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Asian-Australasian journal of animal sciences 20건

  1. [국내논문]   Effects of Dietary Chromium Picolinate on Performance, Egg, Quality, Serum Traits and Mortality Rate of Brown Layers  

    Kim, J.D. (Department of Animal Science and Technology, College of Agriculture and Life Sciences Seoul National University ) , Han, In K. (Department of Animal Science and Technology, College of Agriculture and Life Sciences Seoul National University ) , Chae, B.J. (Department of Animal Science and Technology, College of Agriculture and Life Sciences Seoul National University ) , Lee, J.H. (Miwon Institute of Animal Science ) , Park, J.H. (Miwon Institute of Animal Science ) , Yang, C.J. (Department of Animal Science and Technology, College of Agriculture and Life Sciences Seoul National University)
    Asian-Australasian journal of animal sciences v.10 no.1 ,pp. 1 - 7 , 1997 , 1011-2367 ,

    초록

    This experiment was conducted with total 960 brown layers, consisted of 8 treatment to investigate the effects of dietary chromium as chromium picolinate on egg production, egg quality, nutrient utilizability, serum traits and mortality in brown layers. Layers were fed diets with two levels of dietary protein (14% and 16%) and supplemented with 0, 200, 400, 800 ppb/kg of chromium as chromium picolinate, respectively. The highest egg production, egg weight and egg mass were found in 800 ppb chromium picolinate supplementation group with high protein level (16%) (p

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  2. [국내논문]   Effects of Chromium Picolinate (CrP) on Growth Performance, Carcass Characteristics and Serum Traits in Growing-Finishing Pigs  

    Min, J.K. (Department of Animal Science and Technology, College of Agriculture and Life Sciences Seoul National University ) , Kim, W.Y. (Department of Animal Science and Technology, College of Agriculture and Life Sciences Seoul National University ) , Chae, B.J. (Department of Animal Science and Technology, College of Agriculture and Life Sciences Seoul National University ) , Chung, I.B. (National Livestock Research Institute ) , Shin, I.S. (American Soybean Association ) , Choi, Y.J. (Department of Animal Science and Technology, College of Agriculture and Life Sciences Seoul National University ) , Han, I.K. (Department of Animal Science and Technology, College of Agriculture and Life Sciences Seoul National University)
    Asian-Australasian journal of animal sciences v.10 no.1 ,pp. 8 - 14 , 1997 , 1011-2367 ,

    초록

    An experiment was carried out to evaluate the effects of feeding graded levels of chromium in the form of chromium picolinate on growth performance, blood components, carcass grade, in vitro lipogenesis and lipolysis, and in vitro protein degradation and synthesis in growing-finishing pigs. There were no significant differences for daily weight gain, feed intake and feed conversion among treatments during growing phase, while in the finishing phase, feed intake was lower in groups fed diets with 200 ppb chromium than in other treatment (p

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  3. [국내논문]   Effect of Monensin or Salinomycin Supplementation in a 50% Concentrate Diet on Mineral Utilization of Growing Goats  

    Toharmat, T. (Laboratory of Animal Feeding, Tokyo University of Agriculture ) , Tanabe, S. (Tohoku National Agricultural Experiment Station ) , Kume, S. (Department of Animal Nutrition, National Institute of Animal Industry ) , Kameoka, K. (Laboratory of Animal Feeding, Tokyo University of Agriculture)
    Asian-Australasian journal of animal sciences v.10 no.1 ,pp. 15 - 19 , 1997 , 1011-2367 ,

    초록

    An experiment was conducted to clarify the effects of dietary supplementation of monensin or salinomycin on mineral utilization of growing goats. Six goats weighing 10.54 kg initially were randomly assigned to treatments in a replicated $3{\times}3$ Latin square design. Treatments were a basal diet, basal plus 30 ppm monensin and basal plus 20 ppm salinomycin on a DM basis. The basal diet was a mixture of Italian ryegrass wafer, soybean meal, ground maize and $CaCO_3$ with DM proportions of 50, 13.76, 36 and 0.24%, respectively. Each period lasted for 21 days, and the apparent absorption and retention of minerals were measured during the last 7 days of each period. Salinomycin supplementation improved NDF digestibility and plasma glucose. The apparent absorption and retention of Ca, P, Mg, Na and K were not influenced by the treatments. The concentrations of plasma Ca, P, Mg, Na, K and Cl were similar in all treatments. The ionophore supplementation had no significant effect on acid excretion. The results suggest that 30 ppm monensin or 20 ppm salinomycin supplementation is not effective in improving the utilization of Ca, P, Mg, Na and K in growing goats fed a diet composed of the 50% concentrate.

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  4. [국내논문]   Effects of Chromium Picolinate (CrP) on Growth Performance and Carcass Characteristics of Fattening Pigs Treated With or Without Porcine Somatotropin (pST)  

    Min, J.K. (Department of Animal Science and Technology, College of Agriculture and Life Sciences Seoul National University ) , Chung, I.B. (National Livestock Research Institute ) , Chae, B.J. (Department of Animal Science and Technology, College of Agriculture and Life Sciences Seoul National University ) , Shin, I.S. (American Soybean Association ) , Kim, W.Y. (Department of Animal Science and Technology, College of Agriculture and Life Sciences Seoul National University ) , Choi, Y.J. (Department of Animal Science and Technology, College of Agriculture and Life Sciences Seoul National University ) , Han, I.K. (Department of Animal Science and Technology, College of Agriculture and Life Sciences Seoul National University)
    Asian-Australasian journal of animal sciences v.10 no.1 ,pp. 20 - 27 , 1997 , 1011-2367 ,

    초록

    Objectives of this study was to investigate effects of supplemental chromium (Cr) as CrP in growing pigs treated with pST. Seventy two Landrace pigs weighing average 60 kg were alloted to the three treatments during the 52-d experimental period: control (corn-soybean basal diet); pST treatment (4 mg/head/day); pST + CrP treatment (4 mg and 200 ppb/head/day). Upon termination of feeding trial weighing average 105 kg, thirty-six pigs randomly selected from each treatment were slaughtered to compare carcass traits. For the study of lipid metabolism, eighteen pigs were alloted to the same treatments. Adipose tissue samples from eighteen pigs were collected to investigate lipid metabolism. All treated samples with pST and pST + CrP showed improvements in daily weight gain, regardless of sex. Feed/gain ratio significantly improved in pigs treated with pST and pST + CrP. Dressing percentages were higher in pigs treated with pST and pST + Crp. Carcass grades were significantly higher in pigs treated with pST and pST + CrP. Lipolysis of adipose tissue measured in vitro was significantly increased in pigs treated with pST, lipogenesis in vitro showed opposite tendency. Even though the current data does not show synergistic effects on the above parameters when CrP and pST were supplied at the same time, but CrP supplementation tended to improve growth performance and carcass traits of pigs treated with pST.

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  5. [국내논문]   Variability in Ash, Crude Protein, Detergent Fiber and Mineral Content of Some Minor Plant Species Collected From Pastures Grazed by Goats  

    Serra, A.B. (Central Luzon State University ) , Serra, S.D. (Faculty of Life and Environmental Science (formerly Faculty of Agriculture), Shimane University ) , Orden, E.A. (Department of Animal Science, Central Luzon State University ) , Cruz, L.C. (Department of Animal Science, Central Luzon State University ) , Nakamura, K. (Faculty of Life and Environmental Science (formerly Faculty of Agriculture), Shimane University ) , Fujihara, T. (Faculty of Life and Environmental Science (formerly Faculty of Agriculture), Shimane University)
    Asian-Australasian journal of animal sciences v.10 no.1 ,pp. 28 - 34 , 1997 , 1011-2367 ,

    초록

    This study was conducted to determine the protein content, cell wall fractions, and mineral concentrations of some minor plant species collected for one year in pastures grazed by goats in the Philippines. An assessment of nutrient variability and a comparison of forage protein and mineral concentrations to the critical value of protein and minerals based on animal needs were also studied. The plant species were the following: grasses(Axonopus compressus, Eleusine indica, Rottboellia exaltata); legumes (Aeschynomene indica, Calopogonium muconoides, Desmodium tortousum); and herbs (Corchorus olitorius, Ipomea aquatica, Sida acuta, Synedrella nodiflora). The two seasons (dry and wet) were subdivided into Dry-1 (December to February, 132 mm total rainfall), Dry-2 (March to May, 25 mm total rainfall), Wet-1 (June to August, 1,138 mm total rainfall), and Wet-2 (September to November, 1,118 mm total rainfall). Results showed that significant differences were obtained on various nutrient fractions including those mineral concentrations across species. Across season, acid detergent lignin (ADL) had higher (p

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  6. [국내논문]   Study on Supplementing Effects or Feeding Systems of Molasses and Urea on Methane and Microbial Nitrogen Production in the Rumen and Growth Performances of Bulls Fed a Straw Diet  

    Huque, K.S. (Animal Production Research Division, Bangladesh Livestock Research Institute ) , Chowdhury, S.A. (Animal Production Research Division, Bangladesh Livestock Research Institute)
    Asian-Australasian journal of animal sciences v.10 no.1 ,pp. 35 - 46 , 1997 , 1011-2367 ,

    초록

    An experiment with growing bulls were conducted to determine the effect of supplementation of a straw (S) with 15% molasses and 3% urea as an intimate mix (UMS) on its dry matter (DM) intake and digestibility (DMD) and reduction of methane ( $CH_4$ ) production from fermentation in vitro of the straw. In the next experiment, the feeding of the UMS was compared with that of the feeding of molasses and urea in meals (DS) or in lick blocks (DSUMB) as supplements to straw. The UMS feeding increased daily intake of straw DM ( $89.5 g{\cdot}kgW^{-0.75}$ , p $508mg{\cdot}kgW^{-0.75}{\cdot}d^{-1}$ , p $65g{\cdot}kgW^{-0.75}$ , 55 g and $8.0mg{\cdot}kgW^{-0.75}{\cdot}d^{-1}$ , respectively). It also increased the digestibility of DM ( $594g{\cdot}kg^{-1}$ , p $641g{\cdot}kg^{-1}$ , p $619g{\cdot}kg^{-1}$ , p $CH_4$ emitted per g of DOM apparently fermented in the rumen (DOMR) was 91.0 ml in the 'S' and reduced (p $516g{\cdot}kg^{-1}$ , p $490g{\cdot}kg^{-1}$ , respectively) in association with the increased microbial N yield in the rumen (14.1, 5.62 or $17.0g{\cdot}kg^{-1}$ DOMR, respectively, p 0.05, respectively). It can be concluded that molasses and urea feeding as an intimate mix with straw (UMS) increased its digestion and intake in association with a reduced methane emissions in the rumen. When compared with that of their feeding in meals or in lick blocks as supplements to straw the UMS gave the highest straw in take and digestion and live weight gains of growing bulls concurring the finding that the UMS system may be the best way of molasses and urea feeding to ruminants fed straws.

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  7. [국내논문]   Urea-Molasses-Mineral Block Licks Supplementation for Milk Production in Crossbred Cows  

    Srinivas, Bandla (National Institute of Animal Nutrition and Physiology ) , Gupta, B.N. (Division of Dairy Cattle Nutrition, National Dairy Research Institute)
    Asian-Australasian journal of animal sciences v.10 no.1 ,pp. 47 - 53 , 1997 , 1011-2367 ,

    초록

    Appropriation of partial substitution of concentrate mixture by urea-molasses-mineral block (UMMB) lick supplements for 20 lactating crossbred cows in 2nd and 3nd lactation was studied. Animals fed on wheat straw ad lib. and Berseem (Trifolium alaxandrium) fodder @ 1.5 kg/d on dry matter basis. Animals of control group were given concentrate supplement, while in treatment groups 10% of the concentrate requirement was substituted with 3 different types of UMMB lick type A ( $T_1$ ), type B ( $T_2$ ) and type C ( $T_3$ ). CP content of the ration was 15%. Total dry matter intake (DMI) was about 1.0 kg/kg of fat corrected milk (FCM) yield and was not significantly different between control and treatment groups. Digestibility of neither proximate principles nor cell wall constituents were deviated on UMMB licks partial supplementation. FCM yield was increased by 140, 410 and 460 g/d, in $T_1$ , $T_2$ and $T_3$ , respectively, in comparison to control group but differences were statistically invalid. Though fat per cent was reduced, fat yields were remain constant among treatments. Milk composition was unaltered except significant difference (p $T_1$ , $T_2$ and $T_3$ than control group. Energy utilization efficiency for milk production was only 36%. Result demonstrated that UMMB licks could be partial supplemented up to 10% of the concentrate requirement of crossbred cows yielding on an average 14kg/d without any adverse effect on feed intake, nutrient utilization and mild production. Comparatively, UMMB lick type B and C was proved better than type A and also economically viable.

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  8. [국내논문]   Developing Model Equation to Subdivide Lysine Requirements into Requirements for Growth and Maintenance in Pigs  

    Yang, C.J. (Department of Animal Science and Technology, College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, Seoul National University ) , Lee, D.W. (Department Animal Science, College of Agriculture, Suncheon National University ) , Chung, I.B. (National Livestock Research Institute, R.D.A. ) , Cho, Y.M. (National Livestock Research Institute, R.D.A. ) , Shin, I.S. (American Soybean Association ) , Chae, B.J. (Department of Animal Science and Technology, College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, Seoul National University ) , Kim, J.H. (Department of Animal Science and Technology, College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, Seoul National University ) , Han, In K. (Department of Animal Science and Technology, College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, Seoul National University)
    Asian-Australasian journal of animal sciences v.10 no.1 ,pp. 54 - 63 , 1997 , 1011-2367 ,

    초록

    Purified diets containing 5 graded levels of lysine were fed to young and growing pigs to determine the lysine requirement for growth and maintenance. A model was developed to subdivide the lysine requirement for the maintenance from requirement for growth. From this model, the lysine requirement for growth was 18.018 and 19.431 g/kg live weight gain and the maintenance requirement was 0.115 and 0.033 g per unit of metabolic body size at each stage of growth, respectively. In the young pigs, the lysine requirement for growth was 0.950 g/g N gain and the maintenance requirement was 0.114 g per unit of metabolic body size. The breakpoint of plasma lysine concentrations was 8.695 and 13.464 g/d, respectively. Expected requirements obtained from these formulae were in general agreement with previous estimates. Based on weight gain vs N gain equation, about 7.92% of the retained protein was comprised of lysine as compared to 7.11%, the mean lysine content of pig muscle CP.

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  9. [국내논문]   The Effects of Seasons (Hot/Dry and Cool/Humid) on Thermoregulatory Responses of Male and Female Bali-Cattle Working in the Field  

    Kasa, I.W. (Department of Biology, Udayana University ) , Hill, M.K. (Department of Animal Sciences, New England University ) , Thawites, C.J. (Department of Animal Sciences, New England University ) , Baillie, N.D. (Department of Animal Sciences, New England University)
    Asian-Australasian journal of animal sciences v.10 no.1 ,pp. 64 - 69 , 1997 , 1011-2367 ,

    초록

    A study was conducted on the effects of ploughing on physiological responses of male and female Bali-cattle. A $2{\times}2{\times}6{\times}8$ factorial design (2 seasons, 2 sexes, 6 days and 8 consecutive time of measurements every 30 minutes) was employed. Responses during the cool/humid season were lower than hot/dry; respiration rate (RR) was 52 vs 75/min, rectal temperature(RT) was 39.1 vs $39.5^{\circ}C$ and skin temperature (ST) was 37.1 vs $37.6^{\circ}C$ . Within sexes, males were less tolerant than females in that their RR (66 vs 61 breath/min), RT (39.4 vs $39.2^{\circ}C$ ) and ST (37.6 vs $37.1^{\circ}C$ ) were each higher than females during work. With increasing time, during the average 2.5 h working period gradual increases in RR, RT and ST were recorded and the overall increases of 84 breath/min, $1.9^{\circ}C$ and $13.8^{\circ}C$ respectively (p

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  10. [국내논문]   Definition of Season in Animal Model Evaluation of NiIi-Ravi Buffaloes  

    Khan, M.S. (Faculty of Animal Husbandry, University of Agriculture ) , Bhatti, S.A. (Faculty of Animal Husbandry, University of Agriculture ) , Asghar, A.A. (Livestock Production and Research Institute ) , Chaudhary, M.A. (Livestock Production and Research Institute ) , Bilal, M.Q. (Faculty of Animal Husbandry, University of Agriculture)
    Asian-Australasian journal of animal sciences v.10 no.1 ,pp. 70 - 74 , 1997 , 1011-2367 ,

    초록

    Data on 2,571 lactation records of Nili-Ravi buffaloes from four institutional herds and four field recording centers were analyzed under an animal model to see the effect of season definition on the error variance of the fitted model. Herd-year-season(HYS) was the main fixed effect along with permanent environment, breeding value and residuals as the random effects. All known relationships among the animals were considered. The error variance differed for various HYS combinations. It was minimum when then months were not grouped into seasons. The four or Five season scenarios were better than the two season scenarios. The average number of lactations represented in a HYS combination varied widely from 6 to 28. Very few subclasses for a given HYS combination warrants the use of fewer seasons for animal model evaluation of buffaloes.

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    Fig. 1 이미지

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