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International journal of hematology 19건

  1. [해외논문]   Recent developments in basic and clinical hematopoietic stem cell transplantation.  

    Kasakura, Shinpei
    International journal of hematology v.77 no.1 ,pp. 1 - 2 , 2003 , 0925-5710 ,

    초록

    원문보기

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    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

    이미지

    Fig. 1 이미지
  2. [해외논문]   Review of "minitransplantation": nonmyeloablative allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation.  

    Georges, George E , Storb, Rainer
    International journal of hematology v.77 no.1 ,pp. 3 - 14 , 2003 , 0925-5710 ,

    초록

    Nonmyeloablative conditioning regimens for allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) have been developed over the past few years as important alternatives to conventional myeloablative conditioning regimens for older or medically unfit patients with hematologic malignancies, as well as for patients with certain nonmalignant hematologic diseases or renal cell cancer. This review summarizes the biological background, current clinical applications, and indications for this novel treatment approach for treating hematologic malignancies. Historically, allogeneic HSCT has been based on the use of cytotoxic and myeloablative chemotherapy and radiotherapy conditioning regimens that are intended both to eradicate malignancy and to eliminate host hematopoiesis and immune cells. Such a regimen was followed by the infusion of histocompatible donor marrow or peripheral blood stem cells to rescue hematopoiesis. For older patients or for those who had previously been treated with intensive chemotherapy or radiotherapy, the toxicity of myeloablative conditioning was prohibitive. Although most hematologic malignancies occur in older patients, these patients had not been previously eligible for the potentially curative therapy offered by allogeneic HSCT. Based in large part on preclinical studies with the dog model of HSCT and on an improved understanding of the mechanisms for controlling immune modulation, successful development of nonmyeloablative conditioning regimens for clinical use has occurred. Clear evidence of a therapeutic graft-versus-tumor effect mediated by allogeneic T-cells prompted an exploration for HSCT regimens that rely solely on nonmyeloablative immunosuppression to facilitate allogeneic engraftment. In lieu of intensive chemoradiotherapy before transplantation, engrafted donor T-cells are used to accomplish the task of eradicating the host's malignant cells. We review the updated results of an ongoing multicenter study to investigate the safety and efficacy of nonmyeloablative HSCT using a regimen of 2 Gy total body irradiation in patients with advanced hematologic malignancies who were ineligible for conventional myeloablative conditioning. In addition, we review the results of reduced-intensity HSCT trials from other transplantation centers.

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    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

    이미지

    Fig. 1 이미지
  3. [해외논문]   New strategies for prevention and treatment of graft-versus-host disease and for induction of graft-versus-leukemia effects.  

    Deeg, H Joachim
    International journal of hematology v.77 no.1 ,pp. 15 - 21 , 2003 , 0925-5710 ,

    초록

    Graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) continues to be a problem in allogeneic hemopoietic stem cell transplantation; however, our understanding of the basic pathophysiology of GVHD has improved. Although not all data obtained from murine or other animal models can be extrapolated to the clinic, there are leads that deserve to be pursued. The skin, intestinal tract, and liver are the 3 major target organs of GVHD and share the feature of presenting a barrier to the "environment" of the host. There is evidence that the damage inflicted to these organs, the epithelial and endothelial cells in particular, by the conditioning regimen causes a release of various cytokines and a penetration of endotoxin into the systemic circulation. According to these observations, the nonimmunologic aspects of GVHD have been likened to an inflammatory process. If this characterization is valid, blocking these nonspecific inflammatory changes would ameliorate GVHD without interfering with the graft-versus-leukemia (GVL) reaction. In fact, one study has shown a substantial amelioration of GVHD with a molecule that directly blocks endotoxin. Clinical data also suggest that patients with organ dysfunction early after transplantation that is presumed to be treatment related may benefit from preemptive interventions aimed at controlling GVHD. Furthermore, there is growing evidence that the mechanisms involved in GVHD may differ from organ to organ (for example, Fas/Fas-ligand interactions in the liver versus tumor necrosis factor alpha/receptor interactions in the intestinal tract), and from a therapeutic point of view, the time of onset of clinical GVHD may be important in choosing the appropriate therapy. Thus, combinations of interventions chosen and timed appropriately may be more effective in preventing and managing GVHD than are the standard across-the-board approaches that have been used so far. Such a strategy may also be successful in maintaining a GVL effect and possibly in incorporating direct antileukemic therapy, such as the use of cytotoxic T-cells directed at minor histocompatibility antigens, without increasing the risk of GVHD. The development of nonmyeloablative conditioning regimens and the observations on GVHD kinetics and the progression or eradication of leukemia with that strategy are likely to add new insights into how one can optimally combine various modalities to achieve engraftment, prevent GVHD, and at the same time maintain a GVL effect.

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    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

    이미지

    Fig. 1 이미지
  4. [해외논문]   Role of immunotherapy in stem cell transplantation.  

    Arai, Sally , Klingemann, Hans G
    International journal of hematology v.77 no.1 ,pp. 22 - 28 , 2003 , 0925-5710 ,

    초록

    Relapse of the underlying malignancy continues to be a major problem after both autologous and allogeneic stem cell transplantation. Over the years, it has been recognized that immune-mediated graft-versus-tumor effects are crucially involved in eliminating minimal disease and controlling its recurrence after stem cell transplantation. This recognition has led to a number of studies that have attempted to stimulate a cellular immune response in the recipient, especially after allogeneic transplantation. Immunotherapy after autologous transplantation has to take into consideration the fact that patients' immune cells frequently are compromised and tolerance to the host tumor may have developed. Hence, trials involving the administration of cytokines (such as with interleukin and interferon) have shown limited benefits. This situation is different for allogeneic transplantation for which the infusion of donor lymphocytes has shown disease regression, especially in patients with chronic leukemias. However, such treatment is effective only if the patient has limited disease, and severe graft-versus-host disease frequently has to be accepted as a complication. This fact has led investigators to pursue the generation of specific lymphocytes that can recognize tumor antigens but not necessarily induce graft-versus-host disease. Such studies are in the early stages, and although some promising results have been observed, it is unclear at this point if the antitumor effect can be separated sufficiently from the graft-versus-host disease mediated by allogeneic lymphocytes. More recently, it has been shown that natural killer (NK) cells can have an antitumor effect in myeloid malignancies, particularly if the cells are allogeneic and do not recognize self-HLA antigens. At this point, it appears that engineered T-lymphocytes and allogeneic NK cells may be useful in preventing or treating relapse after allogeneic transplantation. It remains to be seen if such novel cellular therapies can also be implemented after autologous transplantation via the use of engineered allogeneic immune cells.

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    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

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    Fig. 1 이미지
  5. [해외논문]   Genetic control of stem cells: implications for aging.  

    Van Zant, Gary
    International journal of hematology v.77 no.1 ,pp. 29 - 36 , 2003 , 0925-5710 ,

    초록

    Stem cells are currently at the center of both controversy and notoriety. The harvest of human embryonic or fetal stem cells, at least with methods available now, necessarily involves the sacrifice of the embryo or fetus. This critical step in the procurement of stem cells has stimulated intense discussion at all levels of academia, government, and society in general. What societal benefits, if any, justify such a strategy for obtaining these stem cells? In other species it has been possible to generate virtually all cell types found in adult organs from embryonic stem cells. This ability has opened endless clinical possibilities for tissue and organ replacement through the transplantation of cells derived from embryonic stem cells. Luckily, there may be an alternative to this ethical dilemma. It is becoming increasingly clear that stem cells exist in many, if not all, adult tissues. Adult stem cells normally replenish tissue cells lost through the wear and tear of aging or damage from injury or disease. With the proper coaxing in tissue culture and when transplanted, these stem cells may regenerate the full repertoire of organotypic cells and thus may therapeutically regenerate tissues in vivo in much the same way as embryonic stem cells do. For several reasons, the best-studied stem cells are those of the blood-forming system. Mature blood cells generally have short functional life spans, usually measured in days, and therefore require replenishment at a steady pace throughout one's lifetime. Stem cells are intimately involved in this renewal and, because of the relative ease of access to the bone marrow, stem cells have been well studied. Second, bone marrow transplantation following radiation or high-dose chemotherapy in the treatment of cancer has fostered research on the basic biology and therapeutic uses of hematopoietic stem cells over the more than 30 years stem cell transplantation has been used clinically. It is my aim to review what is known about the genes controlling hematopoietic stem cell function. Identifying, and ultimately manipulating, the genes that regulate stem cell number, replication rate, and self-renewal capacity may have important clinical benefits. I discuss evidence suggesting that the characterization of least some of these stem cell genes will shed light on mechanisms important in the aging process. I advance the hypothesis that stem cells accumulate cellular damage during aging that diminishes their developmental potency and ability to replenish blood cells, particularly after hematopoietic stress. In this view, the impaired function of stem cells in hematopoietic and in other self-renewing tissues limits the longevity of animals, and perhaps of humans.

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    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

    이미지

    Fig. 1 이미지
  6. [해외논문]   Hodgkin's lymphoma and CD30 signal transduction.  

    Horie, Ryouichi , Higashihara, Masaaki , Watanabe, Toshiki
    International journal of hematology v.77 no.1 ,pp. 37 - 47 , 2003 , 0925-5710 ,

    초록

    Advances in molecular biology have shed light on the biological basis of Hodgkin's lymphoma (HL). Knowledge of the biological basis has enabled us to understand that most Hodgkin and Reed-Sternberg (H-RS) cells are derived from germinal center B-cells and constitutive nuclear factor kappaB (NF-kappaB) activation is a common molecular feature. Molecular mechanisms responsible for constitutive NF-kappaB activation, Epstein Barr virus latent membrane protein 1, and defective IkappaBalpha and IkappaB kinase activation have been clarified in the past several years. A recent study revealed the biological link between 2 characteristic features of H-RS cells: CD30 overexpression and constitutive NF-kappaB activation. Ligand-independent signaling by overexpressed CD3O was shown to be a common mechanism that induced constitutive NF-kappaB activation in these cells. These results suggest the self-growth-promoting potential of H-RS cells and redefine the biology of HL composed of H-RS cells and lymphocytes.

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    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

    이미지

    Fig. 1 이미지
  7. [해외논문]   Frequencies of the hereditary hemochromatosis allele in different populations. Comparison of previous phenotypic methods and novel genotypic methods.  

    Milman, Nils , Pedersen, Palle , Steig, Torkil á , , Melsen, Gitte Vedel
    International journal of hematology v.77 no.1 ,pp. 48 - 54 , 2003 , 0925-5710 ,

    초록

    AIM: The frequencies of the hereditary hemochromatosis allele were compared for different populations assessed by previous phenotypic methods and the present genotypic methods. METHODS: From a literature survey, the calculated hemochromatosis allele frequencies from 16 studies using phenotypic biochemical markers (threshold levels for transferrin saturation [range, 46%-70%] and serum ferritin [range, 164-700 microg/L]) were compared with allele frequencies of the Cys282Tyr mutation of the hemochromatosis gene reported in 19 genotypic studies. RESULTS: Calculated phenotypic allele frequencies are high in Scandinavia: Iceland, 6.1% to 7.4%; Norway, 5.8%; central Sweden, 6.3% to 6.9%; Denmark, 6.1%. Frequencies are similarly high in Wales, Canada, Utah, South Africa, and Australia (range, 5.2%-9.8%). Frequencies are low in Finland (1.9%) and northern Italy (4.5%). Genotypic allele frequencies of the Cys282Tyr mutation are likewise high in Scandinavia. Frequencies are high in the United Kingdom and northern France and low in Finland, central Germany, northern Italy, and Greece. The phenotypic-genotypic ratios of the hemochromatosis homozygosity frequencies for the same geographic area were calculated. A ratio of 1.0 indicates that the 2 methods give similar results. In 3 studies, the ratio was above 1.0, the highest ratio of 1.67 being reported from Italy. In most studies the ratio was slightly below 1.0 (0.71-0.97). The lowest ratio was found in Finland (0.33). CONCLUSION: In most studies there was good agreement between the hemochromatosis allele frequencies determined by phenotypic and genotypic methods. A high ratio (northern Italy) may indicate that phenotypic selection criteria were too loose and/or that causes of iron overload other than the Cys282Tyr mutation are frequent in the region. A low ratio (in Finland) may indicate phenotypic selection criteria that were too stringent and/or a low penetration rate of the mutation.

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    무료다운로드 유료다운로드

    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

    이미지

    Fig. 1 이미지
  8. [해외논문]   Recovery of Normal Hematopoiesis after Severe Bone Marrow Aplasia Induced by Interferon-α in a Patient with Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia  

    Hishida, Asahi , Yamamoto, Kazuhito , Kato, Chiaki , Yokozawa, Toshiya , Emi, Nobuhiko , Tanimoto, Mitsune , Saito, Hidehiko
    International journal of hematology v.77 no.1 ,pp. 55 - 59 , 2003 , 0925-5710 ,

    초록

    AIM: The frequencies of the hereditary hemochromatosis allele were compared for different populations assessed by previous phenotypic methods and the present genotypic methods. METHODS: From a literature survey, the calculated hemochromatosis allele frequencies from 16 studies using phenotypic biochemical markers (threshold levels for transferrin saturation [range, 46%-70%] and serum ferritin [range, 164-700 microg/L]) were compared with allele frequencies of the Cys282Tyr mutation of the hemochromatosis gene reported in 19 genotypic studies. RESULTS: Calculated phenotypic allele frequencies are high in Scandinavia: Iceland, 6.1% to 7.4%; Norway, 5.8%; central Sweden, 6.3% to 6.9%; Denmark, 6.1%. Frequencies are similarly high in Wales, Canada, Utah, South Africa, and Australia (range, 5.2%-9.8%). Frequencies are low in Finland (1.9%) and northern Italy (4.5%). Genotypic allele frequencies of the Cys282Tyr mutation are likewise high in Scandinavia. Frequencies are high in the United Kingdom and northern France and low in Finland, central Germany, northern Italy, and Greece. The phenotypic-genotypic ratios of the hemochromatosis homozygosity frequencies for the same geographic area were calculated. A ratio of 1.0 indicates that the 2 methods give similar results. In 3 studies, the ratio was above 1.0, the highest ratio of 1.67 being reported from Italy. In most studies the ratio was slightly below 1.0 (0.71-0.97). The lowest ratio was found in Finland (0.33). CONCLUSION: In most studies there was good agreement between the hemochromatosis allele frequencies determined by phenotypic and genotypic methods. A high ratio (northern Italy) may indicate that phenotypic selection criteria were too loose and/or that causes of iron overload other than the Cys282Tyr mutation are frequent in the region. A low ratio (in Finland) may indicate phenotypic selection criteria that were too stringent and/or a low penetration rate of the mutation.

    원문보기

    원문보기
    무료다운로드 유료다운로드

    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

    이미지

    Fig. 1 이미지
  9. [해외논문]   Recovery of normal hematopoiesis after severe bone marrow aplasia induced by interferon-alpha in a patient with chronic myelogenous leukemia.  

    Hishida, Asahi ; Yamamoto, Kazuhito ; Kato, Chiaki ; Yokozawa, Toshiya ; Emi, Nobuhiko ; Tanimoto, Mitsune ; Saito, Hidehiko
    International journal of hematology v.77 no.1 ,pp. 55 - 59 , 2003 , 0925-5710 ,

    초록

    We describe an interesting case of a patient with chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) who developed sustained severe bone marrow aplasia after 2 years and 11 months of interferon-alpha (IFN-alpha) therapy but demonstrated recovery of normal hematopoiesis when treated with immunosuppressive therapy with granulocyte-colony stimulating factor (G-CSF). Administration of G-CSF resulted in a partial recovery of hematopoiesis, and after starting immunosuppressive therapy, the patient was no longer dependent on blood transfusions. Moreover, her bone marrow had no Philadelphia chromosome-positive clones. According to the results of the present case, bone marrow recovery can be achieved with immunosuppressive therapy and a fatal outcome avoided, even in CML patients suffering from sustained bone marrow aplasia during IFN-alpha treatment.

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    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

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  10. [해외논문]   Antiapoptotic effect of granulocyte colony-stimulating factor, granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor, and cyclic AMP on human neutrophils: protein synthesis-dependent and protein synthesis-independent mechanisms and the role of the Janus kinase-STAT pathway.  

    Sakamoto, Chikahiko , Suzuki, Kenichi , Hato, Fumihiko , Akahori, Mika , Hasegawa, Taro , Hino, Masayuki , Kitagawa, Seiichi
    International journal of hematology v.77 no.1 ,pp. 60 - 70 , 2003 , 0925-5710 ,

    초록

    Spontaneous neutrophil apoptosis during culture was delayed by granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF), granulocyte-macrophage CSF (GM-CSF), or dibutyryl-cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP), whereas apoptosis was accelerated by cycloheximide or actinomycin D. G-CSF-mediated antiapoptosis was completely abolished by cycloheximide or actinomycin D, whereas GM-CSF-mediated antiapoptosis was not completely abolished by these inhibitors. Antiapoptosis induced by dibutyryl-cAMP was highly resistant to cycloheximide, and that induced by benzyloxycarbonyl-Val-Ala-Asp-fluoromethylketone was unaffected by cycloheximide. G-CSF- and GM-CSF-mediated antiapoptosis and phosphorylation of signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) and STAT5 were inhibited by AG490, an inhibitor of Janus kinase. The level of Mcl-1 protein was not associated with neutrophil apoptosis. The results suggest that (a) neutrophil survival in the resting state is primarily regulated by the constitutive synthesis of antiapoptotic proteins; (b) the prevention of spontaneous apoptosis is mediated through the protein synthesis-dependent and/or protein synthesis-independent mechanisms according to the stimuli used; and (c) the Janus kinase-STAT pathway is involved in G-CSF- and GM-CSF-mediated antiapoptosis.

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    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

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