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Journal of experimental social psychology 34건

  1. [해외논문]   C1: Editorial Board  


    Journal of experimental social psychology v.74 ,pp. OFC , 2018 , 0022-1031 ,

    초록

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    원문보기
    무료다운로드 유료다운로드

    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

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  2. [해외논문]   C1: Editorial Board   SSCI


    Journal of experimental social psychology v.74 ,pp. OFC - OFC , 2018 , 0022-1031 ,

    초록

    원문보기

    원문보기
    무료다운로드 유료다운로드

    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

    이미지

    Fig. 1 이미지
  3. [해외논문]   Configural processing and social judgments: Face inversion particularly disrupts inferences of human-relevant traits   SSCI

    Wilson, John Paul (Montclair State University, Department of Psychology, 1 Normal Ave, Montclair, NJ 07043, United States ) , Young, Steven G. (Baruch College & The Graduate Center, CUNY, Box B8-215, 55 Lexington Ave, New York, NY 10010, United States ) , Rule, Nicholas O. (University of Toronto, Department of Psychology, 100 St. George Street, Toronto, ON M5S 3G3, Canada ) , Hugenberg, Kurt (Miami University, 90 N Patterson Ave, Oxford, OH 45056, United States)
    Journal of experimental social psychology v.74 ,pp. 1 - 7 , 2018 , 0022-1031 ,

    초록

    Abstract Perceivers tend to strongly agree about the basic trait information that they encode from faces. Although some research has found significant consistency for social inferences from faces viewed at multiple angles, disrupting configural processing can substantially alter the traits attributed to faces. Here, we reconciled these findings by examining how disruptions to configural processing (via face inversion) selectively impairs trait inferences from faces. Across four studies (including a pre-registered replication), we found that inverting faces disrupted inferences about particularly human-relevant traits (trustworthiness and humanness) more than it did for a trait relevant to both human and non-human animals (dominance). These findings contribute to emerging research linking configural processing to the humanization of social targets, helping to provide a clearer understanding of how visual cognition may moderate perceptions of humanness.

    원문보기

    원문보기
    무료다운로드 유료다운로드

    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

    이미지

    Fig. 1 이미지
  4. [해외논문]   Promoting concern about gender bias with evidence-based confrontation   SSCI

    Parker, Laura R. (Purdue University, Department of Psychological Sciences, 703 Third Street, West Lafayette, IN 47907, United States ) , Monteith, Margo J. (Purdue University, Department of Psychological Sciences, 703 Third Street, West Lafayette, IN 47907, United States ) , Moss-Racusin, Corinne A. (Skidmore College, Department of Psychology, 815 North Broadway, Saratoga Springs, NY 12866, United States ) , Van Camp, Amanda R. (Tulane University, Department of Psychology, 2007 Percival Stern Hall, New Orleans, LA 70118, United States)
    Journal of experimental social psychology v.74 ,pp. 8 - 23 , 2018 , 0022-1031 ,

    초록

    Abstract Whereas confrontations of racial bias prompt negative self-directed affect (e.g., guilt) and reduce bias, confrontations of gender bias are typically disregarded. We examined the effectiveness of an evidence - based confrontation in which participants received concrete evidence of their discriminatory gender-biased evaluations. Participants were confronted with evidence that they evaluated a female applicant for a lab manager position negatively, which would have resulted in her not being hired, and that their evaluations were more negative than an otherwise identical applicant who was male. Experiment 1 found that this confrontation activated greater guilt and, in turn, concern about expressing and regulating gender bias in the future (hereafter “future concern”), relative to participants who were confronted about gender bias but without concrete evidence of bias. Experiment 2 showed that confrontation with concrete evidence of gender bias activated guilt and future concern whether the bias was framed as viewing women as not belonging in science or as unintelligent. Experiment 3 showed that the positive effects of confronting gender bias with evidence were just as strong as a parallel confrontation of racial bias. Experiment 4 showed that the positive effects also held in a non-STEM domain, and that these effects were not dependent on the situational salience of norms opposing gender bias. Thus, a robust strategy for effective confrontation of gender bias was established. However, we discuss difficulties with implementing this strategy in many real world situations, along with implications for how best to curb gender bias through confrontation.

    원문보기

    원문보기
    무료다운로드 유료다운로드

    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

    이미지

    Fig. 1 이미지
  5. [해외논문]   The strategic moral self: Self-presentation shapes moral dilemma judgments   SSCI

    Rom, Sarah C. (Department of Psychology, University of Cologne, Germany ) , Conway, Paul (Florida State University, Department of Psychology, United States)
    Journal of experimental social psychology v.74 ,pp. 24 - 37 , 2018 , 0022-1031 ,

    초록

    Abstract Research has focused on the cognitive and affective processes underpinning dilemma judgments where causing harm maximizes outcomes. Yet, recent work indicates that lay perceivers infer the processes behind others' judgments, raising two new questions: whether decision-makers accurately anticipate the inferences perceivers draw from their judgments (i.e., meta-insight), and, whether decision-makers strategically modify judgments to present themselves favorably. Across seven studies, a) people correctly anticipated how their dilemma judgments would influence perceivers' ratings of their warmth and competence, though self-ratings differed (Studies 1–3), b) people strategically shifted public (but not private) dilemma judgments to present themselves as warm or competent depending on which traits the situation favored (Studies 4–6), and, c) self-presentation strategies augmented perceptions of the weaker trait implied by their judgment (Study 7). These results suggest that moral dilemma judgments arise out of more than just basic cognitive and affective processes; complex social considerations causally contribute to dilemma decision-making.

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    원문보기
    무료다운로드 유료다운로드

    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

    이미지

    Fig. 1 이미지
  6. [해외논문]   Revisiting the Cyberball inclusion condition: Fortifying fundamental needs by making participants the target of specific inclusion   SSCI

    Simard, Vanessa (Corresponding author at: Department of Psychology, Université) , Dandeneau, Sté (du Québec à) , phane (Montréal, C.P. 8888, Succursale Centre-Ville, Montréal, Québec H3C 3P8, Canada)
    Journal of experimental social psychology v.74 ,pp. 38 - 42 , 2018 , 0022-1031 ,

    초록

    Highlights The Cyberball Inclusion condition is a good “control” comparison task when investigating the unique the effects of social exclusion . Uberball, a condition where participants are the targets of specific inclusion, does fortify fundamental needs. Uberball is likely a good alternative for studying the unique effects of social inclusion .

    원문보기

    원문보기
    무료다운로드 유료다운로드

    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

    이미지

    Fig. 1 이미지
  7. [해외논문]   Bias at the intersection of identity: Conflicting social stereotypes of gender and race augment the perceived femininity and interpersonal warmth of smiling Black women   SSCI

    Cooley, Erin (Corresponding author.) , Winslow, Hannah , Vojt, Andrew , Shein, Jonathan , Ho, Jennifer
    Journal of experimental social psychology v.74 ,pp. 43 - 49 , 2018 , 0022-1031 ,

    초록

    Abstract Research indicates that Black women are socially ignored given that they are neither the prototypical Black person nor the prototypical woman. We build from augmentation principle to propose that factors that increase the salience of Black women's gender identity may lead to particularly positive social expectations given countervailing associations of Blackness/threat. First, Study 1 demonstrates that smiles increase the salience of Black women's gender identity as indicated by fewer categorization errors in a speeded gender categorization task. Next, Study 2 demonstrates that, consistent with augmentation principle, the expression of a smile increases the perceived femininity of a Black woman to a greater degree than a smile expressed by a White woman. Moreover, smiles increase positive expectations for an interaction with a Black woman more so than they do for a White woman. We conclude that Black women navigate a precarious balance between social invisibility and social hypervisibility based on shifts in the salience of their gender identity. Highlights Black women navigate conflicting social stereotypes of their race (i.e., aggression) and their gender (i.e., warmth). We find that smiles accentuate Black women’s gender (rather than racial) identity. As a result, smiling Black women are rated as particularly feminine and warm, more so than smiling White women. We conclude that smiles seem particularly warm when they occur in the presence of conflicting stereotypes of aggression.

    원문보기

    원문보기
    무료다운로드 유료다운로드

    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

    이미지

    Fig. 1 이미지
  8. [해외논문]   When the valence of unconditioned stimuli evolves over time: Evaluative conditioning with good-ending and bad-ending stories   SSCI

    Strick, Madelijn (Corresponding author at: Social, Health, & Organizational Psychology, Utrecht University, Heidelberglaan 1, P.O. Box 80.140, 3508 TC Utrecht, The Netherlands.) , Volbeda, Maarten
    Journal of experimental social psychology v.74 ,pp. 50 - 55 , 2018 , 0022-1031 ,

    초록

    Abstract In most evaluative conditioning studies, the valence of the unconditioned stimuli is stable. We examined what happens when dramatic stories, of which the valence evolves over time, are used as unconditioned stimuli. In three experiments, we tested the hypothesis that the conditioning effect of stories depends on the valence of the ending, even when the beginning is of the opposite valence. Experiment 1 ( N = 61) used a 2×3 within-participants design. Unknown consumer brands were paired with either good-ending or bad-ending stories, and the presentation of the brands was either before the beginning, before the ending, or after the ending. On both an implicit and an explicit attitude measure, we found that brands paired with good-ending stories were liked more than brands paired with bad-ending stories, and this effect was largest for brands presented after the ending. In Experiment 2 ( N = 131), the explicit attitude results were replicated in a larger sample. In Experiment 3 ( N = 127), the order of story segments was reversed such that the ending was told before the beginning. The conditioning effect was replicated and as in Experiment 1 and 2, the conditioning effect was largest for brands presented after the ending (now told first). We discuss the theoretical as well as practical implications of these findings. Highlights Associating neutral objects with good-ending or bad-ending stories changes their likeability. It even occurs when the beginning of the story is of the opposite valence. Attitude change is strongest when the object is presented after the story ending. This shows how people learn from stories.

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    원문보기
    무료다운로드 유료다운로드

    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

    이미지

    Fig. 1 이미지
  9. [해외논문]   Targets' facial width-to-height ratio biases pain judgments   SSCI

    Deska, Jason C. (Corresponding author.) , Hugenberg, Kurt
    Journal of experimental social psychology v.74 ,pp. 56 - 64 , 2018 , 0022-1031 ,

    초록

    Abstract The accurate perception of others' pain is important for both perceivers and targets. Yet, like other person perception judgments, pain judgments are prone to biases. Although past work has begun detailing characteristics of targets that can bias pain judgments (e.g., race, gender), the current work examines a novel source of bias inherent to all targets: structural characteristics of the human face. Specifically, we present four studies demonstrating that facial width-to-height ratio , a stable feature of all faces, biases pain judgments. Compared to those with low facial width-to-height ratio, individuals with high facial width-to-height ratio are perceived as experiencing less pain in otherwise identical situations (Studies 1, 2, & 3), and as needing less pain medication to salve their injuries (Study 4). This process was observed for White but not Black targets (Study 2), and manipulations of facial width-to-height ratio affected pain perceptions even when target identity was held constant (Study 4). Together, these findings implicate face structure in judgments of others' pain.

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    무료다운로드 유료다운로드

    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

    이미지

    Fig. 1 이미지
  10. [해외논문]   Cognition and the self: Attempt of an independent close replication of the effects of self-construal priming on spatial memory recall   SSCI

    Grossmann, Igor (Corresponding author at: Department of Psychology, University of Waterloo, 200 University Avenue West, Waterloo, Ontario N2L 3G1, Canada.) , Jowhari, Nickta
    Journal of experimental social psychology v.74 ,pp. 65 - 73 , 2018 , 0022-1031 ,

    초록

    Abstract Do different modes of thinking about the self lead to differences in performance on a contextual memory task? We conducted a pre-registered replication of the study of self-construal priming on spatial memory by KUhnen and Oyserman (2002; Study 2), simultaneously evaluating the role of task-compliance, operationalization specificity, and cross-cultural robustness. In the original study, participants either circled first-person plural (interdependent condition) or singular pronouns (independent condition) when reading a passage and subsequently memorized and recalled a set of objects presented on a visual-spatial grid. When employing a digital version of the original procedure, we were able to replicate the original findings, with better recall of objects in their original location in the interdependent (vs. independent) condition. Notably, the effect of self-construal priming on spatial memory was strongest when screening out participants who did not comply with instructions on the pronoun task and absent when including non-compliant participants. Moreover, in contrast to the original study, effects of priming were not specific to object-&-location operationalization of spatial memory recall, and also present for location-independent object recall and object-independent spatial placement recall. Additionally, condition effects were robust across observed cultural differences: Though white participants performing less successfully compared to non-white participants, both groups were comparably susceptible to priming effects. We discuss the present results and insights learned from the replication process in light of the on-going debate about the replicability of psychological experiments, highlighting the notion of task-compliance, methodological transparency and cross-cultural factors for further advancement of psychological science. Highlights We conducted a pre-registered replication of a study testing self-construal priming effects on non-social object-&-location memory recall Interdependent construal resulted in better recall of objects and their location on a memory task Effect was only present when excluding participants who did not comply on the pronoun task

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    원문보기
    무료다운로드 유료다운로드

    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

    이미지

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