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Industrial and corporate change 8건

  1. [해외논문]   Profit growth in boom and bust: the Great Recession and the Great Depression in comparative perspective   SSCI

    Ivanova, Maria N.
    Industrial and corporate change v.26 no.1 ,pp. 1 - 20 , 2017 , 0960-6491 ,

    초록

    The Great Recession of 2007–2009 and the Great Depression of the 1930s were triggered by the collapse of asset-price bubbles. However, preexisting structural imbalances in the US economy were the reason why the burst of speculative bubbles induced a general economic collapse. This article argues that the imbalance created by the combination of stagnant labor earnings and surging corporate profits not only played a leading role in the run-up to the downturns but also was chiefly responsible for the slow recoveries. On the one hand, the relative stagnation of labor income represented a key factor behind rising income inequality and a potential drag on consumption which was temporarily alleviated by credit expansion; hence, the rising household debt levels eventually became unsustainable. On the other hand, rising corporate profits created an overhang of idle money, eager to lend itself to speculative ventures, which played a key role in fueling the stock market bubble of the 1920s and the housing bubble of the 2000s. The article further argues that despite various superficial and deeper similarities between the circumstances surrounding the Great Recession and the Great Depression, some fundamental differences in the structure of the US economy then and now suggest vastly different future prospects for American capitalism.

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    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

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  2. [해외논문]   The dynamics of position, capability, and market competition   SSCI

    Castellucci, Fabrizio ; Podolny, Joel M.
    Industrial and corporate change v.26 no.1 ,pp. 21 - 39 , 2017 , 0960-6491 ,

    초록

    This article focuses on the dynamic relationship between the occupancy of a high-status position and the development of organizational capabilities. If, on the one hand, the cumulative advantage inherent in a high-status position gives rise to greater competitive strength, on the other hand, some scholars have emphasized how occupancy of a well-defined market position, such as a high-status one, weakens competitive intensity by reducing the motivation to compete aggressively. By integrating both perspectives, this article proposes a dynamic account of the relationship between occupancy of a high-status position and development of capabilities. Despite being more complacent with exchange partners, occupants of a high-status position extend such position by entering in new exchange relationships with partners providing resources of higher quality. Yet, occupancy of a high-status position undercuts the development of capabilities within the boundaries of the firm, leaving the firm less able to use and integrate the resources provided by existing exchange relationships. Evidence comes from an examination of Formula One racing teams and their engine suppliers.

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    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

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  3. [해외논문]   Uncertain intellectual property conditions and knowledge appropriation strategies: Evidence from the genomics industry   SSCI

    Huang, Kenneth Guang-Lih
    Industrial and corporate change v.26 no.1 ,pp. 41 - 71 , 2017 , 0960-6491 ,

    초록

    Innovating science- and technology-based firms often endure a sustained period of uncertain intellectual property rights (IPR) protection before patents could be granted to their valuable knowledge assets. This problem is exacerbated, as firms increasingly develop their innovations or operate in countries with weak IPR institutional environments. But how does IPR uncertainty affect firms’ strategy toward knowledge appropriation—capturing of economic value from their knowledge assets—and toward providing access to these knowledge assets? Drawing on research from the economics of science and intellectual property strategy, we examine this question using a novel panel data covering 362 firms and organizations in the knowledge-intensive genomics industry based on all genomics patents and matching papers from 1988 to 2005. We find that under uncertain IPR conditions, firms reveal and accumulate more knowledge through open science (follow-on publishing) but shift to knowledge appropriation through commercial science (follow-on patenting) when IPR uncertainty is narrowed. This effect is most salient when firms develop their knowledge assets or operate under strong IPR institutional regime. For highly science-based knowledge assets, firms continue tapping into open science for access and reciprocity in knowledge acquisition from the scientific community. These findings highlight the role of patent grant as a potential lever to shape firms’ knowledge processes and long-term innovative capacity, and the emergence of a concerted “science strategy” employed by firms.

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    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

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  4. [해외논문]   Antecedents for forming simultaneous alliances or one-by-one alliances   SSCI

    Huang, Kuo-Feng
    Industrial and corporate change v.26 no.1 ,pp. 73 - 101 , 2017 , 0960-6491 ,

    초록

    This article extends existing alliance portfolio studies by exploring differences of antecedents for forming simultaneous alliances and one-by-one alliances using data from 1,029 alliances in the global pharmaceutical industry. The research’s findings suggest that firms are inclined to form simultaneous alliances when they have more prior alliance experience, conduct exploration alliances, or are in high level of technological diversification. Second, although simultaneous alliance formation may decrease a firm’s performance, greater alliance experience and inter-industry alliances may mitigate such the negative effect of simultaneous alliance formation on firm performance. Low levels of technological diversification may increase firm performance as forming simultaneous alliances. Moreover, propensity to form simultaneous alliances is increased with the increased number of formed alliances as larger firm size, organizational experience, and alliance experience take place. This article contributes to the current strategic alliances and organizational learning literature by introducing the concept of simultaneous and one-by-one alliances.

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    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

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  5. [해외논문]   Population adaptation with newcomers and incumbents: The effects of the organizational niche   SSCI

    Pá , é , li, Gá , bor
    Industrial and corporate change v.26 no.1 ,pp. 103 - 124 , 2017 , 0960-6491 ,

    초록

    The article integrates three theory fragments of organizational ecology using symbolic logic. It takes an earlier model that aligned inertia theory with Red Queen competition theory as a departure point and extends this model with temporal niche theory effects. The conflicting predictions between earlier and new theory phases are reconciled by applying the knowledge-updating feature of non-monotonic logic. The results indicate a rationale for discriminating between qualitative and quantitative aspects of environmental change, and also for telling apart ways of organizational adaptation based on effectiveness and efficiency.

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    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

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  6. [해외논문]   Productivity effects of eco-innovations using data on eco-patents   SSCI

    Marin, Giovanni ; Lotti, Francesca
    Industrial and corporate change v.26 no.1 ,pp. 125 - 148 , 2017 , 0960-6491 ,

    초록

    We investigate the productivity effects of eco-innovations at the firm level using a modified version of the CDM model (Crépon et al ., 1998). The peculiar nature of environmental innovations, especially as regards the need of government intervention to create market opportunities, is likely to affect the way they are pursued and their effect on productivity. The analysis is based on an unbalanced panel sample of Italian manufacturing firms merged with data on patent applications and balance sheet information. When looking at the returns of innovations in terms of productivity, we observe that eco-innovations exhibit a generally lower return relative to other innovations, at least in the short run. This differential effect is more pronounced for polluting firms, which are likely to face higher compliance costs for environmental regulations than other firms. This result holds for both the extensive (probability of patenting) and the intensive (patent count) margin.

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    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

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  7. [해외논문]   Global technology development by colocating R&D and manufacturing: the case of Swedish manufacturing MNEs   SSCI

    Ivarsson, Inge ; Alvstam, Claes ; Vahlne, Jan-Erik
    Industrial and corporate change v.26 no.1 ,pp. 149 - 168 , 2017 , 0960-6491 ,

    초록

    In this study we analyze the role of colocation between research and development (R&D) and manufacturing for global technology development by multinational enterprises (MNEs). The extant literature suggests that the main strategic role of colocated R&D units is to locally adapt existing products and processes. However, data from 146 foreign R&D units of Sweden’s 17 largest manufacturing MNEs in 2013 show that they instead mainly develop new technology, not only for the local and regional markets, but to a large extent for the global market. A likely explanation is that colocation positively contributes to joint problem-solving and transfer of tacit knowledge between production and R&D personnel, all of which is necessary in new product development, especially in industries characterized by complex products and systems and rapid technological change. A theoretical implication is that depending on industry characteristics, internal cross-functional linkages between R&D and manufacturing can be more critical than external supply- and demand-side factors when it comes to influence where R&D units are located globally.

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    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

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  8. [해외논문]   Employment protection legislation and firm growth: evidence from a natural experiment   SSCI

    Bornhall, Anders ; Daunfeldt, Sven-Olov ; Rudholm, Niklas
    Industrial and corporate change v.26 no.1 ,pp. 169 - 185 , 2017 , 0960-6491 ,

    초록

    A Swedish reform in 2001 made it possible for firms with less than 11 employees to exclude two from the last-in-first-out principle in case of layoffs. The reform increased employment growth with over 4000 additional jobs per year among firms with five to nine employees. Firms with 10 employees became 3.4 percentage points less likely to increase their workforce, indicating that the introduced threshold kept them from growing. Thus, employment protection legislation seems to act as a growth barrier for small firms.

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    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

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