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Restoration ecology : the journal of the Society f... 27건

  1. [해외논문]   Issue Information  


    Restoration ecology : the journal of the Society for Ecological Restoration v.26 no.4 ,pp. 603 - 604 , 2018 , 1061-2971 ,

    초록

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    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

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  2. [해외논문]   Restoring species diversity: assessing capacity in the U.S. native plant industry   SCIE

    White, Abigail (Division of Plant Science and Conservation, Chicago Botanic Garden, Glencoe, IL 60022, U.S.A.) , Fant, Jeremie B. (Division of Plant Science and Conservation, Chicago Botanic Garden, Glencoe, IL 60022, U.S.A.) , Havens, Kayri (Division of Plant Science and Conservation, Chicago Botanic Garden, Glencoe, IL 60022, U.S.A.) , Skinner, Mark (USDA Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Region Regional Office, Portland, OR 97204, U.S.A.) , Kramer, Andrea T. (Division of Plant Science and Conservation, Chicago Botanic Garden, Glencoe, IL 60022, U.S.A.)
    Restoration ecology : the journal of the Society for Ecological Restoration v.26 no.4 ,pp. 605 - 611 , 2018 , 1061-2971 ,

    초록

    Large quantities of diverse and appropriately adapted native plant germplasm are required to facilitate restoration globally, yet shortages can prevent restorations from attaining desired species diversity and structure. An extensive native plant industry has developed in the United States to help meet these demands, yet very little is known about its capacity to support germplasm needs. To better understand current capacity and germplasm availability, we report results of the first comprehensive and quantitative assessment of the native plant industry in the United States, which includes at least 841 vendors nationwide and the species they make available for restoration. We synthesized lists of commercially available species from native plant vendors across the United States and identified gaps in species availability to inform germplasm research, development, and production. Of the approximately 25,000 vascular plant taxa native to the United States, 26% are sold commercially, with growth form, conservation status, distribution, and taxonomy significantly predicting availability. In contrast, only 0.07% of approximately 3,000 native nonvascular taxa are sold commercially. We also investigated how demand for germplasm to support high‐quality restoration efforts is met by vendors in the Midwestern tallgrass prairie region, which has been targeted extensively by restoration efforts for decades. In this well‐developed native plant market, 74% of more than 1,000 target species are commercially available, often from vendors that advertise genetically diverse, locally sourced germplasm. We make recommendations to build on the successes of regional markets like the tallgrass prairie region, and to fill identified gaps, including investing in research to support production, ensuring more consistent and clear demand, and fostering regional collaboration.

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    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

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  3. [해외논문]   What about cultural ecosystems? Opportunities for cultural considerations in the “International Standards for the Practice of Ecological Restoration”   SCIE

    Evans, Nicole M. (Department of Natural Resources and Environmental Sciences, University of Illinois Urbana‐Champaign, Champaign, IL 61820, U.S.A.) , Davis, Mark A. (Illinois Natural History Survey, Prairie Research Institute, University of Illinois Urbana‐Champaign, Champaign, IL 61820, U.S.A.)
    Restoration ecology : the journal of the Society for Ecological Restoration v.26 no.4 ,pp. 612 - 617 , 2018 , 1061-2971 ,

    초록

    The Society for Ecological Restoration's 2016 (SER) “International Standards for the Practice of Ecological Restoration” is a living document intended to guide restoration projects “anywhere in the world.” Given its intended global scope and in hopes of informing future editions, this document is critically assessed in light of the role people have played in ecosystems around the world. We argue that the Standards has an underlying nature–culture dichotomization that limits its applicability; in qualifying what it calls “cultural ecosystems” for rehabilitation, rather than restoration, the Standards privileges colonial visions of ecological restoration. We also discuss the Standards' representation of the ecological impacts and practices of indigenous groups. Whereas the Standards claims that preindustrial cultural ecosystems exist in states similar to unmodified areas, many historians, anthropologists, and paleoecologists would point out that preindustrial people sometimes had massive environmental impacts through agriculture, hydrological engineering, over‐hunting, living in dense urban environments, transporting species, burning on a scale capable of changing the climate, and other practices. Furthermore, the Standards does not discuss how the cultural goals of indigenous groups fit into the overall picture of ecological restoration. Future drafts of the Standards should more accurately frame the diverse roles people play in nature, and create global standards that account for the validity of cultural goals for ecological restoration.

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    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

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  4. [해외논문]   Applied nucleation is a straightforward, cost‐effective forest restoration approach: reply to RamIrez‐Soto et al. (2018)   SCIE

    Holl, Karen D. (Environmental Studies Department, University of California, Santa Cruz, CA, 95064, U.S.A.) , Zahawi, Rakan A. (Lyon Arboretum, University of Hawai'i at Mānoa, 3860 Manoa Road, Honolulu, HI, 96822, U.S.A.)
    Restoration ecology : the journal of the Society for Ecological Restoration v.26 no.4 ,pp. 618 - 619 , 2018 , 1061-2971 ,

    초록

    We agree with RamIrez‐Soto and colleagues that applied nucleation can be an effective approach for tropical forest restoration both in lowland and higher elevation tropical forests. We also contend that it is cheaper than standard plantation‐style plantings and is straightforward to train personnel to implement this approach.

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    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

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  5. [해외논문]   Is applied nucleation a straightforward, cost‐effective forest restoration approach? Counter‐response to Holl and Zahawi (2018)   SCIE

    Ramí (Pronatura Veracruz A.C., Programa Ecoforestal, Coatepec, Veracruz 91500, Mexico) , rez‐ (Pronatura Veracruz A.C., Programa Ecoforestal, Coatepec, Veracruz 91500, Mexico) , Soto, Aní (Pronatura Veracruz A.C., Programa Ecoforestal, Coatepec, Veracruz 91500, Mexico) , bal (Pronatura Veracruz A.C., Programa Ecoforestal, Coatepec, Veracruz 91500, Mexico) , Lucio‐ (Pronatura Veracruz A.C., Programa Ecoforestal, Coatepec, Veracruz 91500, Mexico) , Palacio, Cé (Pronatura Veracruz A.C., Programa Ecoforestal, Coatepec, Veracruz 91500, Mexico) , sar R. (Pronatura Veracruz A.C., Programa Ecoforestal, Coatepec, Veracruz 91500, Mexico) , Rodrí (Pronatura Veracruz A.C., Programa Ecoforestal, Coatepec, Veracruz 91500, Mexico) , guez‐ (Pronatura Veracruz A.C., Programa Ecofor) , Mesa, Rafael , Sheseñ , a‐ , Herná , ndez, Ixchel , Farhat, Fadi N. , Villa‐ , Bonilla, Bernardino , Landa Libreros, Laura , Gutié , rrez Sosa, Gabriela , Trujillo Santos, Omar , Gó , mez Sá , nchez, Israel , Ruelas Inzunza, Ernesto
    Restoration ecology : the journal of the Society for Ecological Restoration v.26 no.4 ,pp. 620 - 621 , 2018 , 1061-2971 ,

    초록

    Holl and Zahawi (2018) agree on a number of approaches that we describe in a local case study of tropical montane cloud forest restoration in Mexico. However, they contend our argument that most applied nucleation projects have taken place in tropical lowlands as a mistake. They also provide data on the per‐hectare cost of restoration projects in Costa Rica and compare it to a higher cost figure of plantation‐style reforestation, a view contrary to ours. Last, Holl and Zahawi recognize that applied nucleation requires specialized personnel, but imply that the amount of training needed for this endeavor is not very different than what is required to implement other forest recovery projects. In this counter‐response, we provide some refinements to our original opinion and offer further information in support to our perspective.

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    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

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  6. [해외논문]   Genotype and attachment technique influence the growth and survival of line nursery corals   SCIE

    Goergen, Elizabeth A. (Halmos College of Natural Sciences and Oceanography, Nova Southeastern University, 8000 N. Ocean Drive, Dania Beach, FL 33004, U.S.A.) , Ostroff, Zachary (Halmos College of Natural Sciences and Oceanography, Nova Southeastern University, 8000 N. Ocean Drive, Dania Beach, FL 33004, U.S.A.) , Gilliam, David S. (Halmos College of Natural Sciences and Oceanography, Nova Southeastern University, 8000 N. Ocean Drive, Dania Beach, FL 33004, U.S.A.)
    Restoration ecology : the journal of the Society for Ecological Restoration v.26 no.4 ,pp. 622 - 628 , 2018 , 1061-2971 ,

    초록

    Abstract The Caribbean staghorn coral, Acropora cervicornis , was once a dominant habitat creating coral, but its populations have declined dramatically in recent decades. Numerous restoration efforts now utilize coral gardening techniques to cultivate this species, growing colonies on fixed structures or from line/suspended nurseries. Line nurseries have become increasingly popular because of their small footprint and ease of use, replacing fixed structures in many nurseries. To evaluate the efficacy of the line technique, this study evaluated growth, condition, and survivorship of A. cervicornis nursery colonies of three distinct genotypes grown via two line nursery techniques (suspended and direct line attachment [vertical]). Direct line attachment of nursery colonies resulted in poor survival (43%) and growth (9.5 ± 1.33 cm/year), whereas suspended culture had 100% survival and increased growth (61.1 ± 4.19 cm/year). Suspended culture had significantly reduced disease prevalence and prevented colony predation. Suspended coral growth was also comparable to a neighboring fixed structure nursery (55.2 ± 7.86 cm/year), and found to be as effective in propagating corals as fixed structures.

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    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

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  7. [해외논문]   Managed grazing is an effective strategy to restore habitat for the endangered autumn buttercup (Ranunculus aestivalis)   SCIE

    Skopec, Michele M. (Department of Zoology, Weber State University, 1415 Edvalson Street, Ogden, UT, 84408, U.S.A.) , Lewinsohn, Jennifer (Utah Ecological Services Field Office, U.S. Fish and Wildlife, 2369 West Orton Circle, West Valley City, UT, 84119, U.S.A.) , Sandoval, Tyson (Department of Zoology, Weber State University, 1415 Edvalson Street, Ogden, UT, 84408, U.S.A.) , Wirick, Clint (Partners for Fish and Wildlife Program ‐) , Murray, Sheila (Utah, U.S. Fish and Wildlife, 240 North 600 East, Richfield, UT, 84701, U.S.A.) , Pence, Valerie (The Arboretum at Flagstaff, 4001 S. Woody Mountain Road, Flagstaff, AZ, 86001, U.S.A.) , Whitham, Linda (Center for Conservation and Research of Endangered Wildlife, Cincinnati Zoo and Botanical Gardens, 3400 Vine Street, Cincinnati, OH, 45220, U.S.A.)
    Restoration ecology : the journal of the Society for Ecological Restoration v.26 no.4 ,pp. 629 - 635 , 2018 , 1061-2971 ,

    초록

    The only protected habitat of the endangered autumn buttercup is a small, overgrown, wet meadow that no longer supports the species. We used an experimentally driven reintroduction to examine the role of rodent herbivory in limiting the survival and establishment of autumn buttercup at the site. We evaluated the effectiveness of livestock grazing and cages to exclude rodents by comparing survival of caged and uncaged transplants under two pasture management treatments (grazed vs. ungrazed). We found that transplant survival was greatest for caged plants in grazed pasture with 50% of plants surviving to the end of the second growing season. Grazing increased the species richness in the plant community and decreased the amount of cover for small mammals. Accordingly, rodent density and vole herbivory in late summer were significantly lower on grazed pasture. Our results indicate that rodent herbivores represent a major threat to the survival and reestablishment of autumn buttercup and livestock grazing and protective caging are effective strategies to reduce rodent populations and vole herbivory.

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    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

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  8. [해외논문]   Improving success of rare plant seed reintroductions: a case study of Dalea carthagenensis var. floridana, a rare legume with dormant seeds   SCIE

    Maschinski, Joyce (Center for Plant Conservation, San Diego Zoo Global, 15600 San Pasqual Valley Road, Escondido, CA 92027‐7000, U.S.A.) , Possley, Jennifer (Fairchild Tropical Botanic Garden, 10901 Old Cutler Road, Miami, FL 33156, U.S.A.) , Walters, Christina (USDA‐ARS National Laboratory for Genetic Resources Preservation, 1111 S Mason Street, Fort Collins, CO 80521, U.S.A.) , Hill, Lisa (USDA‐ARS National Laboratory for Genetic Resources Preservation, 1111 S Mason Street, Fort Collins, CO 80521, U.S.A.) , Krueger, Lisa (Fairchild Tropical Botanic Garden, 10901 Old Cutler Road, Miami, FL 33156, U.S.A.) , Hazelton, Dallas (Miami‐Dade County, Department of Parks, Recreation and Open Spaces, Natural Areas Management Division, 22200 SW 137th Avenue, Miami, FL 33170, U.S.A.)
    Restoration ecology : the journal of the Society for Ecological Restoration v.26 no.4 ,pp. 636 - 641 , 2018 , 1061-2971 ,

    초록

    Recent reviews of rare plant reintroduction success indicate that far fewer studies have been conducted with seeds than whole plants, and of these, less than 10% have established or had long‐term population persistence reported. Because seed reintroductions are relatively less expensive than plant reintroductions, determining ways to increase efficacy of using seeds to establish rare populations has conservation benefits. In laboratory trials, we examined seed germination of an endangered legume, Dalea carthagenensis var. floridana , endemic in South Florida, U.S.A. Laboratory treatments confirmed that seeds are hard seeded, remaining viable for 1,452 days even when moist; nicking, heat, and freezing triggered higher and more rapid germination than controls. Field trials begun in 2009, using pretreated (frozen) and untreated seeds within two habitats (natural and novel) revealed that freezing pretreatment increased germination in both habitats. However, plants matured, reproduced, and established seedlings only in natural habitat, not in novel habitat. By 2012, seed treatment plots in natural pine rockland had significantly greater numbers of reproductive plants and seedlings than controls. In a restoration context, using seed pretreatments to stimulate germination can improve establishment success in suitable habitats. When paired with essential vegetation management and a controlled burn, seed augmentation helped rescue the population from the brink of extinction.

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    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

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  9. [해외논문]   Performance of 11 tree species under different management treatments in restoration plantings in a tropical dry forest   SCIE

    Gonzá (Centro de Investigación en Biodiversidad y Conservación (CIByC), Universidad Autónoma del Estado de Morelos (UAEM), Universidad 1001, Colonia Chamilpa, Cuernavaca 62209, Mexico) , lez‐ (Instituto de Ecología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (UNAM), Circuito Exterior, Ciudad Universitaria, Mexico City 04510, Mexico) , Tokman, Daniel Matí (Instituto de Ecología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (UNAM), Circuito Exterior, Ciudad Universitaria, Mexico City 04510, Mexico) , as (Instituto de Ecología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (UNAM), Circuito Exterior, Ciudad Universitaria, Mexico City 04510, Mexico) , Barradas, Ví (Instituto de Investigaciones en Ecosistemas y Sustentabilidad (IIES), Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (UNAM), Antigua Carretera a Pátzcu) , ctor Luis , Boege, Karina , Domí , nguez, Cé , sar Augusto , del‐ , Val, Ek , Saucedo, Erandi , Martí , nez‐ , Garza, Cristina
    Restoration ecology : the journal of the Society for Ecological Restoration v.26 no.4 ,pp. 642 - 649 , 2018 , 1061-2971 ,

    초록

    Ecological restoration in tropical dry forests urgently needs to incorporate experimental evidence to increase effectiveness. The main barriers for tree establishment are adverse microenvironmental conditions and competition with exotic grasses. Therefore, management should address such barriers in order to enhance tree performance. We evaluated the effect of plastic mulching, grass removal, and no management on survival after 2 months and stem volume and canopy size after 2 years and integrated response index (IRI) in plantings of 11 native tree species with different growth rates in pastures near the tropical dry forest of Chamela, Mexico. Results revealed that: (1) initial seedling mortality was minimal in all treatments (8%) and lowest under no management (2%); (2) plastic mulching, but not grass removal, leads to increased size for most species, irrespective of their growth rank; (3) a trade‐off between initial plant survival and size after 2 years occurred due to plastic mulching; and (4) most species showed similar values of the IRI because of high survival, stem volume, or canopy cover. Grass removal decreased early survival of all species and increased stem volume only for one slow‐growing species. The use of plastic mulching increased stem volume for slow‐growing species, whereas fast‐growing species developed larger canopies with that treatment. Effects of grass removal and mulching seem to be very species‐specific and not dependent in growth rank of species, although overall mulching seems to provide better conditions for seedling performance than grass removal alone.

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    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

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  10. [해외논문]   Nonselective use of vegetation for spawning by the diadromous fish Galaxias maculatus   SCIE

    Hickford, Michael J. H. (Marine Ecology Research Group, School of Biological Sciences, University of Canterbury, Private Bag 4800, Christchurch, 8140, New Zealand) , Stevens, Jessica C. B. (Marine Ecology Research Group, School of Biological Sciences, University of Canterbury, Private Bag 4800, Christchurch, 8140, New Zealand) , Schiel, David R. (Marine Ecology Research Group, School of Biological Sciences, University of Canterbury, Private Bag 4800, Christchurch, 8140, New Zealand)
    Restoration ecology : the journal of the Society for Ecological Restoration v.26 no.4 ,pp. 650 - 656 , 2018 , 1061-2971 ,

    초록

    Terrestrial egg development is advantageous for the amphidromous fish Galaxias maculatus because it increases access to oxygen, increases incubation temperatures, and reduces aquatic predation. The characteristics of New Zealand's riparian vegetation have changed considerably since colonial times from native vegetation to exotic grasses, with potential effects on the spawning dynamics of fish. Here, we used a series of experiments to test preferences of G. maculatus for egg laying in combinations of a native sedge and rush, and two exotic grasses. In laboratory experiments, G. maculatus spawned in all available habitats with no preference for native over exotic vegetation. Egg survival did not differ between the vegetative habitats, but in a treatment where only river stones were available, eggs were laid but they dehydrated and died. In a field experiment, there was no evidence for a preference for spawning in native vegetation, and no association between a “key” feature of vegetation—tiller density—and the number of eggs laid. The microclimate beneath dense vegetation in experimental treatments was more constant than ambient conditions with few extreme temperatures and low humidities. Given the readiness of G. maculatus to spawn in exotic vegetation, there appears to be no benefit in restoring native vegetation to enhance egg laying or survival of these taxa.

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