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Asian-Australasian journal of animal sciences 24건

  1. [국내논문]   Genetic Analysis of Three River Populations of Catla catla (HAMILTON) Using Randomly Amplified Polymorphic DNA Markers   피인용횟수: 1

    Islam, M.S. (Department of Biotechnology, Bangladesh Agricultural University ) , Ahmed, A.S.I. (Department of Fisheries Biology and Genetics, Bangladesh Agricultural University ) , Azam, M.S. (Department of Fisheries Biology and Genetics, Bangladesh Agricultural University ) , Alam, M.S. (Department of Fisheries Biology and Genetics, Bangladesh Agricultural University)
    Asian-Australasian journal of animal sciences v.18 no.4 ,pp. 453 - 457 , 2005 , 1011-2367 ,

    초록

    The genetic variations in three major river populations viz. the Halda, the Jamuna and the Padma of the Indian major carp, Catla catla were analyzed by Random Amplified Polymorphic DNA (RAPD) markers. Four decamer primers were used for amplifying DNA of 10 individuals from each population. The proportion of polymorphic loci and the gene diversity estimates were 59.4 and 0.20 for the Halda, 37.5 and 0.14 for the Jamuna and 46.9 and 0.16 for the Padma populations respectively indicating the existence of a relatively high level of genetic variation in the Halda river population. The inter-population similarity indices, gene flow and genetic distance values indicated that the Jamuna-Padma population pair of catla was genetically closer than the Halda-Jamuna and the Halda-Padma population pairs in compliance with the geographical distances among them. The coefficient of gene differentiation ( $G_{ST}$ =0.13) r 0.13) reflects some degree of genetic differentiation among three populations of catla studied. The data suggest that the RAPD technique could be used to discriminate different river populations of catla.

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  2. [국내논문]   Association between PCR-RFLP Polymorphism of the Fifth Intron in Lipoprotein Lipase Gene and Productive Traits in Pig Resource Family   피인용횟수: 1

    Zhang, B.Z. (Key Laboratory of Swine Genetics and Breeding, Ministry of Agriculture, College of Animal Science and Veterinary Medicine, Huazhong Agriculture University ) , Lei, M.G. (Key Laboratory of Swine Genetics and Breeding, Ministry of Agriculture, College of Animal Science and Veterinary Medicine, Huazhong Agriculture University ) , Deng, C.Y. (Key Laboratory of Swine Genetics and Breeding, Ministry of Agriculture, College of Animal Science and Veterinary Medicine, Huazhong Agriculture University ) , Xiong, Y.H. (Key Laboratory of Swine Genetics and Breeding, Ministry of Agriculture, College of Animal Science and Veterinary Medicine, Huazhong Agriculture University ) , Zuo, B. (Key Laboratory of Swine Genetics and Breeding, Ministry of Agriculture, College of Animal Science and Veterinary Medicine, Huazhong Agriculture University ) , Li, F.E. (Key Laboratory of Swine Genetics and Breeding, Ministry of Agriculture, College of Animal Science and Veterinary Medicine, Huazhong Agriculture University)
    Asian-Australasian journal of animal sciences v.18 no.4 ,pp. 458 - 462 , 2005 , 1011-2367 ,

    초록

    The study was aimed at detecting polymorphism of the fifth intron in lipoprotein lipase (LPL) gene and analyzing association between the polymorphism and productive traits. A pair of primers was designed for amplifying the fifth intron. Sequence analysis indicated that a G1171C substitution existed in Large White breed. The mutation was detected by PCR-AfaI-RFLP. Polymorphism analysis in a pig resource family showed that there existed significant effects on carcass and meat quality traits. Thoraxwaist fat thickness of BB genotype was significantly higher (14.2%, p

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  3. [국내논문]   Mating and Incidental Activities of Ram (Ovis aries) When Exposed to Ewe(s) and Competitor Ram in Pen Mating Condition  

    Patel, M. (Division of Livestock Production and Management, Indian Veterinary Research Institute(IVRI) ) , Das, N. (Division of Livestock Production and Management, Indian Veterinary Research Institute(IVRI) ) , Pandey, H.N. (Division of Livestock Production and Management, Indian Veterinary Research Institute(IVRI) ) , Yadav, M.C. (Division of Gynaecology and Obstetrics, IVRI ) , Girish, P.S. (Division of Livestock Products Technology, IVRI)
    Asian-Australasian journal of animal sciences v.18 no.4 ,pp. 463 - 469 , 2005 , 1011-2367 ,

    초록

    An attempt was made to analyze the factors affecting mating performance of rams in pen mating systems. Due to many types of social interactions, mating performance of rams may decrease or increase. Six intact Muzaffarnagari rams were used and divided into three dominant subordinate pairs by food and ewe competition test. For dominant rams subordinate ram became competitor and vice versa. In the first experiment, ram was exposed to ewe but the competitor ram was kept outside the pen with the facility of visibility only. In the second experiment each ram was exposed to ewe along with the competitor ram and in third experiment ram was exposed to ewes (two) along with competitor ram in observation pen. Recordings of different mating and agonistic behaviour were done in all the experiments. It was found that subordinate ram's mating behaviour was inhibited by mere presence of a dominant ram out side without physical contact. However, when ram exposed to oestrus ewe(s) along with competitor ram, both dominant and subordinate rams spent much of their time in guarding activities instead of mating. In addition dominant ram tried to curtail the subordinate ram mating by agonistic interaction like fight and butting. Different guarding activities were observed either as active or passive type depending on level of dominanace. It was concluded that in a limited space the interaction of two or more rams might affect the number of services adversely.

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  4. [국내논문]   Estrous Response and Fertility in Postpartum Suckled Female Yaks (Bos grunniens) Treated with an Intravaginal Device Containing Progesterone(CIDR), Pregnant Mares' Serum Gonadotrophin and Prostaglandin Analogue   피인용횟수: 1

    Zi, X.D. (College of Life Science and Technology, Southwest University for Nationalities ) , Chang, S. (Longri Yak Farm of Hongyuan County ) , Lu, H. (College of Life Science and Technology, Southwest University for Nationalities ) , Wang, X. (Longri Yak Farm of Hongyuan County)
    Asian-Australasian journal of animal sciences v.18 no.4 ,pp. 470 - 474 , 2005 , 1011-2367 ,

    초록

    The efficiency of a short-term treatment with an intravaginal device containing progesterone (CIDR) combined with pregnant mares' serum gonadotrophin (PMSG) and prostaglandin analogue ( $PGF_{2\alpha}$ ) was evaluated for the induction of estrus, initiation of cyclic activity, and fertility in postpartum suckled yak cows. Seventy-five postpartum suckled yak cows were assigned to three treatments: (1) insertion of a CIDR intravaginal progesterone (1.9 g) (day 0), an administration of $PGF_{2\alpha}$ (0.2 mg i.m.) on day 6 and PMSG (1,000 IU i.m.) at the time of CIDR withdrawal on day 7 (CPP group, n=28); (2) an administration of $PGF_{2\alpha}$ (0.2 mg i.m.) on day 6 and PMSG (1,000 IU i.m.) on day 7 (PP group, n=21); (3) untreated animals served as the control (CG group, n=26). Seven yak bulls were placed in pastures with the cows for natural mating. Estrus rate in the CPP group (28/28) was higher (p $P_4$ concentration $\geq$ 2.35 ng/ml on day 21 after breeding. It is concluded that a short-term progesterone treatment combined with PMSG and prostaglandin increased the proportion of yak cows that exhibited behavioral estrus with more synchronized estrus response and satisfactory conception rate in postpartum suckled yak cows.

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  5. [국내논문]   Influence of Berseem and Lucerne Silages on Feed Intake, Nutrient Digestibility and Milk Yield in Lactating Nili Buffaloes   피인용횟수: 5

    Sarwar, M. (Institute of Animal Nutrition and Feed Technology, University of Agriculture ) , Khan, M. Ajmal (Institute of Animal Nutrition and Feed Technology, University of Agriculture ) , Nisa, Mahr-un (Institute of Animal Nutrition and Feed Technology, University of Agriculture ) , Touqir, N.A. (Institute of Animal Nutrition and Feed Technology, University of Agriculture)
    Asian-Australasian journal of animal sciences v.18 no.4 ,pp. 475 - 478 , 2005 , 1011-2367 ,

    초록

    This study was conducted to evaluate feeding value of berseem and lucerne silage as a replacement for conventional fodder (berseem fodder) in lactating Nili buffaloes. Fifteen early lactating multi-parous Nili buffaloes, five buffaloes in each group were allotted three experimental diets. Berseem and lucerne fodders were ensiled at 30% DM (wheat straw was used to adjust the DM of fodders) with molasses (at the rate of 2% of fodder DM) in two bunker silos for 30 days. The diets contained 75% DM from berseem fodder (BF), 75% DM from berseem silage (BS) and 75% DM from lucerne silage (LS). Each diet contained 25% concentrate DM. Diets were mixed daily and fed twice a day at ad libitum intakes. Dry matter intake (DMI) was significantly higher (13.8 kg/d) in buffaloes fed BF diet than those fed LS (12.5 kg/d) and BS (11.9 kg/day) diets. The differences in digestible DMI and DMI as percent body weight were significant between fodder and silage based diets but non-significant when BS and LS were compared. Lower DMI with silage-based diets was probably because of low silage pH. Intake of NDF (NDFI) was higher (5.68 kg/d) in buffaloes fed BF diet followed by those fed LS (5.50 kg/d) and BS (5.00 kg/d) diets. The difference was significant (p

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  6. [국내논문]   Potential of Sarson Saag Waste-a Cannery Waste as Ruminant Feed  

    Bakshi, M.P.S. (Department of Animal Nutrition, Punjab Agricultural University ) , Kaushal, S. (Department of Animal Nutrition, Punjab Agricultural University ) , Wadhwa, M. (Department of Animal Nutrition, Punjab Agricultural University)
    Asian-Australasian journal of animal sciences v.18 no.4 ,pp. 479 - 482 , 2005 , 1011-2367 ,

    초록

    The nutritional worth of Sarson Saag Waste (SSW), a cannery waste, was assessed in comparison with conventional complete diet as a total mixed ration (TMR), and a conventional green fodder, Avena sativa. Each diet was offered ad libitum, supplemented with mineral mixture and common salt, to 4 male murrah buffaloes. The control TMR was made iso-nitrogenous to SSW. Simultaneously, each diet was offered to 3 rumen fistulated male buffaloes for assessing the biochemical changes in the rumen. The nutrient digestibility of unconventional SSW was comparable to that of conventional green fodder-A. sativa but significantly (p

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  7. [국내논문]   Sequencing of cDNA Clones Expressed in Adipose Tissues of Korean Cattle  

    Bong, J.J. (Department of Applied Bioscience and Biotechnology, Biotechnology Research Institute, Inst. of Ag. Sci. and Tech. Chonnam National University ) , Tong, K. (Department of Applied Bioscience and Biotechnology, Biotechnology Research Institute, Inst. of Ag. Sci. and Tech. Chonnam National University ) , Cho, K.K. (Department of Animal Resources Technology, Jinju National University ) , Baik, M.G. (Department of Applied Bioscience and Biotechnology, Biotechnology Research Institute, Inst. of Ag. Sci. and Tech. Chonnam National University)
    Asian-Australasian journal of animal sciences v.18 no.4 ,pp. 483 - 489 , 2005 , 1011-2367 ,

    초록

    To understand the molecular mechanisms that regulate intramuscular fat deposition and its release, cDNA clones expressed in adipose tissues of Korean cattle were identified by differential screening from adipose tissue cDNA library. By partial nucleotide sequencing of 486 clones and a search for sequence similarity in NCBI nucleotide databases, 245 clones revealed unique clones. By a functional grouping of the clones, 14% of the clones were categorized to metabolism and enzyme-related group (stearoyl CoA desaturase, lactate dehydrogenase, fatty acid synthase, ATP citrate lyase, lipoprotein lipase, acetyl CoA synthetase, etc), and 6% to signal transduction/cell cycle-related group (C/EBP, cAMP-regulated phosphoprotein, calmodulin, cyclin G1, cyclin H, etc), and 4% to cytoskeleton and extracellular matrix components (vimentin, ankyrin 2, gelosin, syntenin, talin, prefoldin 5). The obtained 245 clones will be useful to study lipid metabolism and signal transduction pathway in adipose tissues and to study obesity in human. Some clones were subjected to full-sequencing containing open reading frame. The cDNA clone of bovine homolog of human prefoldin 5 gene had a total length of 959 nucleotides coding for 139 amino acids. Comparison of the deduced amino acid sequences of bovine prefoldin 5 with those of human and mouse showed over 95% identity. The cDNA clone of bovine homolog of human ubiquitin-like/S30 ribosomal fusion protein gene had a total length of 484 nucleotides coding for 133 amino acids. Comparison of the deduced amino acid sequences of bovine ubiquitin-like/S30 ribosomal fusion protein gene with those of human, rat and mouse showed over 97% identity. The cDNA clone of bovine homolog of human proteolipid protein 2 mRNA had a total length of 928 nucleotides coding for 152 amino acids. Comparison of the deduced amino acid sequences of bovine proteolipid protein 2 with those of human and mouse showed 87.5% similarity. The cDNA clone of bovine homolog of rat thymosin beta 4 had a total length of 602 nucleotides coding for 44 amino acids. Comparison of the deduced amino acid sequences of bovine thymosin beta 4 gene with those of human, mouse and rat showed 93.1% similarity. The cDNA clone of bovine homolog of human myotrophin mRNA had a total length of 790 nucleotides coding for 118 amino acids. Comparison of the deduced amino acid sequences of bovine myotrophin gene with those of human, mouse and rat showed 83.9% similarity. The functional role of these clones in adipose tissues needs to be established.

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  8. [국내논문]   Effect of Potato By-products Based Silage on Growth Performance, Carcass Characteristics and Fatty Acid Composition of Carcass Fats in Holstein Steers  

    Pen, B. (Department of Animal Science, Obihiro University of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine ) , Oyabu, T. (Department of Animal Science, Obihiro University of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine ) , Hidaka, S. (Department of Animal Science, Obihiro University of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine ) , Hidari, H. (Department of Animal Science, Obihiro University of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine)
    Asian-Australasian journal of animal sciences v.18 no.4 ,pp. 490 - 496 , 2005 , 1011-2367 ,

    초록

    Ten 18.5-month old Holstein steers were allocated into two diet groups of five and fed either concentrates as control group or potato by-products based silage (PBS) as experimental group for six months to investigate the effect of PBS on growth performance, carcass characteristics and fatty acid composition of carcass fats. The PBS diet consisted, in a DM basis, of 74.5% PBS, 16% hay, and 9.5% soybean milk residue (SMR). The control diet consisted, in a DM basis, of 82.5% concentrates and 17.5% hay. There were no significant differences in the overall average daily gain (ADG), dry matter intake (DMI), feed efficiency, yield score and meat quality score of dressed carcass between the two diet groups. There were no statistical differences in DM, crude protein (CP), and ether extract (EE) of beef and melting point of all adipose tissues from steers fed both diets. The PBS-fed steers tended to have lower Warner Bratzler shear (WBS) values than in the concentrate-fed steers (13.0 vs. 17.7 lb, p

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  9. [국내논문]   Effect of Arsenic on Immunity, Oxidative Enzyme and Various Hematological Parameters in Cross Bred Calves  

    Mishra, C.S. (Dairy Cattle Nutrition Division, National Dairy Research Institute ) , Mani, Veena (Dairy Cattle Nutrition Division, National Dairy Research Institute ) , Kaur, Harjit (Dairy Cattle Nutrition Division, National Dairy Research Institute)
    Asian-Australasian journal of animal sciences v.18 no.4 ,pp. 497 - 501 , 2005 , 1011-2367 ,

    초록

    An experiment was conducted on crossbred male calves to study the effect of arsenic (As) on immunity status and certain hematological parameters. Ten crossbred male calves of 3-4 months of age were distributed into two equal groups. Group I was kept as control, whereas, group II was supplemented daily with 50 ppm As (as $As_sO_3$ ) up to 90 days, in the diet. Calves of both groups were fed as per ICAR standards and their requirements were fulfilled by feeding concentrate mixture and green oats. All calves were kept under similar managemental conditions. Blood samples were collected at fortnightly intervals to estimate various haematological parameters and superoxide dismutase (SOD) enzyme activity. Serum Ig and serum glutamic pyruvate transaminase (SGPT) were also measured. Cell-mediated immune responses of the calves were monitored at 0, 45 and 90 of experimental feeding, through lymphocyte proliferation. No change in blood total leukocyte counts (TLC), differential leukocyte counts (DLC), packed cell volume (PCV), haemoglobin (Hb) and SGPT was observed with As supplementation. A decrease in SOD activity was noticed in group II calves. Stimulation index (SI) for lymphocyte proliferation decreased from 1.14 to 0.79 in group II calves during 90 days experimental feeding, whereas, there was no change in SI values in group I indicating significant decrease in immune response of As supplemented calves. Blood As concentration increased in group II calves with the decrease in immune response. Short term supplementation of As to growing calves suggested suppressive effects on cell-mediated immunity. However, long term experiments are required to demonstrate clearly the efects of this toxic metal in calves.

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  10. [국내논문]   Effect of Level of Crude Protein and Use of Cottonseed Meal in Diets Containing Cassava Chips and Rice Straw for Lactating Dairy Cows   피인용횟수: 4

    Promkot, C. (Tropical Feed Resources Research and Development Center, Department of Animal Science, Faculty of Agriculture Khon Kaen University ) , Wanapat, M. (Tropical Feed Resources Research and Development Center, Department of Animal Science, Faculty of Agriculture Khon Kaen University)
    Asian-Australasian journal of animal sciences v.18 no.4 ,pp. 502 - 511 , 2005 , 1011-2367 ,

    초록

    The effects of different levels of crude protein (CP) and cottonseed meal replacing for soybean meal in cassava chips and rice straw-based diets for mid-lactating cows (100-150 day in milk [DIM]), were studied using 32 multiparous Holstein Fresian crossbred dairy cows. Diets containing 10.5, 12.5, 13.7, 14.4% CP of the rations and 0, 12.1, 14.9, 17.8% cottonseed meal were fed to cows for 60 days. Thirty two cows were randomly divided into four dietary treatments using a Randomized complete block design. Four dietary treatments were offered in the form of total mixed ration (TMR) with concentrate to roughage (chopped rice straw) at 60:40 and offered ad libitum. Dry matter (DM) and neutral detergent fiber (NDF) intakes tended to linearly increase with increasing dietary CP levels. Intakes and digestibility of crude protein increased linearly with increasing dietary CP level (p $NH_3$ -N) and bloodurea N (BUN) were closely correlated and increased linearly with increasing CP levels (p

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