본문 바로가기
HOME> 저널/프로시딩 > 저널/프로시딩 검색상세

저널/프로시딩 상세정보

권호별목차 / 소장처보기

H : 소장처정보

T : 목차정보

Forensic science international 23건

  1. [해외논문]   Editorial Board   SCI SCIE


    Forensic science international v.271 ,pp. iii - iii , 2017 , 0379-0738 ,

    초록

    원문보기

    원문보기
    무료다운로드 유료다운로드

    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

    이미지

    Fig. 1 이미지
  2. [해외논문]   Mitragynine concentrations in two fatalities   SCI SCIE

    Domingo, Olwen (Institute of Forensic Medicine, Department of Toxicology, University of Munich, 80336 Munich, Germany ) , Roider, Gabriele (Institute of Forensic Medicine, Department of Toxicology, University of Munich, 80336 Munich, Germany ) , Stö (Institute of Forensic Medicine, Department of Toxicology, University of Munich, 80336 Munich, Germany ) , ver, Andreas (Institute of Forensic Medicine, Department of Toxicology, University of Munich, 80336 Munich, Germany ) , Graw, Matthias (Forensic Toxicological Center (FTC), 80335 Munich, Germany ) , Musshoff, Frank (Forensic Toxicological Center (FTC), 80335 Munich, Germany ) , Sachs, Hans (FTC-Forensic-Toxicological Laboratory, 1120 Vienna, Austria) , Bicker, Wolfgang
    Forensic science international v.271 ,pp. e1 - e7 , 2017 , 0379-0738 ,

    초록

    Abstract Two cases of fatalities are reported of which the recreational use of Mitragyna speciosa (“kratom”) could be confirmed. One of these cases presents with one of the highest postmortem mitragynine concentrations published to date. Our results show that even extremely high mitragynine blood concentrations following the consumption of kratom do not necessarily have to be the direct cause of death in such fatalities as a result of an acute overdose. The two cases are compared with regard to the differences in mitragynine concentrations detected and the role of mitragynine in the death of the subjects. Irrespective of the big differences in mitragynine concentrations in the postmortem blood samples, mitragynine was not the primary cause of death in either of the two cases reported here. Additionally, by rough estimation, a significant difference in ratio of mitragynine to its diastereomers in the blood and urine samples between the two cases could be seen. Highlights Two postmortem cases are compared with regard to the role of mitragynine in the fatalities. A significant difference could be seen in the absolute concentrations of mitragynine detected for the two cases. A significant difference could be seen in the relative concentrations of mitragynine to its diastereomers between the two cases. Mitragynine was not the direct cause of death in either of the two cases, despite an extremely high blood mitragynine concentration in one of the two.

    원문보기

    원문보기
    무료다운로드 유료다운로드

    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

    이미지

    Fig. 1 이미지
  3. [해외논문]   Gunshot wound trajectory analysis using forensic animation to establish relative positions of shooter and victim   SCI SCIE

    Galligan, Aisling A. (University College London, 31-34 Gordon Street, London WC1H 0PY, UK ) , Fries, Craig (Precision Simulations, Inc., 115 South Church Street, Grass Valley, CA 95945, United States ) , Melinek, Judy (Pathology Expert, Inc., 3739 Balboa Street #102, San Francisco, CA 94121, United States)
    Forensic science international v.271 ,pp. e8 - e13 , 2017 , 0379-0738 ,

    초록

    Abstract Forensic pathologists who autopsy the victims of gun violence are often called upon to answer questions in both criminal and civil proceedings about the relative position of the shooter and the victim. In this case report of an officer-involved shooting incident, the statement of the police officer appeared to be in direct contradiction to the statements of other eyewitnesses, the evidence at the scene, and the final resting position of the decedent's body. Trajectory analysis of two gunshot wound pathways (only one of which was instantaneously incapacitating) was performed to assess the veracity of the officer’s statement and forensic animation was used to create a court exhibit. A discussion of the current peer-reviewed literature is included. Highlights Bullet trajectory analysis is necessary to determine the relative position of the shooter and victim. Forensic animation is a key tool in cases with conflicting witness testimony to establish the most probable scenario. An immediately incapacitating gunshot wound informed the sequence of gunshots and the positions of the shooter and victim.

    원문보기

    원문보기
    무료다운로드 유료다운로드

    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

    이미지

    Fig. 1 이미지
  4. [해외논문]   A definitive analytical spectroscopic study of Indian yellow, an ancient pigment used for dating purposes   SCI SCIE

    de Faria, Dalva L.A. (Institute of Chemistry, University of São Paulo, Av. Prof. Lineu Prestes, 748, Butantã, 05508-000 São Paulo, SP, Brazil ) , Edwards, Howell G.M. (Department of Chemical and Forensic Sciences, University of Bradford, Bradford, West Yorkshire BD7 1DP, UK ) , Careaga, Valeria (UMYMFOR and Departamento de Química Orgánica, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Pabellón 2, Ciudad Universitaria, 1428 Buenos Aires, Argentina ) , Walt, Nicholas (L. Cornelissen & Son Ltd., 105 Great Russell Street, London WC1B 3RY, UK ) , Maier, Marta S. (UMYMFOR and Departamento de Química Orgánica, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Pabellón 2, Ciudad Universitaria, 1428 Buenos Aires, Argentina)
    Forensic science international v.271 ,pp. 1 - 7 , 2017 , 0379-0738 ,

    초록

    Abstract The Raman spectrum of tartrazine has been mistakenly reported as being that of Indian yellow in the literature, which has serious consequences for the identification of this pigment in art works regarding their authentication. Unlike tartrazine, Indian yellow (a natural mixture of the magnesium and calcium salts of euxanthic acid) exhibits in its Raman spectrum a strong fluorescent background when visible excitation is used, however, excitation in the near infrared (1064nm) permitted the observation of the Raman bands from the raw pigment with the main features placed at 1346, 1368, 1425, 1441 and 1626cm −1 . Indian yellow identification was assured by 1 H and 13 C Nuclear Magnetic Resonance characterization and the complete assignment of the proton and carbon resonances was accomplished using heteronuclear single quantum correlation (HSQC), heteronuclear multiple bond correlation (HMBC), nuclear overhauser effect spectroscopy (NOESY) and 1 H– 1 H correlation spectroscopy (COSY). Scanning electron microscopy-energy dispersive spectroscopy (SEM-EDS) and X-ray fluorescence (XRF) analyzes were also conducted on a genuine sample of this historical pigment. Highlights The Raman spectrum and NMR characterization of Indian yellow is reported. Tartrazine has been mistakenly reported as being that of Indian yellow. Indian yellow is highly luminescent and its Raman spectrum was obtained at 1064nm. Graphical abstract [DISPLAY OMISSION]

    원문보기

    원문보기
    무료다운로드 유료다운로드

    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

    이미지

    Fig. 1 이미지
  5. [해외논문]   1,2-Indanedione — A winning ticket for developing fingermarks: A validation study   SCI SCIE

    Levin-Elad, Michal (Latent Fingerprint Laboratory, Division of Identification and Forensic Science (DIFS), Israel police, National H.Q., Jerusalem, 9780204, Israel ) , Liptz, Yakir (Fingerprint Identification and AFIS Laboratory, Division of Identification and Forensic Science (DIFS), Israel police, National H.Q., Jerusalem, 9780204, Israel ) , Bar-Or, Karni L. (Latent Fingerprint Laboratory, Division of Identification and Forensic Science (DIFS), Israel police, National H.Q., Jerusalem, 9780204, Israel ) , Almog, Joseph (Casali Center for Applied Chemistry, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Jerusalem, 9190401, Israel)
    Forensic science international v.271 ,pp. 8 - 12 , 2017 , 0379-0738 ,

    초록

    Abstract 1,2-Indanedione has been extensively researched since the discovery of its fluorogenic reaction with amino acids in 1997 by JoulliE et al. [1]. This current study compares the development of fingermarks on used train tickets by the three leading reagents for amino acids—ninhydrin, DFO and 1,2-indanedione. The train tickets are ideal for the task due to their high abundance and frequent use by a diverse population. However, their unique double-layer composition of a cellulose-based regular paper on one side and a thermally sensitive layer on the other requires an adjustment of the traditional development procedures. Heat, which is normally applied after dipping the specimens in the reagents solutions, had to be avoided due to darkening of the sensitive thermal layer. Instead, it has been replaced by air-drying in a fume-hood 24h prior to the recording of the results. Three groups, each containing 500 used train tickets had been treated by each of the three reagents. The results were expressed in terms of percentage of both comparable and partial fingermarks. In this study we controlled neither the quality of the fingerprint donors nor the conditions under which the latent fingermarks had been deposited or stored. However, the large number of similar exhibits which are randomly chosen allows tentative conclusions on the potential of each reagent, hence, a new criterion for the potential of fingermark development (PFD) is proposed. The PFD combines all the partial fingermarks and identifiable fingermarks (graded 1 and 2) thus, highlighting the sensitivity of the reagents. In this work, the superiority of 1,2-indanedione is demonstrated using both the traditional comparison tests as well as the suggested “PFD”. Highlights 1500 used train tickets developed by the three leading reagents for amino acids. A unique composition requires an adjustment of the traditional development procedures. A new criterion for the potential of fingermark development (PFD) is proposed. The PFD combines all the partial fingermarks highlighting the sensitivity of the reagents. The superiority of 1,2-indandeione is demonstrated by both PFD and traditional assessments.

    원문보기

    원문보기
    무료다운로드 유료다운로드

    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

    이미지

    Fig. 1 이미지
  6. [해외논문]   Evaluation of direct and indirect ethanol biomarkers using a likelihood ratio approach to identify chronic alcohol abusers for forensic purposes   SCI SCIE

    Alladio, Eugenio (Dipartimento di Chimica, Università) , Martyna, Agnieszka (degli Studi di Torino, Via P. Giuria 7, 10125 Torino, Italy ) , Salomone, Alberto (Department of Analytical Chemistry, Chemometric Research Group, Institute of Chemistry, The University of Silesia, Szkolna 9, 40-006 Katowice, Poland ) , Pirro, Valentina (Centro Regionale Antidoping e di Tossicologia “A. Bertinaria”, Regione Gonzole 10/1, 10043 Orbassano, Torino, Italy ) , Vincenti, Marco (Department of Chemistry, Purdue University, 560 Oval Drive, West Lafayette, 47907 IN, USA ) , Zadora, Grzegorz (Dipartimento di Chimica, Università)
    Forensic science international v.271 ,pp. 13 - 22 , 2017 , 0379-0738 ,

    초록

    Abstract The detection of direct ethanol metabolites, such as ethyl glucuronide (EtG) and fatty acid ethyl esters (FAEEs), in scalp hair is considered the optimal strategy to effectively recognize chronic alcohol misuses by means of specific cut-offs suggested by the Society of Hair Testing. However, several factors (e.g. hair treatments) may alter the correlation between alcohol intake and biomarkers concentrations, possibly introducing bias in the interpretative process and conclusions. 125 subjects with various drinking habits were subjected to blood and hair sampling to determine indirect (e.g. CDT) and direct alcohol biomarkers. The overall data were investigated using several multivariate statistical methods. A likelihood ratio (LR) approach was used for the first time to provide predictive models for the diagnosis of alcohol abuse, based on different combinations of direct and indirect alcohol biomarkers. LR strategies provide a more robust outcome than the plain comparison with cut-off values, where tiny changes in the analytical results can lead to dramatic divergence in the way they are interpreted. An LR model combining EtG and FAEEs hair concentrations proved to discriminate non-chronic from chronic consumers with ideal correct classification rates, whereas the contribution of indirect biomarkers proved to be negligible. Optimal results were observed using a novel approach that associates LR methods with multivariate statistics. In particular, the combination of LR approach with either Principal Component Analysis (PCA) or Linear Discriminant Analysis (LDA) proved successful in discriminating chronic from non-chronic alcohol drinkers. These LR models were subsequently tested on an independent dataset of 43 individuals, which confirmed their high efficiency. These models proved to be less prone to bias than EtG and FAEEs independently considered. In conclusion, LR models may represent an efficient strategy to sustain the diagnosis of chronic alcohol consumption and provide a suitable gradation to support the judgment. Highlights Detection of alcohol misuse conditions is made possible by multivariate likelihood ratios approaches. Linear Discriminant Analysis in combination with likelihood ratio strategies are used to discriminate chronic from non-chronic alcohol drinkers. Anomalous cases related to several factors (e.g. hair treatments) can be detected, too. The present proof-of-concept approach might corroborate the conclusions of the traditional interpretation approach suggested by the Society of Hair Testing. Graphical abstract [DISPLAY OMISSION]

    원문보기

    원문보기
    무료다운로드 유료다운로드

    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

    이미지

    Fig. 1 이미지
  7. [해외논문]   Technical note: A preliminary comparative study between classical and interventional radiological approaches for multi-phase post-mortem CT angiography   SCI SCIE

    Mokrane, Fatima-Zohra (Service de Radiologie, CHU Toulouse-Rangueil, 1 avenue du Professeur Jean Poulhès, TSA 50032, 31059 Toulouse Cedex 9, France ) , Savall, Frederic (Service de Médecine Légale, CHU Toulouse-Rangueil, 1 avenue du Professeur Jean Poulhès, TSA 50032, 31059 Toulouse Cedex 9, France ) , Dercle, Laurent (Gustave Roussy Institute, Université) , Crubezy, Eric (Paris-Saclay, Villejuif F-94805, France ) , Telmon, Norbert (Laboratoire AMIS—anthropologie moléculaire et imagerie de synthèse, UMR 2855, Faculté) , Rousseau, Hervé (de Médecine Purpan, 37 Allées Jules Guesde, 31073 Toulouse cedex 7, France ) , (Service de Médecine Légale, CHU Toulouse-Rangueil, 1 avenue du Professeur Jean Poulhès, TSA 50032, 31059 Toulouse Cedex 9, France ) , Dedouit, Fabrice (Service de Radiologie, CHU Toulouse-Rangueil, 1 avenue du Professeur Jean Poulhès, TSA 50032, 31059 Toulouse Cedex 9, France )
    Forensic science international v.271 ,pp. 23 - 32 , 2017 , 0379-0738 ,

    초록

    Abstract Purpose Multi-phase post-mortem computed tomography angiography (MPMCTA) is a new diagnostic tool, used in forensic pathology. On the one hand, this technique allows a better and direct visualization of vascular and solid organ lesions. On the other hand, the invasiveness of the procedure—which requires surgical denudation (inguinal and/or cervical) and the insertion of surgical cannulas—leads to many relatives refusing scientific autopsies. Our hypothesis states that a minimally-invasive procedure combining interventional radiological techniques with MPMCTA (replacement of surgical cannulas by radiological catheters) will improve the approval rate of scientific autopsies by families. The aim of this study was to evaluate the feasibility of the minimally-invasive MPMCTA approach and to compare its performance to the current reference-standard (the conventional approach). Material and methods We included consecutively 16 corpses divided in two groups according to the contrast enhancement approach: radiological catheters (n=8), and surgical cannulas (n=8). Corpses were chosen and assigned randomly from our local data. The quality of the imaging procedure was compared according to four items: global vascular opacification, cerebral venous opacification, and lower limbs opacification (arterial and venous). Results A minimally-invasive approach for scientific autopsies is feasible through a radiological catheter. Vascular opacification was optimal in 8 out of 8 cases and was no less effective than the control reference group using surgical cannula incision associated with their non-occlusive aspects. Highlights Post mortem CT angiography could use less invasive sheath insertion technique. Application of “Seldinger” technique using ultrasound for sheath insertion lead to minimal incision. Injection quality is comparable using both cannulas or sheaths in PMCTA.

    원문보기

    원문보기
    무료다운로드 유료다운로드

    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

    이미지

    Fig. 1 이미지
  8. [해외논문]   Variation in elemental composition of human teeth and its application for feasible species identification   SCI SCIE

    Nganvongpanit, Korakot (Animal Bone and Joint Research Laboratory, Department of Veterinary Biosciences and Public Health, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai 50100, Thailand ) , Buddhachat, Kittisak (Animal Bone and Joint Research Laboratory, Department of Veterinary Biosciences and Public Health, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai 50100, Thailand ) , Piboon, Promporn (Animal Bone and Joint Research Laboratory, Department of Veterinary Biosciences and Public Health, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai 50100, Thailand ) , Euppayo, Thippaporn (Animal Bone and Joint Research Laboratory, Department of Veterinary Biosciences and Public Health, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai 50100, Thailand ) , Mahakkanukrauh, Pasuk (Excellence Center in Osteology Research and Training Center, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai 50200, Thailand)
    Forensic science international v.271 ,pp. 33 - 42 , 2017 , 0379-0738 ,

    초록

    Abstract Identifying human remains is a primary task in forensic science. In this study, we propose a possible new technique, handheld X-ray fluorescence (HHXRF), for determining whether a suspected tooth is an authentic human tooth. A total of 444 teeth obtained from 111 human skulls (male=62, female=49) aged between 30–67 years (51.81±8.37 years) were used as subjects. The teeth were scanned by HHXRF to acquire their elemental profile. Differences in elemental composition were analyzed for different tooth positions (numbers 1–32), between crown and root, and between sexes (male and female); also, the proportion of elements in relation to different human ages was examined. Teeth from 20 different animal species, serving as non-human teeth samples, were used to distinguish between human and non-human teeth through a stepwise discriminant analysis. Our results revealed that different tooth positions, different regions (crown and root) of a tooth, and different sexes demonstrated disparities in the proportion of several elements. The accuracy rate of predicting sex based on the elemental profile of human teeth was 65.5%. Likewise, a dissimilar distribution of elements between human and non-human teeth was observed, leading to a high degree of correctness of 83.2% for distinguishing them. In conclusion, elemental analysis by HHXRF could serve as a promising candidate tool for identifying human teeth in forensic science, but is ineffective for sex determination. Highlights XRF analysis is a nondestructive technique for determining elemental profiles. Uneven distribution of elements was noted for position, region and sex. XRF can discriminate human teeth from teeth of other species.

    원문보기

    원문보기
    무료다운로드 유료다운로드

    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

    이미지

    Fig. 1 이미지
  9. [해외논문]   Determination of ethyl glucuronide in human hair samples: A multivariate analysis of the impact of extraction conditions on quantitative results   SCI SCIE

    Mueller, Alexander (University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf, Department of Legal Medicine, Toxicology, Hamburg, Germany ) , Jungen, Hilke (University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf, Department of Legal Medicine, Toxicology, Hamburg, Germany ) , Iwersen-Bergmann, Stefanie (University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf, Department of Legal Medicine, Toxicology, Hamburg, Germany ) , Raduenz, Lars (University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf, Department of Legal Medicine, Toxicology, Hamburg, Germany ) , Lezius, Susanne (University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf, Department of Medical Biometry and Epidemiology, Hamburg, Germany ) , Andresen-Streichert, Hilke (University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf, Department of Legal Medicine, Toxicology, Hamburg, Germany)
    Forensic science international v.271 ,pp. 43 - 48 , 2017 , 0379-0738 ,

    초록

    Abstract Background Ethyl glucuronide (EtG), a minor metabolite of ethanol, is used as a direct alcohol biomarker for the prolonged detection of ethanol consumption. Hair testing for EtG offers retrospective, long-term detection of ethanol exposition for several months and has gained practical importance in forensic and clinical toxicology. Since quantitative results of EtG hair testings are included in interpretations, a rugged quantitation of EtG in hair matrix is important. As generally known, sample preparation is critical in hair testing, and the scope of this study was on extraction of EtG from hair matrix. Methods The influence of extraction solvent, ultrasonication, incubation temperature, incubation time, solvent amount and hair particle size on quantitative results was investigated by a multifactorial experimental design using a validated analytical method and twelve different batches of authentic human hair material. Eight series of extraction experiments in a Plackett-Burman setup were carried out on each hair material with the studied factors at high or low levels. The effect of pulverization was further studied by two additional experimental series. Five independent samplings were performed for each run, resulting in a total number of 600 determinations. Results Considerable differences in quantitative EtG results were observed, concentrations above and below interpretative cut-offs were obtained from the same hair materials using different extraction conditions. Statistical analysis revealed extraction solvent and temperature as the most important experimental factors with significant influence on quantitative results. The impact of pulverization depended on other experimental factors and the different hair matrices themselves proved to be important predictors of extraction efficiency. Conclusions A standardization of extraction procedures should be discussed, since it will probably reduce interlaboratory variabilities and improve the quality and acceptance of hair EtG analysis. Highlights There is a strong impact of extraction conditions on recovery of EtG from human hair. Six experimental factors are investigated using a chemometric approach. Extraction solvent and temperature are of superior importance. A harmonized extraction protocol should reduce interlaboratory variabilities

    원문보기

    원문보기
    무료다운로드 유료다운로드

    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

    이미지

    Fig. 1 이미지
  10. [해외논문]   Effects of heat on cut mark characteristics   SCI SCIE

    Waltenberger, Lukas (Department of Archaeology, Anthropology and Forensic Science, Bournemouth University, UK ) , Schutkowski, Holger (Department of Archaeology, Anthropology and Forensic Science, Faculty of Science and Technology, Bournemouth University, Fern Barrow, Poole, UK)
    Forensic science international v.271 ,pp. 49 - 58 , 2017 , 0379-0738 ,

    초록

    Abstract Cut marks on bones provide crucial information about tools used and their mode of application, both in archaeological and forensic contexts. Despite a substantial amount of research on cut mark analysis and the influence of fire on bones (shrinkage, fracture pattern, recrystallisation), there is still a lack of knowledge in cut mark analysis on burnt remains. This study provides information about heat alteration of cut marks and whether consistent features can be observed that allow direct interpretation of the implemented tools used. In a controlled experiment, cut marks (n=25) were inflicted on pig ribs (n=7) with a kitchen knife and examined using micro-CT and digital microscopy. The methods were compared in terms of their efficacy in recording cut marks on native and heat-treated bones. Statistical analysis demonstrates that floor angles and the maximum slope height of cuts undergo significant alteration, whereas width, depth, floor radius, slope, and opening angle remain stable. Micro-CT and digital microscopy are both suitable methods for cut mark analysis. However, significant differences in measurements were detected between both methods, as micro-CT is less accurate due to the lower resolution. Moreover, stabbing led to micro-fissures surrounding the cuts, which might also influence the alteration of cut marks. Highlights Systematic analysis of blade-induced cut mark features in burnt bone. Most knife blade characteristics remain unaltered by heat, except for floor angle and slope height of cut. Cut mark characteristics in burnt bone reflect the implement used and allow interpretation of the stabbing process. Both digital microscopy and micro-CT are suitable tools to analyse cut marks and should, ideally, be used in combination.

    원문보기

    원문보기
    무료다운로드 유료다운로드

    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

    이미지

    Fig. 1 이미지

논문관련 이미지