the roles of GGDEF, EAL, and HD-GYP domain proteins.

    원문보기

    원문보기
    무료다운로드 유료다운로드

    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

    이미지

    Fig. 1 이미지
  2. [해외논문]   Conserved ABC Transport System Regulated by the General Stress Response Pathways of Alpha- and Gammaproteobacteria   SCI SCIE

    Herrou, Julien (Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, USA ) , Willett, Jonathan W. (Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, USA ) , Czyż (Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, USA ) , , Daniel M. (Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, Illinois, USA ) , Babnigg, Gyorgy (Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, Illinois, USA ) , Kim, Youngchang (Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, USA) , Crosson, Sean
    Journal of bacteriology v.199 no.5 ,pp. e00746-16 - e00746-16 , 2017 , 0021-9193 ,

    초록

    Brucella abortus σ E1 is an EcfG family sigma factor that regulates the transcription of dozens of genes in response to diverse stress conditions and is required for maintenance of chronic infection in a mouse model. A putative ATP-binding cassette transporter operon, bab1_0223-bab1_0226 , is among the most highly activated gene sets in the σ E1 regulon. The proteins encoded by the operon resemble quaternary ammonium-compatible solute importers but are most similar in sequence to the broadly conserved YehZYXW system, which remains largely uncharacterized. Transcription of yehZYXW is activated by the general stress sigma factor σ S in Enterobacteriaceae , which suggests a functional role for this transport system in bacterial stress response across the classes Alphaproteobacteria and Gammaproteobacteria . We present evidence that B. abortus YehZYXW does not function as an importer of known compatible solutes under physiological conditions and does not contribute to the virulence defect of a σ E1 -null strain. The sole in vitro phenotype associated with genetic disruption of this putative transport system is reduced growth in the presence of high Li + ion concentrations. A crystal structure of B. abortus YehZ revealed a class II periplasmic binding protein fold with significant structural homology to Archaeoglobus fulgidus ProX, which binds glycine betaine. However, the structure of the YehZ ligand-binding pocket is incompatible with high-affinity binding to glycine betaine. This is consistent with weak measured binding of YehZ to glycine betaine and related compatible solutes. We conclude that YehZYXW is a conserved, stress-regulated transport system that is phylogenetically and functionally distinct from quaternary ammonium-compatible solute importers. IMPORTANCE Brucella abortus σ E1 regulates transcription in response to stressors encountered in its mammalian host and is necessary for maintenance of chronic infection in a mouse model. The functions of the majority of genes regulated by σ E1 remain undefined. We present a functional/structural analysis of a conserved putative membrane transport system (YehZYXW) whose expression is strongly activated by σ E1 . Though annotated as a quaternary ammonium osmolyte uptake system, experimental physiological studies and measured ligand-binding properties of the periplasmic binding protein (PBP), YehZ, are inconsistent with this function. A crystal structure of B. abortus YehZ provides molecular insight into differences between bona fide quaternary ammonium osmolyte importers and YehZ-related proteins, which form a distinct phylogenetic and functional group of PBPs.

    원문보기

    원문보기
    무료다운로드 유료다운로드

    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

    이미지

    Fig. 1 이미지
  3. [해외논문]   Legionella pneumophila OxyR Is a Redundant Transcriptional Regulator That Contributes to Expression Control of the Two-Component CpxRA System   SCI SCIE

    Tanner, Jennifer R. (Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Science, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada ) , Patel, Palak G. (Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Science, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada ) , Hellinga, Jacqueline R. (Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Science, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada ) , Donald, Lynda J. (Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Science, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada ) , Jimenez, Celine (Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Science, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada ) , LeBlanc, Jason J. (Department of Pathology, Medicine, and Microbiology & Immunology, Faculty of Medicine, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada ) , Brassinga, Ann Karen C. (Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Science, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada)
    Journal of bacteriology v.199 no.5 ,pp. e00690-16 - e00690-16 , 2017 , 0021-9193 ,

    초록

    Nominally an environmental organism, Legionella pneumophila is an intracellular parasite of protozoa but is also the causative agent of the pneumonia termed Legionnaires' disease, which results from inhalation of aerosolized bacteria by susceptible humans. Coordination of gene expression by a number of identified regulatory factors, including OxyR, assists L. pneumophila in adapting to the stresses of changing environments. L. pneumophila OxyR (OxyR Lp ) is an ortholog of Escherichia coli OxyR; however, OxyR Lp was shown elsewhere to be functionally divergent, such that it acts as a transcription regulator independently of the oxidative stress response. In this study, the use of improved gene deletion methods has enabled us to generate an unmarked in-frame deletion of oxyR in L. pneumophila . Lack of OxyR Lp did not affect in vitro growth or intracellular growth in Acanthamoeba castellanii protozoa and U937-derived macrophages. The expression of OxyR Lp does not appear to be regulated by CpxR, even though purified recombinant CpxR bound a DNA sequence similar to that reported for CpxR elsewhere. Surprisingly, a lack of OxyR Lp resulted in elevated activity of the promoters located upstream of icmR and the lpg1441-cpxA operon, and OxyR Lp directly bound to these promoter regions, suggesting that OxyR Lp is a direct repressor. Interestingly, a strain overexpressing OxyR Lp demonstrated reduced intracellular growth in A. castellanii but not in U937-derived macrophages, suggesting that balanced expression control of the two-component CpxRA system is necessary for survival in protozoa. Taken together, this study suggests that OxyR Lp is a functionally redundant transcriptional regulator in L. pneumophila under the conditions evaluated herein. IMPORTANCE Legionella pneumophila is an environmental pathogen, with its transmission to the human host dependent upon its ability to replicate in protozoa and survive within its aquatic niche. Understanding the genetic factors that contribute to L. pneumophila survival within each of these unique environments will be key to limiting future point-source outbreaks of Legionnaires' disease. The transcriptional regulator L. pneumophila OxyR (OxyR Lp ) has been previously identified as a potential regulator of virulence traits warranting further investigation. This study demonstrated that oxyR is nonessential for L. pneumophila survival in vitro and in vivo via mutational analysis. While the mechanisms of how OxyR Lp expression is regulated remain elusive, this study shows that OxyR Lp negatively regulates the expression of the cpxRA two-component system necessary for intracellular survival in protozoa.

    원문보기

    원문보기
    무료다운로드 유료다운로드

    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

    이미지

    Fig. 1 이미지
  4. [해외논문]   Thermoregulation of Biofilm Formation in Burkholderia pseudomallei Is Disrupted by Mutation of a Putative Diguanylate Cyclase   SCI SCIE

    Plumley, Brooke A. (Department of Microbiology, Immunology, and Pathology, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colorado, USA ) , Martin, Kevin H. (Department of Microbiology, Immunology, and Pathology, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colorado, USA ) , Borlee, Grace I. (Department of Microbiology, Immunology, and Pathology, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colorado, USA ) , Marlenee, Nicole L. (Department of Biomedical Sciences, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colorado, USA ) , Burtnick, Mary N. (Department of Microbiology and Immunology, University of South Alabama, Mobile, Alabama, USA ) , Brett, Paul J. (Department of Microbiology and Immunology, University of South Alabama, Mobile, Alabama, USA ) , AuCoin, David P. (Department of Molecular Microbiology and Immunology, University of Nevada—Reno, Reno, Nevada, USA ) , Bowen, Richard A. (Department of Biomedical Sciences, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colorado, USA ) , Schweizer, Herbert P. (Department of Molecular Genetics and Microbiology, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida, USA ) , Borlee, Bradley R. (Department of Microbiology, Immunology, and Pathology, Colorado State University,)
    Journal of bacteriology v.199 no.5 ,pp. e00780-16 - e00780-16 , 2017 , 0021-9193 ,

    초록

    Burkholderia pseudomallei , a tier 1 select agent and the etiological agent of melioidosis, transitions from soil and aquatic environments to infect a variety of vertebrate and invertebrate hosts. During the transition from an environmental saprophyte to a mammalian pathogen, B. pseudomallei encounters and responds to rapidly changing environmental conditions. Environmental sensing systems that control cellular levels of cyclic di-GMP promote pathogen survival in diverse environments. Cyclic di-GMP controls biofilm production, virulence factors, and motility in many bacteria. This study is an evaluation of cyclic di-GMP-associated genes that are predicted to metabolize and interact with cyclic di-GMP as identified from the annotated genome of B. pseudomallei 1026b. Mutants containing transposon disruptions in each of these genes were characterized for biofilm formation and motility at two temperatures that reflect conditions that the bacteria encounter in the environment and during the infection of a mammalian host. Mutants with transposon insertions in a known phosphodiesterase ( cdpA ) and a predicted hydrolase (Bp1026b_I2285) gene exhibited decreased motility regardless of temperature. In contrast, the phenotypes exhibited by mutants with transposon insertion mutations in a predicted diguanylate cyclase gene (Bp1026b_II2523) were strikingly influenced by temperature and were dependent on a conserved GG(D/E)EF motif. The transposon insertion mutant exhibited enhanced biofilm formation at 37°C but impaired biofilm formation at 30°C. These studies illustrate the importance of studying behaviors regulated by cyclic di-GMP under varied environmental conditions in order to better understand cyclic di-GMP signaling in bacterial pathogens. IMPORTANCE This report evaluates predicted cyclic di-GMP binding and metabolic proteins from Burkholderia pseudomallei 1026b, a tier 1 select agent and the etiologic agent of melioidosis. Transposon insertion mutants with disruptions in each of the genes encoding these predicted proteins were characterized in order to identify key components of the B. pseudomallei cyclic di-GMP-signaling network. A predicted hydrolase and a phosphodiesterase that modulate swimming motility were identified, in addition to a diguanylate cyclase that modulates biofilm formation and motility in response to temperature. These studies warrant further evaluation of the contribution of cyclic di-GMP to melioidosis in the context of pathogen acquisition from environmental reservoirs and subsequent colonization, dissemination, and persistence within the host.

    원문보기

    원문보기
    무료다운로드 유료다운로드

    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

    이미지

    Fig. 1 이미지
  5. [해외논문]   VfrB Is a Key Activator of the Staphylococcus aureus SaeRS Two-Component System   SCI SCIE

    Krute, Christina N. (Department of Microbiology, Molecular Genetics, and Immunology, University of Kansas Medical Center, Kansas City, Kansas, USA ) , Rice, Kelly C. (Department of Microbiology and Cell Science, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida, USA ) , Bose, Jeffrey L. (Department of Microbiology, Molecular Genetics, and Immunology, University of Kansas Medical Center, Kansas City, Kansas, USA)
    Journal of bacteriology v.199 no.5 ,pp. e00828-16 - e00828-16 , 2017 , 0021-9193 ,

    초록

    In previous studies, we identified the fatty acid kinase virulence factor regulator B (VfrB) as a potent regulator of α-hemolysin and other virulence factors in Staphylococcus aureus . In this study, we demonstrated that VfrB is a positive activator of the SaeRS two-component regulatory system. Analysis of vfrB , saeR , and saeS mutant strains revealed that VfrB functions in the same pathway as SaeRS. At the transcriptional level, the promoter activities of SaeRS class I ( coa ) and class II ( hla ) target genes were downregulated during the exponential growth phase in the vfrB mutant, compared to the wild-type strain. In addition, saePQRS expression was decreased in the vfrB mutant strain, demonstrating a need for this protein in the autoregulation of SaeRS. The requirement for VfrB-mediated activation was circumvented when SaeS was constitutively active due to an SaeS (L18P) substitution. Furthermore, activation of SaeS via human neutrophil peptide 1 (HNP-1) overcame the dependence on VfrB for transcription from class I Sae promoters. Consistent with the role of VfrB in fatty acid metabolism, hla expression was decreased in the vfrB mutant with the addition of exogenous myristic acid. Lastly, we determined that aspartic acid residues D38 and D40, which are predicted to be key to VfrB enzymatic activity, were required for VfrB-mediated α-hemolysin production. Collectively, this study implicates VfrB as a novel accessory protein needed for the activation of SaeRS in S. aureus . IMPORTANCE The SaeRS two-component system is a key regulator of virulence determinant production in Staphylococcus aureus . Although the regulon of this two-component system is well characterized, the activation mechanisms, including the specific signaling molecules, remain elusive. Elucidating the complex regulatory circuit of SaeRS regulation is important for understanding how the system contributes to disease causation by this pathogen. To this end, we have identified the fatty acid kinase VfrB as a positive regulatory modulator of SaeRS-mediated transcription of virulence factors in S. aureus . In addition to describing a new regulatory aspect of SaeRS, this study establishes a link between fatty acid kinase activity and virulence factor regulation.

    원문보기

    원문보기
    무료다운로드 유료다운로드

    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

    이미지

    Fig. 1 이미지
  6. [해외논문]   Article of Significant Interest Selected from This Issue by the Editors   SCI SCIE


    Journal of bacteriology v.199 no.5 ,pp. e00894-16 - e00894-16 , 2017 , 0021-9193 ,

    초록

    In previous studies, we identified the fatty acid kinase virulence factor regulator B (VfrB) as a potent regulator of α-hemolysin and other virulence factors in Staphylococcus aureus . In this study, we demonstrated that VfrB is a positive activator of the SaeRS two-component regulatory system. Analysis of vfrB , saeR , and saeS mutant strains revealed that VfrB functions in the same pathway as SaeRS. At the transcriptional level, the promoter activities of SaeRS class I ( coa ) and class II ( hla ) target genes were downregulated during the exponential growth phase in the vfrB mutant, compared to the wild-type strain. In addition, saePQRS expression was decreased in the vfrB mutant strain, demonstrating a need for this protein in the autoregulation of SaeRS. The requirement for VfrB-mediated activation was circumvented when SaeS was constitutively active due to an SaeS (L18P) substitution. Furthermore, activation of SaeS via human neutrophil peptide 1 (HNP-1) overcame the dependence on VfrB for transcription from class I Sae promoters. Consistent with the role of VfrB in fatty acid metabolism, hla expression was decreased in the vfrB mutant with the addition of exogenous myristic acid. Lastly, we determined that aspartic acid residues D38 and D40, which are predicted to be key to VfrB enzymatic activity, were required for VfrB-mediated α-hemolysin production. Collectively, this study implicates VfrB as a novel accessory protein needed for the activation of SaeRS in S. aureus . IMPORTANCE The SaeRS two-component system is a key regulator of virulence determinant production in Staphylococcus aureus . Although the regulon of this two-component system is well characterized, the activation mechanisms, including the specific signaling molecules, remain elusive. Elucidating the complex regulatory circuit of SaeRS regulation is important for understanding how the system contributes to disease causation by this pathogen. To this end, we have identified the fatty acid kinase VfrB as a positive regulatory modulator of SaeRS-mediated transcription of virulence factors in S. aureus . In addition to describing a new regulatory aspect of SaeRS, this study establishes a link between fatty acid kinase activity and virulence factor regulation.

    원문보기

    원문보기
    무료다운로드 유료다운로드

    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

    이미지

    Fig. 1 이미지
  7. [해외논문]   Editorial Board   SCI SCIE


    Journal of bacteriology v.199 no.5 ,pp. masthead-199-5 - masthead-199-5 , 2017 , 0021-9193 ,

    초록

    In previous studies, we identified the fatty acid kinase virulence factor regulator B (VfrB) as a potent regulator of α-hemolysin and other virulence factors in Staphylococcus aureus . In this study, we demonstrated that VfrB is a positive activator of the SaeRS two-component regulatory system. Analysis of vfrB , saeR , and saeS mutant strains revealed that VfrB functions in the same pathway as SaeRS. At the transcriptional level, the promoter activities of SaeRS class I ( coa ) and class II ( hla ) target genes were downregulated during the exponential growth phase in the vfrB mutant, compared to the wild-type strain. In addition, saePQRS expression was decreased in the vfrB mutant strain, demonstrating a need for this protein in the autoregulation of SaeRS. The requirement for VfrB-mediated activation was circumvented when SaeS was constitutively active due to an SaeS (L18P) substitution. Furthermore, activation of SaeS via human neutrophil peptide 1 (HNP-1) overcame the dependence on VfrB for transcription from class I Sae promoters. Consistent with the role of VfrB in fatty acid metabolism, hla expression was decreased in the vfrB mutant with the addition of exogenous myristic acid. Lastly, we determined that aspartic acid residues D38 and D40, which are predicted to be key to VfrB enzymatic activity, were required for VfrB-mediated α-hemolysin production. Collectively, this study implicates VfrB as a novel accessory protein needed for the activation of SaeRS in S. aureus . IMPORTANCE The SaeRS two-component system is a key regulator of virulence determinant production in Staphylococcus aureus . Although the regulon of this two-component system is well characterized, the activation mechanisms, including the specific signaling molecules, remain elusive. Elucidating the complex regulatory circuit of SaeRS regulation is important for understanding how the system contributes to disease causation by this pathogen. To this end, we have identified the fatty acid kinase VfrB as a positive regulatory modulator of SaeRS-mediated transcription of virulence factors in S. aureus . In addition to describing a new regulatory aspect of SaeRS, this study establishes a link between fatty acid kinase activity and virulence factor regulation.

    원문보기

    원문보기
    무료다운로드 유료다운로드

    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

    이미지

    Fig. 1 이미지
  8. [해외논문]   The Master Regulators of the Fla1 and Fla2 Flagella of Rhodobacter sphaeroides Control the Expression of Their Cognate CheY Proteins   SCI SCIE

    Hernandez-Valle, José (Instituto de Investigaciones Bioméédicas, Universidad Nacional Autééónoma de Mééóéxico, Mexico City, Mexico ) , (Instituto de Investigaciones Bioméédicas, Universidad Nacional Autééónoma de Mééóéxico, Mexico City, Mexico ) , Domenzain, Clelia (Instituto de Fisiologééóéía Celular, Universidad Nacional Autééóéíónoma de Mééóéíóéxico, Mexico City, Mexico ) , de la Mora, Javier (Instituto de Investigaciones Bioméédicas, Universidad Nacional Autééónoma de Mééóéxico, Mexico City, Mexico ) , Poggio, Sebastian (Instituto de Fisiologééóéía Celular, Universidad Nacional Autééóéíónoma de Mééóéíóéxico, Mexico City, Mexico ) , Dreyfus, Georges (Institu) , Camarena, Laura
    Journal of bacteriology v.199 no.5 ,pp. e00670-16 - e00670-16 , 2017 , 0021-9193 ,

    초록

    Rhodobacter sphaeroides is an alphaproteobacterium that has two complete sets of flagellar genes. The fla1 set was acquired by horizontal transfer from an ancestral gammaproteobacterium and is the only set of flagellar genes that is expressed during growth under standard laboratory conditions. The products of these genes assemble a single, subpolar flagellum. In the absence of the Fla1 flagellum, a gain-of-function mutation in the histidine kinase CckA turns on the expression of the fla2 flagellar genes through the response regulator CtrA. The rotation of the Fla1 and Fla2 flagella is controlled by different sets of chemotaxis proteins. Here, we show that the expression of the chemotaxis proteins that control Fla2, along with the expression of the fla2 genes, is coordinated by CtrA, whereas the expression of the chemotaxis genes that control Fla1 is mediated by the master regulators of the Fla1 system. The coordinated expression of the chemosensory proteins with their cognate flagellar genes highlights the relevance of integrating the expression of the horizontally acquired fla1 genes with a chemosensory system independently of the regulatory proteins responsible for the expression of fla2 and its cognate chemosensory system. IMPORTANCE Gene acquisition via horizontal transfer represents a challenge to the recipient organism to adjust its metabolic and genetic networks to incorporate the new material in a way that represents an adaptive advantage. In the case of Rhodobacter sphaeroides , a complete set of flagellar genes was acquired and successfully coordinated with the native flagellar system. Here we show that the expression of the chemosensory proteins that control flagellar rotation is dependent on the master regulators of their corresponding flagellar system, minimizing the use of transcription factors required to express the native and horizontally acquired genes along with their chemotaxis proteins.

    원문보기

    원문보기
    무료다운로드 유료다운로드

    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

    이미지

    Fig. 1 이미지
  9. [해외논문]   Polynucleotide Phosphorylase, RNase E/G, and YbeY Are Involved in the Maturation of 4.5S RNA in Corynebacterium glutamicum   SCI SCIE

    Maeda, Tomoya (Research Institute of Innovative Technology for the Earth, Kyoto, Japan ) , Tanaka, Yuya (Research Institute of Innovative Technology for the Earth, Kyoto, Japan ) , Wachi, Masaaki (Department of Bioengineering, Tokyo Institute of Technology, Yokohama, Japan ) , Inui, Masayuki (Research Institute of Innovative Technology for the Earth, Kyoto, Japan)
    Journal of bacteriology v.199 no.5 ,pp. e00798-16 - e00798-16 , 2017 , 0021-9193 ,

    초록

    Corynebacterium glutamicum has been applied for the industrial production of various metabolites, such as amino acids. To understand the biosynthesis of the membrane protein in this bacterium, we investigated the process of signal recognition particle (SRP) assembly. SRP is found in all three domains of life and plays an important role in the membrane insertion of proteins. SRP RNA is initially transcribed as precursor molecules; however, relatively little is known about its maturation. In C. glutamicum , SRP consists of the Ffh protein and 4.5S RNA lacking an Alu domain. In this study, we found that 3′-to-5′ exoribonuclease, polynucleotide phosphorylase (PNPase), and two endo-type RNases, RNase E/G and YbeY, are involved in the 3′ maturation of 4.5S RNA in C. glutamicum . The mature form of 4.5S RNA was inefficiently formed in Δ rneG Δ pnp mutant cells, suggesting the existence of an alternative pathway for the 3′ maturation of 4.5S RNA. Primer extension analysis also revealed that the 5′ mature end of 4.5S RNA corresponds to that of the transcriptional start site. Immunoprecipitated Ffh protein contained immature 4.5S RNA in Δ pnp , Δ rneG , and Δ ybeY mutants, suggesting that 4.5S RNA precursors can interact with Ffh. These results imply that the maturation of 4.5S RNA can be performed in the 4.5S RNA-Ffh complex. IMPORTANCE Overproduction of a membrane protein, such as a transporter, is useful for engineering of strains of Corynebacterium glutamicum , which is a workhorse of amino acid production. To understand membrane protein biogenesis in this bacterium, we investigated the process of signal recognition particle (SRP) assembly. SRP contains the Ffh protein and SRP RNA and plays an important role in the membrane insertion of proteins. Although SRP RNA is highly conserved among the three domains of life, relatively little is known about its maturation. We show that PNPase, RNase E/G, and YbeY are involved in the 3′ maturation of the SRP RNA (4.5S RNA) in this bacterium. This indicates that 3′ end processing in this organism is different from that in other bacteria, such as Escherichia coli .

    원문보기

    원문보기
    무료다운로드 유료다운로드

    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

    이미지

    Fig. 1 이미지
  10. [해외논문]   Quorum Sensing in a Methane-Oxidizing Bacterium   SCI SCIE

    Puri, Aaron W. (Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, USA ) , Schaefer, Amy L. (Department of Microbiology, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, USA ) , Fu, Yanfen (Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, USA ) , Beck, David A. C. (Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, USA ) , Greenberg, E. Peter (Department of Microbiology, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, USA ) , Lidstrom, Mary E. (Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, USA)
    Journal of bacteriology v.199 no.5 ,pp. e00773-16 - e00773-16 , 2017 , 0021-9193 ,

    초록

    Aerobic methanotrophic bacteria use methane as their sole source of carbon and energy and serve as a major sink for the potent greenhouse gas methane in freshwater ecosystems. Dissecting the molecular details of how these organisms interact in the environment may increase our understanding of how they perform this important ecological role. Many bacterial species use quorum sensing (QS) systems to regulate gene expression in a cell density-dependent manner. We have identified a QS system in the genome of Methylobacter tundripaludum , a dominant methane oxidizer in methane enrichments of sediment from Lake Washington (Seattle, WA). We determined that M. tundripaludum produces primarily N -3-hydroxydecanoyl- L -homoserine lactone (3-OH-C 10 -HSL) and that its production is governed by a positive feedback loop. We then further characterized this system by determining which genes are regulated by QS in this methane oxidizer using transcriptome sequencing (RNA-seq) and discovered that this system regulates the expression of a putative nonribosomal peptide synthetase biosynthetic gene cluster. Finally, we detected an extracellular factor that is produced by M. tundripaludum in a QS-dependent manner. These results identify and characterize a mode of cellular communication in an aerobic methane-oxidizing bacterium. IMPORTANCE Aerobic methanotrophs are critical for sequestering carbon from the potent greenhouse gas methane in the environment, yet the mechanistic details of chemical interactions in methane-oxidizing bacterial communities are not well understood. Understanding these interactions is important in order to maintain, and potentially optimize, the functional potential of the bacteria that perform this vital ecosystem function. In this work, we identify a quorum sensing system in the aerobic methanotroph Methylobacter tundripaludum and use both chemical and genetic methods to characterize this system at the molecular level.

    원문보기

    원문보기
    무료다운로드 유료다운로드

    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

    이미지

    Fig. 1 이미지

논문관련 이미지