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Journal of AAPOS : the official publication of the... 36건

  1. [해외논문]   Information for Readers   SCIE


    Journal of AAPOS : the official publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus v.21 no.6 ,pp. A6 - A6 , 2017 , 1091-8531 ,

    초록

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    무료다운로드 유료다운로드

    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

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  2. [해외논문]   Pediatric ophthalmology and childhood reading difficulties : Overview of reading development and assessments for the pediatric ophthalmologist   SCIE

    Collins, Megan E. (Wilmer Eye Institute, Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland ) , Mudie, Lucy I. (Wilmer Eye Institute, Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland ) , Inns, Amanda J. (Johns Hopkins University School of Education, Center for Research and Reform in Education, Baltimore, Maryland ) , Repka, Michael X. (Wilmer Eye Institute, Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland)
    Journal of AAPOS : the official publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus v.21 no.6 ,pp. 433 - 436.e1 , 2017 , 1091-8531 ,

    초록

    SUMMARY Reading difficulties are common in the pediatric population, and large socioeconomic disparities exist. In the United States 46% of white children achieved expected reading proficiency by the end of fourth grade, while only 21% of Hispanic and 18% of African American children were reading at the expected level. Reading is an involved cognitive process with many subskills; likewise, development of reading proficiency is a complex and continuous process. Failure to achieve reading proficiency or even early difficulty with reading can affect a child's academic performance for years to come. Some studies suggest reading proficiency may be related to later success in life. Although many problems with reading are not related to vision, a vision assessment is recommended for children with reading difficulties and a suspected vision problem. The process of reading development as well as the varied educational assessments of reading are presented here for pediatric ophthalmologists.

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    무료다운로드 유료다운로드

    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

    이미지

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  3. [해외논문]   Reading difficulties and the pediatric ophthalmologist   SCIE

    Handler, Sheryl M. , Fierson, Walter M.
    Journal of AAPOS : the official publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus v.21 no.6 ,pp. 436 - 442 , 2017 , 1091-8531 ,

    초록

    Approximately 20% of children have dyslexia, a language-based reading disability. A variation in language processing in the brain leads to a deficit in phonological (auditory) processing, which leads to problems in learning to read, write, and spell. Myths continue to exist regarding dyslexia and vision, and although eye and vision problems may coexist with dyslexia, they are not more prevalent than in the general population. Rarely vision problems may make reading at near very difficult and may masquerade as a learning problem or attention deficit disorder/attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. The pediatric ophthalmologist can play a valuable role in determining whether any eye or vision problems exist that might interfere with learning or reading. Treatments to improve these eye conditions may help make reading more comfortable, but they are not a therapy for coexisting dyslexia. The use of vision therapy has never been shown scientifically to be effective and may prevent the application of effective interventions during the critical period of development when reading disorders can best be remediated. The pediatric ophthalmologist should educate parents about reading and dyslexia and provide prompt referral to professionals who have expertise in evaluating and treating learning disabilities.

    원문보기

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    무료다운로드 유료다운로드

    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

    이미지

    Fig. 1 이미지
  4. [해외논문]   Pediatric ophthalmology and childhood reading difficulties : Amblyopia and slow reading   SCIE

    Birch, Eileen E. (Crystal Charity Ball Pediatric Vision Laboratory, Retina Foundation of the Southwest, Dallas, Texas ) , Kelly, Krista R. (Crystal Charity Ball Pediatric Vision Laboratory, Retina Foundation of the Southwest, Dallas, Texas)
    Journal of AAPOS : the official publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus v.21 no.6 ,pp. 442 - 444 , 2017 , 1091-8531 ,

    초록

    SUMMARY Reading is a major life activity, as recognized by the US Congress in the Americans with Disabilities Act Amendments Act of 2008, and the education code of most US states requires schools to evaluate reading and implement reading programs to addresses students' reading difficulties. Currently, such legislation is employed to identify accommodations needed for children with bilateral visual impairment and for children with dyslexia and/or related learning disabilities. Yet recent research has shown that children with the most common form of monocular visual impairment—amblyopia—read slowly. Slow reading can be detrimental to academic performance and learning, which in turn may affect self-esteem. Parents and educators can work together to implement accommodations (eg, extra time) to help amblyopic students succeed in their daily school tasks, and improve their performance on the timed, standardized tests that are critical for promotion and admission to magnet schools, TAG programs, high schools, and colleges. Children with other visual disorders that cause visual impairment in one eye (eg, glaucoma, cataract, trauma, etc) should also be considered for academic accommodations.

    원문보기

    원문보기
    무료다운로드 유료다운로드

    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

    이미지

    Fig. 1 이미지
  5. [해외논문]   Pediatric ophthalmology and childhood reading difficulties : Convergence insufficiency: relationship to reading and academic performance   SCIE

    Phillips, Paul H. (Department of Neuro-Ophthalmology, Pediatric Ophthalmology & Strabismus, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Little Rock, AR)
    Journal of AAPOS : the official publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus v.21 no.6 ,pp. 444 - 446.e1 , 2017 , 1091-8531 ,

    초록

    SUMMARY Patients with convergence insufficiency (CI) are often symptomatic during activities that require near fixation, such as reading. Indeed, CI has been associated with reading impairment and poor academic performance. However, these associations do not prove a causal relationship between these conditions. The current evidence regarding the relationship between CI and its treatment, reading ability, and academic performance is discussed.

    원문보기

    원문보기
    무료다운로드 유료다운로드

    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

    이미지

    Fig. 1 이미지
  6. [해외논문]   Slow reading in children with anisometropic amblyopia is associated with fixation instability and increased saccades   SCIE

    Kelly, Krista R. (Retina Foundation of the Southwest, Dallas, Texas ) , Jost, Reed M. (Retina Foundation of the Southwest, Dallas, Texas ) , De La Cruz, Angie (Retina Foundation of the Southwest, Dallas, Texas ) , Dao, Lori (ABC Eyes Pediatric Ophthalmology, PA, Dallas, Texas ) , Beauchamp, Cynthia L. (ABC Eyes Pediatric Ophthalmology, PA, Dallas, Texas ) , Stager Jr, David (Pediatric Ophthalmology & Adult Strabismus, PA, Plano, Texas ) , Birch Jr, Eileen E. (Retina Foundation of the Southwest, Dallas, Texas)
    Journal of AAPOS : the official publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus v.21 no.6 ,pp. 447 - 451.e1 , 2017 , 1091-8531 ,

    초록

    Background Previous studies show slow reading in strabismic amblyopia. We recently identified amblyopia, not strabismus, as the key factor in slow reading in children. No studies have focused on reading in amblyopic children without strabismus. We examined reading in anisometropic children and evaluated whether slow reading was associated with ocular motor dysfunction in children with amblyopia. Methods Anisometropic children (7-12 years) with or without amblyopia were compared to age-similar normal controls. Children silently read a grade-appropriate paragraph during binocular viewing. Reading rate (words/min), number of forward and regressive saccades (per 100 words) and fixation duration were recorded with the ReadAlyzer. Binocular fixation instability was also evaluated (EyeLink 1000). Results Amblyopic anisometropic children read more slowly (n = 25; mean with standard deviation, 149 ± 42 words/min) than nonamblyopic anisometropic children (n = 15; 196 ± 80 words/min; P = 0.024) and controls (n = 25; 191 ± 65 words/min; P = 0.020). Nonamblyopic anisometropic children read at a comparable rate to controls ( P = 0.81). Slow reading in amblyopic anisometropic children was correlated with increased forward saccades ( r = −0.84, P r = −0.85, P r = −0.52, P = 0.019). Conclusions Slow reading in school-age children with anisometropic amblyopia is related to increased frequency of saccades and fixation instability of the fellow eye. Further research should consider the effects of slower reading on academic performance.

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    원문보기
    무료다운로드 유료다운로드

    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

    이미지

    Fig. 1 이미지
  7. [해외논문]   Convergence Insufficiency Symptom Survey scores for required reading versus leisure reading in school-age children   SCIE

    Clark, Tiana Y. (Family Eye Medical Group, Long Beach, California ) , Clark, Robert A. (Family Eye Medical Group, Long Beach, California)
    Journal of AAPOS : the official publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus v.21 no.6 ,pp. 452 - 456 , 2017 , 1091-8531 ,

    초록

    Purpose To compare Convergence Insufficiency Symptom Survey scores for required reading for school versus scores for leisure reading. Methods At a single private practice, we surveyed 100 children with normal binocular vision using modified survey questions specifying either required reading or leisure reading as the near visual activity. Average total symptom scores and subscores for questions about discomfort, fatigue, impaired vision, and cognitive performance were analyzed using t tests; responses to individual questions were analyzed using Mann-Whitney U tests. Results The average score for the required reading survey was significantly higher than for the leisure reading survey (14.4 ± 9.1 vs 9.8 ± 6.9 [ P = 0.005]). Significantly higher symptom scores were recorded for 7 of 15 questions and 3 of 4 subscores (discomfort, fatigue, and impaired vision) for the required reading survey, whereas scores for the leisure reading survey highly correlated ( R 2 = 0.95) with each child's self-reported reading speed. Conclusions Convergence Insufficiency Symptom Survey scores vary greatly depending on the type of near activity being surveyed and thus do not accurately isolate and reflect near visual ability. Beginning each survey with the question about self-rated reading speed could eliminate the need for additional questions if a child self-rates his or her reading speed as average or better. Because of the influence of the type of near visual activity on symptoms, survey questions should explicitly specify the near visual activity to prevent a child's interpretation of the question's intent from affecting the symptom score.▪

    원문보기

    원문보기
    무료다운로드 유료다운로드

    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

    이미지

    Fig. 1 이미지
  8. [해외논문]   Seeing Is Believing   SCIE


    Journal of AAPOS : the official publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus v.21 no.6 ,pp. 456 - 456 , 2017 , 1091-8531 ,

    초록

    Purpose To compare Convergence Insufficiency Symptom Survey scores for required reading for school versus scores for leisure reading. Methods At a single private practice, we surveyed 100 children with normal binocular vision using modified survey questions specifying either required reading or leisure reading as the near visual activity. Average total symptom scores and subscores for questions about discomfort, fatigue, impaired vision, and cognitive performance were analyzed using t tests; responses to individual questions were analyzed using Mann-Whitney U tests. Results The average score for the required reading survey was significantly higher than for the leisure reading survey (14.4 ± 9.1 vs 9.8 ± 6.9 [ P = 0.005]). Significantly higher symptom scores were recorded for 7 of 15 questions and 3 of 4 subscores (discomfort, fatigue, and impaired vision) for the required reading survey, whereas scores for the leisure reading survey highly correlated ( R 2 = 0.95) with each child's self-reported reading speed. Conclusions Convergence Insufficiency Symptom Survey scores vary greatly depending on the type of near activity being surveyed and thus do not accurately isolate and reflect near visual ability. Beginning each survey with the question about self-rated reading speed could eliminate the need for additional questions if a child self-rates his or her reading speed as average or better. Because of the influence of the type of near visual activity on symptoms, survey questions should explicitly specify the near visual activity to prevent a child's interpretation of the question's intent from affecting the symptom score.▪

    원문보기

    원문보기
    무료다운로드 유료다운로드

    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

    이미지

    Fig. 1 이미지
  9. [해외논문]   Securing extraocular muscles in strabismus surgery: laboratory analysis of biomechanical parameters related to the suture   SCIE

    Brooks, Steven E. (Correspondence: Steven E. Brooks, MD, Edward S. Harkness Eye Institute, 635 west 165<sup>th</sup>St., New York, NY 10032)
    Journal of AAPOS : the official publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus v.21 no.6 ,pp. 457 - 459.e1 , 2017 , 1091-8531 ,

    초록

    Purpose To investigate the tensile properties of several components used to secure extraocular muscle to sclera in strabismus surgery to determine potential failure points. Methods A digital force gauge measured the tensile strength of intact or damaged 6-0 Vicryl suture (Ethicon, Somerville, NJ), as well as threads tied in a 2-1-1 or 2-1-1-1 surgeon's knot configuration. Human sclera was used to test the resistance to drag of knotted and unknotted 6-0 Vicryl suture thread through partial thickness sclera. Mean values were compared using a t test. Results The mean tensile strength of 6-0 Vicryl suture was 623.5 g, but it was markedly reduced by damage from the needle ( P P P = 0.84). Drag through a 2 mm scleral tunnel was 4.6 g, compared to 13.6 g for a 4 mm tunnel ( P = 0.011). The force required to pull a knotted suture through a 4 mm scleral tunnel was 254 g for a 2-1-1 knot and 367 g for a 2-1-1-1 knot ( P Conclusions Although 6-0 Vicryl possesses adequate tensile strength for muscle fixation, thread damage from a needle or needle holder may cause serious losses in tensile strength. Knot-breaking strength is not significantly increased by adding a fourth throw. Frictional forces of the scleral tunnel are not sufficient to provide muscle stabilization, but the presence of a knot can provide substantial resistance to suture slip into the scleral tunnel.

    원문보기

    원문보기
    무료다운로드 유료다운로드

    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

    이미지

    Fig. 1 이미지
  10. [해외논문]   A paired comparison study on refractive changes after strabismus surgery   SCIE

    Leshno, Ari (Goldschleger Eye Institute, Sheba Medical Center, Tel Aviv, Israel ) , Mezad-Koursh, Daphna (Department of Ophthalmology, Tel Aviv Sourasky Medical Center, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel ) , Ziv-Baran, Tomer (Department of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, School of Public Health, Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel ) , Stolovitch, Chaim (Department of Ophthalmology, Tel Aviv Sourasky Medical Center, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel)
    Journal of AAPOS : the official publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus v.21 no.6 ,pp. 460 - 462.e1 , 2017 , 1091-8531 ,

    초록

    Purpose To quantify refractive changes following horizontal lateral rectus recession and medial rectus resection surgery and to investigate the causes of these changes. Methods The medical records of patients who underwent unilateral horizontal lateral rectus recession and medial rectus resection for exotropia by a single surgeon over a period of 14 years were reviewed retrospectively. Using vector analysis, refractive changes in operated eyes (cases) were compared to changes in the sound eyes (controls). The main outcome measures were differences in mean change of refractive parameters and the proportion of clinically significant changes. Results A total of 31 subjects (median age, 13.6 years; interquartile range, 8.8-19.8 years) were included. A significantly higher magnitude of refractive changes was observed in the operated eyes ( P = 0.001). In addition, the proportion of cases with clinically significant change in sphere or cylinder was significantly higher in the operated eyes compared to the sound eyes (48% vs 10% [ OR = 2.31, P = 0.002] and 32% vs 10% [ OR = 5.0, P = 0.039], resp.). Conclusions Horizontal strabismus surgery is associated with refractive changes that might be of clinical significance. Pediatric ophthalmologists should consider re-refraction 1 month postoperatively.

    원문보기

    원문보기
    무료다운로드 유료다운로드

    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

    이미지

    Fig. 1 이미지

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