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International journal of climatology : a journal o... 22건

  1. [해외논문]   Issue Information   SCI SCIE


    International journal of climatology : a journal of the Royal Meteorological Society v.38 no.6 ,pp. i - iv , 2018 , 0899-8418 ,

    초록

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    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

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  2. [해외논문]   The seasons' length in 21st century CMIP5 projections over the eastern Mediterranean   SCI SCIE

    Hochman, Assaf (Department of Geophysics, School of Geosciences, Tel‐Aviv University, Tel‐Aviv, Israel) , Harpaz, Tzvi (Department of Geophysics, School of Geosciences, Tel‐Aviv University, Tel‐Aviv, Israel) , Saaroni, Hadas (Department of Geography and the Human Environment, School of Geosciences, Tel‐Aviv University, Tel‐Aviv, Israel) , Alpert, Pinhas (Department of Geophysics, School of Geosciences, Tel‐Aviv University, Tel‐Aviv, Israel)
    International journal of climatology : a journal of the Royal Meteorological Society v.38 no.6 ,pp. 2627 - 2637 , 2018 , 0899-8418 ,

    초록

    The eastern Mediterranean (EM) is expected to be influenced by climate changes that will significantly affect ecosystems, human health and socio‐economic aspects. One aspect of climate change in this vulnerable area is the length of the seasons, especially that of the rainy winter season against the warm and dry summer. Here, the synoptic seasons’ definition of Alpert, Osetinsky, Ziv, and Shafir (2004a) was applied to an ensemble of eight Coupled Model Inter‐Comparison Project phase 5 (CMIP5) models, under RCP8.5 and RCP4.5 scenarios, to predict the changes in the lengths of EM seasons during the 21st century. It is shown that the ensemble adequately represents the annual cycle of the main synoptic systems over the EM. The analysis further suggests that at the end of the 21st century, the duration of the synoptic summer, characterized by the occurrence of the Persian Trough, is expected to be lengthened by 49%, while the synoptic winter, characterized by the occurrence of the Cyprus Low, is expected to be shortened by 56% under the RCP8.5 scenario. This may lead to substantial changes in the hydrological regime and water resources, reduce the potential of dry farming, increase the risk of fires and air pollution and change the timing of seasonal health hazards.

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    무료다운로드 유료다운로드

    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

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    Fig. 1 이미지
  3. [해외논문]   South American precipitation changes simulated by PMIP3/CMIP5 models during the Little Ice Age and the recent global warming period   SCI SCIE

    Dí (Departamento de Ciencias de la Atmósfera y los Océanos, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Buenos Aires, Argentina) , az, Leandro B. (Departamento de Ciencias de la Atmósfera y los Océanos, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Buenos Aires, Argentina) , Vera, Carolina S.
    International journal of climatology : a journal of the Royal Meteorological Society v.38 no.6 ,pp. 2638 - 2650 , 2018 , 0899-8418 ,

    초록

    Large climate variations have been detected from paleoclimatic records in some regions of South America during the last 500 years. Among them, the Altiplano and the subtropical Andes regions exhibited wetter‐than‐normal conditions during the 17th century within the paleoclimatic period known as Little Ice Age (LIA). On the other hand, both regions experienced drier‐than‐normal conditions in the second part of the 20th century in association with the recent global warming period (GWP). This study provides an assessment of the ability of four models of the third phase of the Paleoclimate Modelling Intercomparison Project (PMIP3)/fifth phase of the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project (CMIP5) experiments in reproducing those regional rainfall changes and the associated large‐scale circulation features. Climate models can represent qualitatively the temperature changes observed in South America in both periods, LIA and GWP, as compared to the control run, but they do not properly describe the associated precipitation changes. However, they can simulate, in some extent, the large‐scale circulation changes that previous works identified as important in driving the precipitation changes in both regions. Therefore, the assessment allows to detect the following changes in LIA (GWP): (a) equatorwards (polewards) displacement of the southern branch of the Hadley cell, in turn associated with wetter (drier) conditions in subtropical south America; (b) negative (positive) upper‐level zonal wind changes related with positive (negative) December, January and February (DJF) rainfall changes in the Altiplano; and (c) positive (negative) low‐level zonal wind changes associated to positive (negative) JJA rainfall changes in the subtropical Andes, being in turn related to hemispheric wind changes resembling a negative (positive) phase of the southern annular mode.

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    무료다운로드 유료다운로드

    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

    이미지

    Fig. 1 이미지
  4. [해외논문]   Integrated kinetic energy of Atlantic tropical cyclones in a global ocean surface wind analysis   SCI SCIE

    Buchanan, Sean (Department of Earth, Ocean and Atmospheric Science, Florida State University, Tallahassee, Florida ) , Misra, Vasubandhu (Department of Earth, Ocean and Atmospheric Science, Florida State University, Tallahassee, Florida ) , Bhardwaj, Amit (Center for Ocean‐Atmospheric Prediction Studies, Florida State University, Tallahassee, Florida)
    International journal of climatology : a journal of the Royal Meteorological Society v.38 no.6 ,pp. 2651 - 2661 , 2018 , 0899-8418 ,

    초록

    The integrated kinetic energy (IKE) of a tropical cyclone (TC), a volume integration of the surface winds around the centre of the TC, is computed from a comprehensive surface wind (National Aeronautics and Space Administration’s (NASA) cross‐calibrated multi‐platform [CCMP]) analysis available over the global oceans to verify against IKE from wind radii estimates of extended best‐track data maintained by NOAA for the North Atlantic TCs. It is shown that CCMP surface wind analysis severely underestimates IKE largely from not resolving hurricane force winds for majority of the Atlantic TCs, under sampling short‐lived and small‐sized TCs. The seasonal cycle of the North Atlantic TC IKE also verifies poorly in the CCMP analysis. In this article we introduce proxy IKE (PIKE) based on the kinetic energy of the winds at the radius of the last closed isobar (ROCI), which shows promise for a wide range of TC sizes including the smaller‐sized TCs unresolved in the CCMP data set.

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    무료다운로드 유료다운로드

    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

    이미지

    Fig. 1 이미지
  5. [해외논문]   Constructing short‐duration IDF curves using coupled dynamical–statistical approach to assess climate change impacts   SCI SCIE

    Vu, M. T. (Tropical Marine Science Institute, National University of Singapore (NUS), Singapore) , Raghavan, S. V. (Tropical Marine Science Institute, National University of Singapore (NUS), Singapore) , Liu, J. (Tropical Marine Science Institute, National University of Singapore (NUS), Singapore) , Liong, S.‐ (Tropical Marine Science Institute, National University of Singapore (NUS), Singapore) , Y.
    International journal of climatology : a journal of the Royal Meteorological Society v.38 no.6 ,pp. 2662 - 2671 , 2018 , 0899-8418 ,

    초록

    This study demonstrates a methodology to construct short‐duration rainfall intensity–duration–frequency (IDF) curves and to quantify the variability in the rainfall intensities for different return periods with respect to the changing climate. A dynamical downscaling approach using the regional climate model (RCM) Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) has been used to assess present and future climates using the downscaling of an ensemble of three global climate models (GCMs) (CSIRO‐ACCESS1.3, MPI‐ESM‐MR ECHAM6 and NIES‐MIROC5) under the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project phase 5 (CMIP5). Furthermore, a statistical approach using the well‐known simple scaling method has been applied to extend the 6‐hourly WRF precipitation output to the finer temporal scale of 10 min. The short‐duration IDF curves were then constructed for the present and future climates under two representative concentration pathway (RCP) scenarios RCP4.5 and RCP8.5. A preliminary examination for this case study over Bac Ninh, an industrial area in the northern Vietnam, shows that there is a substantial increase in short‐duration rainfall intensity in the future with respect to the baseline climate. The highest increase is towards the end of the century (2071–2100) ranging from 56 to 61% for a 10‐ and 100‐year return period for 24‐hr duration, respectively, while the increase is about 40–45% for the 10‐min duration. These results strongly suggest that severe flooding in the future climate over the study region may be likely. The study results might be useful for policymakers and infrastructure planning and for insurance companies around the study area.

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    무료다운로드 유료다운로드

    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

    이미지

    Fig. 1 이미지
  6. [해외논문]   The inter‐decadal change in anomalous summertime water vapour transport modes over the tropical Indian Ocean–western Pacific in the mid‐1980s   SCI SCIE

    Zou, Meng (College of Physical Science and Technology, Yangzhou University, Yangzhou, China) , Qiao, Shaobo (College of Atmospheric Sciences, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou, China) , Feng, Taichen (College of Atmospheric Sciences, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou, China) , Wu, Yongping (College of Physical Science and Technology, Yangzhou University, Yangzhou, China) , Feng, Guolin (College of Physical Science and Technology, Yangzhou University, Yangzhou, China)
    International journal of climatology : a journal of the Royal Meteorological Society v.38 no.6 ,pp. 2672 - 2685 , 2018 , 0899-8418 ,

    초록

    Using the monthly reanalysis data sets of National Center for Environmental Prediction (NCEP)/National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) for 1961–2015, the inter‐decadal change in inter‐annual water vapour transport over the tropical Indian Ocean–western Pacific during summer and the related mechanisms were analysed in this article. The results show that two major modes of anomalous water vapour transport over the tropical Indian Ocean–western Pacific (60°–140°E, 10°S–30°N) experienced a significant inter‐decadal change in the mid‐1980s. The first mode (EOF1) shows that the anticyclonic water vapour transport over the northwestern Pacific moves significantly southwards after the mid‐1980s. Before the mid‐1980s, the anomalous water vapour originates from the subtropical western Pacific and moves through the South China Sea to eastern China. However, the anomalous water vapour mainly originates from the tropical western Pacific and moves through the South China Sea to eastern China after the mid‐1980s. The second mode (EOF2) reflects the enhanced effect of the anomalous water vapour transport over the tropical Indian Ocean on East Asia after the mid‐1980s. Before the mid‐1980s, the distribution of the water vapour anomalies is uneven over the tropical Indian Ocean and the magnitude of water vapour is relatively small, so it has a weak effect on rainfall over East Asia. After the mid‐1980s, anomalous anticyclonic water vapour transport originates from the tropical Indian Ocean and moves along the Arabia Sea, Indian Peninsula and Indo‐China Peninsula and then forms an anomalous cyclonic water vapour transport over south China. Furthermore, the possible causes of the inter‐decadal transition in anomalous water vapour transport are investigated for the two major modes. The significant inter‐decadal transition in anomalous water vapour transport is associated with the enhanced effect of the sea surface temperature (SST). Before the mid‐1980s, the relationships between the two major modes and the SST of the tropical oceans are relatively weak. After the mid‐1980s, the EOF1 becomes significantly regulated by the El NiNo‐Southern Oscillation (ENSO) in the previous winter, and the positive (negative) phase of the principal component of the first mode (PC1) corresponds to significantly positive (negative) SST anomalies over the tropical northern Indian Ocean and Maritime Continent during the same period. For EOF2, the anomalous water vapour transport over the tropical Indian Ocean is related to the enhanced inter‐annual variability of tropical Indian Ocean dipole (TIOD) after the mid‐1980s.

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    무료다운로드 유료다운로드

    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

    이미지

    Fig. 1 이미지
  7. [해외논문]   Aspirated and non‐aspirated automatic weather station Stevenson screen intercomparison   SCI SCIE

    Hoover, J. (Environment Canada, Toronto, Ontario, Canada) , Yao, L. (Environment Canada, Toronto, Ontario, Canada)
    International journal of climatology : a journal of the Royal Meteorological Society v.38 no.6 ,pp. 2686 - 2700 , 2018 , 0899-8418 ,

    초록

    In this study six wooden Stevenson screen configurations (five aspirated, one non‐aspirated) were evaluated at the Centre for Atmospheric Research Experiments in Egbert, Ontario, Canada. The field experiment was performed over a 1‐year period to evaluate aspirated and non‐aspirated Stevenson screen configurations used at the Meteorological Service of Canada’s Automated Weather Stations. The results show the non‐aspirated screen is warmer than the aspirated screen duct location by 0.11 °C on average with a significant increase in the maximum daily temperature of 0.22 °C due to radiant heating effects. Temperature differences up to 2.1 °C were observed between the aspirated and non‐aspirated screens with a mean increase of 0.46 °C following 30‐min periods of mean global radiation greater than 200 W/m 2 and mean wind speed less than 2 m/s. Temperature differences between the two screens are more variable with standard deviations up to 0.3 °C for wind speeds below 2 m/s. The maximum daily temperature for the historic minimum and maximum thermometer locations and upper regions of the aspirated screen is also found to be significantly warmer during radiant heating conditions. The three locations within the aspiration duct provided very similar results with mean differences of −0.02 and −0.01 °C below the probe uncertainty. The aspirated Stevenson screen with motor off produced low overall bias with lower maximum daily temperatures and higher minimum daily temperatures compared to the aspirated screen. Comparison between the historic wooden frame and new aluminium mounting is not significant with the wooden frame cooler by 0.02 °C overall. Differences between the new aluminium and new plastic ducts showed similar results of 0.02 and 0.01 °C overall. The aspirated Stevenson screen configuration is recommended at new Automatic Weather Station installations where AC power is available.

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    원문보기
    무료다운로드 유료다운로드

    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

    이미지

    Fig. 1 이미지
  8. [해외논문]   Spatiotemporal variations of aridity in Iran using high‐resolution gridded data   SCI SCIE

    Araghi, Alireza (Department of Water Engineering, Faculty of Agriculture, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran) , Martinez, Christopher J. (Department of Agricultural and Biological Engineering, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida ) , Adamowski, Jan (Department of Bioresource Engineering, Faculty of Agriculture and Environmental Sciences, McGill University, Quebec, Canada) , Olesen, Jørgen E. (Department of Agroecology, Aarhus University, Tjele, Denmark)
    International journal of climatology : a journal of the Royal Meteorological Society v.38 no.6 ,pp. 2701 - 2717 , 2018 , 0899-8418 ,

    초록

    Aridity is a permanent feature of climate based on long‐term climatic conditions over a region. Climatic indices are reliable tools to explore climate type, and climatologists have proposed various indices to classify climate and investigate the aridity or humidity in any region. In this study, we examined spatiotemporal variations of aridity in Iran during the last six decades from 1954 to 2013, using the de Martonne aridity index ( I DM ), which is calculated based on precipitation and temperature. Data used in this study were extracted from the Global Precipitation Climatology Centre and the University of Delaware gridded data sets, respectively. Both data sets have global high‐resolution (0.5° × 0.5°) coverage, and temporally span more than a century of data (from 1901). According to the data obtained from these data sets, more than 80% of Iran has an arid and semi‐arid climate (annually), although the spatial pattern of I DM varies throughout the year. Using the Mann–Kendall test showed a negative significant trend in I DM in 20% of Iran's total area in spring, and less than 7% in the other seasons of the year. Overall, it can be concluded that there were no significant trends in aridity for most parts of Iran during the last six decades.

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    무료다운로드 유료다운로드

    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

    이미지

    Fig. 1 이미지
  9. [해외논문]   Climatology of snow phenology over the Tibetan plateau for the period 2001–2014 using multisource data   SCI SCIE

    Chen, Xiaona (State Key Laboratory of Hydroscience and Engineering, Department of Hydraulic Engineering, Tsinghua University, Beijing, China) , Long, Di (State Key Laboratory of Hydroscience and Engineering, Department of Hydraulic Engineering, Tsinghua University, Beijing, China) , Hong, Yang (State Key Laboratory of Hydroscience and Engineering, Department of Hydraulic Engineering, Tsinghua University, Beijing, China) , Hao, Xiaohua (Northwest Institute of Eco‐Environment and Resources, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Lanzhou, China) , Hou, Aizhong (Hydrological Forecast Center, Ministry of Water Resources of the People's Republic of China, Beijing, China)
    International journal of climatology : a journal of the Royal Meteorological Society v.38 no.6 ,pp. 2718 - 2729 , 2018 , 0899-8418 ,

    초록

    Seasonal snow cover over the Tibetan plateau (TP) has unique features in terms of global snow cover distribution because of the high mountains and vital surface water storage functions in non‐humid regions of Southwest China and surrounding Asian countries. Limited by the complex topography and relatively low spatial resolution of satellite observations, the characteristics of snow phenology and the factors for snow phenology changes remain still unclear. Using multisource data for the period 2001–2014, this study quantifies the climatology of snow phenology and explores its attribution factors. The results show that the snow onset date ( D o ) and snow end date ( D e ) were 4.9 (±7.7) and 108.1 (±5.9) in day of year (DOY), respectively, and the snow duration days ( D d ) were 103.2 (±13.4) over the TP during the study period. The characteristics of satellite observed D d was similar to subzero temperature days derived from ground observations. The 14‐year anomalies in snow phenology features regional disparity over the TP, with increased D d in the central TP and shortened D d in the Tarim River, endorheic drainage basins, and upper reaches of the Brahmaputra River. In contrast to previous findings in northern mid‐latitudes, changes in D d over the TP during 2001–2014 were mainly induced by anomalies in D o , which can be further attributed to the declines in accumulation season temperature over the TP.

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    원문보기
    무료다운로드 유료다운로드

    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

    이미지

    Fig. 1 이미지
  10. [해외논문]   An extreme climate transition in the Caribbean's Virgin Islands. I. Evidence of teleconnection with the 1976/1977 Pacific climate shift   SCI SCIE

    Orange, N. Brice (OrangeWave Innovative Science, LLC, Berkeley, South Carolina ) , Chesny, David L. (OrangeWave Innovative Science, LLC, Berkeley, South Carolina ) , Primack, Avram G. (School of Public and Environmental Affairs, Indiana University, Bloomington, Indiana ) , Gendre, Bruce (Etelman Observatory, St. Thomas, Virgin Islands) , Maina, Sandra N. (OrangeWave Innovative Science, LLC, Berkeley, South Carolina ) , Giblin, Timothy W. (Department of Physics, United States Air Force Academy, Colorado Springs, Colorado ) , Morris, David C. (Etelman Observatory, St. Thomas, Virgin Islands)
    International journal of climatology : a journal of the Royal Meteorological Society v.38 no.6 ,pp. 2730 - 2742 , 2018 , 0899-8418 ,

    초록

    We present the Caribbean's Virgin Islands’ climate variability over the last 60 years from indices of extreme temperature and precipitation, as well as their quantitative support for a recent climatic shift (1983.2 ± 5.5 years). The region's climate indices (defined via time series averages) and trends (defined via linear least squares regression fitting) of extreme temperature and precipitation were cross‐examined from 1952, 1961, 1978, and 1983–2014 to diagnose: the area's climatic extremes; a climatic transition's role in assessing decadal climate anomaly rates; and to provide an analytically independent test of the transition's existence. Analyses relied on the use of varying physical constraints to include weighting from statistical and non‐statistical uncertainties in our climatic outcomes. We report that diurnal warming and enhanced precipitation accompanied each interval, however, non‐negligible deviations existed in comparisons between the same anomalies in any 2 intervals. Our Virgin Islands’ long (1952, 1961–2014) versus short (1978, 1983–2014) climate variation comparisons provide evidence for the manifestation of decadal (or longer) shifts, and thus, biases, in recent Caribbean reports. Our climatic transition's overlap with the renowned 1976/1977 Pacific event insinuates a local Caribbean teleconnection, and contributes to the evidence growing globally for 1980s’ shifts in an abundance of feedback measures of Earth's energy budget.

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