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저널/프로시딩 상세정보

권호별목차 / 소장처보기

H : 소장처정보

T : 목차정보

Journal of Korean medical science : JKMS 14건

  1. [국내논문]   Reaction of the sera of the Korean children free from Hib invasive diseases against H. influenzae type B capsular polysaccharide antigen.  

    Kim, K. H. , Kim, D. S. , Park, M. S. , Kim, K. T. , Kim, H. S. , Kim, K. H. , Kwon, O. H.
    Journal of Korean medical science : JKMS v.9 no.1 ,pp. 1 - 8 , 1994 , 1011-8934 ,

    초록

    The purpose of our experiment is to examine the level of anti-Haemophilus influenza polysaccharide antibody titer in the Korean population. Using ELISA, the level of Hib-PS antibodies in 384 infants and children who were all free from Hib invasive diseases, was tested. And the blood of 50 mothers within 24 hours of delivery and cord blood from their respective full-term neonates was also tested. The transport of Hib-PS IgG and IgG subclasses in paired sera from mothers and neonates was also measured. The titer of Hib-PS IgG varies with age. At birth the mean optical density of cord blood was 1.028; however, it declined to 0.609 up to 6 months and further decline was noted up to 2 years to 0.488. Then the mean O.D. remained around 0.5 from 3 to 14 years of age. The mean O.D. of Hib-PS IgG in the mothers blood was 0.856. The ratio of mean O.D. of anti-Hib PS IgG antibody in the cord blood to that in the maternal blood was 1.20. The mean optical densities of IgG subclasses were: 1.18 for anti-Hib PS IgG1, 1.07 for anti-Hib PS IgG2, 1.01 for anti-Hib PS IgG3, and 1.09 for anti-Hib PS IgG4. The sera from Korean children of almost all age groups reacted to Hib-PS antigen on ELISA. Also the active transport of anti-Hib PS IgG antibody through placenta was observed. Among four IgG subclasses, only IgG1 transport had significant experimental meaning.

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  2. [국내논문]   Extrafollicular reticulum cells in pathologic lymph nodes.  

    Cho, J. , Gong, G. , Choe, G. , Yu, E. , Lee, I.
    Journal of Korean medical science : JKMS v.9 no.1 ,pp. 9 - 15 , 1994 , 1011-8934 ,

    초록

    Extrafollicular reticulum cells in lymph nodes are heterogeneous. They express cytokeratins, desmin, and/or vimentin as their intermediate filament profile. Using those markers, we undertook an immunohistochemical study of human lymph nodes under various pathologic conditions. Samples included 15 simple reactive lymph nodes, 7 follicular hyperplasia, 1 necrotizing lymphadenitis, 4 tuberculous lymphadenitis, 13 malignant lymphoma (9 non-Hodgkin's and 4 Hodgkin's lymphomas), and 11 metastatic adenocarcinoma. In lymph nodes with follicular hyperplasia, cytokeratin and/or desmin expressing reticulum cells displayed a characteristic dendritic meshwork in the subcapsular, perisinusoidal, and paracortical regions. In other forms reactive lymph nodes, they were similarly distributed but were less prominent. By SDS-PAGE and immunoblotting, cytokeratin polypeptides were identified. In necrotizing lymphadenitis, they were increased and the pattern of distribution was disturbed. In tuberculous lymphadenitis, they were also increased and located at nongranulomatous as well as in perigranulomatous areas. In lymphomas the reticular meshwork was entirely obliterated. Cytokeratin or desmin expressing reticulum cells were rarely seen within tumors. The reticular meshwork was also obliterated in metastatic carcinoma. However, the meshwork was maintained in uninvolved areas. In conclusion, extrafollicular reticulum cells displayed characteristic patterns of distribution under various pathologic conditions, and may be implicated in the pathogenesis of those pathologic conditions in human lymph nodes.

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  3. [국내논문]   Comparison of bromodeoxyuridine and proliferating cell nuclear antigen labeling in gastric carcinoma.  

    Kang, S. M. , Kim, W. H. , Kim, C. W. , Kim, Y. I.
    Journal of Korean medical science : JKMS v.9 no.1 ,pp. 16 - 20 , 1994 , 1011-8934 ,

    초록

    The proliferative activity of human gastric carcinoma was measured by means of in vitro incorporation of the thymidine analogue, 5-bromo-2'-deoxyuridine (BrdU), into the newly-synthesized DNA of fresh tumors and immunohistochemical staining of proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) using avidin-biotin peroxidase method. Eighty-two cases of surgically resected human gastric carcinomas consisting of 18 various histologic types were subjected to study. The mean BrdU labelling index (LI) and PCNA LI were 22.9% and 39.1%, respectively. The correlation between BrdU LI and PCNA LI was statistically significant (correlation coefficient mu = 0.61334, p = 0.0001). We concluded that immunohistochemical staining for PCNA may become a practical method instead of in vitro or in vivo BrdU labeling to assess the proliferation fraction of the gastric cancer patient.

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  4. [국내논문]   Skin reactivity and specific IgE antibody to two nonbiting midges in Korean respiratory allergy patients.  

    Kim, Y. J. , Park, H. S.
    Journal of Korean medical science : JKMS v.9 no.1 ,pp. 21 - 28 , 1994 , 1011-8934 ,

    초록

    To evaluate the significance of chironomid as a respiratory allergen, we performed skin prick tests with Chironomus plumosus (CP) and Tokunagayusurika akamusi (TA) extracts on 475 respiratory allergy patients, and their specific IgE antibodies were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) in 106 positive reactors to skin prick test and 30 negative controls. Ninety-seven (20.4%) showed more than 2+ of allergen to histamine ratio to CP and 98 (20.6%) to TA on skin prick test. Seventy-one (73.2%) of 97 positive reactors had increased specific IgE to CP, and 34 (34.7%) of 98 positive reactors, to TA. CP-specific IgE was detected in 14 (14.4%) non-atopic asthmatics and 6 (6.2%) non-allergic rhinitis patients. TA-specific IgE was detected in 17 (17.4%) non-atopic asthmatics and 6 (6.1%) non-allergic rhinitis patients. No association was noted between skin reactivity to Dermatophagoides farinae and the prevalence of specific IgE to CP or TA (p > 0.05). The correlation between total IgE level and specific IgE level to CP and TA was poor (r = 0.07, 0.04). ELISA inhibition test suggested specificity of IgE binding and cross-allergenicity between CP and TA. It is suggested that CP and TA can induce IgE-mediated reaction in exposed patients and should be considered as important causative allergens in respiratory allergy patients in Korea.

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  5. [국내논문]   Poor renal uptake of technetium-99m-DMSA and technetium-99m-MDP in a patient with Fanconi syndrome and near normal glomerular filtration rate.  

    Kim, S. E. , Cho, J. T. , Lee, D. S. , Chung, J. K. , Kim, S. , Lee, M. C. , Lee, J. S. , Koh, C. S.
    Journal of Korean medical science : JKMS v.9 no.1 ,pp. 29 - 34 , 1994 , 1011-8934 ,

    초록

    We present a patient with Fanconi syndrome who demonstrated poor renal uptake of 99mTc-DMSA and high urinary concentration of the tracer. A 99mTc-DTPA scan was normal and the creatinine clearance only minimally decreased. These findings suggest that 99mTc-DMSA may be accumulated in the kidney by glomerular filtration and subsequent tubular reabsorption, with the nonabsorbed fraction appearing in the urine. In Fanconi Syndrome the tubular reabsorption of DMSA may also be reduced, thus explaining the poor renal uptake in this patient. A 99mTc-MDP bone scan showed faint renal uptake and diffuse high uptake mainly in the spine, demonstrating that the metabolic bone disease associated with Fanconi Syndrome can be another mechanism for poor renal visualization on bone scan.

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  6. [국내논문]   Thymic epithelial cells of severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID) mice.  

    Lee, I , Yu, E , Ikehara, S
    Journal of Korean medical science : JKMS v.9 no.1 ,pp. 35 - 41 , 1994 , 1011-8934 ,

    초록

    To characterize thymic epithelial cells of SCID (severe combined immunodeficiency) mice in comparison with those of Balb C mice, we did an immunohistochemical study using cortical and medullary epithelial cell specific monoclonal antibodies (MoAbs), Th-3 and Th-4, as well as gel electrophoresis and immunoblotting. The thymi of SCID mice were composed of epithelial cells and a few lymphocytes. Most epithelial cells were immunostained diffusely with Th-3, which indicated that they might be "cortical-type" epithelial cells. There were a few clusters of stellate cells with dendritic processes which were negative with Th-3 but stained strongly with Th-4. Cortical type epithelial cells and most of the Th-4 reacting cells were strongly immunostained with cytokeratin antibody MNF116. By immunoblotting, cytokeratin polypeptides No. 10 and 18 were detected in both SCID and Balb C mice; however, the relative amounts of each cytokeratin polypeptides were different. With immunohistochemical and immunoblotting results, we conclude; 1) Th-3 and Th-4 are reliable markers for cortical and medullary thymic epithelial cells in SCID mice; 2) disorganization of cells thymic structure is mostly due to maldevelopment of medullary epithelial and T lymphocytes; and 3) the composition of cytokeratin subfamilies of SCID mice thymi may represent a phenotypic marker of the maldevelopment of medullary epithelial cells.

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  7. [국내논문]   Survey of airborne pollens in Seoul, Korea.  

    Park, H. S. , Chung, D. H. , Joo, Y. J.
    Journal of Korean medical science : JKMS v.9 no.1 ,pp. 42 - 46 , 1994 , 1011-8934 ,

    초록

    The daily pollen counts in the air of Seoul, Korea were measured using a rotorod sampler from June 1990 to July 1992. Two distinct pollen periods were noted: tree pollens such as alder, poplar, willow, oak and pine appeared in the spring from March to May, and weed pollens, such as Artemisia spp., Ambrosia spp. and Hop japanese appeared in the autumn from August to September. Various kinds of grass pollen appeared from June to September. The study indicated that there were two pollen peaks in Seoul composed of tree pollens in spring and weed pollens in autumn.

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  8. [국내논문]   A monoclonal antibody to cell surface antigen of human thymic epithelial cell.  

    Chung, D. H. , Bae, Y. M. , Shin, H. Y. , Ahn, H. S. , Song, H. G. , Park, W. S. , Park, S. H. , Lee, S. K.
    Journal of Korean medical science : JKMS v.9 no.1 ,pp. 47 - 51 , 1994 , 1011-8934 ,

    초록

    The cell surface molecule identified by a monoclonal antibody(TE-1) to human thymic epithelial cell showed the specificity for thymic epithelial cells of both the cortex and medulla. TE-1 reacted with the epithelial cells of normal thymus and thymoma in fresh frozen tissues. The antigen recognized by TE-1 was mostly confined to the cell surface membrane and arranged in reticular network with long processes between thymocytes. On immunohistochemical analysis, TE-1 did not recognize normal epithelial cells of the uterine cervix, skin and stomach, and neoplastic cells of squamous cell carcinoma and gastric adenocarcinoma, all of which were stained with anti-cytokeratin monoclonal antibody. Among the tumor cell lines tested with flow cytometry, most of epithelial and all of hematopoietic cell origin were not labeled with TE-1. In summary, TE-1 appears to be a monoclonal antibody against a surface antigen of human thymic epithelial cell that is immunohistologically different from known epithelial cell surface antigens reported so far.

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  9. [국내논문]   Serotypes of Streptococcus pyogenes isolated from healthy school children in Kangwon-do.  

    Kim, S J , Cha, S H , Kim, E C , Kaplan, E L
    Journal of Korean medical science : JKMS v.9 no.1 ,pp. 52 - 56 , 1994 , 1011-8934 ,

    초록

    Seventy-seven Streptococcus pyogenes strains isolated of children of three elementary schools located in Kangwon-do in spring, 1992 were serotyped with M, opacity factor (OF) and T typing antisera. In the M/OF typing results, M-78 (46.8%) and M-28 (22.1%) were most frequently encountered, while M-4 (6.5%), M-12 (5.2%), M-3 (1.3%), M-5 (1.3%) and M-6 (1.3%) were rarely observed. Twelve strains (15.6%) were not typable with M or OF typing system. In the T typing results, T-11 (35.1%) and T-28 (27.3%) were most common. We were able to identify 77.9% of S. pyogenes strains by T typing, 94.8% with T typing and OF typing. With the addition of M typing, 97.4% were typable. Through the serotypings, we could know the basic distribution of serotypes of S. pyogenes of healthy children which could be comparable to those of rheumatic fever, poststreptococcal glomerulonephritis and other severe streptococcal disease.

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  10. [국내논문]   Bone marrow pathology of culture proven typhoid fever.  

    Shin, B. M. , Paik, I. K. , Cho, H. I.
    Journal of Korean medical science : JKMS v.9 no.1 ,pp. 57 - 63 , 1994 , 1011-8934 ,

    초록

    The authors analysed bone marrow findings of sixteen cases of culture proven typhoid fever to reveal the pathologic changes according to the disease stage. The most frequent finding was chronic granulomatous inflammation (eight cases). Infection (bacteria) associated hemophagocytic syndrome (four cases), reactive marrow (two cases), and non specific findings (two cases) were also encountered. Granulocytic hyperplasia with hemophagocytosis appeared at the early stage and was followed by infection (bacteria) associated hemophagocytosis and granuloma in proliferative stage. In lysis (late) stage, granulomatous inflammation was noted. However, resolution of granulomatous inflammation was not distinct. Some nuclear debris and phagocytosis were remarkable in well-formed granulomas. Thrombocytopenia was the most remarkable peripheral blood finding at the time of biopsy. Anemia, leukopenia, and pancytopenia were also observed in descending order.

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