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Accident analysis and prevention 37건

  1. [해외논문]   Editorial Board   SSCI SCOPUS


    Accident analysis and prevention v.113 ,pp. ii - ii , 2018 , 0001-4575 ,

    초록

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    무료다운로드 유료다운로드

    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

    이미지

    Fig. 1 이미지
  2. [해외논문]   The potential of clustering methods to define intersection test scenarios: Assessing real-life performance of AEB   SSCI SCOPUS

    Sander, Ulrich (Autoliv Research, Wallentinsvägen 22, 447 83, Vårgårda, Sweden ) , Lubbe, Nils (Autoliv Research, Wallentinsvägen 22, 447 83, Vårgårda, Sweden)
    Accident analysis and prevention v.113 ,pp. 1 - 11 , 2018 , 0001-4575 ,

    초록

    Abstract Intersection accidents are frequent and harmful. The accident types ‘straight crossing path’ (SCP), ‘left turn across path – oncoming direction’ (LTAP/OD), and ‘left-turn across path – lateral direction’ (LTAP/LD) represent around 95% of all intersection accidents and one-third of all police-reported car-to-car accidents in Germany. The European New Car Assessment Program (Euro NCAP) have announced that intersection scenarios will be included in their rating from 2020; however, how these scenarios are to be tested has not been defined. This study investigates whether clustering methods can be used to identify a small number of test scenarios sufficiently representative of the accident dataset to evaluate Intersection Automated Emergency Braking (AEB). Data from the German In-Depth Accident Study (GIDAS) and the GIDAS-based Pre-Crash Matrix (PCM) from 1999 to 2016, containing 784 SCP and 453 LTAP/OD accidents, were analyzed with principal component methods to identify variables that account for the relevant total variances of the sample. Three different methods for data clustering were applied to each of the accident types, two similarity-based approaches, namely Hierarchical Clustering (HC) and Partitioning Around Medoids (PAM), and the probability-based Latent Class Clustering (LCC). The optimum number of clusters was derived for HC and PAM with the silhouette method. The PAM algorithm was both initiated with random start medoid selection and medoids from HC. For LCC, the Bayesian Information Criterion (BIC) was used to determine the optimal number of clusters. Test scenarios were defined from optimal cluster medoids weighted by their real-life representation in GIDAS. The set of variables for clustering was further varied to investigate the influence of variable type and character. We quantified how accurately each cluster variation represents real-life AEB performance using pre-crash simulations with PCM data and a generic algorithm for AEB intervention. The usage of different sets of clustering variables resulted in substantially different numbers of clusters. The stability of the resulting clusters increased with prioritization of categorical over continuous variables. For each different set of cluster variables, a strong in-cluster variance of avoided versus non-avoided accidents for the specified Intersection AEB was present. The medoids did not predict the most common Intersection AEB behavior in each cluster. Despite thorough analysis using various cluster methods and variable sets, it was impossible to reduce the diversity of intersection accidents into a set of test scenarios without compromising the ability to predict real-life performance of Intersection AEB. Although this does not imply that other methods cannot succeed, it was observed that small changes in the definition of a scenario resulted in a different avoidance outcome. Therefore, we suggest using limited physical testing to validate more extensive virtual simulations to evaluate vehicle safety. Highlights Variables describing intersection accidents have a high dimensionality. Selection of classification variables influence strongly cluster results. Applied clustering methods do not reveal strong cluster results. Small changes in scenario definition affects avoidance.

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    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

    이미지

    Fig. 1 이미지
  3. [해외논문]   Characterization of the occult nature of frequently occurring pediatric motor vehicle crash injuries   SSCI SCOPUS

    Doud, Andrea N. (Wake Forest School of Medicine, Medical Center Blvd, Winston-Salem, NC, 27157, United States ) , Schoell, Samantha L. (Wake Forest School of Medicine, Medical Center Blvd, Winston-Salem, NC, 27157, United States ) , Talton, Jennifer W. (Wake Forest School of Medicine, Division of Public Health Sciences, Medical Center Blvd, Winston-Salem, NC, 27157, United States ) , Barnard, Ryan T. (Wake Forest School of Medicine, Division of Public Health Sciences, Medical Center Blvd, Winston-Salem, NC, 27157, United States ) , Petty, John K. (Wake Forest School of Medicine, Medical Center Blvd, Winston-Salem, NC, 27157, United States ) , Stitzel, Joel D. (Wake Forest School of Medicine, Medical Center Blvd, Winston-Salem, NC, 27157, United States ) , Weaver, Ashley A. (Wake Forest School of Medicine, Medical Center Blvd, Winston-Salem, NC, 27157, United States)
    Accident analysis and prevention v.113 ,pp. 12 - 18 , 2018 , 0001-4575 ,

    초록

    Abstract Background Occult injuries are those likely to be missed on initial assessment by first responders and, though initially asymptomatic, they may present suddenly and lead to rapid patient decompensation. No scoring systems to quantify the occultness of pediatric injuries have been established. Such a scoring system will be useful in the creation of an Advanced Automotive Crash Notification (AACN) system that assists first responders in making triage decisions following a motor vehicle crash (MVC). Study Design The most frequent MVC injuries were determined for 0–4, 5–9, 10–14 and 15–18 year olds. For each age-specific injury, experts with pediatric trauma expertise were asked to rate the likelihood that the injury may be missed by first responders. An occult score (ranging from 0–1) was calculated by averaging and normalizing the responses of the experts polled. Results Evaluation of all injuries across all age groups demonstrated greater occult scores for the younger age groups compared to older age groups (mean occult score 0–4yo: 0.61 ± 0.23, 5–9yo: 0.53 ± 0.25, 10–14yo: 0.48 ± 0.23, and 15–18yo: 0.42 ± 0.22, p Conclusions The occult scores suggested that injuries are more difficult to detect in younger age groups, likely given their inability to express symptoms. An AACN algorithm that can predict the presence of clinically undetectable injuries at the scene can improve triage of children with these injuries to higher levels of care. Highlights Pediatric trauma experts rated the occultness of pediatric injuries in 4 age groups. Injuries were found to be more occult in younger age groups. Abdominal injuries are the most occult across all pediatric age groups. Thorax and spine injuries are more occult in 0–4 and 5–9 year olds. Occult scores varied widely across and within AIS severity levels.

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    무료다운로드 유료다운로드

    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

    이미지

    Fig. 1 이미지
  4. [해외논문]   Risky driving and the persistent effect of a randomized intervention focusing on impulsivity: The role of the serotonin transporter promoter polymorphism   SSCI SCOPUS

    Eensoo, Diva (Division of Public Health, Department of Family Medicine and Public Health, University of Tartu, Estonia ) , Paaver, Marika (Department of Psychiatry, University of Tartu, Estonia ) , Vaht, Mariliis (Division of Neuropsychopharmacology, Department of Psychology, University of Tartu, Estonia ) , Loit, Helle-Mai (National Institute for Health Development, Tallinn, Estonia ) , Harro, Jaanus (Division of Neuropsychopharmacology, Department of Psychology, University of Tartu, Estonia)
    Accident analysis and prevention v.113 ,pp. 19 - 24 , 2018 , 0001-4575 ,

    초록

    Abstract Road traffic accidents are a serious public health issue, and real-life traffic offences are an excellent indicator of the behavioural tendencies of impulsivity and risk-taking. We have previously reported on short-term efficacy of a brief intervention in driving schools to reduce traffic risks (Paaver et al., Accid. Anal. Prev., 2013; 50, 430–437), and have now addressed the question of whether does the impact of the intervention last for a few years, and whether traffic behaviour and the intervention effect are associated with the serotonin transporter polymorphism (5-HTTLPR) genotype as the central serotonin system is strongly associated with impulse control. Participants of the study were 1866 novice car-drivers (mean age 23.0, SD = 7.2 years). Data on traffic violations were obtained four years after intervention from the police database and on traffic collisions from the national traffic insurance database. DNA samples were available for 767 participants and 5-HTTLPR genotypes were classified using the triallelic model. For the observation period after the intervention, speeding, drunk driving and involvement in traffic accidents were significantly lower in the intervention group. 5-HTTLPR genotype was associated with traffic behaviour: The S’-allele carriers had significantly lower odds for speeding offences and traffic accidents. The lower prevalence of S’-allele carriers among those who had committed speeding offences was statistically significant in females, while the lower prevalence of having been involved in a traffic accident was rather observed in males. Statistically significant intervention effects were observed only in the L’/L’ homozygotes who had higher prevalence of traffic incidents. Conclusively, the brief intervention in traffic schools had a significant impact on traffic safety within subsequent four years, and traffic behaviour was associated with the serotonin transporter genotype. These findings suggest that subjects who are less likely to self-regulate their driving habits while gaining experience would benefit from training of impulsivity recognition. Highlights A brief intervention in traffic schools had improved traffic behaviour for a year. Herewith it is shown that the impact persisted for the period of four years. Drivers’ traffic behaviour was associated with the serotonin transporter genotype. 5-HTTLPR S’ allele carriers had less violations and accidents. Intervention reduced the high risk of 5-HTTLPR L’/L’ homozygotes. Graphical abstract [DISPLAY OMISSION]

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    무료다운로드 유료다운로드

    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

    이미지

    Fig. 1 이미지
  5. [해외논문]   A contextual and temporal algorithm for driver drowsiness detection   SSCI SCOPUS

    McDonald, Anthony D. (Texas A&M University, Department of Industrial and Systems Engineering, 101 Bizzell Street, College Station, TX 77845, USA ) , Lee, John D. (University of Wisconsin-Madison, Department of Industrial and Systems Engineering, 1513 University Avenue, Madison, WI 53706, USA ) , Schwarz, Chris (National Advanced Driving Simulator, The University of Iowa, 2401Oakdale Blvd, Iowa City, IA 52242, USA ) , Brown, Timothy L. (National Advanced Driving Simulator, The University of Iowa, 2401Oakdale Blvd, Iowa City, IA 52242, USA)
    Accident analysis and prevention v.113 ,pp. 25 - 37 , 2018 , 0001-4575 ,

    초록

    Abstract This study designs and evaluates a contextual and temporal algorithm for detecting drowsiness-related lane. The algorithm uses steering angle, pedal input, vehicle speed and acceleration as input. Speed and acceleration are used to develop a real-time measure of driving context. These measures are integrated with a Dynamic Bayesian Network that considers the time dependencies in transitions between drowsiness and awake states. The Dynamic Bayesian Network algorithm is validated with data collected from 72 participants driving the National Advanced Driving Simulator. The algorithm has a significantly lower false positive rate than PERCLOS—the current gold standard—and baseline, non-contextual, algorithms under design parameters that prioritize drowsiness detection. Under these parameters, the algorithm reduces false positive rate in highway and rural environments, which are typically problematic for vehicle-based detection algorithms. This algorithm is a promising new approach to driver impairment detection and suggests contextual factors should be considered in subsequent algorithm development processes. It may be combined with comprehensive mitigation methods to improve driving safety. Highlights A temporal and contextual algorithm for drowsiness detection is proposed. Context is defined in real-time through analysis of speed and acceleration data. The contextual algorithm significantly outperforms benchmarks. The contextual algorithm improves detection in urban, rural, and interstate driving.

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    무료다운로드 유료다운로드

    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

    이미지

    Fig. 1 이미지
  6. [해외논문]   A cross-comparison of different techniques for modeling macro-level cyclist crashes   SSCI SCOPUS

    Guo, Yanyong (Corresponding author.) , Osama, Ahmed , Sayed, Tarek
    Accident analysis and prevention v.113 ,pp. 38 - 46 , 2018 , 0001-4575 ,

    초록

    Abstract Despite the recognized benefits of cycling as a sustainable mode of transportation, cyclists are considered vulnerable road users and there are concerns about their safety. Therefore, it is essential to investigate the factors affecting cyclist safety. The goal of this study is to evaluate and compare different approaches of modeling macro-level cyclist safety as well as investigating factors that contribute to cyclist crashes using a comprehensive list of covariates. Data from 134 traffic analysis zones (TAZs) in the City of Vancouver were used to develop macro-level crash models (CM) incorporating variables related to actual traffic exposure, socio-economics, land use, built environment, and bike network. Four types of CMs were developed under a full Bayesian framework: Poisson lognormal model (PLN), random intercepts PLN model (RIPLN), random parameters PLN model (RPPLN), and spatial PLN model (SPLN). The SPLN model had the best goodness of fit, and the results highlighted the significant effects of spatial correlation. The models showed that the cyclist crashes were positively associated with bike and vehicle exposure measures, households, commercial area density, and signal density. On the other hand, negative associations were found between cyclist crashes and some bike network indicators such as average edge length, average zonal slope, and off-street bike links. Highlights Approaches of modeling macro-level cyclist safety are compared and factors contributing to cyclist crashes are investigated. Poisson lognormal (PLN), random intercepts PLN, random parameters PLN, and spatial PLN models were developed. The SPLN model had the best goodness of fit, followed by the RPPLN, RIPLN, and PLN models, respectively. Cyclist crashes were positively associated with bike and vehicle exposure measures, households, and signal density. Cyclist crashes were negatively associated with average edge length, average zonal slope, and off-street bike links.

    원문보기

    원문보기
    무료다운로드 유료다운로드

    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

    이미지

    Fig. 1 이미지
  7. [해외논문]   Diagnosed dementia and the risk of motor vehicle crash among older drivers   SSCI SCOPUS

    Fraade-Blanar, Laura A. (Department of Health Services, University of Washington, 1410 NE Campus Parkway, Seattle, WA, 98195-5852, USA ) , Hansen, Ryan N. (Department of Health Services, University of Washington, 1410 NE Campus Parkway, Seattle, WA, 98195-5852, USA ) , Chan, Kwun Chuen G. (Department of Health Services, University of Washington, 1410 NE Campus Parkway, Seattle, WA, 98195-5852, USA ) , Sears, Jeanne M. (Department of Health Services, University of Washington, 1410 NE Campus Parkway, Seattle, WA, 98195-5852, USA ) , Thompson, Hilaire J. (Harborview Injury Prevention Research Center, 401 Broadway, Seattle, WA, 98122, USA ) , Crane, Paul K. (Department of Health Services, University of Washington, 1410 NE Campus Parkway, Seattle, WA, 98195-5852, USA ) , Ebel, Beth E. (Department of Health Services, University of Washington, 1410 NE Campus Parkway, Seattle, WA, 98195-5852, USA)
    Accident analysis and prevention v.113 ,pp. 47 - 53 , 2018 , 0001-4575 ,

    초록

    Abstract Older adults are an active and growing segment of drivers in the United States. We compared the risk of motor vehicle crash among older licensed drivers diagnosed with dementia to crash risk among older licensed drivers without diagnosis of dementia. This retrospective cohort study used data from Group Health (GH), a Washington State health maintenance organization. Research participants were members of GH, aged 65–79 during the study who lived in Washington State from 1999–2009. Participant health records were linked with police-reported crash and licensure records. We estimated the risk of crash for older drivers diagnosed with dementia compared to older drivers without diagnosis of dementia using a Cox proportional hazards model with robust standard errors, accounting for recurrent events (crashes). Multivariable models were adjusted for age, sex, history of alcohol abuse or depression, comorbidities, and medications. There were 29,730 eligible individuals with an active driving license. Approximately 6% were diagnosed with dementia before or during the study. The police-reported crash rate was 14.7 per 1000 driver-years. The adjusted hazard ratio of crash among older drivers with diagnosed dementia was 0.56 (95% CI 0.33, 0.95) compared to those without diagnosed dementia. On-road and simulator-based research showed older adults with dementia demonstrated impaired driving skill and capabilities. The observed lower crash risk in our study may result from protective steps to limit driving among older adults diagnosed with dementia. Future research should examine driving risk reduction strategies at the time of dementia diagnosis and their impact on reducing crash risk. Highlights We built a dataset of 29,730 drivers age 65–79 followed for 7 years to study the effect of dementia diagnosis on crash risk. Compared to individuals without dementia, the hazard of crash among those with dementia was almost half. This relationship held in urban areas, but not in rural and suburban areas where older drivers may have more need to drive. It is hypothesized that these study findings result from unmeasured decreases in driving after dementia diagnosis.

    원문보기

    원문보기
    무료다운로드 유료다운로드

    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

    이미지

    Fig. 1 이미지
  8. [해외논문]   Prevalence, attitudes, and knowledge of in-vehicle technologies and vehicle adaptations among older drivers   SSCI SCOPUS

    Eby, David W. (University of Michigan Transportation Research Institute, Ann Arbor, MI, United States ) , Molnar, Lisa J. (University of Michigan Transportation Research Institute, Ann Arbor, MI, United States ) , Zakrajsek, Jennifer S. (University of Michigan Transportation Research Institute, Ann Arbor, MI, United States ) , Ryan, Lindsay H. (Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, United States ) , Zanier, Nicole (University of Michigan Transportation Research Institute, Ann Arbor, MI, United States ) , Louis, René (University of Michigan Transportation Research Institute, Ann Arbor, MI, United States ) , e M. St. (University of Michigan Transportation Research Institute, Ann Arbor, MI, United States ) , Stanciu, Sergiu C. (University of Michigan Transportation Research Institute, Ann Arbor, MI, United States ) , LeBlanc, David (University of Michigan Transportation Research Institute, Ann Arbor, MI, United States ) , Kostyniuk, Lidia P. (Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, United States ) , Smith, Jacqui (Institute of Gerontology, Division of Geriatric and Palliative Medicine, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, Unit) , Yung, Raymond , Nyquist, Linda , DiGuiseppi, Carolyn , Li, Guohua , Mielenz, Thelma J. , Strogatz, David
    Accident analysis and prevention v.113 ,pp. 54 - 62 , 2018 , 0001-4575 ,

    초록

    Abstract The purpose of the present study was to gain a better understanding of the types of in-vehicle technologies being used by older drivers as well as older drivers' use, learning, and perceptions of safety related to these technologies among a large cohort of older drivers at multiple sites in the United States. A secondary purpose was to explore the prevalence of aftermarket vehicle adaptations and how older adults go about making adaptations and how they learn to use them. The study utilized baseline questionnaire data from 2990 participants from the Longitudinal Research on Aging Drivers (LongROAD) study. Fifteen in-vehicle technologies and 12 aftermarket vehicle adaptations were investigated. Overall, 57.2% of participants had at least one advanced technology in their primary vehicle. The number of technologies in a vehicle was significantly related to being male, having a higher income, and having a higher education level. The majority of respondents learned to use these technologies on their own, with "figured-it-out-myself" being reported by 25%–75% of respondents across the technologies. Overall, technologies were always used about 43% of the time, with wide variability among the technologies. Across all technologies, nearly 70% of respondents who had these technologies believed that they made them a safer driver. With regard to vehicle adaptations, less than 9% of respondents had at least one vehicle adaptation present, with the number of adaptations per vehicle ranging from 0 to 4. A large majority did not work with a professional to make or learn about the aftermarket vehicle adaptation. Highlights 57% of older drivers reported having advanced technologies in their vehicle. Technology prevalence was greater for men and those with higher income and education. The majority of older drivers figured out how to use technologies on their own. Technologies were used frequently and generally thought to make people safer drivers. Of the few vehicle adaptations reported, most older drivers did not work with professionals to make or use adaptations.

    원문보기

    원문보기
    무료다운로드 유료다운로드

    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

    이미지

    Fig. 1 이미지
  9. [해외논문]   Estimating the expected number of crashes with traffic conflicts and the Lomax Distribution – A theoretical and numerical exploration   SSCI SCOPUS

    Tarko, Andrew P.
    Accident analysis and prevention v.113 ,pp. 63 - 73 , 2018 , 0001-4575 ,

    초록

    Abstract This paper justifies the Lomax distribution for counterfactual modeling of the probability of crash given a traffic conflict. The pre-crash process leading to a conflict or a crash as the result of a failure is discussed as this conceptualization is the basis for proposing a simple model of the probability of a crash at the moment when a conflict is still progressing. Then, a model applicable to heterogeneous conditions is derived; and the model’s relevance, useful properties, and limitations are discussed. The published concepts and study results that support the derived model are provided in the paper. The existing Maximum Likelihood Estimate (MLE) method and the Probability-Weighted Moments (PWM) method of estimating the probability of crash and the expected number of crashes based on the proposed theory are presented. Then, a new Single Parameter Estimation (SPE) method is proposed and evaluated with extensive Monte Carlo experiments. The performance of the MLE, PWM, and SPE methods are compared. The SPE method is found more accurate and efficient than the other two methods. Unlike the benchmark methods, the proposed method produces real estimates in each case. The most important outcome of the presented study is confirmation that traffic conflicts claimed based on sufficiently small threshold separation (such as Time to Collision) allow unbiased estimation of the expected number of crashes during the conflicts observation period. A practical procedure of estimating safety is proposed that identifies the longest suitable threshold separation for each case based on the trends in the estimation results. Highlights Under initial unawareness of hazard, response delays are Lomax-distributed. Lomax distribution is suitable for traffic conflicts analysis based on exceedances. Proposed SPE method of estimating the Lomax distribution performs satisfactorily. Sufficiently small separations between road users allow unbiased safety estimation. A method of determining the sufficiently small separation threshold is provided.

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    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

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  10. [해외논문]   Walking the talk: Comparing pedestrian 'activity as imagined' with 'activity as done'   SSCI SCOPUS

    Read, Gemma J.M. (Centre for Human Factors and Sociotechnical Systems, Faculty of Arts, Business and Law, University of the Sunshine Coast, Maroochydore, Queensland, Australia ) , Stevens, Erin L. (Centre for Human Factors and Sociotechnical Systems, Faculty of Arts, Business and Law, University of the Sunshine Coast, Maroochydore, Queensland, Australia ) , Lenné (Monash University Accident Research Centre, Monash University, Clayton, Victoria, Australia ) , , Michael G. (Centre for Human Factors and Sociotechnical Systems, Faculty of Arts, Business and Law, University of the Sunshine Coast, Maroochydore, Queensland, Australia ) , Stanton, Neville A. (Centre for Sustainable Road Freight, Heriot-Watt University, Edinburgh, UK ) , Walker, Guy H. (Centre for Human Factors and Sociotechnical Systems, Faculty of Arts, Business and Law, University of the Sunshine Coast, Maroochydore, Queensland, Australia) , Salmon, Paul M.
    Accident analysis and prevention v.113 ,pp. 74 - 84 , 2018 , 0001-4575 ,

    초록

    Abstract The safety of vulnerable road users, including pedestrians, is an important issue worldwide. In line with the shift towards systems thinking in transport safety, the aim of this study was to compare the normal performance of pedestrians as they navigate the road system with that imagined by road system managers to gain insights into how safety management can be improved for this vulnerable road user group. The Event Analysis of Systemic Teamwork framework was used to compare pedestrian activity ‘as imagined’ and ‘as done’ at signalised road intersections and railway level crossings. Data regarding ‘activity as imagined’ was derived from documentation review, and data on ‘activity as done’ was derived from a semi-naturalistic study of ten participants. It is concluded that in both environments pedestrians exhibited more diversity and variability than anticipated by system managers. Insights for improving the design of the road environment for pedestrians are provided. Further, it is argued that wider changes to the processes used in the design and management of road systems are needed. Highlights Pedestrian activity ‘as imagined’ by system managers compared to ‘as done’ by users. Pedestrians show more diversity and variability than anticipated by system managers. Suggests a gulf exists between pedestrian activity ‘as imagined’ and ‘as done’. A failure of vertical integration may also be present. System managers should focus on understanding pedestrian performance variability.

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    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

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