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Corrosion science and technology 11건

  1. [국내논문]   Effects of W Contents in Co Matrix of the Thermal Sprayed WC-Co on the Corrosion Behavior in Molten Zinc  

    Seong, Byeong-Geun (New Metals Research Department, RIST ) , Hwang, Sun-Young (New Metals Research Department, RIST ) , Kim, Kyoo-Young (Graduate Institute of Ferrous Technology, POSTECH ) , Lee, Kee-Ahn (School of Advanced Materials Engineering, Andong National Univesity)
    Corrosion science and technology v.6 no.4 ,pp. 147 - 153 , 2007 , 1598-6462 ,

    초록

    This study sought to investigate the reaction of Co-binder containing tungsten with molten zinc. Four kinds of Co-W alloys (pure, 10%W, 20%W, 30%W) were prepared using the powder metallurgy method. The specimens were immersion-tested in molten pure zinc baths at $460^{\circ}C$ . To evaluate the corrosion property in molten zinc, the weight loss of the specimen was measured after the immersion tests at different immersion times (10~300 min.). Co-10%W alloys, compared with pure cobalt, showed no effect of tungsten addition on the reaction rate in molten zinc. The relationship between the weight loss and the square root of immersion period represents a straight line in both pure cobalt and Co-10%W alloy. The Co-Zn reaction layer in Co- 1O%W alloy consists of $\gamma2$ , $\gamma1$ , $\gamma$ and ( $\beta1$ phases. The rate of weight loss significantly increases and the weight loss behavior is not well accord with the linear relationship as the tungsten content in the Co-W alloy increases. The $\beta1$ layer was not formed on the Co-20%W alloy and neither was a stable Co-Zn intermetallic compound layer found on the Co-30%W alloy. The main cause of increase in reaction rate with increasing tungsten content is related with the instability of the Co-Zn reaction phases as seen on micro-structural analysis.

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  2. [국내논문]   Effects of Organic Additives on Residual Stress and Surface Roughness of Electroplated Copper for Flexible PCB  

    Kim, Jongsoo (School of Maerials Sci. & Eng. Hongik university ) , Kim, Heesan (School of Maerials Sci. & Eng. Hongik university)
    Corrosion science and technology v.6 no.4 ,pp. 154 - 158 , 2007 , 1598-6462 ,

    초록

    For the application of flexible printed circuit board (FPCB), electroplated copper is required to have low surface roughness and residual stress. In the paper, the effects of surface roughness and residual stress of electroplated copper as thick as $8{\mu}m$ were studied on organic additives such as inhibitor, leveler and accelerator. Polyimide film coated with sputtered copper was used as a substrate. Surface roughness and surface morphology were measured by 3D-laser surface analysis and FESEM, respectively. Residual stress was calculated by Stoney's equation after measuring radius curvature of specimen. The addition of additives except high concentration of accelerator in the electrolyte decreased surface roughness of electroplated copper film. Such a tendency was explained by the function of additives among which the inhibitor and the leveler inhibit electroplating on a whole surface and prolusions, respectively. The accelerator plays a role in accelerating the electroplating in valley parts. The inhibitors and the leveler increased residual stress, whereas the accelerator decreased it. It was thought to be related with entrapped additives on electroplated copper film rather than the preferred orientation of electroplated copper film. The reason why additives lead to residual stress remains for the future work.

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  3. [국내논문]   The Lubricant Effect of Oxidation and Wear Products of HVOF Co-alloy T800 Powder Coating  

    Cho, Tong Yul (School of Nano Advanced Materials Engineering, Changwon National University ) , Yoon, Jae Hong (School of Nano Advanced Materials Engineering, Changwon National University ) , Kim, Kil Su (School of Nano Advanced Materials Engineering, Changwon National University ) , Song, Ki Oh (School of Nano Advanced Materials Engineering, Changwon National University ) , Youn, Suk Jo (Sermatech Korea, LTD ) , Chun, Hui Gon (School of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Ulsan ) , Hwang, Soon Young (Research Institute of Industrial Science & Technology)
    Corrosion science and technology v.6 no.4 ,pp. 159 - 163 , 2007 , 1598-6462 ,

    초록

    Micron size Co-alloy 800 (T800) powder is coated on the high temperature, oxidation and corrosion resistant super alloy Inconel 718 substrate by the optimal high velocity oxy-fuel (HVOF) thermal spray coating process developed by this laboratory. For the study of durability improvement of high speed spindle operating without lubricants, friction and sliding wear behaviors of the coatings are investigated both at room and at an elevated temperature of $1000^{\circ}F(538^{\circ}C)$ . Friction coefficients, wear traces and wear debris of coatings are drastically reduced compared to those of non-coated surface of Inconel 718 substrate both at room temperature and at $538^{\circ}C$ . Friction coefficients and wear traces of both coated and non-coated surfaces are drastically reduced at higher temperature of $538^{\circ}C$ compared with those at room temperature. At high temperature, the brittle oxides such as CoO, $Co_{3}O_{4}$ , $MoO_2$ and $MoO_3$ are formed rapidly on the sliding surfaces, and the brittle oxide phases are easily attrited by reciprocating slides at high temperature through oxidation and abrasive wear mechanisms. The brittle solid oxide particles, softens, melts and partial-melts play roles as solid and liquid lubricants reducing friction coefficient and wear. These show that the coating is highly recommendable for the durability improvement coating on the machine component surfaces vulnerable to frictional heat and wear.

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  4. [국내논문]   Effect of Microstructure on Hydrogen Induced Cracking Resistance of High Strength Low Alloy Steels  

    Koh, Seong Ung (Dept. of Mat. Sci. and Tech., Pohang Univ. of Sci. and Tech. ) , Jung, Hwan Gyo (Technical Research Center, Pohang Iron & Steel Co., Ltd. ) , Kim, Kyoo Young (Dept. of Mat. Sci. and Tech., Pohang Univ. of Sci. and Tech.)
    Corrosion science and technology v.6 no.4 ,pp. 164 - 169 , 2007 , 1598-6462 ,

    초록

    Hydrogen induced cracking (HIC) was studied phenomenologically and the effect of microstructure on HIC was discussed for the steels having two different levels of nonmetallic inclusions. Steels having different microstructures were produced by thermomechanically controlled processes (TMCP) from two different heats which had the different level of nonmetallic inclusions. Ferrite/pearlite (F/P), ferrite/acicular ferrite (F/AF), ferrite/bainite (F/B) were three representative microstructures for all tested steels. For the steels with higher level of inclusions, permissible inclusion level for HIC not to develop was different according to steelmicrostructure. On the contrary, HIC occurred also at the martensite/austenite (M/A) constituents regardless of steel microstructure when they accumulated to a certain degree. It was proved that M/A constituents were easily embrittled by hydrogen atoms. Steels having F/AF is resistant to HIC at a given actual service condition since they covers a wide range of diffusible hydrogen content without developing HIC.

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  5. [국내논문]   Mechanism of Environmentally-Induced Stress Corrosion Cracking of Zr-Alloys  

    Park, Sang Yoon (Advanced Core Materials Lab. Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute ) , Kim, Jun Hwan (Advanced Core Materials Lab. Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute ) , Choi, Byung Kwon (Advanced Core Materials Lab. Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute ) , Jeong, Yong Hwan (Advanced Core Materials Lab. Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute)
    Corrosion science and technology v.6 no.4 ,pp. 170 - 176 , 2007 , 1598-6462 ,

    초록

    Iodine-induced stress corrosion cracking (ISCC) properties and the associated ISCC process of Zircaloy-4 and an Nb-containing advanced nuclear fuel cladding were evaluated. An internal pressurization test with a pre-cracked specimen was performed with a stress-relieved (SR) or recrystallized (RX) microstructure at $350^{\circ}C$ , in an iodine environment. The results showed that the $K_{ISCC}$ of the SR and RX Zircaloy-4 claddings were 3.3 and 4.8MPa\;m^{0.5} , respectively. And the crack propagation rate of the RX Zircaloy-4 was 10 times lower than that of the SR one. The chemical effect of iodine on the crack propagation rate was very high, which was increased $10^4$ times by iodine addition. Main factor affecting on the micro-crack nucleation was a pitting formation and its agglomeration along the grain boundary. However, this pitting formation on the grain-boundary was suppressed in the case of an Nb addition, which resulted in an increase of the ISCC resistance when compared to Zircaloy-4. Crack initiation and propagation mechanisms of fuel claddings were proposed by a grain boundary pitting model and a pitting assisted slip cleavage model and they showed reasonable results.

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  6. [국내논문]   Evaluation on Surface Scaling and Frost Resistance for concrete Deteriorated due to Cyclic Freezing and Thawing with Inherent Chloride  

    Kim, Gyu Yong (Dept. of Architectural Engineering, Chungnam National University ) , Cho, Bong Suk (Dept. of Architectural Engineering, Chungnam National University ) , Lee, Seung Hoon (The Chief Engineer of Samsung Corporation ) , Kim, Moo Han (Dept. of Architectural Engineering, Chungnam National University)
    Corrosion science and technology v.6 no.4 ,pp. 177 - 185 , 2007 , 1598-6462 ,

    초록

    The purpose of this study is to evaluate freezing-thawing and surface scaling resistance in order to examine the frost durability of concrete in a chloride-inherent environment. The mixing design for this study is as follows: 3 water binder ratios of 0.37, 0.42, and 0.47; 2-ingredient type concrete (50% OPC concrete and 50% ground granulated blast-furnace slag), and 3-ingredient type concrete (50% OPC concrete, 15% fly ash, and 35% ground granulated blast-furnace slag). As found in this study, the decrease of durability was much more noticeable in combined deterioration through both salt damage and frost damage than in a single deterioration through either ofthese; when using blast-furnace slag in freezing-thawing seawater, the frost durability and surface deterioration resistance was evaluated as higher than when using OPC concrete. BF 50% concrete, especially, rather than BFS35%+FA15%, had a notable effect on resistance to chloride penetration and freezing/expansion. It has been confirmed that surface deterioration can be evaluated through a quantitative analysis of scaling, calculated from concrete's underwater weight and surface-dry weight as affected by the freezing-thawing of seawater.

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  7. [국내논문]   Study on the Cargonation Properties of Fly Ash Concrete using a Vacuum Instrument  

    Jung, Sang-Hwa (Korea Institute of Construction Materials ) , Yoo, Sung-Won (Woosuk University ) , Chae, Seong-Tae (Korea Institute of Construction Materials)
    Corrosion science and technology v.6 no.4 ,pp. 186 - 192 , 2007 , 1598-6462 ,

    초록

    Carbonation is one of the most important factors causing the corrosion of reinforcement concrete. Nevertheless, experimental studies on the concrete carbonation have not been carried out sufficiently because of the slow process of carbonation process. Therefore, this study adopts an experimental system exploiting a vacuum instrument that has been recently developed to accelerate carbonation instead of existing experimental system to conduct rapid carbonation tests on Portland cement and fly-ash cement concretes. Test results revealed that, compared to water-cement ratio of 40%, the carbonation depth increases from 103% to 138% for an increase of water-cement ratio from 45% to 60%. These results are larger than the carbonation depths obtained by mathematical model, and such difference is increasing with larger water-cement ratios. The results also indicated that larger fly-ash contents lead to sharp increase of the carbonation depth, which is in agreement with previous experimental researches. The adoption of the new accelerated carbonation test system enabled to shorten effectively the time required to produce experimental data compared to the existing carbonation test method. The experimental data obtained in this study together with ongoing acquisition of data using the new carbonation test method are expected to contribute in the understanding of the carbonation process of concrete structures in Korea.

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  8. [국내논문]   Environmental Conditions in the Reheating Furnace for High Quality Advanced High Strength Steels for Automobiles  

    Sohn, Il-Ryoung (POSCO Technical Research Laboratories ) , Chin, Kwang-Geun (POSCO Technical Research Laboratories)
    Corrosion science and technology v.6 no.4 ,pp. 193 - 197 , 2007 , 1598-6462 ,

    초록

    It is well known that the development of Advanced High Strength Steels (AHSS) is very important for the automotive industry in order to improve fuel efficiency and the reduction of material costs. However, it is particularly difficult to improve the surface quality of AHSS because the high amount of Si, Al, Mn and Ti etc. in AHSS promote selective oxidation, resulting in surface defects. The reheating process in the hot strip mill would cause severe oxidation because it is carried out at elevated temperatures under aggressive environments. In this study a reheating furnace simulator was developed to investigate oxidation phenomena in the reheating process. The environmental gas for the reheating furnace was made by burning coke oven gas with air in the simulator. The air/fuel ratio is precisely controlled by MFC. Ti oxides are easily formed on grain boundaries and Mn and Si oxides are usually formed in inner grains near the steel surface with a small round shape.

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  9. [국내논문]   Binary Compound Formation upon Copper Dissolution: STM and SXPS Results  

    Hai, N.T.M. (Institute of Physical and Theoretical Chemistry, University of Bonn ) , Huemann, S. (Institute of Physical and Theoretical Chemistry, University of Bonn ) , Hunger, R. (Department of Matrerial Science, Technical University of Darmstadt ) , Jaegermann, W. (Department of Matrerial Science, Technical University of Darmstadt ) , Broekmann, P. (Institute of Physical and Theoretical Chemistry, University of Bonn ) , Wandelt, K. (Institute of Physical and Theoretical Chemistry, University of Bonn)
    Corrosion science and technology v.6 no.4 ,pp. 198 - 205 , 2007 , 1598-6462 ,

    초록

    The initial stages of electrochemical oxidative CuI film formation on Cu(111), as studied by means of Cyclic Voltammetry (CV), in-situ Scanning Tunneling Microscopy (STM) and ex-situ Synchrotron X-ray Photoemission Spectroscopy (SXPS), indicate a significant acceleration of copper oxidation in the presence of iodide anions in the electrolyte. A surface confined supersaturation with mobile CuI monomers first leads to the formation of a 2D-CuI film via nucleation and growth of a Cu/I-bilayer on-top of a pre-adsorbed iodide monolayer. Structurally, this 2D-CuI film is closely related to the (111) plane of crystalline CuI (zinc blende type). Interestingly, this film causes no significant passivation of the copper surface. In an advanced stage of copper dissolution a transition from the 2D- to a 3D-CuI growth mode can be observed.

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  10. [국내논문]   Replacements for Chromate Pigments in Anticorrosion Primers for Aluminum Alloys  

    Yin, Zhangzhang (Department of Chemical and Materials Engineering, University of Cincinnati ) , Ooij, Wim van (Department of Chemical and Materials Engineering, University of Cincinnati ) , Puomi, Paula (Department of Chemical and Materials Engineering, University of Cincinnati)
    Corrosion science and technology v.6 no.4 ,pp. 206 - 210 , 2007 , 1598-6462 ,

    초록

    Aerospace aluminum alloys such as Al alloy 2024-T3 and 7075-T6 are subject to localized corrosion due the existence of intermetallics containing Cu, Mg or Zn. Chromate is currently widely used in the aerospace industry as the corrosion inhibitor for these alloys. However, chromate needs to be replaced due to its strong carcinogenicity. In this study, an extensive pigment screening has been performed to find replacements for chromates. Different categories of inhibitors were evaluated by immersion tests, DC polarization tests and other methods. Phosphates, zinc salts, cerium salts, vanadates and benzotriazole were found to be effective inhibitors for AA7075. Among those inhibitors, zinc phosphate was found to be the most effective in our novel, silane-based, one-step aqueous primer system. The performance of this primer is comparable to that of currently used chromate primers in accelerated corrosion tests, while it is completely chromate-free and its VOC is about 80% less than that of current primers. Studies by SEM/EDS showed that the unique structure of the superprimer accounts for the strong anti-corrosion performance of the zinc phosphate pigment. The self-assembled stratified double-layer structure of the superprimer is characterized by a less-penetrable hydrophobic layer at the top and a hydrophilic layer accommodating the inhibitors underneath. The top layer functions as the physical barrier against water ingress, while the lower layer functions as a reservoirfor the inhibitor, which is leached out only if the coating is damaged by a scratch or scribe. The presence of a silane in the primer further improves the adhesion and anti-corrosion performance of the primer.

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