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Clinical biomechanics 20건

  1. [해외논문]   Editorial Board  


    Clinical biomechanics v.41 ,pp. IFC , 2017 , 0268-0033 ,

    초록

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    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

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  2. [해외논문]   Editorial Board  


    Clinical biomechanics v.41 ,pp. IFC , 2017 , 0268-0033 ,

    초록

    원문보기

    원문보기
    무료다운로드 유료다운로드

    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

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  3. [해외논문]   Optimizing finite element predictions of local subchondral bone structural stiffness using neural network-derived density-modulus relationships for proximal tibial subchondral cortical and trabecular bone  

    Nazemi, S.M. ; Amini, M. ; Kontulainen, S.A. ; Milner, J.S. ; Holdsworth, D.W. ; Masri, B.A. ; Wilson, D.R. ; Johnston, J.D.
    Clinical biomechanics v.41 ,pp. 1 - 8 , 2017 , 0268-0033 ,

    초록

    Background: Quantitative computed tomography based subject-specific finite element modeling has potential to clarify the role of subchondral bone alterations in knee osteoarthritis initiation, progression, and pain. However, it is unclear what density-modulus equation(s) should be applied with subchondral cortical and subchondral trabecular bone when constructing finite element models of the tibia. Using a novel approach applying neural networks, optimization, and back-calculation against in situ experimental testing results, the objective of this study was to identify subchondral-specific equations that optimized finite element predictions of local structural stiffness at the proximal tibial subchondral surface. Methods: Thirteen proximal tibial compartments were imaged via quantitative computed tomography. Imaged bone mineral density was converted to elastic moduli using multiple density-modulus equations (93 total variations) then mapped to corresponding finite element models. For each variation, root mean squared error was calculated between finite element prediction and in situ measured stiffness at 47 indentation sites. Resulting errors were used to train an artificial neural network, which provided an unlimited number of model variations, with corresponding error, for predicting stiffness at the subchondral bone surface. Nelder-Mead optimization was used to identify optimum density-modulus equations for predicting stiffness. Findings: Finite element modeling predicted 81% of experimental stiffness variance (with 10.5% error) using optimized equations for subchondral cortical and trabecular bone differentiated with a 0.5g/cm 3 density. Interpretation: In comparison with published density-modulus relationships, optimized equations offered improved predictions of local subchondral structural stiffness. Further research is needed with anisotropy inclusion, a smaller voxel size and de-blurring algorithms to improve predictions.

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    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

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  4. [해외논문]   Mid-term functional outcome of a total arthroplasty of the first metatarsophalangeal joint  

    Nuesch, C. ; Mundermann, A. ; Horisberger, M.
    Clinical biomechanics v.41 ,pp. 9 - 13 , 2017 , 0268-0033 ,

    초록

    Background: Arthroplasty of the first metatarsophalangeal joint is an alternative treatment option for end-stage hallux rigidus to the current gold standard of arthrodesis. The aim of this study was to investigate the mid-term functional outcome of an anatomically shaped prosthesis for the first metatarsophalangeal joint using pedobarography. Methods: Ten patients (12 affected feet; age at surgery: 62.1 (SD: 7.2) years) were investigated preoperatively and 52 (SD: 3) months postoperatively using pedobarography (EMED, novel GmbH, Munich, Germany). Two patients were excluded at follow-up because their prosthesis was converted to an arthrodesis. Peak force and plantar pressure under the five metatarsal heads and the hallux were analyzed and correlated with the clinical outcome (pain, American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society forefoot score and radiographic maximum first metatarsophalangeal dorsiflexion). Differences between pre- and postoperative data were analyzed using paired t-tests (alpha=0.05). Findings: Postoperatively, forefoot peak forces under the fourth (+40.9%; P=0.018) and fifth metatarsal (+54.9%; P=0.037) and plantar pressures under the fifth metatarsal (+38.7%; P=0.027) increased significantly, while peak plantar pressures and forces under the hindfoot, medial forefoot and hallux did not change. While maximum passive dorsiflexion was not significantly greater at the 4-year follow-up compared to preoperatively, overall greater passive dorsiflexion was associated with higher first metatarsal peak pressure. Interpretation: Despite of patients reporting less pain, the functional results indicate an altered and potentially non-physiological postoperative gait pattern with a lateralization of the load during walking, especially in patients with limited passive dorsiflexion.

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    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

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  5. [해외논문]   A narrow bimalleolar width is a risk factor for ankle inversion injury in male military recruits: A prospective study  

    Rice, H. ; Nunns, M. ; House, C. ; Fallowfield, J. ; Allsopp, A. ; Dixon, S.
    Clinical biomechanics v.41 ,pp. 14 - 19 , 2017 , 0268-0033 ,

    초록

    Background: Ankle inversion injuries are one of the most common and burdensome injuries in athletic populations. Research that prospectively identifies characteristics associated with this injury is lacking. This prospective study compared baseline anthropometric and biomechanical gait characteristics of military recruits who sustained an ankle inversion injury during training, with those who remained injury-free. Methods: Bilateral plantar pressure and three-dimensional lower limb kinematics were recorded in 1065 male, injury-free military recruits, during barefoot running. Injuries that occurred during the 32-week recruit training programme were subsequently recorded. Data were compared between recruits who sustained an ankle inversion injury during training (n=27) and a sample (n=120) of those who completed training injury-free. A logistic regression analysis was used to identify risk factors for this injury. Findings: A narrower bimalleolar width and an earlier peak pressure under the fifth metatarsal were predictors of ankle inversion injury. Those who sustained an ankle inversion injury also had a lower body mass, body mass index, and a smaller calf girth than those who completed training injury-free. Interpretation: Anthropometric and dynamic gait characteristics have been identified that may predispose recruits to an ankle inversion injury during Royal Marine recruit training, allowing identification of recruits at higher risk at the start of training.

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    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

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  6. [해외논문]   Pelvic floor dynamics during high-impact athletic activities: A computational modeling study  

    Dias, N. ; Peng, Y. ; Khavari, R. ; Nakib, N.A. ; Sweet, R.M. ; Timm, G.W. ; Erdman, A.G. ; Boone, T.B. ; Zhang, Y.
    Clinical biomechanics v.41 ,pp. 20 - 27 , 2017 , 0268-0033 ,

    초록

    Background: Stress urinary incontinence is a significant problem in young female athletes, but the pathophysiology remains unclear because of the limited knowledge of the pelvic floor support function and limited capability of currently available assessment tools. The aim of our study is to develop an advanced computer modeling tool to better understand the dynamics of the internal pelvic floor during highly transient athletic activities. Methods: Apelvic model was developed based on high-resolution MRI scans of a healthy nulliparous young female. A jump-landing process was simulated using realistic boundary conditions captured from jumping experiments. Hypothesized alterations of the function of pelvic floor muscles were simulated by weakening or strengthening the levator ani muscle stiffness at different levels. Intra-abdominal pressures and corresponding deformations of pelvic floor structures were monitored at different levels of weakness or enhancement. Findings: Results show that pelvic floor deformations generated during a jump-landing process differed greatly from those seen in a Valsalva maneuver which is commonly used for diagnosis in clinic. The urethral mobility was only slightly influenced by the alterations of the levator ani muscle stiffness. Implications for risk factors and treatment strategies were also discussed. Interpretation: Results suggest that clinical diagnosis should make allowances for observed differences in pelvic floor deformations between a Valsalva maneuver and a jump-landing process to ensure accuracy. Urethral hypermobility may be a less contributing factor than the intrinsic sphincteric closure system to the incontinence of young female athletes.

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    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

    이미지

    Fig. 1 이미지
  7. [해외논문]   Primary stability and viscoelastic displacement of mini-implant system under loading  

    Lee, J. ; Jeong, Y.H. ; Pittman, J. ; Deguchi, T. ; Johnston, W.M. ; Fields, H.W. ; Kim, D.G.
    Clinical biomechanics v.41 ,pp. 28 - 33 , 2017 , 0268-0033 ,

    초록

    Background: The objectives of the current study were to examine the effects of mini-implant diameters on 1) primary stability before bone properties are changed by active peri-implant bone remodeling and 2) the time-dependent displacement of mini-implant systems in bone under a functional radial loading and their associations with bone mineral density. Methods: Twenty one, 8mm length mini-implants (7 each for 1.4mm, 1.6mm, and 2mm diameters) were placed in mandibular sections of human cadavers (4 males and 3 females, average 69.7 (SD 13.1) years of age). Displacement of the mini-implant in wet bone was assessed during initial and subsequent continuous radial loading of 2N in the mediolateral direction for 2h. Mean, standard deviation and coefficient of variation of peri-implant bone mineral density were obtained using histograms of cone-beam computed tomography attenuation values. The cortical thickness along with the miniscrew site was also measured. Findings: The primary stability and displacement of mini-implants in bone were not significantly different between the 3 diameter groups (p>0.147, n=21). Moderate positive correlations of time-dependent viscoelastic displacement (creep) were found with bone mineral density variability independent of the mini-implant diameters (p>0.11). Interpretation: The post-implantation displacements of mini-implant suggested that the orthodontic treatment loading can develop micromotion between the mini-implant and surrounding bone leading to reduction of its primary stability. Current findings also provide an insight that peri-implant bone mineral density variability plays an important role in controlling displacement of the mini-implant, which determine its stability during early and prolonged orthodontic treatment loading periods.

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    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

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  8. [해외논문]   The effects of muscle weakness on degenerative spondylolisthesis: A finite element study  

    Zhu, R. ; Niu, W.x. ; Zeng, Z.l. ; Tong, J.h. ; Zhen, Z.w. ; Zhou, S. ; Yu, Y. ; Cheng, L.m.
    Clinical biomechanics v.41 ,pp. 34 - 38 , 2017 , 0268-0033 ,

    초록

    Background: Whether muscle weakness is a cause, or result, of degenerative spondylolisthesis is not currently well understood. Little biomechanical evidence is available to offer an explanation for the mechanism behind exercise therapy. Therefore, the aim of this study is to investigate the effects of back muscle weakness on degenerative spondylolisthesis and to tease out the biomechanical mechanism of exercise therapy. Methods: A nonlinear 3-D finite element model of L3-L5 was constructed. Forces representing global back muscles and global abdominal muscles, follower loads and an upper body weight were applied. The force of the global back muscles was reduced to 75%, 50% and 25% to simulate different degrees of back muscle weakness. An additional boundary condition which represented the loads from other muscles after exercise therapy was set up to keep the spine in a neutral standing position. Shear forces, intradiscal pressure, facet joint forces and von Mises equivalent stresses in the annuli were calculated. Findings: The intervertebral rotations of L3-L4 and L4-L5 were within the range of in vitro experimental data. The calculated intradiscal pressure of L4-L5 for standing was 0.57MPa, which is similar to previous in vivo data. With the back muscles were reduced to 75%, 50% and 25% force, the shear force moved increasingly in a ventral direction. Due to the additional stabilizing force and moment provided by boundary conditions, the shear force varied less than 15%. Interpretation: Reducing the force of global back muscles might lead to, or aggravate, degenerative spondylolisthesis with forward slipping from biomechanical point of view. Exercise therapy may improve the spinal biomechanical environment. However, the intrinsic correlation between back muscle weakness and degenerative spondylolisthesis needs more clinical in vivo study and biomechanical analysis.

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    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

    이미지

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  9. [해외논문]   Primary stability of unicompartmental knee arthroplasty under dynamic flexion movement in human femora  

    Grupp, T.M. ; Holderied, M. ; Pietschmann, M.F. ; Schroder, C. ; Islas Padilla, A.P. ; Schilling, C. ; Jansson, V. ; Muller, P.E.
    Clinical biomechanics v.41 ,pp. 39 - 47 , 2017 , 0268-0033 ,

    초록

    Background: The objective of our study was to evaluate the impact of a trabecular stem fixation versus a cortical teeth fixation technique on the primary stability of cemented unicompartmental femoral components under dynamic flexion movement loading conditions in human femora. Methods: Ten fresh-frozen human knees of a mean donor age of 73.9years were used to perform medial unicompartmental knee arthroplasty under a less invasive parapatellar surgical approach. The femora were divided into two groups of matched pairs based on comparable trabecular bone mineral density. To assess the primary stability, a new method based on a combination of dynamic flexion movement, double-peak loading simulating stair climbing, kinematic analysis of the femoral component migration relative to the bone and an evaluation of the cement layer by fragments cut through the implant-cement-bone interface in the sagittal plane of the medial condyle was introduced. Findings: For the ''trabecular stem fixation'' technique the mean load to failure was 2340 (SD 650) N and for ''cortical teeth fixation'' it was 1080 (SD 455) N, with a substantially enhanced dynamic fixation strength for the ''trabecular stem fixation'' (p=0.008). In the distal area the cement layer of the ''trabecular stem fixation'' showed a significant decreased thickness compared to the ''cortical teeth fixation'' (p=0.029), while a substantially deeper cement penetration (p=0.044) has been achieved for the ''trabecular stem fixation''. Interpretation: From our observations, we conclude that there is a significantly enhanced primary stability with a ''trabecular stem fixation'' compared to a ''cortical teeth fixation'' technique of cemented unicompartmental femoral components, in terms of dynamic failure load and migration characteristics.

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    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

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  10. [해외논문]   Delineation of the mechanisms of tendon gliding resistance within the carpal tunnel  

    Filius, A. ; Thoreson, A.R. ; Ozasa, Y. ; An, K.N. ; Zhao, C. ; Amadio, P.C.
    Clinical biomechanics v.41 ,pp. 48 - 53 , 2017 , 0268-0033 ,

    초록

    Background: Forceful, high-velocity, and repetitive manual hand tasks contribute to the onset of carpal tunnel syndrome. This study aimed to isolate and identify mechanisms that contribute to tendon gliding resistance in the carpal tunnel. Methods: Eight human cadaver hands (four pairs) were used. Tendon gliding resistance (force, energy, and stiffness) was measured under different conditions: with intact and with divided subsynovial connective tissue, at 2mm/s and 60mm/s tendon excursion velocity, and with and without relaxation time before tendon excursion. Results: Subsynovial connective tissue stretching substantially contributed to increased gliding resistance force and energy during higher tendon excursion velocities, and subsynovial connective tissue stiffening was observed. Poroelastic properties of the tendon (and possibly the subsynovial connective tissue) also appear to be involved because relaxation time significantly increased gliding resistance force and energy (P

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    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

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