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Journal of research in personality 19건

  1. [해외논문]   Editorial Board   SSCI


    Journal of research in personality v.73 ,pp. ii - ii , 2018 , 0092-6566 ,

    초록

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    무료다운로드 유료다운로드

    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

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  2. [해외논문]   Weighted composites of personality facets: An examination of unit, rational, and mechanical weights   SSCI

    O'Neill, Thomas A. (Department of Psychology, University of Calgary, Canada ) , Steel, Piers (Organizational Behavior and Human Resources, Haskayne School of Business, University of Calgary, Canada)
    Journal of research in personality v.73 ,pp. 1 - 11 , 2018 , 0092-6566 ,

    초록

    Abstract Past research indicates that personality facets within the same factor are often differentially related to criteria. This implies that differential weighting of facets may be advantageous. We considered unit weighting, rational weights, and mechanical weights in terms of empirical prediction and theoretical understanding. Two studies indicate that regression weighted personality facet composites performed best. Rational weights performed moderately well and unit weights performed worst. These findings suggest that regression weights are best when sample sizes are large, and rational weighting offers moderate prediction without the need for a large empirical study. We recommend using facet-level personality measures to take advantage of the predictiveness and theory development that can be gained from studying facet-criterion weights and relations. Highlights We report on personality facets with unit, rational, and mechanical weights. We found that rational weights performed moderately well. We found that regression weights performed best. Researchers should use measures of personality that return facet scores.

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    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

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  3. [해외논문]   Exploring adult Playfulness: Examining the accuracy of personality judgments at zero-acquaintance and an LIWC analysis of textual information   SSCI

    Proyer, René (Corresponding author at: Department of Psychology, Martin-Luther University Halle-Wittenberg, Emil-Abderhalden Straße 26-27, 06108 Halle (Saale), Germany.) , T. , Brauer, Kay
    Journal of research in personality v.73 ,pp. 12 - 20 , 2018 , 0092-6566 ,

    초록

    Abstract Playfulness is an individual difference variable that allows people to (re)frame a situation in a way that it is experienced as entertaining, intellectually stimulating, and/or personally interesting. We examined the interpersonal perception of playfulness at zero-acquaintance. One-hundred forty-four participants wrote short self-descriptions which were (1) used by unacquainted judges to infer the author’s playfulness and (2) linguistically analyzed using the LIWC methodology. Lens model analyses revealed that playfulness finds its expression through language and that observers utilized linguistic cues to accurately judge playfulness in terms of self-other agreement (0.21–0.37) and consensus (0.31–0.44). The findings add knowledge regarding the interpersonal perception of playfulness, its linguistic expressions, and the applicability of the LIWC paradigm outside broad personality traits. Highlights Targets wrote short self-descriptions and provided self-ratings. Observers inferred the targets playfulness (global & facets) from self-descriptions. Adult Playfulness is perceived at zero-acquaintance accurately above chance. Lens model analyses examined the role of linguistic cues (i.e., LIWC variables). Initial evidence for the expression of playfulness in language.

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    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

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  4. [해외논문]   The effect of question structure on self-reported drinking: Ascending versus descending order effects   SSCI

    Mackinnon, Sean P. (Corresponding author at: Department of Psychology and Neuroscience, Dalhousie University, Life Sciences Centre, 1355 Oxford Street, PO Box 15000, Halifax, Nova Scotia B3H 4R2, Canada.) , Firth, Samantha
    Journal of research in personality v.73 ,pp. 21 - 26 , 2018 , 0092-6566 ,

    초록

    Abstract Response-order effects refer to differences in participant responding based on the order of questionnaire response options. Theory predicts primacy effects (options presented earlier are more frequently endorsed). We predicted primacy effects for unipolar scales related to alcohol. Undergraduates ( N = 791) completed questionnaires on drinking motives, personality, and alcohol problems. Participants were randomly assigned to ascending (lowest-to-highest) or descending (highest-to-lowest) response-order conditions. Pre-registered analyses found primacy effects for sensation-seeking and enhancement motives. There was no moderation by sex, ethnicity, or age. Experimental condition had no impact on concurrent validity. Exploratory analyses found that undergraduates selected “Strongly Agree” more often in the descending condition and primacy effects for alcohol problems. Overall, we found evidence for small primacy effects in undergraduate students. Highlights Primacy effects should occur in measures related to alcohol use. These effects will occur most when responses are presented in descending order. Primacy effects were seen for sensation-seeking and enhancement motives. Participants endorsed “Strongly Agree” more often in the descending condition.

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    무료다운로드 유료다운로드

    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

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  5. [해외논문]   The role of vigilance in the relationship between neuroticism and health: A registered report   SSCI

    Weston, Sara J. (Department of Medical Social Sciences, Northwestern University, Chicago, IL, United States ) , Jackson, Joshua J. (Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences, Washington University, St. Louis, MO, United States)
    Journal of research in personality v.73 ,pp. 27 - 34 , 2018 , 0092-6566 ,

    초록

    Abstract The theory of healthy neuroticism, that neuroticism can impact health through both negative and positive pathways, often relies on descriptions of vigilance to illustrate beneficial effects. The current study is among the first to describe the relationship of neuroticism to body vigilance and test the degree to which this relationship impacts health. In an online participant panel (N = 1055), neuroticism was associated with one factor of vigilance: sensation awareness belief. This factor had a suppression effect on the relationship between neuroticism and healthy behavior, such that the effect of neuroticism through vigilance was healthy, whereas the direct effect was unhealthy. We discuss the implications of these findings and caution against using vigilance to explain the heterogeneity in neuroticism-health relationships.

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    무료다운로드 유료다운로드

    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

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  6. [해외논문]   Self-efficacy vs. action orientation: Comparing and contrasting two determinants of goal setting and goal striving   SSCI

    Wolf, Benjamin M. (Corresponding author.) , Herrmann, Marcel , Brandstä , tter, Veronika
    Journal of research in personality v.73 ,pp. 35 - 45 , 2018 , 0092-6566 ,

    초록

    Abstract We compared and contrasted two dispositional determinants of adaptive goal setting and successful goal striving: Self-efficacy , the confidence in own abilities, and action orientation , the ability of intuitive affect regulation. Based on a theoretical comparison, we hypothesized that self-efficacy increases autonomous motivation, whereas action orientation reduces controlled motivation in goal setting. Furthermore, both self-efficacy and action orientation were hypothesized to facilitate goal striving, as indicated by a decrease in goal-related conflict (action crisis) over time. A longitudinal field study with 207 students supported the hypotheses and demonstrated substantial statistical overlap between trait self-efficacy and action orientation. The results indicate that both self-efficacy and action orientation promote adaptive goal setting and successful goal striving, albeit through distinct underlying mechanisms. Highlights For the first time, self-efficacy and action orientation are brought into relation. Despite vast theoretical disparities, the concepts have a statistical overlap. Self-efficacy and action orientation impact goal setting by distinct mechanisms. Both concepts reduce conflict about set goals (action crises) during goal striving.

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    무료다운로드 유료다운로드

    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

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  7. [해외논문]   Individual differences in conflicting stimulus evaluations: Openness/Intellect predicts mixed-valenced appraisals of visual art   SSCI

    Barford, Kate A. (The University of Melbourne, Australia ) , Fayn, Kirill (KU Leuven, Belgium ) , Silvia, Paul J. (The University of North Carolina at Greensboro, USA ) , Smillie, Luke D. (The University of Melbourne, Australia)
    Journal of research in personality v.73 ,pp. 46 - 55 , 2018 , 0092-6566 ,

    초록

    Abstract Openness/Intellect, a trait domain reflecting a tendency towards cognitive exploration, is positively associated with the tendency to experience mixed emotions (i.e., simultaneous positive and negative feelings). This study examined whether this trait is also positively associated with mixed appraisals (i.e., concurrent positive and negative stimulus evaluations). Participants ( N = 225) appraised 18 visual artworks. Higher Openness/Intellect predicted stronger mixed appraisals, particularly of the artworks rated as more mixed on average. Openness/Intellect also predicted stronger within-person positive relations between artwork viewing time and mixed appraisals, though this finding was less consistent across measures. It also appeared that Neuroticism might predict a lesser tendency to make mixed appraisals. This study provides a foundation for future research examining individual differences in mixed appraisals. Highlights Mixed appraisals are conflicting micro-valenced evaluations of stimuli. We examined individual differences in mixed appraisals of visual artworks. 225 participants rated 18 visual artworks on several valenced appraisals. Openness/Intellect positively predicted multiple indices of mixed appraisals. Neuroticism negatively predicted two indices of mixed appraisals.

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    무료다운로드 유료다운로드

    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

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  8. [해외논문]   A network of dark personality traits: What lies at the heart of darkness?   SSCI

    Marcus, David K. (Washington State University, United States ) , Preszler, Jonathan (Washington State University, United States ) , Zeigler-Hill, Virgil (Oakland University, United States)
    Journal of research in personality v.73 ,pp. 56 - 62 , 2018 , 0092-6566 ,

    초록

    Abstract The question of whether there is a common element at the core of the various dark personality traits (e.g., psychopathy, narcissism, Machiavellianism, spitefulness, aggressiveness) has been the subject of debate. Callousness, manipulativeness, and disagreeableness have all been nominated as possibly serving as the core of these dark traits. Network analysis, which graphically and quantitatively describes the centrality of various related traits, provides a novel technique for examining this issue. We estimated an association network and an Adaptive Least Absolute Shrinkage and Selection Operator network for two large samples, one college student sample ( N = 2831) and one mixed college student and Mechanical Turk sample ( N = 844). Interpersonal manipulation and callousness were the traits that were central to the networks. Highlights Network analysis provides a novel approach to studying dark personality traits. Interpersonal manipulation is central to a network of dark personality traits. Callousness is central to a network of dark personality traits. Graphical abstract The nodes represent personality traits and the edges represent the adaptive LASSO partial correlations between the items. Thicker edges represent stronger associations, with green edges representing positive associations and red edges representing negative associations. [DISPLAY OMISSION]

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    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

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  9. [해외논문]   Freedom and responsibility go together: Personality, experimental, and cultural demonstrations   SSCI

    Sheldon, Kennon M. (University of Missouri, United States ) , Gordeeva, Tamara (International Laboratory of Positive Psychology of Personality and Motivation, National Research University Higher School of Economics, Russia ) , Leontiev, Dmitry (International Laboratory of Positive Psychology of Personality and Motivation, National Research University Higher School of Economics, Russia ) , Lynch, Martin F. (International Laboratory of Positive Psychology of Personality and Motivation, National Research University Higher School of Economics, Russia ) , Osin, Evgeny (International Laboratory of Positive Psychology of Personality and Motivation, National Research University Higher School of Economics, Russia ) , Rasskazova, Elena (International Laboratory of Positive Psychology of Personality and Motivation, National Research University Higher School of Economics, Russia ) , Dementiy, Liudmila (F.M. Dostoevskiy Omsk State University, Russia)
    Journal of research in personality v.73 ,pp. 63 - 74 , 2018 , 0092-6566 ,

    초록

    Abstract In three cross-cultural studies we tested the premise that psychological freedom (aka autonomy) and personal responsibility are complementary rather than conflicting, and the further premise that freedom causes responsibility, rather than vice versa. In all studies, (a) supporting autonomy in an experimental context increased responsibility-taking after failure, whereas emphasizing responsibility did not; (b) measures of dispositional autonomy and dispositional responsibility were positively correlated; (c) and responsibility-taking was slightly lower in Russia, a country typically ranked lower in world freedom indices. Supporting a control sensitivity explanation of the socio-cultural differences, the last study found that Russians were inclined to take more responsibility than Americans, but only when it was requested (not demanded) by family/friends (but not by authorities or by strangers). Highlights Trait freedom (autonomy) and responsibility were positively associated in 3 studies. In Russia, a society with less freedom than the U.S., there was less responsibility. But Russians took more responsibility than Americans, when asked nicely by ingroups. Experiments in both countries showed that supporting autonomy boosted responsibility. Responsibility-taking could not be manipulated directly, only indirectly via autonomy.

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    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

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  10. [해외논문]   How justice sensitivity predicts equality preferences in simulated democratic systems   SSCI

    Schlö (Institute of Sociology and Social Psychology, University of Cologne, Germany ) , sser, Thomas (Formerly at Institute of Sociology and Social Psychology, University of Cologne, Germany ) , Steiniger, Tim (Institute of Sociology and Social Psychology, University of Cologne, Germany ) , Ehlebracht, Daniel (Institute of Sociology and Social Psychology, University of Cologne, Germany) , Fetchenhauer, Detlef
    Journal of research in personality v.73 ,pp. 75 - 81 , 2018 , 0092-6566 ,

    초록

    Abstract We investigated whether justice sensitivity predicts distributional preferences in democratic systems. We hypothesized that persons who are genuinely concerned about the just treatment of others (other-sensitive persons) exhibit stable preferences for equal distributions irrespective of their self-interest, whereas individuals who predominantly care about a just treatment for themselves (victim-sensitive persons) prefer equality only if they benefit from it. In a welfare state game, subjects were randomly assigned to different societal classes. Majority vote subsequently determined whether a high or low equality distribution would be established. As predicted, other-sensitive persons showed a general preference for high equality. In contrast, victim-sensitive persons preferred either high or low equality depending on whether the one or the other was in their monetary self-interest. Highlights Position in societal hierarchy determines advantageousness of equal distribution. Different facets of Justice Sensitivity predict preferences for equality. JS others predicts preference for equal distribution regardless of societal position. JS victim predicts self-interested preference depending on societal position.

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    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

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