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International journal of oral biology : official j... 5건

  1. [국내논문]   Responsiveness to Lipopolysaccharide Changes According to the Aging of Periodontal Ligament Fibroblasts   피인용횟수: 1

    Jun, Ji-Hae (Department of Pharmacology and Dental Therapeutics, College of Dentistry, Dental Research Institute, Seoul National University ) , Kim, Gwan-Shik (Department of Pharmacology and Dental Therapeutics, College of Dentistry, Dental Research Institute, Seoul National University ) , Woo, Kyung-Mi (Department of Pharmacology and Dental Therapeutics, College of Dentistry, Dental Research Institute, Seoul National University ) , Min, Byung-Moo (Department of Oral Biochemistry, College of Dentistry, Dental Research Institute, Seoul National University ) , Baek, Jeong-Hwa (Department of Pharmacology and Dental Therapeutics, College of Dentistry, Dental Research Institute, Seoul National University)
    International journal of oral biology : official journal of the Korean Academy of Oral Biology and the UCLA Dental Research Institute v.30 no.1 ,pp. 1 - 8 , 2005 , 1226-7155 ,

    초록

    The elderly suffer from an impaired immune function being obvious in a higher susceptibility to infections. Although the inflammatory cells are the major immunomodulatory cells, fibroblasts also secrete a variety of inflammatory cytokines and chemokines. Therefore periodontal tissue aging might playa role in development and progress of periodontitis. In this study, we investigated the effect of in vitro periodontal ligament cellular aging on the inflammatory cytokines, chemokines, and matrix metalloprotease(MMP)-2 expression induced by lipopolysaccharide(LPS) treatment. Three different cell populations were used; passages 4-5, 14-15, and 24-25 (at passage 27, more than 90% cells were replicative senescent). LPS increased the expression of interleukin(IL)-1 ${\beta}$ , IL-6, and tumor necrosis factor- ${\alpha}$ , IL-8, RANTES, and MMP-2. However, the order of induction folds were passages 14-15 > 4-5 > 24-25. While the expression level of Toll-like receptor(TLR) 4 decreased according to the increase in passage number, the level of TLR2 was highest at passages 14-15 and then decreased at passages 24-25. While the spontaneous expression of IL-8 decreased according to the increase in passage number, that of RANTES and proMMP-2 increased according to the increase in passage number. These results suggest that the aging of periodontal ligament fibroblasts differentially affect the role as immunomodulatory cells in response to periodontopathic bacteria and therefore might be another risk factor of periodontitis progression.

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  2. [국내논문]   Increase in Intracellular Calcium is Necessary for RANKL Induction by High Extracellular Calcium   피인용횟수: 1

    Jun, Ji-Hae (Department of Pharmacology and Dental Therapeutics, College of Dentistry, Dental Research Institute, Seoul National University ) , Kim, Hyung-Keun (Department of Pharmacology and Dental Therapeutics, College of Dentistry, Dental Research Institute, Seoul National University ) , Woo, Kyung-Mi (Department of Pharmacology and Dental Therapeutics, College of Dentistry, Dental Research Institute, Seoul National University ) , Kim, Gwan-Shik (Department of Pharmacology and Dental Therapeutics, College of Dentistry, Dental Research Institute, Seoul National University ) , Baek, Jeong-Hwa (Department of Pharmacology and Dental Therapeutics, College of Dentistry, Dental Research Institute, Seoul National University)
    International journal of oral biology : official journal of the Korean Academy of Oral Biology and the UCLA Dental Research Institute v.30 no.1 ,pp. 9 - 15 , 2005 , 1226-7155 ,

    초록

    Recently, we reported that high extracellular calcium increased receptor activator of nuclear factor- ${\kappa}B$ ligand (RANKL) expression via p44/42 mitogen-activated protein kinase (p44/42 MAPK) activation in mouse osteoblasts. However, the mechanism for p44/42 MAPK activation by high extracellular calcium is unclear. In this study, we examined the role of intracellular calcium increase in high extracellular calcium-induced RANKL induction and p44/42 MAPK activation. Primary cultured mouse calvarial osteoblasts were used. RANKL expression was highly induced by 10 mM calcium treatment. Ionomycin, a calcium ionophore, also increased RANKL expression and activated p44/42 MAPK. U0126, an inhibitor of MEK1/2, an upstream activator of p44/42 MAPK, blocked the RANKL induction by both high extracellular calcium and ionomycin. High extracellular calcium increased the phosphorylation of proline-rich tyrosine kinase 2 (Pyk2), one of the known upstream regulators of p44/42 MAPK activation. Bisindolylmaleimide, an inhibitor of protein kinase C, did not block RANKL induction and p44/42 MAPK activation induced by high extracellular calcium. 2-Aminoethoxydiphenyl borate, an inhibitor of inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP3) receptor, blocked the RANKL induction by high extracellular calcium. It also partially suppressed the activation of Pyk2 and p44/42 MAPK. Cyclosporin A, an inhibitor of calcineurin, also inhibited high calcium-induced RANKL expression in dose dependent manner. However, cyclosporin A did not affect the activation of Pyk2 and p44/42 MAPK by high extracellular calcium treatment. These results suggest that 1) the increase in intracellular calcium via IP3-mediated calcium release is necessary for RANKL induction by high extracellular calcium treatment, 2) Pyk2 activation, but not protein kinase C, following the increase in intracellular calcium might be involved in p44/42 MAPK activation, and 3) calcineurin-NFAT activation by the increase in intracellular calcium is involved in RANKL induction by high extracellular calcium treatment.

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  3. [국내논문]   The Role of Abp140p in Actin Dynamics of Budding Yeast  

    Lim, Bum-Soon (Department of Dental Biomaterials Science, College of Dentistry, Dental Research Institute, Seoul National University ) , Lee, Yong-Keun (Department of Dental Biomaterials Science, College of Dentistry, Dental Research Institute, Seoul National University ) , Pon, Liza A. (Department of Anatomy and Cell Biology, College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University ) , Yang, Hyeong-Cheol (Department of Dental Biomaterials Science, College of Dentistry, Dental Research Institute, Seoul National University)
    International journal of oral biology : official journal of the Korean Academy of Oral Biology and the UCLA Dental Research Institute v.30 no.1 ,pp. 17 - 22 , 2005 , 1226-7155 ,

    초록

    In the previous studies of Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Abp140p (actin binding protein 140) fused to GFP has been only a protein that can label actin cables of yeast cells so far. However, the role of Abp140p in actin dynamics was remained elusive. In this study, the function of Abp140p was investigated with a deletion mutant and overexpression of GFP fused Abp140p. The deletion mutant was slightly more susceptible to Latrunculin-A (Lat-A), an actin-monomer sequestering agent, than wild type, although no significant deformation of actin structures was caused by ABP 140 deletion. Overexpression of Abp140p-GFP retarded cell growth, and produced thick and robust actin cables. Lat-A was not able to destabilize the thick actin cables, which suggests that actin dynamics was compromised in the cells with surplus of Abp140p. Therefore, Abp140p seems to stabilize actin cables together with other bundling proteins. Recently, actin cable dynamics of budding yeast was found to have a resemblance to that of filopodial tip of cultured mammalian cells. Retrograde movement of actin cables from buds to mother cells indicated local generation of the cable at bud sites. By using Abp140p-GFP, we traced the steps in the generation of a new actin cable after elimination of old cables by sodium azide. Before the appearance of a new actin cable, Abp140p-GFP concentrated in buds and disappeared, as mother cells became abundant in actin cables. Our observations provide a direct evidence of actin cable formation at buds of budding cells.

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  4. [국내논문]   Hypertonicity Down-regulates the $1{\alpha},25(OH)_2$ Vitamin $D_3$-induced Osteoclastogenesis Via the Modulation of RANKL Expression in Osteoblast   피인용횟수: 1

    Jeong, Hyun-Joo (Department of Oral Biology, Yonsei University, College of Dentistry ) , Yushun, Tian (Department of Oral Biology, Yonsei University, College of Dentistry ) , Kim, Bo-Hye (Department of Oral Biology, Yonsei University, College of Dentistry ) , Nam, Mi-Young (Department of Oral Biology, Yonsei University, College of Dentistry ) , Lee, Hyun-A (Department of Oral Biology, Yonsei University, College of Dentistry ) , Yoo, Yun-Jung (Department of Oral Biology, Yonsei University, College of Dentistry ) , Seo, Jeong-Taeg (Department of Oral Biology, Yonsei University, College of Dentistry ) , Shin, Dong-Min (Department of Oral Biology, Yonsei University, College of Dentistry ) , Ohk, Seung-Ho (Department of Oral Microbiology, Dental Science Research Institute, Chonnam National University ) , Lee, Syng-Ill (Department of Oral Biology, Yonsei University, College of Dentistry)
    International journal of oral biology : official journal of the Korean Academy of Oral Biology and the UCLA Dental Research Institute v.30 no.1 ,pp. 23 - 30 , 2005 , 1226-7155 ,

    초록

    Bone remodeling is a process controlled by the action of two major bone cells; the bone forming osteoblast and the bone resorbing osteoclast. In the process of osteoclastogenesis, stromal cells and osteoblast produce RANKL, OPG, and M-CSF, which in turn regulate the osteoclastogenesis. During the bone resorption by activated osteoclasts, extracellular $Ca^{2+}/{PO_4}^{2-}$ concentration and degraded organic materials goes up, providing the hypertonic microenvironment. In this study, we tested the effects of hypertonicity due to the degraded organic materials on osteoclastogenesis in co-culture system. It was examined the cellular response of osteoblastic cell in terms of osteoclastogenesis by applying the sucrose, and mannitol, as a substitute of degraded organic materials to co-culture system. Apart from the sucrose, mannitol, and NaCl was tested to be compared to the effect of organic osmotic particles. The addition of sucrose and mannitol (25, 50, 100, 150, or 200 mM) to co-culture medium inhibited the number of tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP) positive multinucleated cells induced by 10 nM $1{\alpha},25(OH)_2vitaminD_3$ ( $1{\alpha},25(OH)_2D_3$ ). However, NaCl did exert harmful effect upon the cells in this co-culture system, which is attributed to DNA damage in high concentration of NaCl. To further investigate the mechanism by which hypertonicity inhibits $1{\alpha},25(OH)_2D_3$ -induced osteoclastogenesis, the mRNA expressions of receptor activator of nuclear factor (NF)-kB ligand (RANKL) and osteoprotegerin (OPG) were monitored by RT-PCR. In the presence of sucrose (50 mM), RANKL mRNA expression was decreased in a dose-dependent manner, while the change in OPG and M-CSF mRNA were not occurred in significantly. The RANKL mRNA expression was inhibited for 48 hours in the presence of sucrose (50 mM), but such a decrement recovered after 72 hours. However, there were no considerable changes in the expression of OPG and M-CSF mRNA. Conclusively, these findings strongly suggest that hypertonic stress down-regulates $1{\alpha},25(OH)_2D_3$ -induced osteoclastogenesis via RANKL signal pathway in osteoblastic cell, and may playa pivotal role as a regulator that modulates osteoclastogenesis.

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  5. [국내논문]   Functional Characterization of the Major Surface Protein of Treponema maltophilum in Human Gingival Fibroblasts  

    Lee, Sung-Hoon (Department of Oromaxillofacial Infection and Immunity College of Dentistry, Seoul National University ) , Choi, Bong-Kyu (Department of Oromaxillofacial Infection and Immunity College of Dentistry, Seoul National University)
    International journal of oral biology : official journal of the Korean Academy of Oral Biology and the UCLA Dental Research Institute v.30 no.1 ,pp. 31 - 37 , 2005 , 1226-7155 ,

    초록

    Treponema maltophilum, a Group IV oral spirochete, is associated with periodontitis and endodontic infections. In this study we analyzed the functional role of the major surface protein of this organism (MspA) in human gingival fibroblasts (HGFs). The full-length gene encoding MspA was cloned and expressed in Escherichia coli by using the expression vector pQE-30. The recombinant protein (rMspA) was purified by affinity chromatography with nickel-nitrilotriacetic acid agarose and possible contamination of E. coli endotoxin in rMspA was removed by using polymyxin B-agarose. rMspA significantly induced the expression of pro inflammatory cytokines like IL-6 and IL-8 and intercellular adhesion molecule (ICAM)-1 in HGFs, when analyzed by reverse transcription-PCR, flow cytometry, and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Our results indicate that MspA of T. maltophilum may play an important role in amplifying the local immune response by upregulating the expression of proinflammatory cytokines and ICAM-1.

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