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Journal of community psychology 10건

  1. [해외논문]   ISSUE INFORMATION  


    Journal of community psychology v.46 no.6 ,pp. 683 - 687 , 2018 , 0090-4392 ,

    초록

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    무료다운로드 유료다운로드

    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

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  2. [해외논문]   Backpackers in the Nepal 2015 earthquake: The contribution of personal and social resources to mental health  

    Weiss‐ (Bar‐Ilan University ) , Dagan, Shlomit (Bar‐Ilan University ) , Itzhaky, Haya (Bar‐Ilan University) , Taubman‐ , Ben‐ , Ari, Orit
    Journal of community psychology v.46 no.6 ,pp. 689 - 700 , 2018 , 0090-4392 ,

    초록

    Abstract Psychologists and social workers are usually called into action after natural disasters such as earthquakes, which obviously arouse psychological distress among locals. However, the question of assisting tourists who have also been affected by the disaster has scarcely been studied. In this study, we focused specifically on backpackers who were in Nepal at the time of the 2015 earthquake, and survived. Our aim was to estimate factors that protect a backpacker's mental health after an earthquake, to deepen social workers’ knowledge regarding potential effective interventions. Based on the conservation of resources theory, we examined the contribution of optimism, emotion regulation, as well as the support of family and friends to backpackers’ mental health. A cross‐sectional sample survey was conducted to collect data from 145 backpackers 1 week to 3 months after the disaster. The findings indicated that optimism, emotion regulation in the form of reassessment, and friends’ support contributed positively to backpackers’ mental health, whereas suppression of expression contributed negatively. Findings are discussed with the aim of providing recommendations for social workers.

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    원문보기
    무료다운로드 유료다운로드

    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

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  3. [해외논문]   Using photovoice to treat trauma resulting from gender‐based violence  

    Christensen, M. Candace (University of Texas San Antonio)
    Journal of community psychology v.46 no.6 ,pp. 701 - 714 , 2018 , 0090-4392 ,

    초록

    Abstract The purpose of this project is to demonstrate how photovoice action research (PVAR) aimed at addressing gender‐based violence (GBV) also responds to trauma resulting from GBV. I conducted a content analysis of 17 publications that use PVAR to address GBV to assess for how the PVAR projects also treat trauma symptoms. Briere and Scott's (2015) philosophical approach to trauma therapy is the conceptual framework for data analysis. I developed a priori codes aligned with the philosophical approach and deductively applied them to the data: (a) intrinsic processing; (b) respect, positive regard, and compassion; (c) hope; and (d) the pain paradox. The results reveal how data from the 17 PVAR studies correspond with the 4 philosophical concepts. Practical and research recommendations include using and evaluating PVAR as a tool to treat trauma and contribute to trauma treatment research with underrepresented communities.

    원문보기

    원문보기
    무료다운로드 유료다운로드

    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

    이미지

    Fig. 1 이미지
  4. [해외논문]   Community income inequality and adolescent emotional problems: A population‐based study  

    Vilhjalmsdottir, Arndis (University of Iceland ) , Bernburg, Jon Gunnar (University of Iceland ) , Gardarsdottir, Ragna B. (University of Iceland ) , Sigfusdottir, Inga Dora (Reykjavik University)
    Journal of community psychology v.46 no.6 ,pp. 715 - 733 , 2018 , 0090-4392 ,

    초록

    Abstract This study contributes to the limited knowledge on the association between community income inequality and adolescent emotional problems, and explores whether these associations are contingent on national income inequality and personal deprivation. We obtained multilevel data from 10,223 adolescents (aged 15–16 years) nested within 82 communities in Iceland, at two time points: (a) in 2006 when income inequality was high and (b) in 2014 when income inequality had decreased. The associations are contingent on time period. Community income inequality was related to (a) an increase in anxiety in 2006 ( b = 0.337, p ≤ 0.05), but not in 2014, and (b) a decrease in depression in 2014 (−0.958, p ≤ 0.05), but not in 2006. In 2006, community income inequality was more harmful to adolescents in deprived households. The results support the notion that the detrimental link between income inequality and adolescents’ emotional problems may be shaped by the level of income inequality in the larger societal context.

    원문보기

    원문보기
    무료다운로드 유료다운로드

    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

    이미지

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  5. [해외논문]   Support relationships and teen mothers' school retention at one‐year postpartum  

    Assini‐ (University of Maryland, College Park ) , Meytin, Luciana C. (Independent Research Consultant ) , Mitchell, Stephanie J. (University of Maryland, College Park) , Lewin, Amy
    Journal of community psychology v.46 no.6 ,pp. 734 - 746 , 2018 , 0090-4392 ,

    초록

    Abstract Teen mothers face unique barriers to continuing education, making important the identification of key elements in their support systems that facilitate educational attainment. In this longitudinal quasi‐experimental study, we investigate the unique role of different types and sources of support measured at baseline, from family and father of the baby, on teen mothers’ return to school after childbirth. We analyze data of 102 urban, low‐income African American teen mothers, retained over 12 months. Results show that teen mothers who received parental financial support soon after giving birth were over 5 times as likely to be in school or have graduated when their children were a year old. Additionally, remaining in a romantic relationship with the father of the baby was associated with reduced odds of returning to school, but only in the absence of an intervention program designed to support teen parent families . Findings highlight the unique importance of parental financial support, shortly after birth, on teen mothers’ school retention and suggest the relevance of clinical staff in supporting teen mothers in couple relationships to continue their education.

    원문보기

    원문보기
    무료다운로드 유료다운로드

    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

    이미지

    Fig. 1 이미지
  6. [해외논문]   Neighborhood social processes as moderators between racial discrimination and depressive symptoms for African American adolescents  

    Saleem, Farzana T. (George Washington University ) , Busby, Danielle R. (University of Michigan ) , Lambert, Sharon F. (George Washington University)
    Journal of community psychology v.46 no.6 ,pp. 747 - 761 , 2018 , 0090-4392 ,

    초록

    Abstract Racial discrimination is associated with numerous psychological consequences, including increased depressive symptoms for African American adolescents (Brody et al., 2006; Wong, Eccles, & Sameroff, 2003). Adolescents’ perceptions of their neighborhood can influence how youth interpret and manage racial discrimination (Sampson, Morenoff, & Gannon‐Rowley, 2002). Yet little is known about how adolescent perceptions of neighborhood cohesion and neighborhood disorganization protect or exacerbate the effects of racial discrimination, or how these effects vary by youth's gender. Therefore, the current study examined whether neighborhood social cohesion and neighborhood disorganization moderated the association between racial discrimination and depressive symptoms for African American adolescents and how the effects differ for boys and girls. Participants were 106 African American adolescents (57% female; mean age 15.14) from an urban metropolitan area. Regression analyses suggest that perceptions of neighborhood social cohesion protected against racial discrimination for boys and girls. Additionally, the results indicate that when boys perceive less neighborhood disorganization, racial discrimination has a greater influence on their depressive symptoms. Findings have implications for intervention and prevention efforts that enhance and utilize positive neighborhood social processes for youth contending with racial discrimination.

    원문보기

    원문보기
    무료다운로드 유료다운로드

    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

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  7. [해외논문]   Development of a barbershop based violence intervention for young Black emerging adult men  

    Baker, Jillian Lucas (La Salle University ) , Stevenson, Howard C. (University of Pennsylvania ) , Talley, Lloyd Matthew (University of Pennsylvania ) , Jemmott, Loretta Sweet (University of Pennsylvania ) , Jemmott, John B. (University of Pennsylvania)
    Journal of community psychology v.46 no.6 ,pp. 762 - 774 , 2018 , 0090-4392 ,

    초록

    Abstract A crucial gap in the education literature are the health interventions situated for the unique experiences of Black emerging adult men (BEAM), one of the most vulnerable populations in the United States The article describes the systematic development of a theory‐based, culturally tailored, barbershop‐based violence intervention for BEAM, aged 18–24 years. The process included developing a community advisory board, selecting a theoretical framework, incorporating community‐based participatory research principles, and conducting formative research with BEAM and barbershop owners. The result was Shape Up: Barbers Building Better Brothers, a 2‐day retaliation violence risk reduction intervention focused on increasing retaliation restraint self‐efficacy beliefs and skills and reducing the number of violent incidents. Intervention sessions were facilitated by barbers who used iPads to deliver the content. As a high‐risk population, this intervention has great public health significance for the health of BEAM.

    원문보기

    원문보기
    무료다운로드 유료다운로드

    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

    이미지

    Fig. 1 이미지
  8. [해외논문]   Citizen participation in the police domain: The role of citizens' attitude and morality  

    Schreurs, Wendy (University of Twente ) , Kerstholt, José (University of Twente ) , H. (University of Twente ) , de Vries, Peter W. (University of Twente) , Giebels, Ellen
    Journal of community psychology v.46 no.6 ,pp. 775 - 789 , 2018 , 0090-4392 ,

    초록

    Abstract Although there is a large potential of citizen capital in fighting crime and creating safer neighborhoods, in reality, only a small fraction of citizens is actively participating. This study examines the relationship between different types of actual participation behavior in the police domain from a citizen's stance and 3 different but interconnected psychological drivers: the attitude toward citizen participation, moral values, and moral emotions. A total of 217 Dutch citizens filled out an online questionnaire, assessing these drivers and the actual participatory actions they engaged in over the past year. The results show that 4 broad categories of participation behavior can be distinguished: social control (e.g., correcting others regarding their behavior); responsive participation (e.g., calling the police); collaborative participation (e.g., meeting with a police officer); and detection (e.g., joining a neighborhood watch). As expected, moral values had an indirect influence on participation via attitude and moral emotions. The attitude toward citizen participation was positively related to all four types of reported behavior, while the influence of moral emotions only related to social control and responsive behavior. These results can be used in the design and testing of interventions to stimulate citizen participation.

    원문보기

    원문보기
    무료다운로드 유료다운로드

    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

    이미지

    Fig. 1 이미지
  9. [해외논문]   Socioeconomic status, multiple autonomy support attunement, and early adolescents' social development  

    Simõ (University Institute of Lisbon (ISCTE‐IUL) ‐) , es, Francisco (CIS‐IUL, Lisboa, Portugal) , Calheiros, Maria Manuela (University Institute of Lisbon (ISCTE‐IUL) ‐) , Alarcã (CIS‐IUL, Lisboa, Portugal) , o e Silva, Madalena Moutinho (Faculdade de Psicologia e de Ciências da Educação, Universidade de Coimbra)
    Journal of community psychology v.46 no.6 ,pp. 790 - 805 , 2018 , 0090-4392 ,

    초록

    Abstract This study explores the relationship between socioeconomic status (SES), multiple autonomy support attunement (MASA), and social development indicators (antisocial behavior, prosociality, and self‐regulation), considering the concurrent effects of structural (gender and age) and social factors (social networks’ size and orientation). MASA describes patterns of autonomy support provided by different sources, which, in this case, were parents, teachers, and mentors. Participants were 645 adolescents (mean = 12.30; standard deviation = .60; 55.35% girls). Using latent class analysis, a 4‐class solution for MASA presented the best fit. A generalized linear model approach revealed that lower SES was associated with greater antisocial behavior, while MASA was linked to improved prosociality and self‐regulation when youths were included in a high‐attuned multiple autonomy support class, compared to other MASA classes. Thus, optimal levels of MASA can represent an asset for training, implementation, and assessment stages of interventions aimed at improving early adolescents’ positive social development.

    원문보기

    원문보기
    무료다운로드 유료다운로드

    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

    이미지

    Fig. 1 이미지
  10. [해외논문]   “Humbling experiences”: A photovoice project with sexual and gender‐expansive youth experiencing homelessness  

    Forge, Nicholas (Georgia State University ) , Lewinson, Terri (Georgia State University ) , Garner, Brittany M. (Georgia State University ) , Braxton, Charlayna (Georgia State University ) , Greenwald, Lindsay (Georgia State University ) , Maley, Olivia (Georgia State University)
    Journal of community psychology v.46 no.6 ,pp. 806 - 822 , 2018 , 0090-4392 ,

    초록

    Abstract While experiencing homelessness, queer youth are subject to stereotyping, discrimination, and violence that affect their ability to achieve independent living and actualize goals. Lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer (LGBTQ)‐identified youth of color are at greater risk for homelessness when compared to heterosexual counterparts. This study explores lived experiences of queer‐identified youth of color who are currently experiencing homelessness. Using photovoice methodology, a group of 4 participants drawn from an Atlanta‐based service provider for LGBTQ youth were engaged in a series of focus groups to discuss meaningful photographic images and give voice to shared homelessness experiences. From their individual and collective narratives, three key themes were identified: becoming aware, managing inner struggles, and recognizing personal strengths. The participating youth marked the conclusion of the project by presenting to youth service practitioners a poster board display of photos that visually represented areas of concern and opportunities for ongoing advocacy to benefit this underserved and often misunderstood population. This study also reports on this poster board display and the outcomes identified by the participating young people for better supporting homeless LGBTQ young people.

    원문보기

    원문보기
    무료다운로드 유료다운로드

    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

    이미지

    Fig. 1 이미지

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