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Risk analysis : an official publication of the Soc... 17건

  1. [해외논문]   Issue Information - TOC  


    Risk analysis : an official publication of the Society for Risk Analysis v.38 no.7 ,pp. n-a , 2018 , 0272-4332 ,

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    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

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  2. [해외논문]   Issue Information ‐ TOC  


    Risk analysis : an official publication of the Society for Risk Analysis v.38 no.7 ,pp. N/A - N/A , 2018 , 0272-4332 ,

    초록

    원문보기

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    무료다운로드 유료다운로드

    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

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  3. [해외논문]   From the Editors  


    Risk analysis : an official publication of the Society for Risk Analysis v.38 no.7 ,pp. 1319 - 1320 , 2018 , 0272-4332 ,

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    무료다운로드 유료다운로드

    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

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  4. [해외논문]   The Essential Elements of a Risk Governance Framework for Current and Future Nanotechnologies   SCI SCIE SSCI

    Stone, Vicki (Heriot‐Watt University, Edinburgh, UK) , Fü (Darmstadt University of Applied Sciences, Department of Social and Cultural Sciences, Society for Institutional Analysis (Sofia), Darmstadt, Germany) , hr, Martin (Wageningen University & Research, Wageningen, The Netherlands) , Feindt, Peter H. (Wageningen University & Research, Wageningen, The Netherlands) , Bouwmeester, Hans (Carnegie Mellon University and the U.S. Army Engineer Research and Development Center, Concord, MA, USA) , Linkov, Igor (Istituto Italiano di Tecnologia (IIT), Genoa, Italy) , Sabella, Stefania (Kemmy Business School, University of Limerick, Limerick, Ireland) , Murphy, Finbarr (Georg August University Göttingen, Göttingen, Lower Saxony, Germany) , Bizer, Kilian (Institute of Occupational Medicine, Edinburgh, UK) , Tran, Lang , Å , gerstrand, Marlene , Fito, Carlos , Andersen, Torben , Anderson, Diana , Bergamaschi, Enrico , Cherrie, John W. , Cowan, Sue , Dalemcourt, Jean‐ , Francois , Faure, Michael , Gabbert, Silke , Gajewicz, Agnieszka , Fernandes, Teresa F. , Hristozov, Danail , Johnston, Helinor J. , Lansdown, Terry C. , Linder, Stefan , Marvin, Hans J. P. , Mullins, Martin , Purnhagen, Kai , Puzyn, Tomasz , Sanchez Jimenez, Araceli , Scott‐ , Fordsmand, Janeck J. , Streftaris, George , van Tongeren, Martie , Voelcker, Nicolas H. , Voyiatzis, George , Yannopoulos, Spyros N. , Poortvliet, P. Marijn
    Risk analysis : an official publication of the Society for Risk Analysis v.38 no.7 ,pp. 1321 - 1331 , 2018 , 0272-4332 ,

    초록

    Abstract Societies worldwide are investing considerable resources into the safe development and use of nanomaterials. Although each of these protective efforts is crucial for governing the risks of nanomaterials, they are insufficient in isolation. What is missing is a more integrative governance approach that goes beyond legislation. Development of this approach must be evidence based and involve key stakeholders to ensure acceptance by end users. The challenge is to develop a framework that coordinates the variety of actors involved in nanotechnology and civil society to facilitate consideration of the complex issues that occur in this rapidly evolving research and development area. Here, we propose three sets of essential elements required to generate an effective risk governance framework for nanomaterials. (1) Advanced tools to facilitate risk‐based decision making, including an assessment of the needs of users regarding risk assessment, mitigation, and transfer. (2) An integrated model of predicted human behavior and decision making concerning nanomaterial risks. (3) Legal and other (nano‐specific and general) regulatory requirements to ensure compliance and to stimulate proactive approaches to safety. The implementation of such an approach should facilitate and motivate good practice for the various stakeholders to allow the safe and sustainable future development of nanotechnology.

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    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

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  5. [해외논문]   Aging and Cardiometabolic Risk in European HEMS Pilots: An Assessment of Occupational Old‐Age Limits as a Regulatory Risk Management Strategy   SCI SCIE SSCI

    Bauer, Hans (Institute and Clinic for Occupational, Social, and Environmental Medicine, University Hospital of LMU Munich, Munich, Germany) , Nowak, Dennis (Institute and Clinic for Occupational, Social, and Environmental Medicine, University Hospital of LMU Munich, Munich, Germany) , Herbig, Britta (Institute and Clinic for Occupational, Social, and Environmental Medicine, University Hospital of LMU Munich, Munich, Germany)
    Risk analysis : an official publication of the Society for Risk Analysis v.38 no.7 ,pp. 1332 - 1347 , 2018 , 0272-4332 ,

    초록

    Abstract Old‐age limits are imposed in some occupations in an effort to ensure public safety. In aviation, the “Age 60 Rule” limits permissible flight operations conducted by pilots aged 60 and over. Using a retrospective cohort design, we assessed this rule's validity by comparing age‐related change rates of cardiometabolic incapacitation risk markers in European helicopter emergency medical service (HEMS) pilots near age 60 with those in younger pilots. Specifically, individual clinical, laboratory, and electrocardiogram (ECG)‐based risk markers and an overall cardiovascular event risk score were determined from aeromedical examination records of 66 German, Austrian, Polish, and Czech HEMS pilots (average follow‐up 8.52 years). Risk marker change rates were assessed using linear mixed models and generalized additive models. Body mass index increases over time were slower in pilots near age 60 compared to younger pilots, and fasting glucose levels increased only in the latter. Whereas the lipid profile remained unchanged in the latter, it improved in the former. An ECG‐based arrhythmia risk marker increased in younger pilots, which persisted in the older pilots. Six‐month risk of a fatal cardiovascular event (in or out of cockpit) was estimated between 0% and 0.3%. Between 41% and 95% of risk marker variability was due to unexplained time‐stable between‐person differences. To conclude, the cardiometabolic risk marker profile of HEMS pilots appears to improve over time in pilots near age 60, compared to younger pilots. Given large stable interindividual differences, we recommend individualized risk assessment of HEMS pilots near age 60 instead of general grounding.

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    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

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  6. [해외논문]   Mitigating Sports Injury Risks Using Internet of Things and Analytics Approaches   SCI SCIE SSCI

    Wilkerson, Gary B. (Graduate Athletic Training Program, University of Tennessee at Chattanooga, Chattanooga, TN, USA) , Gupta, Ashish (Department of Systems & Technology, Raymond J. Harbert College of Business, Auburn University, Auburn, AL, USA) , Colston, Marisa A. (Health and Human Performance, University of Tennessee Chattanooga, Chattanooga, TN, USA)
    Risk analysis : an official publication of the Society for Risk Analysis v.38 no.7 ,pp. 1348 - 1360 , 2018 , 0272-4332 ,

    초록

    Abstract Sport injuries restrict participation, impose a substantial economic burden, and can have persisting adverse effects on health‐related quality of life. The effective use of Internet of Things (IoT), when combined with analytics approaches, can improve player safety through identification of injury risk factors that can be addressed by targeted risk reduction training activities. Use of IoT devices can facilitate highly efficient quantification of relevant functional capabilities prior to sport participation, which could substantially advance the prevailing sport injury management paradigm. This study introduces a framework for using sensor‐derived IoT data to supplement other data for objective estimation of each individual college football player's level of injury risk, which is an approach to injury prevention that has not been previously reported. A cohort of 45 NCAA Division I‐FCS college players provided data in the form of self‐ratings of persisting effects of previous injuries and single‐leg postural stability test. Instantaneous change in body mass acceleration (jerk) during the test was quantified by a smartphone accelerometer, with data wirelessly transmitted to a secure cloud server. Injuries sustained from the beginning of practice sessions until the end of the 13‐game season were documented, along with the number of games played by each athlete over the course of a 13‐game season. Results demonstrate a strong prediction model. Our approach may have strong relevance to the estimation of injury risk for other physically demanding activities. Clearly, there is great potential for improvement of injury prevention initiatives through identification of individual athletes who possess elevated injury risk and targeted interventions.

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    무료다운로드 유료다운로드

    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

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  7. [해외논문]   Variability in Cross‐Domain Risk Perception among Smallholder Farmers in Mali by Gender and Other Demographic and Attitudinal Characteristics   SCI SCIE SSCI

    Cullen, Alison C. (Daniel J. Evans School of Public Policy and Governance, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA) , Anderson, C. Leigh (Daniel J. Evans School of Public Policy and Governance, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA) , Biscaye, Pierre (Daniel J. Evans School of Public Policy and Governance, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA) , Reynolds, Travis W. (Environmental Studies Program, Colby College, Waterville, ME, USA)
    Risk analysis : an official publication of the Society for Risk Analysis v.38 no.7 ,pp. 1361 - 1377 , 2018 , 0272-4332 ,

    초록

    Abstract Previous research has shown that men and women, on average, have different risk attitudes and may therefore see different value propositions in response to new opportunities. We use data from smallholder farm households in Mali to test whether risk perceptions differ by gender and across domains. We model this potential association across six risks (work injury, extreme weather, community relationships, debt, lack of buyers, and conflict) while controlling for demographic and attitudinal characteristics. Factor analysis highlights extreme weather and conflict as eliciting the most distinct patterns of participant response. Regression analysis for Mali as a whole reveals an association between gender and risk perception, with women expressing more concern except in the extreme weather domain; however, the association with gender is largely absent when models control for geographic region. We also find lower risk perception associated with an individualistic and/or fatalistic worldview, a risk‐tolerant outlook, and optimism about the future, while education, better health, a social orientation, self‐efficacy, and access to information are generally associated with more frequent worry—with some inconsistency. Income, wealth, and time poverty exhibit complex associations with perception of risk. Understanding whether and how men's and women's risk preferences differ, and identifying other dominant predictors such as geographic region and worldview, could help development organizations to shape risk mitigation interventions to increase the likelihood of adoption, and to avoid inadvertently making certain subpopulations worse off by increasing the potential for negative outcomes.

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    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

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  8. [해외논문]   Using the CAUSE Model to Understand Public Communication about Water Risks: Perspectives from Texas Groundwater District Officials on Drought and Availability   SCI SCIE SSCI

    VanDyke, Matthew S. (Department of Communication, Appalachian State University, Boone, NC, USA) , King, Andy J. (College of Media and Communication, Texas Tech University, Lubbock, TX, USA)
    Risk analysis : an official publication of the Society for Risk Analysis v.38 no.7 ,pp. 1378 - 1389 , 2018 , 0272-4332 ,

    초록

    Abstract Public communication about drought and water availability risks poses challenges to a potentially disinterested public. Water management professionals, though, have a responsibility to work with the public to engage in communication about water and environmental risks. Because limited research in water management examines organizational communication practices and perceptions, insights into research and practice can be gained through investigation of current applications of these risk communication efforts. Guided by the CAUSE model, which explains common goals in communicating risk information to the public (e.g., creating Confidence, generating Awareness, enhancing Understanding, gaining Satisfaction, and motivating Enactment), semistructured interviews of professionals ( N = 25) employed by Texas groundwater conservation districts were conducted. The interviews examined how CAUSE model considerations factor in to communication about drought and water availability risks. These data suggest that many work to build constituents’ confidence in their districts. Although audiences and constituents living in drought‐prone areas were reported as being engaged with water availability risks and solutions, many district officials noted constituents’ lack of perceived risk and engagement. Some managers also indicated that public understanding was a secondary concern of their primary responsibilities and that the public often seemed apathetic about technical details related to water conservation risks. Overall, results suggest complicated dynamics between officials and the public regarding information access and motivation. The article also outlines extensions of the CAUSE model and implications for improving public communication about drought and water availability risks.

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    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

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  9. [해외논문]   Should I Stay or Should I Go Now? Or Should I Wait and See? Influences on Wildfire Evacuation Decisions   SCI SCIE SSCI

    McCaffrey, Sarah (Rocky Mountain Research Station, USDA Forest Service, Fort Collins, CO, USA) , Wilson, Robyn (School of Environment and Natural Resources, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH, USA) , Konar, Avishek (Jindal Global Law School, Jindal Global University, Sonipat, Haryana, India)
    Risk analysis : an official publication of the Society for Risk Analysis v.38 no.7 ,pp. 1390 - 1404 , 2018 , 0272-4332 ,

    초록

    Abstract As climate change has contributed to longer fire seasons and populations living in fire‐prone ecosystems increase, wildfires have begun to affect a growing number of people. As a result, interest in understanding the wildfire evacuation decision process has increased. Of particular interest is understanding why some people leave early, some choose to stay and defend their homes, and others wait to assess conditions before making a final decision. Individuals who tend to wait and see are of particular concern given the dangers of late evacuation. To understand what factors might influence different decisions, we surveyed homeowners in three areas in the United States that recently experienced a wildfire. The Protective Action Decision Model was used to identify a suite of factors previously identified as potentially relevant to evacuation decisions. Our results indicate that different beliefs about the efficacy of a particular response or action (evacuating or staying to defend), differences in risk attitudes, and emphasis on different cues to act (e.g., official warnings, environmental cues) are key factors underlying different responses. Further, latent class analysis indicates there are two general classes of individuals: those inclined to evacuate and those inclined to stay, and that a substantial portion of each class falls into the wait and see category.

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    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

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  10. [해외논문]   Effects of an Advisory Brochure on Fish Consumption of Urban Anglers in the Great Lakes Region   SCI SCIE SSCI

    Lauber, T. Bruce (Department of Natural Resources, Fernow Hall, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, USA) , Connelly, Nancy A. (Department of Natural Resources, Fernow Hall, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, USA) , Niederdeppe, Jeff (Department of Communication, Mann Library, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, USA) , Knuth, Barbara A. (Department of Natural Resources, Fernow Hall, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, USA)
    Risk analysis : an official publication of the Society for Risk Analysis v.38 no.7 ,pp. 1405 - 1421 , 2018 , 0272-4332 ,

    초록

    Abstract Past research has suggested that urban anglers are a group at high risk of being exposed to contaminants from fish consumption. Fish consumption advisories have been used in many regions to encourage healthy fish‐eating behaviors, but few studies have been designed to assess whether these advisories actually influence behavior as intended. We conducted a large‐scale, randomized experiment to test the influence of an advisory brochure on urban anglers’ fish consumption. We collected detailed information on anglers’ fish consumption in three urban counties in the Great Lakes region in the summers of 2014 and 2015. We provided a treatment group with fish consumption guidelines in an advisory brochure before the summer of 2015 and compared their change in fish consumption to a control group. The brochure led to a reduction in fish consumption for anglers who ate the most fish; these anglers reduced their consumption of high‐contaminant purchased fish (by ≥0.2 meals/summer for those in 72nd percentile of fish consumption or above), high‐contaminant sport‐caught fish (by ≥0.4 meals/summer for those in 87th percentile and above), and low‐contaminant sport‐caught fish (by ≥0.3 meals/summer by those in 76th percentile and above). The brochure also reduced sport‐caught fish consumption among those anglers who exceeded the advisories in 2014 (by 2.0 meals/summer). In addition, the brochure led to small increases in sport‐caught fish consumption (0.4–0.6 meals/summer) in urban anglers who ate very little sport‐caught fish (≤1 meal/summer).

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    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

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