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H : 소장처정보

T : 목차정보

Yonsei medical journal 14건

  1. [국내논문]   Expression and localization of human papillomavirus type 16 E6 and E7 open reading frame proteins in human epidermal keratinocyte.  

    Kim, K H , Yoon, D J , Moon, Y A , Kim, Y S
    Yonsei medical journal v.35 no.1 ,pp. 1 - 9 , 1994 , 0513-5796 ,

    초록

    Over 60 different types of human papillomavirus (HPV) have been identified, and they are classified into high and low risk groups based on the risk for malignant progression of HPV associated lesions. HPVs belonging to a high risk group have been shown to express two major transforming proteins, E6 and E7. With respect to the transforming activity of these proteins, many investigators have reported the location of these proteins in the cell, but their results are still controversial. In the present study, HPV type 16 E6 or E7 open reading frame (ORF) proteins were expressed and localized in human epidermal keratinocytes (RHEK-1) using the vaccinia virus as an expression vector. Immunofluorescence detection using monoclonal antibodies against E6 or E7 ORF proteins revealed that E6 or E7 proteins of HPV type 16 were located in the cytoplasm of RHEK-1 cells. These results suggest that E6 and E7 proteins bind to the tumor suppressor counterparts, thereby preventing transport of these proteins into the nucleus. These antioncogene products that fail to be rapidly transported out of the cytosol may be degraded by certain proteases such as the ubiquitin dependent system. In this way, the precise function of antioncogene products in the regulation of cell growth could be destroyed, and abnormal cell growth could occur.

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  2. [국내논문]   Fatty acids directly increase the activity of Ca(2+)-activated K+ channels in rabbit coronary smooth muscle cells.  

    Ahn, D S , Kim, Y B , Lee, Y H , Kang, B S , Kang, D H
    Yonsei medical journal v.35 no.1 ,pp. 10 - 24 , 1994 , 0513-5796 ,

    초록

    The large conductance Ca2+ activated K+ channel (BK channel) has been considered to play an important role in the excitability and contractility of vascular smooth muscle cells. Activation of the BK channel causes the hyperpolarization and relaxation of vascular smooth muscle cells. It has been reported that fatty acids can affect the BK channel activity and its concentration is increased significantly during myocardial ischemia. These reports suggest that fatty acids may contribute to the ischemic coronary vasodilation by increasing the BK channel activity. However, the underlying mechanism of fatty acid-induced activation of the BK channel is still uncertain. In the present study, we measured the effect of fatty acids on the BK channel activity in rabbit coronary smooth muscle cells by using patch clamp method and also examined its underlying mechanism. Arachidonic acid (AA) dissolved in DMSO activated the BK channel in a dose-dependent manner (from 0.5 to 10 microM), and DMSO (0.1%) alone had no effect on the activity of the BK channel. Arachidonic acid activated BK channels in both cell-attached and inside-out patches, but the onset and recovery of this effect were slower in the cell-attached patch configuration. The BK channel activity was also increased by other fatty acids, including myristic acid, linoleic acid, palmitoleic acid and palmitic acid. Long chain fatty acids were more effective than short chain fatty acids (myristic acid), and there was no statistical difference between the effect of saturated (palmitic acid) and unsaturated fatty acids (palmitoleic acid) on the BK channel activity. The concentration of Ca2+ and Mg2+ in the bathing solution had no appreciable effects on the AA-induced increase of BK channel activity. From the above results, it may be concluded that fatty acids directly increase the BK channel activity and may contribute to the ischemic coronary vasodilatation in rabbit coronary smooth muscle cells.

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  3. [국내논문]   Induction of hepatic ATP-citrate lyase by insulin in diabetic rat--effects of insulin on the contents of enzyme and its mRNA in cytosol, and the transcriptional activity in nuclei.  

    Park, S W , Kim, K S , Whang, S K , Kim, J S , Kim, Y S
    Yonsei medical journal v.35 no.1 ,pp. 25 - 33 , 1994 , 0513-5796 ,

    초록

    The effects of insulin on ATP-citrate lyase, its mRNA in cytosol, and the transcriptional activity in nuclei of diabetic rat liver were studied. Experimental diabetes was induced by an intraperitoneal injection of streptozotocin, and livers were removed from rats at 0, 1, 3, 6, 16, and 72 hours after the administration of insulin. ATP-citrate lyase began to increase at 16 hours, and continuously increased until 72 hours. The amount of mRNA encoding ATP-citrate lyase increased abruptly at 16 hours, then decreased to near basal level in 72 hours. No change in the transcription rate was observed until 3 hours after insulin administration. However, the activity increased 4-fold at 6 hours and 7-fold at 16 hours, 16-fold at 6 hours and 28-fold at 16 hours when pGACL1 and pGACL2 were used as probes, respectively, preceding the increase in the amounts of mRNA and the enzyme. It is suggested that the increase in the amount of ATP-citrate lyase by insulin is primarily due to the increase in the transcriptional activity of the gene in nuclei, which results in the subsequent increase in the amount of mRNA for the biosynthesis of ATP-citrate lyase in cytosol.

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  4. [국내논문]   Flow cytometric analysis of DNA ploidy in childhood rhabdomyosarcoma.  

    Jung, W H , Jung, S H , Yoo, C J , Kim, Y J , Park, C , Kim, B S
    Yonsei medical journal v.35 no.1 ,pp. 34 - 42 , 1994 , 0513-5796 ,

    초록

    Flow cytometric DNA analysis was performed on 17 rhabdomyosarcomas in conjunction with a histopathological review to determine the usefulness of this technique to predict the biologic behavior of the tumor and to establish the characteristic ploidy pattern of rhabdomyosarcoma compared to other small round cell tumors occurring in childhood. Aneuploidy including near-tetraploidy is the most common ploidy pattern encountered, followed by multiploidy and diploidy, and the presence of multiploidy in this tumor is useful for differentiating rhabdomyosarcoma from other kinds of small round cell tumors in which there are rare previous reports on occurrence of multiploidy. Even though there is no significant correlation between ploidy pattern and histologic type of rhabdomyosarcoma, patients with multiploid tumors or aneuploid tumors with a DNA index of 1.10-1.80 tend to have a high risk of treatment failure. Therefore, the ploidy pattern seems to be useful for predicting the patient's survival in concert with other variables.

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  5. [국내논문]   Serodiagnosis of human sparganosis by a monoclonal antibody-based competition ELISA.  

    Yeo, I S , Yong, T S , Im, K
    Yonsei medical journal v.35 no.1 ,pp. 43 - 48 , 1994 , 0513-5796 ,

    초록

    Competition ELISA test using sparganum specific monoclonal antibodies (Mab) was investigated to improve the diagnostic specificity of sparganosis. By cell fusion, one hybridoma clone secreting anti-sparganum specific Mab was selected (Sp-20), which reacted on bands of 32 kDa and 38 kDa. Sp-20 reacted on calcium corpuscles on IFA. By micro-ELISA, 16 of 17 sparganosis cases (95%) were found positive, but 1 of 18 clonorchiasis cases (5%), 4 of 16 cysticercosis cases (25%) and 2 of 16 normal controls (11%) showed false positive reactions. On the other hand, by competition ELISA using a sparganum specific Mab (Sp-20), 16 out of 17 (95%) of sparganosis cases were found positive, but 2 of 18 clonorchiasis cases (10%), 2 of 16 cysticercosis cases (12%), 3 of 16 paragonimiasis cases (18%) and 1 of 16 normal controls (6%) showed false positive reactions.

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  6. [국내논문]   Intra-carotid thrombolytic therapy in acute ischemic stroke of carotid arterial territory.  

    Lee, B I , Lee, B C , Park, S C , Shon, Y H , Kim, D I , Jung, T S , Suh, J H
    Yonsei medical journal v.35 no.1 ,pp. 49 - 61 , 1994 , 0513-5796 ,

    초록

    Intra-carotid urokinase (UK) infusion in 20 patients with acute internal carotid artery (ICA) territorial ischemic stroke achieved immediate recanalization in 45% and the clinical outcome in patients with recanalization was superior to that of patients without recanalization. The procedure was most effective in patients with smaller arterial occlusions: 7 of 10 patients with MCA branch occlusions (M2 to M4) achieved recanalization compared to only 2 of 10 with distal ICA or M1 occlusions, which should be an important issue for the critical evaluation of the efficacy of thrombolytic therapy (TT). Hemorrhagic transformation was observed in 9 patients on CT scan; petechial hemorrhage in 5 and intraparenchymal hematoma formation in 4. Among 4 patients with hematoma formation, clinical deterioration was seen in 3 cases and the angiography at the immediate end of the UK infusion showed recanalization in only one patient. The average dose of UK in patients with parenchymal hematoma formation was higher than that of patients without hemorrhagic transformation (123.3 x 10(4) units vs 101 x 10(4) units). The administration of a large dose of UK, probably more than 100 x 10(4) units, and the absence of immediate recanalization seemed to increase the risk of parenchymal hematoma formation. Despite the effort of investigators, the in-hospital time delay for the TT was significant which was mainly related to the time consuming preparation for angiography especially during night. A more effective system for the earlier intervention of acute ischemic stroke needs to be developed.

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  7. [국내논문]   The mechanism of antiproliferative effect of desferrioxamine on human hepatoma cell lines.  

    Kim, D Y , Kim, W H , Kang, J K , Park, S , Kwon, O H
    Yonsei medical journal v.35 no.1 ,pp. 62 - 71 , 1994 , 0513-5796 ,

    초록

    We investigated the effect of desferrioxamine (DFO), an iron chelator, on the DNA synthesis and the cell cycle of cultured hepatoma cells. Using Hep 3B cells as the hepatoma cell lines, DNA synthesis was measured by [3H] thymidine incorporation, and the cell cycle analysis was performed by flow cytometry including bivariate DNA/BrdU analysis. [3H] thymidine uptake was decreased by DFO in a dose dependent manner. The proportion of S phase cells increased and that of G0/G1 phase cells decreased after the addition of DFO in the culture media in a dose dependent manner up to 20 micrograms/ml of DFO. The S phase duration of the exponentially proliferating Hep 3B cells was 9.9 hours when cultured without DFO, but it was markedly prolonged (54.1 hours) after the addition of 20 micrograms/ml of DFO. After removal of DFO from the culture media following 24 hours of incubation with 20 micrograms/ml of DFO, a sequential increase from early through mid and late-S to G2/M phase was observed. In conclusion, the antiproliferative effect of DFO on cultured human hepatoma cell lines was caused by the inhibition of DNA synthesis which was related to a block in the early-mid S interface or mid S phase of the cell cycle.

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  8. [국내논문]   In vitro pressure drop comparison between two mechanical valve prostheses.  

    Kim, S H , Chang, B C , Cho, B K
    Yonsei medical journal v.35 no.1 ,pp. 72 - 76 , 1994 , 0513-5796 ,

    초록

    An hemodynamic evaluation of two mechanical heart valves is presented. A tilting disc valve and a bileaflet valve were incorporated in a mock circulatory system which consists of a closed flow loop with a pneumatically driven flexible diaphragm to simulate the physiologic pulsatile flow. Comparisons between the valves were made on the aortic pressure, ventricular pressure, as well as mean pressure gradient at a systolic duration of 45% and a heart rate of 90 beats per minute. The results showed that the tilting disc valve has higher ventricular pressure and mean pressure gradient than that of the bileaflet valve. This indicates that the tilting disc valve has higher transvalvular flow resistance and energy loss than that of the bileaflet valve. From this study it is demonstrated that the mock circulatory system can be a very useful device to evaluate the prosthetic heart valves in vitro.

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  9. [국내논문]   Adaptive response to ionizing radiation induced by low dose of gamma ray in human hepatoma cell lines.  

    Seong, J , Kim, G E
    Yonsei medical journal v.35 no.1 ,pp. 77 - 83 , 1994 , 0513-5796 ,

    초록

    When cells are exposed to a low dose of a mutagenic or clastogenic agent, they often become less sensitive to the effects of a higher dose administered subsequently. Such adaptive responses were first described in Escherichia coli. Studies on mammalian cells have been limited to human lymphocytes exposed to low doses of an alkylating agent. In this study, the adaptive response to 1 cGy of gamma rays was investigated in human tumor cells using two human hepatoma cell lines, Hep G2 and Hep 3B. Experiments were carried out by delivering 1 cGy followed by 50 cGy of gamma radiation and chromatid breaks were scored as an endpoint. The results of this study indicate that prior exposure to 1 cGy of gamma rays reduces the number of chromatid breaks induced by subsequent higher doses (50 cGy). The time necessary for the expression of the adaptive response was determined by varying the time interval between the two doses from 1 hour to 72 hours. In G2 chromatids, the adaptive response was observed both at short time intervals, as early as 1 hour, and at long time intervals. In S chromatids, however, the adaptive response was shown only at long time intervals. When 3-aminobenzamide, an inhibitor of poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase, was added after 50 cGy, adaptive responses were abolished in all the experimental groups. Therefore, it is suggested that the adaptive response can be observed in human hepatoma cell lines, which is first documented through this study.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

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  10. [국내논문]   Mechanics of caloric stimulation in a case with a plug in the horizontal semicircular canal  

    Yong, L M (Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Jefferson Medical College, Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, PA, U.S.A. ) , Lowry, L D (Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Jefferson Medical College, Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, PA, U.S.A.)
    Yonsei medical journal v.35 no.1 ,pp. 84 , 1994 , 0513-5796 ,

    초록

    When cells are exposed to a low dose of a mutagenic or clastogenic agent, they often become less sensitive to the effects of a higher dose administered subsequently. Such adaptive responses were first described in Escherichia coli. Studies on mammalian cells have been limited to human lymphocytes exposed to low doses of an alkylating agent. In this study, the adaptive response to 1 cGy of gamma rays was investigated in human tumor cells using two human hepatoma cell lines, Hep G2 and Hep 3B. Experiments were carried out by delivering 1 cGy followed by 50 cGy of gamma radiation and chromatid breaks were scored as an endpoint. The results of this study indicate that prior exposure to 1 cGy of gamma rays reduces the number of chromatid breaks induced by subsequent higher doses (50 cGy). The time necessary for the expression of the adaptive response was determined by varying the time interval between the two doses from 1 hour to 72 hours. In G2 chromatids, the adaptive response was observed both at short time intervals, as early as 1 hour, and at long time intervals. In S chromatids, however, the adaptive response was shown only at long time intervals. When 3-aminobenzamide, an inhibitor of poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase, was added after 50 cGy, adaptive responses were abolished in all the experimental groups. Therefore, it is suggested that the adaptive response can be observed in human hepatoma cell lines, which is first documented through this study.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

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