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H : 소장처정보

T : 목차정보

The Thoracic and cardiovascular surgeon 11건

  1. [해외논문]   Beating heart implantation of a wearable NOVACOR left-ventricular assist device.  

    Scheld, H H ; Hammel, D ; Schmid, C ; Weyand, M ; Deng, M ; Möllhoff, T ; Kerber, S
    The Thoracic and cardiovascular surgeon v.44 no.2 ,pp. 62 - 66 , 1996 , 0171-6425 ,

    초록

    Implantable left-ventricular assist devices (LVAD) are successfully used as a bridge to transplant if the patient's condition is worsening and no donor organ is available. They allow recovery of compromised organ function. However, postoperative bleeding, thrombemboelism, and right-heart failure may jeopardize the important improvement of organ function and may even lead to death. We introduce our strategy for implantation of the Novacor LVAD system, which aims at minimal bleeding and maintained right-heart function. The Novacor LVAD was implanted with the heart beating during extracorporeal circulation in 8 patients, 3 of whom had previous cardiac surgery. Postoperatively, no patient developed right heart failure or had to undergo redo thoracotomy.

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  2. [해외논문]   The extended transseptal approach in complex mitral valve surgery--evaluation of risks and benefits.  

    Hake, U ; Dahm, M ; Schmid, F X ; Mayer, E ; Oelert, H
    The Thoracic and cardiovascular surgeon v.44 no.2 ,pp. 67 - 70 , 1996 , 0171-6425 ,

    초록

    The extended transseptal approach to the mitral valve was used in 32 patients undergoing isolated or combined mitral valve surgery. In all cases exposure of the entire mitral valvular apparatus was excellent. Two patients died of low output within 30 days of surgery. No cause of death was related to the extended transseptal approach. In one early patient reexploration revealed arterial bleeding from the right atrial suture line which was caused by damage to the sinus nodal artery. In 7 patients temporary atrial conduction disturbances occurred which completely resolved within 10 days after responding well to dual-chamber pacing. Temporary ventricular pacing was necessary in two patients with preoperative bradyarrhythmia. In two patients undergoing mitral re-do surgery a permanent ventricular pacer was implanted. The extended transseptal approach offers an excellent exposure of the entire mitral valve both in primary isolated or combined mitral surgery particularly in re-do surgery where the primary standard vertical left atriotomy is impeded or the conventional transseptal approach gives only limited access. Temporary atrial dysrhythmia is not crucial and is easily controlled by short-term dual-chamber pacing.

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    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

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  3. [해외논문]   Clinical presentation of rupture of the left-ventricular free wall after myocardial infarction: report of five cases with successful surgical repair.  

    Schwarz, C D ; Punzengruber, C ; Ng, C K ; Schauer, N ; Hartl, P ; Pachinger, O
    The Thoracic and cardiovascular surgeon v.44 no.2 ,pp. 71 - 75 , 1996 , 0171-6425 ,

    초록

    Rupture of the left-ventricular free wall may not always result in immediate irreversible hemodynamic collapse. We report a series of five patients (4 male, 1 female; age 59-79 years) successfully operated for postinfarction free-wall rupture with good long-term results. Two patients presented with syncopy and acute tamponade three days after an acute myocardial infarction. In two patients with atypical chest pain and congestive heart failure, a large pericardial effusion and an extreme localized thinning of a myocardial scar region was seen several weeks after an uncomplicated myocardial infarct. In one patient a pseudoaneurysm was detected, which developed asymptomatically within three weeks after a posterior myocardial infarct. In all cases myocardial rupture was suspected after an echocardiographic examination. At surgery a hemopericardium and a localized rupture site were found. The surgical procedure included closure of the defect by direct suture or patch, CABG in 3 cases, and mitral valve replacement in one patient. The postoperative course was uneventful, only one patient needed IABP for 24 hours. Three patients returned to NYHA functional class I, one patient to class II, and one patient to class III. The latter patient died of heart failure 17 months postoperatively, and the other patients are still alive 4,18,24, and 26 months postoperatively. Thus clinical representation of left-ventricular free-wall rupture after myocardial infarction can be highly variable. But close cooperation between experienced echocardiographers and surgeons may allow successful corrections with good long term-results.

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  4. [해외논문]   Assessment of metabolic liver function and hepatic blood flow during cardiopulmonary bypass.  

    Autschbach, R ; Falk, V ; Lange, H ; Oellerich, M ; Walther, T ; Mohr, F W ; Dalichau, H
    The Thoracic and cardiovascular surgeon v.44 no.2 ,pp. 76 - 80 , 1996 , 0171-6425 ,

    초록

    A modified monoethylglycinexylidide (MEGX) test was performed in 14 patients undergoing myocardial revascularization to evaluate liver function during cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). MEGX is the principal metabolite of lidocaine. Different studies have shown a decrease in MEGX formation in patients with impaired liver function. Following a low-dose bolus application of 0.3 mg/kgBW lidocaine MEGX concentrations were measured in five-minute intervals for half an hour. This was done once before and once during CPB. Arterial and hepatic vein blood samples were obtained in order to avoid the effects of hemodilution by CPB priming. Hepatic blood was calculated using the indocyanine green (ICG) infusion extraction technique. MEGX formation during CPB decreased. After the 10 and 15 minutes measurement points the mean arterio-hepatic venous concentrations were 61 +/- 7.2 micrograms/L and 63 +/- 7.3 micrograms/L respectively in comparison to pre-CPB values of 36 +/- 5.8 micrograms/L and 42 +/- 5.1 micrograms/L. Hepatic blood flow increased insignificantly from a mean of 835 +/- 54 ml/min prior to CPB to 913 +/- 83 ml/min during CPB. As a result the MEGX clearance calculated 15 minutes after administration of lidocaine bolus application did not differ significantly before (51.2 +/- 6.4 micrograms/min) and during CPB (40.2 +/- 5.7 micrograms/min). In conclusion, a decrease in MEGX formation was found during CPB. However, due to increased hepatic blood flow there was no significant change in MEGX clearance before and during CPB.

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  5. [해외논문]   Liposome-mediated transfer of genes containing HLA-class II alpha chain into cultured embryonic chick cardiac myocytes and COS7 cells.  

    Aleksic, I ; Ren, M ; Czer, L S ; Freimark, D ; Dalichau, H ; Blanche, C ; Trento, A ; Barath, P
    The Thoracic and cardiovascular surgeon v.44 no.2 ,pp. 81 - 85 , 1996 , 0171-6425 ,

    초록

    Rejection remains a major problem after cardiac transplantation. One hypothesis is that transfer of recipient HLA genes could lead to expression of the antigens on the surface of donor cells and so facilitate graft acceptance. This paper describes a pilot study for relevant gene-transfer (transfection) experiments on adult cardiac myocytes, investigating the feasibility of transfection using cationic liposomes. The plasmid pcDV1-pL2 vector containing HLA-DR-alpha chain gene was incubated with Lipofectin, a DOTMA and DOPE lipid mixture, for 10 minutes. Embryonic chick cardiac myocytes (ECCM) and COS7 monkey cells were incubated with DNA: Lipofectin ratios of 1:1, 1:2, 1:4, and 1:10 for 16 hours (hrs). Using a fixed ratio of 1:4, incubation periods of 4, 8, and 16 hrs were compared. Finally, cells were incubated for 16 hrs and consecutively cultured for 6 days. Expression of the HLA-DR-alpha chain antigen was detected by indirect immunohistochemical staining. Highest transfection rates were achieved with a DNA: Lipofectin ratio of 1:4 for ECCM and COS7 cells (2.7% +/- 0.6% and 2.4% +/- 0.3% after 16 hrs incubation) and a transfection time of 4 hrs (5.8% +/- 0.6% and 5.3% +/- 1.7%). Immunohistochemically positive cells were present after 6 days (2.0% +/- 1.2% and 2.1% +/- 0.3%). We found a low level of expression of HLA-DR-alpha chain gene, influenced by transfection time and DNA: Lipofectin ratio. To increase the efficiency of liposome-mediated gene transfer and assess potential applications in cardiac transplantation, further investigation of cell properties promoting transfection is necessary.

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  6. [해외논문]   Neurogenic lesions after posterolateral thoracotomy in young children.  

    Emmel, M ; Ulbach, P ; Herse, B ; Dalichau, H ; Haupt, W F ; Schumann, D ; Mennicken, U
    The Thoracic and cardiovascular surgeon v.44 no.2 ,pp. 86 - 91 , 1996 , 0171-6425 ,

    초록

    In follow-up examinations of young patients we often noticed upward displacement of the left shoulder in cases where left-sided posterolateral thoracotomy had been carried out. Finding little discussion of this side-effect in the literature, we undertook the present study. The shoulder girdle of 69 patients who had undergone surgery for coarctation of the aorta between 1964 and 1984 was carefully examined to assess displacements and dysfunctions. In addition, in 24 of the patients electrodiagnostic examination was carried out of the associated muscles and nerves which were affected by the operation. We found disturbances of the muscular apparatus of the shoulder girdle in 80% of the cases: upward displacement of the shoulder (55%), downward displacement of the shoulder (8.7%), deviation of the scapula at rest (72.5%) and maximal elevated arms (40.6%), scapula alata (56.5%), and alterations of the posterior axillary line (39.1%). When considering only the cases of distinct upward or downward displacement of the shoulder, at least 25% of the operated children were affected. Children operated early (surgery during the first year of life) had more distinct alterations (47.6%) than those with later surgery (14.6%). Electromyographic examinations indicate that mainly disorders of the peripheral nerves caused by the operation led to these alterations of the shoulder girdle musculature. Although, except for one patient, no functional disorders were found, there were several cases in which the alteration caused quite severe cosmetic problems. One should pay more attention to positioning for surgery and do careful preparation to reduce these sequelae.

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    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

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  7. [해외논문]   Left-ventricular diastolic dysfunction during pneumonectomy--a transesophageal echocardiographic study.  

    Barletta, G ; Del Bene, M R ; Palminiello, A ; Fantini, F
    The Thoracic and cardiovascular surgeon v.44 no.2 ,pp. 92 - 96 , 1996 , 0171-6425 ,

    초록

    Left-ventricular dysfunction, with acute increase in capillary pulmonary pressure, can unexpectedly develop in patients submitted to pneumonectomy. In order to study the morphofunctional modifications induced by pneumonectomy on the left cardiac chambers, we performed intraoperative transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) in 8 patients (7 males, mean age 66 years) undergoing pneumonectomy for lung cancer. No patient had any cardiac involvement before surgery. The opening of the pericardium was associated with a slight paradoxical movement of the basal interventricular septum. After ligature of the pulmonary artery, the interventricular septum changed its geometry, losing the normal curvature and becoming rectilinear. These changes were related to an increase in right-ventricular (RV) dimensions. In all patients the pulmonary vein flow-profile (pulsed Doppler) showed an increased turbulence, associated with a reduced amplitude (5 patients) or an inversion (3 patients) of the second systolic component and with the development of mild mitral regurgitation (color Doppler). These changes disappeared at the end of intervention, before chest closure. No alteration in left-ventricular systolic function was found. These results suggest that the altered geometry of the interventricular septum, mainly due to acute RV overload, induces a transient left-ventricular diastolic dysfunction, associated with mild mitral regurgitation.

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    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

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  8. [해외논문]   Implications of the introduction of fixed reimbursement rates in Germany.  

    Haehnel, J C ; Roth, P ; Lohmann, E ; Meisner, H ; Hehrlein, F W
    The Thoracic and cardiovascular surgeon v.44 no.2 ,pp. 97 - 102 , 1996 , 0171-6425 ,

    초록

    The introduction of fixed reimbursement rates in Germany for cardiac surgery of adults, mainly coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) and valve surgery, has shifted the financial risk from insurers to providers of medical care, namely hospitals. Costs in turn are closely related to the preoperative condition of a patient, implicating that surgery in high-risk patients may result in financial losses for the operating institution. Furthermore, reports from the Society of Thoracic Surgeons national database indicate a trend over time towards a higher proportion of patients with adverse risk factors for the United States. To determine whether these trends are holding true for Germany, we conducted an analysis of the data from two institutions with the following questions: 1. Is there a trend over time towards unfavourable risk factors, and 2. Is there a relation between preoperative risk factors and postoperative length of stay? From 1987 to 1995, 3872 patients underwent CABG at the Departments of Cardiovascular Surgery of Justus-Liebig University Giessen and German Heart Center Munich. Medical history, preoperative condition, intra-, and postoperative course were recorded for these patients according to the protocol of the German quality assurance program. Preoperative condition of the patient was summarized with an additive risk score. The correlation between postoperative length of stay in the intensive care unit (ICU) and preoperative risk was investigated. For a subgroup of 30 patients, detailed cost analysis was performed and the relationship to preoperative risk examined. For all risk factors examined, a significant increase in prevalence between 1987 and 1995 was observed. A close correlation between preoperative risk and postoperative length of stay in the ICU was found. A similar correlation existed between preoperative risk and actual costs of treatment. In addition, high-risk patients had a significantly higher likelihood of being discharged directly from our ICU to the ICU of other hospitals. Postoperatively, high-risk patients suffer more often from morbidity with subsequent prolonged intensive care and are, therefore, a financial burden for the operating institution in a reimbursement system with fixed rates. This is aggravated by the fact that a trend towards adverse risk profiles among patients undergoing cardiac surgery can be observed. Both factors combined may result in a scenario where those who would benefit most are denied surgical treatment.

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    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

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  9. [해외논문]   Leaking giant aneurysm of the aortic root due to cystic medial necrosis with pericardial tamponade mimicking type-A aortic dissection.  

    Attenhofer, C H ; Vogt, P R ; von Segesser, L K ; Dirsch, O R ; Ritter, M ; Jenni, R
    The Thoracic and cardiovascular surgeon v.44 no.2 ,pp. 103 - 104 , 1996 , 0171-6425 ,

    초록

    The diagnosis of acute type-A aortic dissection is predominantly based on the demonstration of an intimal tear or a dissection membrane. We describe another pathogenetic mechanism in a patient with the typical features of acute aortic dissection with pericardial tamponade, and a giant aneurysm of the ascending aorta. However, no dissection membrane, rupture site, or intimal tear could be demonstrated by transesophageal echocardiography, intraoperatively, or histologically. The histological work-up showed an extreme form of cystic medial necrosis with intramural hemorrhages consistent with a leaking aneurysm. Hence, in a patient with a symptomatic aneurysm of the aortic root and pericardial tamponade, obvious intimal dissection or rupture does not always have to be present echocardiographically or intraoperatively. A different presentation can occur in the setting of an extreme medial necrosis, where blood leaks through the aortic wall causing intramural hemorrhages with intimal leaks invisible to the surgeon's or echocardiographer's eye. This process is clinically indistinguishable from type-A aortic dissection.

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  10. [해외논문]   Mediastinal compression syndromes due to idiopathic fibrosing mediastinitis--report of three cases and review of the literature.  

    Kalweit, G ; Huwer, H ; Straub, U ; Gams, E
    The Thoracic and cardiovascular surgeon v.44 no.2 ,pp. 105 - 109 , 1996 , 0171-6425 ,

    초록

    Fibrosing mediastinitis is the most often observed benign cause of mediastinal compression syndromes, particularly the vena cava superior syndrome. We report 3 cases with such compression syndromes (2 x superior vena cava syndrome, 1 x symptomatic tracheal obstruction) due to fibrosing mediastinitis in which tumor resection led to a relief of symptoms. The operative procedures performed in our cases and in general as well as conservative treatment modalities reported for this rare disease are discussed with respect to our own experience and that of the recent publications in the European and American literature.

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    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

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