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ETRI journal 19건

  1. [국내논문]   An Optimal Framework of Video Adaptation and Its Application to Rate Adaptation Transcoding   피인용횟수: 3

    Kim, Jae-Gon (Digital Broadcasting Division, ETRI ) , Wang, Yong (Department of Electrical Engineering, Columbia University ) , Chang, Shih-Fu (Department of Electrical Engineering, Columbia University ) , Kim, Hyung-Myung (Department of Electrical Engineering & Computer Science, KAIST)
    ETRI journal v.27 no.4 ,pp. 341 - 354 , 2005 , 1225-6463 ,

    초록

    The adaptation of video according to the heterogeneous and dynamic resource constraints on networks and devices, as well as on user preferences, is a promising approach for universal access and consumption of video content. For optimal adaptation that satisfies the constraints while maximizing the utility that results from the adapted video, it is necessary to devise a systematic way of selecting an appropriate adaptation operation among multiple feasible choices. This paper presents a general conceptual framework that allows the formulation of various adaptations as constrained optimization problems by modeling the relations among feasible adaptation operations, constraints, and utilities. In particular, we present the feasibility of the framework by applying it to a use case of rate adaptation of MPEG-4 video with an explicit modeling of adaptation employing a combination of frame dropping and discrete cosine transform coefficient dropping, constraint, utility, and their mapping relations. Furthermore, we provide a description tool that describes the adaptation-constraint-utility relations as a functional form referred to as a utility function, which has been accepted as a part of the terminal and network quality of service tool in MPEG-21 Digital Item Adaptation (DIA).

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    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

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  2. [국내논문]   Physical Topology Discovery for Metro Ethernet Networks  

    Son, Myung-Hee (Broadband Convergence Network Research Division, ETRI ) , Joo, Bheom-Soon (Broadband Convergence Network Research Division, ETRI ) , Kim, Byung-Chul (Information and Communications Engineering Department, Chungnam National University ) , Lee, Jae-Yong (Information and Communications Engineering Department, Chungnam National University)
    ETRI journal v.27 no.4 ,pp. 355 - 366 , 2005 , 1225-6463 ,

    초록

    Automatic discovery of physical topology plays a crucial role in enhancing the manageability of modern metro Ethernet networks. Despite the importance of the problem, earlier research and commercial network management tools have typically concentrated on either discovering logical topology, or proprietary solutions targeting specific product families. Recent works have demonstrated that network topology can be determined using the standard simple network management protocol (SNMP) management information base (MIB), but these algorithms depend on address forwarding table (AFT) entries and can find only spanning tree paths in an Ethernet mesh network. A previous work by Breibart et al. requires that AFT entries be complete; however, that can be a risky assumption in a realistic Ethernet mesh network. In this paper, we have proposed a new physical topology discovery algorithm which works without complete knowledge of AFT entries. Our algorithm can discover a complete physical topology including inactive interfaces eliminated by the spanning tree protocol in metro Ethernet networks. The effectiveness of the algorithm is demonstrated by implementation.

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    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

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  3. [국내논문]   Quantitative Evaluations on the Query Modeling and System Integrating Cost of SQL/MDR  

    Jeong, Dong-Won (Department of Informatics & Statistics, Kunsan National University ) , Kim, Young-Gab (Department of Computer Science & Engineering, Korea University ) , In, Hoh-Peter (Department of Computer Science & Engineering, Korea University)
    ETRI journal v.27 no.4 ,pp. 367 - 376 , 2005 , 1225-6463 ,

    초록

    SQL/MDR is a metadata registry query language used to consistently exchange and share the data between distributed metadata registries. It is an extension of the international SQL and is familiar to most database builders and administrators. It provides many advantages such as simplicity of query language, ease of use, an independent description for distributed querying, low cost for adding new systems, simplicity of exchanging mechanism, and so on. The goal of this paper is to evaluate and show its merits quantitatively. To achieve this goal, we define simulation models to compare with an existing approach and then describe the evaluation results. In the quantitative evaluation results, the good points of SQL/MDR can be identified and known.

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    무료다운로드 유료다운로드

    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

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  4. [국내논문]   Near-Infrared Light Propagation in an Adult Head Model with Refractive Index Mismatch   피인용횟수: 1

    Kim, Seung-Hwan (Basic Research Laboratory, ETRI ) , Lee, Jae-Hoon (Basic Research Laboratory, ETRI)
    ETRI journal v.27 no.4 ,pp. 377 - 384 , 2005 , 1225-6463 ,

    초록

    We investigate near-infrared light (NIR) propagation in a model of an adult head using an extensive Monte Carlo (MC) simulation. The adult head model is a four-layered slab which consists of a surface layer, a cerebrospinal fluid layer, a gray-matter layer, and a white-matter layer. We study the effects of a refractive index mismatch on the model, calculating the intensity of detected light, mean flight time, and partial mean flight time of each layer for various refractive indices of the cerebrospinal fluid layer as functions of source-detector spacing. The Monte Carlo simulation shows that the refractive index mismatch presents very rich results including rapidly decaying intensity of detected light and a peak and cross-over in the partial mean flight time with source-detector spacing. We also investigate spatial sensitivity profiles at various source-detector spacings, discussing the index mismatch effect on the model.

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    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

    이미지

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  5. [국내논문]   2D Image Construction from Low Resolution Response of a New Non-invasive Measurement for Medical Application   피인용횟수: 2

    Hieda, Ichiro (AIST ) , Nam, Ki-Chang (Department of Medical Engineering, Yonsei University)
    ETRI journal v.27 no.4 ,pp. 385 - 393 , 2005 , 1225-6463 ,

    초록

    This paper presents an application of digital signal processing to data acquired by the radio imaging method (RIM) that was adopted to measure moisture distribution inside the human body. RIM was originally developed for the mining industry; we are applying the method to a biomedical measurement because of its simplicity, economy, and safety. When a two-dimensional image was constructed from the measured data, the method provided insufficient resolution because the wavelength of the measurement medium, a weak electromagnetic wave in a VHF band, was longer than human tissues. We built and measured a phantom, a model simulating the human body, consisting of two water tanks representing large internal organs. A digital equalizer was applied to the measured values as a weight function, and images were reconstructed that corresponded to the original shape of the two water tanks. As a result, a two-dimensional image containing two individual peaks corresponding to the original two small water tanks was constructed. The result suggests the method was applicable to biomedical measurement by the assistance of digital signal processing. This technique may be applicable to home-based medical care and other situations in which safety, simplicity, and economy are important.

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    무료다운로드 유료다운로드

    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

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  6. [국내논문]   Efficiency Tests Results and New Perspectives for Secure Telecommand Authentication in Space Missions: Case-Study of the European Space Agency  

    Chiaraluce, Franco (Dipartimento di Elettronica, Intelligenza Artificiale e Telecomunicazioni (DEIT), Universita Politecnica delle Marche ) , Gambi, Ennio (Dipartimento di Elettronica, Intelligenza Artificiale e Telecomunicazioni (DEIT), Universita Politecnica delle Marche ) , Spinsante, Susanna (Dipartimento di Elettronica, Intelligenza Artificiale e Telecomunicazioni (DEIT), Universita Politecnica delle Marche)
    ETRI journal v.27 no.4 ,pp. 394 - 404 , 2005 , 1225-6463 ,

    초록

    We discuss some typical procedures to measure the efficiency of telecommand authentication systems in space missions. As a case-study, the Packet Telecommand Standard used by the European Space Agency is considered. It is shown that, although acceptable under well consolidated evaluation suites, the standard presents some flaws particularly in regard to the randomness level of the pre-signature. For this reason, some possible changes are proposed and evaluated that should be able to improve performance, even reducing the on-board elaboration time.

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    무료다운로드 유료다운로드

    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

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  7. [국내논문]   Indium Tin Oxide Thin Films Grown on Polyethersulphone (PES) Substrates by Pulsed-Laser Deposition for Use in Organic Light-Emitting Diodes  

    Kim, Kyung-Hyun (Future Technology Research Division, ETRI ) , Park, Nae-Man (Future Technology Research Division, ETRI ) , Kim, Tae-Youb (Future Technology Research Division, ETRI ) , Cho, Kwan-Sik (Future Technology Research Division, ETRI ) , Sung, Gun-Yong (Future Technology Research Division, ETRI ) , Lee, Jeong-Ik (Basic Research Laboratory, ETRI ) , Chu, Hye-Yong (Basic Research Laboratory, ETRI)
    ETRI journal v.27 no.4 ,pp. 405 - 410 , 2005 , 1225-6463 ,

    초록

    High quality indium tin oxide (ITO) thin films were grown by pulse laser deposition (PLD) on flexible polyethersulphone (PES) substrates. The electrical, optical, and surface morphological properties of these films were examined as a function of substrate temperature and oxygen pressure. ITO thin films, deposited by PLD on a PES substrate at room temperature and an oxygen pressure of 15 mTorr, have a low electrical resistivity of $2.9{\times}10^{-4}{\Omega}cm$ and a high optical transmittance of 84 % in the visible range. They were used as the anode in organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs). The maximum electro luminescence (EL) and current density at 100 $cd/m^2$ were 2500 $cd/m^{2}$ and 2 $mA/m^{2}$ , respectively, and the external quantum efficiency of the OLEDs was found to be 2.0 %.

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    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

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  8. [국내논문]   Selenide Glass Optical Fiber Doped with $Pr^{3+}$ for U-Band Optical Amplifier  

    Chung, Woon-Jin (Basic Research Laboratory, ETRI ) , Seo, Hong-Seok (Basic Research Laboratory, ETRI ) , Park, Bong-Je (Basic Research Laboratory, ETRI ) , Ahn, Joon-Tae (Basic Research Laboratory, ETRI ) , Choi, Yong-Gyu (Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Hankuk Aviation University)
    ETRI journal v.27 no.4 ,pp. 411 - 417 , 2005 , 1225-6463 ,

    초록

    $Pr^{3+}-doped$ selenide glass optical fiber, which guarantees single-mode propagation of above at least 1310 nm, has been successfully fabricated using a Ge-Ga-Sb-Se glass system. Thermal properties such as glass transition temperature and viscosity of the glasses have been analyzed to find optimum conditions for fiber drawing. Attenuation loss incorporating the effects of an electronic band gap transition, Rayleigh scattering, and multiphonon absorption has also been theoretically estimated for the Ge-Ga-Sb-Se fiber. A conventional double crucible technique has been applied to fabricate the selenide fiber. The background loss of the fiber was estimated to be approximately 0.64 dB/m at 1650 nm, which can be considered fairly good. When excited at approximately 1470 nm, $Pr^{3+}-doped$ selenide fiber resulted in amplified spontaneous emission and saturation behavior with increasing pump power in a U-band wavelength range of 1625 to 1675 nm.

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    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

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  9. [국내논문]   A Calibration Technique for a Redundant IMU Containing Low-Grade Inertial Sensors   피인용횟수: 1

    Cho, Seong-Yun (Telematics Research Division, ETRI ) , Park, Chan-Gook (School of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering and the Institute of Advanced Aerospace Technology, Seoul National University)
    ETRI journal v.27 no.4 ,pp. 418 - 426 , 2005 , 1225-6463 ,

    초록

    A calibration technique for a redundant inertial measurement unit (IMU) containing low-grade inertial sensors is proposed. In order to calibrate a redundant IMU that can detect and isolate faulty sensors, the fundamental coordinate frames in the IMU are defined and the IMU error is modeled based on the frames. Equations to estimate the error coefficients of the redundant IMU are formulated, and a test sequence using a 2-axis turntable is also presented. Finally, a redundant IMU with cone configuration is implemented using low-grade inertial sensors, and the performance of the proposed technique is verified experimentally.

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    무료다운로드 유료다운로드

    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

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  10. [국내논문]   A Novel Grounded Inductor Realization Using a Minimum Number of Active and Passive Components  

    Yuce, Erkan (Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Bogazici University ) , Minaei, shahram (Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering, Dogus University ) , Cicekoglu, Oguzhan (Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Bogazici University)
    ETRI journal v.27 no.4 ,pp. 427 - 432 , 2005 , 1225-6463 ,

    초록

    In this study, we present a new topology for realizing a grounded inductor employing only a single current conveyor, called a negative-type modified inverting second-generation current conveyor (MICCII-), and a minimum number of passive components, two resistors, and one capacitor. The non-ideality effects of the MICCII- on a simulated inductor are investigated. To demonstrate the performance of the presented inductance simulator, we use it to construct a third order Butterworth high-pass filter and a parallel resonant circuit. Simulation results are given to confirm the theoretical analysis.

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    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

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