본문 바로가기
HOME> 저널/프로시딩 > 저널/프로시딩 검색상세

저널/프로시딩 상세정보

권호별목차 / 소장처보기

H : 소장처정보

T : 목차정보

Journal of clinical nursing 27건

  1. [해외논문]   Table of Contents   SCIE SSCI


    Journal of clinical nursing v.26 no.3/4 ,pp. 295 - 298 , 2017 , 0962-1067 ,

    초록

    원문보기

    원문보기
    무료다운로드 유료다운로드

    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

    이미지

    Fig. 1 이미지
  2. [해외논문]   Editorial: The anxiety of caring and the devaluing of nursing   SCIE SSCI

    Allan, Helen T (School of Health & Education, Middlesex University, London, UK)
    Journal of clinical nursing v.26 no.3/4 ,pp. 299 - 301 , 2017 , 0962-1067 ,

    초록

    원문보기

    원문보기
    무료다운로드 유료다운로드

    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

    이미지

    Fig. 1 이미지
  3. [해외논문]   Perioperative nurses' attitudes towards organ procurement: a systematic review   SCIE SSCI

    Gao, Weili (Monash University and Peninsula Health, Frankston, Vic., Australia) , Plummer, Virginia (Faculty of Medicine, Nursing and Health Science, Monash University and Peninsula Health, Frankston, Vic., Australia) , Williams, Allison (Faculty of Medicine, Nursing and Health Science, Monash University, Clayton, Vic., Australia)
    Journal of clinical nursing v.26 no.3/4 ,pp. 302 - 319 , 2017 , 0962-1067 ,

    초록

    Aims and objectives To explore and evaluate perioperative nurses’ experience of organ procurement. Background Organ procurement is part of the organ donation process, and is typically performed in the perioperative setting. This experience may contribute to perioperative nurses’ feelings of distress and negative attitudes towards organ donation. Design Systematic review of the literature. Method Primary research studies, published in the English language between 1990–2014 were identified, screened and appraised using Joanna Briggs Institute appraisal tools. Data extraction and analysis followed. Results The quality assessment resulted in seven qualitative and three quantitative research studies. The main findings were: (1) Perioperative nurses reported feeling emotionally distressed, challenged, lonely and physically drained throughout the entire organ procurement procedure. (2) Perioperative nurses reported finding their own unique self‐coping strategies and ways of eliciting support. (3) Perioperative nurses had positive and negative attitudes towards organ donation. Conclusion Perioperative nurses reported feelings of sadness, feeling challenged and physically drained through the entire organ procurement procedure, which were influenced by differing factors in the preoperative, intraoperative and postoperative stages. It is acknowledged that personal coping strategies and support are important to help perioperative nurses improve their psychological well‐being, and their experiences and attitudes towards organ procurement and donation. The meaningfulness of these findings for practice policy and research is described. Relevance to clinical practice Perioperative nurses play a vital role in the organ procurement procedure and require ongoing support to ensure their psychological welfare, in particular, newly qualified or inexperienced nurses’ participating in organ procurement.

    원문보기

    원문보기
    무료다운로드 유료다운로드

    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

    이미지

    Fig. 1 이미지
  4. [해외논문]   A systematic review of the outcomes of educational interventions relevant to nurses with simultaneous strategies for guideline implementation   SCIE SSCI

    Hä (Department of Nursing Science, University of Eastern Finland, Kuopio, Finland) , ggman‐ (<email>arja.haggman-laitila@uef.fi</email>) , Laitila, Arja (Department of Social and Health Care, VAMK University of Applied Sciences, Vaasa, Finland) , Mattila, Lea‐ , Riitta , Melender, Hanna‐ , Leena
    Journal of clinical nursing v.26 no.3/4 ,pp. 320 - 340 , 2017 , 0962-1067 ,

    초록

    Aims and objectives To systematically review the literature on the outcomes of educational interventions relevant to nurses with regard to guideline implementation. Background Previous reviews on interventions to implement guidelines have focused on particular clinical problems, but only one included nursing studies. Design A systematic review based on the procedure of the Centre for Reviews and Dissemination. Methods We searched for papers published from 1 January 2008 to 26 February 2015 using the Cochrane, CINAHL and PubMed MEDLINE databases and paper references were searched manually. Quality appraisal was conducted with tools developed by Thomas et al .(Worldviews on Evidence‐based Nursing, 1, 2004, 176) and National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute. Data were analysed with qualitative content analysis and narrative synthesis. Results The data included 13 studies based on a quasi‐experimental study design of 13 different educational interventions, described according to their development and realisation, learning content and teaching and learning methods. Seven interventions were supported by simultaneous strategies, 12 studies reported statistically significant outcomes for the interventions on at least one measurement area and six studies reported improvements in the quality of patient care. Interventions with multi‐dimensional content, teaching and learning methods produced several good outcomes. Conclusion Guidelines were implemented in a heterogeneous way and the interventions were delivered once and mainly on a local basis. In the future, we need to test these interventions in different nursing contexts, measure the outcomes on patient care and carry out randomised controlled trials on their effectiveness. It is important to standardise interventions, as this will allow them to be replicated and compared. Relevance to clinical practice Educational interventions to implement guidelines could be beneficial in enhancing nurses' evidence‐based decision‐making and care practice. The combination of teaching and learning methods proved useful, and educational interventions should be supported with simultaneous strategies. There remains a lack of strong evidence on the subject.

    원문보기

    원문보기
    무료다운로드 유료다운로드

    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

    이미지

    Fig. 1 이미지
  5. [해외논문]   Clinical outcomes of routine opt‐out antenatal human immunodeficiency virus screening: a systematic review   SCIE SSCI

    Ibekwe, Everistus (Nursing Department, Faculty of Health, Psychology and Social Care, Manchester Metropolitan University, Manchester, UK) , Haigh, Carol (Nursing Department, Faculty of Health, Psychology and Social Care, Manchester Metropolitan University, Manchester, UK) , Duncan, Fiona (Department of Research Institute for Health & Social Change, Faculty of Health, Rehabilitation and Psychology, Manchester Metropolitan University, Manchester, UK) , Fatoye, Francis (Department of Health Professions, Faculty of Health, Psychology and Social Care, Manchester Metropolitan University, Manchester, UK)
    Journal of clinical nursing v.26 no.3/4 ,pp. 341 - 355 , 2017 , 0962-1067 ,

    초록

    Aims and objectives To evaluate the clinical outcome of routine screening of human immunodeficiency virus in antenatal clinic settings. Background Despite the growing advances in human immunodeficiency virus management, nearly 30% of the estimated 1·5 million seropositive pregnant women are undiagnosed. Routine opt‐out testing is a strategy endorsed by the World Health Organization in [, 2007] to increase testing rates in clinical settings. Design A systematic review of relevant published literature. Methods A comprehensive electronic search for relevant studies in Science Direct, MEDLINE, SCOPUS, CINAHL and PubMed was conducted with search terms (Box 2). Hand searches were also conducted for additional resources. There were no geographical restrictions. Searches were restricted to English language and studies conducted between 1998–2015; totaling 1097 were retrieved and carefully appraised for review. Eighteen studies were eligible for review: eight from Africa, five from the United States, three from Europe, one from Australia and one from Asia. Results Fourteen studies reported increases in human immunodeficiency virus testing rate. Following the introduction of routine testing, human immunodeficiency virus testing rates increased from values ranging from 68–99·9% with median value of 88%. The comparison studies reported testing uptake of 22–93·5% with median value of 59%. Maternal human immunodeficiency virus case detection rates nearly doubled following adoption of routine testing at values of 99 and 45% during opt‐in. Linkage to treatment and care for prevention of vertical transmission was reported on six studies, and results ranged between 12·9–77·2%. Conclusion The findings show that irrespective of human immunodeficiency virus epidemiological scenarios, routine testing gave more women opportunity to learn their human immunodeficiency virus status and take measures for prevention of mother‐to‐child transmission of human immunodeficiency virus. Future studies should focus on identifying strategies to improving linkages to treatment and care for prevention of vertical transmission. Relevance to clinical practice Understanding the contributions of Routine opt‐out testing in antenatal clinic would help practitioners adopt the novel testing model for more mothers to learn their human immunodeficiency virus status for prevention of mother‐to‐child transmission.

    원문보기

    원문보기
    무료다운로드 유료다운로드

    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

    이미지

    Fig. 1 이미지
  6. [해외논문]   Continence care for people with dementia living at home in Europe: a review of literature with a focus on problems and challenges   SCIE SSCI

    Gove, Dianne (Alzheimer Europe, Luxembourg City, Luxembourg) , Scerri, Anthony (Department of Nursing, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Malta, Msida, Malta) , Georges, Jean (Alzheimer Europe, Luxembourg City, Luxembourg) , van Houten, Paul (Zonnehuisgroep Amstelland, Amstelveen, The Netherlands) , Huige, Nicole (SCA Global Hygiene Category –) , Hayder‐ (Incontinence Care, Mölndal, Sweden) , Beichel, Daniela (Centre for Knowledge Transfer in Health Care, Düsseldorf, Germany) , Leichsenring, Kai (European Centre for Social Welfare Policy and Research, Vienna, Austria) , Morris, Vikky Christina (Royal College of Physicians, British Geriatric Society, Musgrove Park Hospital, Taunton, Somerset, UK)
    Journal of clinical nursing v.26 no.3/4 ,pp. 356 - 365 , 2017 , 0962-1067 ,

    초록

    Aims and objectives To report the findings of a review of literature relating to the continence care of community‐dwelling people with dementia in Europe. Background More than two‐thirds of people with dementia live at home, and many experience continence problems. Incontinence is a significant contributor towards institutionalisation. Care and support is often inadequate or inappropriate, and guidelines are lacking. This represents a failure to respect the human rights and dignity of this group. Design A structured review of the literature relating to the continence care of community‐dwelling people with dementia in Europe with a focus on problems and challenges. Methods Search terms reflecting dementia, continence, care/management and guidelines for community‐dwelling people with dementia were applied to four databases. Hand‐searching was also carried out. A total of 208 articles were searched for content relating to problems and challenges linked to continence care for this group. Results Six relevant articles were fully reviewed. The main difficulties and challenges included the following: (1) perceptions, (2) availability/provision of support and care, (3) financial cost, (4) mobility and the environment, (5) relationships and social inclusion and (6) emotional issues. Conclusion Dementia and incontinence have profound effects on quality of life. The dearth of good quality data within this area and the findings of the review confirm the need for expert, consensus‐based guidelines and appropriate research to ensure that the rights and dignity of people with dementia are respected. Relevance to clinical practice The findings of the review will hopefully raise awareness amongst healthcare professionals in community practice of unmet needs of people with dementia and continence problems, and their caregivers, especially those related to social, financial, emotional and relational issues. The review does not provide solutions or guidance but is helpful in highlighting some of the key areas where special attention is needed.

    원문보기

    원문보기
    무료다운로드 유료다운로드

    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

    이미지

    Fig. 1 이미지
  7. [해외논문]   Content validation study of nursing interventions intended to prevent cardiovascular events in diabetic patients   SCIE SSCI

    Gengo e Silva, Rita de Cassia (Medical‐Surgical Department, School of Nursing, University of São Paulo, Sao Paulo, SP, Brazil) , da Costa Ferreira, Natany (School of Nursing, University of São Paulo, Sao Paulo, SP, Brazil)
    Journal of clinical nursing v.26 no.3/4 ,pp. 366 - 368 , 2017 , 0962-1067 ,

    초록

    Aims and objectives To validate nursing interventions from the Nursing Interventions Classification for preventing cardiovascular events in outpatients with diabetes. Background Cardiovascular disease is the main cause of death among diabetic patients. Although nurses play an important role in preventing cardiovascular events in this population, their specific contribution is difficult to measure. Documenting nursing interventions using a standardised nursing system may provide nursing visibility. However, there are no studies that analysed which nursing interventions would be the most relevant, based on expert opinion, aimed at preventing cardiovascular events in diabetic patients. Design This is a content validation study, which was designed as a descriptive one. Methods For this content validation study, we used the Fehring model. Nursing interventions were selected from the Nursing Intervention Classification. Experts were asked to analyse the degree of relevance of 225 nursing interventions regarding the prevention of cardiovascular events in diabetic patients, considering its title and definition. We considered nursing interventions which obtained weighted arithmetic averages >0·80 to be valid. Results Among 50 invited experts, 14 (71·4% female; 36·5 + 9·7 years) responded and agreed to participate in this study. They analysed 225 preselected nursing interventions, and validated 29. Conclusion The validated nursing interventions included documentation as well as biological, social and spiritual issues. Relevance to clinical practice The validated nursing interventions encompass a wide range of nursing knowledge, and these results provide empirical evidence for further studies.

    원문보기

    원문보기
    무료다운로드 유료다운로드

    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

    이미지

    Fig. 1 이미지
  8. [해외논문]   Evaluation of impact of social support and care on HIV‐positive and AIDS individuals' quality of life: a nonrandomised community trial   SCIE SSCI

    Li, Xing‐ (School of Health Administration and Education, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China) , ming (Beijing You An Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China) , Yuan, Xiao‐ (National Center for STD Control, China CDC, Beijing, China) , qing (Department of Medicine, Peking Union Medical College, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, Beijing, China) , Wang, Jun‐ (Department of Medicine, Peking Union Medical College, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, Beijing, China) , jie (School of Public Health Environment and Occupational Health, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, USA) , Zhang, Wan‐ , ying , Zhou, Yang , Liu, Gu‐ , ning
    Journal of clinical nursing v.26 no.3/4 ,pp. 369 - 378 , 2017 , 0962-1067 ,

    초록

    Aims and objectives Our study was conducted to further investigate the model of social support and care for People Living with HIV/AIDS(PLHA), to explore their role in People Living with AIDS's quality of life (QOL) as reference for improving nursing policies for AIDS. Background Social support and care are the most important factors impacting the QOL of People Living with HIV/AIDS, but most studies conducted upon the influence of social support and QOL of People Living with HIV/AIDS are mainly based on cross‐sectional design. Design Our study was a nonrandomised controlled community intervention study. Methods The participants diagnosed as People Living with HIV/AIDS at Beijing You An Hospital received a comprehensive social support care from December 2013 to December 2014. To evaluate the impact of social support and care model on People Living with HIV/AIDS, our study analysed the different dimension scores of social support scale and quality of life before and after the intervention. Correlation between the net benefit value of social support and that of QOL from various dimensions were analysed. Results There were significant differences in the score of objective support and usage of support (all p = 0·02) for social support. Net values of objective support score and usage of support were 0·25 and 0·19, respectively, after intervention. There were significant differences in physiological function, role physical, general health, vitality, social function, mental health, health transition and total score of quality of life (all p p = 0·00) and 0·21 ( p = 0·04). Conclusion Social support and care intervention model can effectively improve perceived subjective feeling on social support and QOL condition for People Living with HIV/AIDS. And strategies to improve social support and care intervention programmes are strongly encouraged. Relevance to clinical practice The method is simple and cost‐effective and could be a way to improve the quality of life condition for People Living with HIV/AIDS.

    원문보기

    원문보기
    무료다운로드 유료다운로드

    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

    이미지

    Fig. 1 이미지
  9. [해외논문]   Advanced Nursing Process quality: Comparing the International Classification for Nursing Practice (ICNP) with the NANDA‐International (NANDA‐I) and Nursing Interventions Classification (NIC)   SCIE SSCI

    Rabelo‐ (Graduate Program in Nursing at Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul and Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre and Grupo de Estudo e Pesquisa em Enfermagem no Cuidado ao Adulto e Idoso (GEPECADI), Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil) , Silva, Eneida Rejane (Universidade Federal Fluminense, Niterói, RJ, Brazil) , Dantas Cavalcanti, Ana Carla (Nurse of Instituto Nacional do Câncer (HC III), Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil) , Ramos Goulart Caldas, Maria Cristina (Graduate Program in Nursing at Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul and Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre and Grupo de Estudo e Pesquisa em Enfermagem no Cuidado ao Adulto e Idoso (GEPECADI), Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil) , Lucena, Amá (Graduate Program in Nursing at Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul and Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre and Grupo de Estudo e Pesquisa em Enfermagem no Cuidado ao Adulto e Idoso (GEPECADI), Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil) , lia de Fá , tima , Almeida, Miriam de Abreu , Linch, Graciele Fernanda da Costa , da Silva, Marcos Barragan , Mü , ller‐ , Staub, Maria
    Journal of clinical nursing v.26 no.3/4 ,pp. 379 - 387 , 2017 , 0962-1067 ,

    초록

    Aims and objectives To assess the quality of the advanced nursing process in nursing documentation in two hospitals. Background Various standardised terminologies are employed by nurses worldwide, whether for teaching, research or patient care. These systems can improve the quality of nursing records, enable care continuity, consistency in written communication and enhance safety for patients and providers alike. Design Cross‐sectional study. Methods A total of 138 records from two facilities (69 records from each facility) were analysed, one using the NANDA‐International and Nursing Interventions Classification terminology (Centre 1) and one the International Classification for Nursing Practice (Centre 2), by means of the Quality of Diagnoses, Interventions, and Outcomes instrument. Quality of Diagnoses, Interventions, and Outcomes scores range from 0–58 points. Nursing records were dated 2012–2013 for Centre 1 and 2010–2011 for Centre 2. Results Centre 1 had a Quality of Diagnoses, Interventions, and Outcomes score of 35·46 (±6·45), whereas Centre 2 had a Quality of Diagnoses, Interventions, and Outcomes score of 31·72 (±4·62) ( p Conclusion The quality of nursing documentation was superior at Centre 1, although both facilities demonstrated moderate scores considering the maximum potential score of 58 points. Reliability analyses showed satisfactory results for both standardised terminologies. Relevance to clinical practice Nursing leaders should use a validated instrument to investigate the quality of nursing records after implementation of standardised terminologies.

    원문보기

    원문보기
    무료다운로드 유료다운로드

    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

    이미지

    Fig. 1 이미지
  10. [해외논문]   Quality of life and its influence on clinical competence among nurses: a self‐reported study   SCIE SSCI

    Cruz, Jonas Preposi (Nursing Department, College of Applied Medical Sciences, Shaqra University, Dawadmi, Saudi Arabia)
    Journal of clinical nursing v.26 no.3/4 ,pp. 388 - 399 , 2017 , 0962-1067 ,

    초록

    Aim and objective This study aimed to investigate the quality of life and its influence on self‐reported clinical competence among nurses. Background Over the years, various studies have focused on the competence of nurses in clinical settings, indicating the paramount importance placed on ensuring superior levels of competence among nurses. The nature of the work in this profession is both stressful and challenging, which can pose a threat to the nurses and may impact their quality of life. Low quality of life may affect the quality of services that nurses are duty bound to provide to their patients. Methods A convenience sample of 163 staff nurses was surveyed in this descriptive, cross‐sectional study using the RAND 36‐Item Health Survey 1·0, and the Nurse Competence Scale, with which to gather the data. Multivariate multiple regression and stepwise multiple linear regression analyses were conducted to examine the relationships among variables. Results A majority of the respondents were married, females, holding a bachelor's degree and with ≥7 years of clinical experience. The respondents reported the highest mean score for quality of life in the ‘role limitation due to emotional problems’ dimension, whereas ‘vitality’ dimension received the lowest. A very good competence in all the categories measured for clinical competence was also reported. ‘Managing situation’ received the highest score among the dimensions of clinical competence, whereas ‘ensuring quality’ received the lowest. Number of years of clinical experience, educational level, marital status, ‘role limitation due to emotional problems’, ‘emotional well‐being’, ‘social functioning’ and ‘physical functioning’ were identified as key factors that were likely to influence clinical competence. Conclusions Improved quality of life may possibly affect the level of competence of staff nurses. Relevance to clinical practice Ensuring good quality of life among nurses is underscored. Efforts to enhance quality of life of nurses should be initiated to ensure high quality of care. Resultant findings should be taken into account by nurse managers when planning programmes and activities for improvement of competence among nurses.

    원문보기

    원문보기
    무료다운로드 유료다운로드

    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

    이미지

    Fig. 1 이미지

논문관련 이미지