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T : 목차정보

Korean journal of hydrosciences 9건

  1. [국내논문]   A Sediment Concentration Distribution Based on a Revised Prandtl's Mixing Theory  

    Jung, Kwan-Sue
    Korean journal of hydrosciences v.8 ,pp. 1 - 17 , 1997 ,

    초록

    Prandtl's mixing length theory was modified to obtain a power velocity distribution in which the coefficient and the exponent are variable over a range from : $$ A simple suspended-sediment concentration distribution was developed from the modified velocity distribytion : $ With nominal values of $\beta$ =1.0, < 1.0, $\kappa$ =0.4 and 0.4 and visual accumulation tube values of the fall velocity, the comparison between the theory and field measurements by the USGS on the Rio Grande is fair. Doubling the value of the exponent results in a good comparison. Further researches are needed for choosing the values of $\beta$ , $\kappa$ , and fall velocity values, and consideration on the effects of large-scale turbulence and secondary flows are necessary for them. In a pragmatic sense, on any gaging sites the close analysis of very detailed measurements can establish its specific coefficient and exponent.

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  2. [국내논문]   A Decision-Supporting Model for Rehabilitation of Old Water Distribution Systems  

    Kim, Joong-Hoon ; Geem, Zong-Woo ; Lee, Hyun-dong ; Kim, Seong-Han
    Korean journal of hydrosciences v.8 ,pp. 31 - 40 , 1997 ,

    초록

    Flow carrying capacity of water distribution systems is getting reduced by deterioration of pipes in the systems. The objective of this paper is to present a managerial decision-making model for the rehabilitation of water distribution systems with a mininum cost. The decisions made by the model also satisfy the requirements for discharge and pressure at demanding nodes in the systems. Replacement cost, pipe break repair cost, and pumping cost are considered in the economic evaluation of the decision along with the break rate and the interest rate to determine the optimal replacement time for each pipe. Then, the hydraulic integrity of the water distribution system is checked for the decision by a pipe network simulator, KYPIPE, if discharge and pressure requirements are satisfied. In case the system does not satisfy the hydraulic requirements, the decision made for the optimal replacement time is revised until the requirments are satisfied. The model is well applied to an existing water distribution system, the Seoul Metropolitan Water Supply System (1st Phase). The results show that the decisions for the replacement time determined by the economic analysis are accepted as optimal and hydraulic integrity of the system is in good condition.

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    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

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  3. [국내논문]   Flow Routing in Prismatic Symmetrical Compound Channels by Applications of the Apparent Shear Force (ASF)  

    Chun, Moo-Kap ; Jee, Hong-Kee
    Korean journal of hydrosciences v.8 ,pp. 41 - 56 , 1997 ,

    초록

    A new routing computer model for the symmetric compound channel called the ASRMCS(Apparent Shear Force Muskingum-Cunge Method in Symmetry) has been developed. The Muskingum-Cunge routing method is adapted. The Apparent Shear Force (ASF) between the deep main channel and the shallow floodplan flow is introduced while the flow is routed. The nonlinear parameter method is applied. The temporal and spatial increments are varied according to the flow rate. The adaptation of above schemes is tested against the routed hydrographs using the DAMBRK model. The results of general routing practice of Muskingum-Cunge Method(GPMC) are also compared with those of above two models. The results of the new model match remarkably well with those of DAMBRK. The routed hydrographs show a smooth variation from the inflow boundary condition without any distortions caused by the difference of cross-section shape. However, the results of GPMC, showing early rise and fall of routed hydrograph, have considerable differences from those of the ASFMCS and DAMBRK.

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    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

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  4. [국내논문]   Comparison of Daily Soil Water Contents Obtained by Energy Balance-Water Budget Approach and TDR  

    Rim, Chang-Soo
    Korean journal of hydrosciences v.8 ,pp. 57 - 68 , 1997 ,

    초록

    The daily soil water contents were obtained from the time domain reflectometry(TDR) method and energy balance-water budget approach with eddy correlation at the two small semiarid watersheds of Lucky Hills and Kendall during the summer rainy period. There was a comaprison of daily soil water content measured and estimated from these two different approaches. The comparison is valuable to evaluate the accuracy of current soil water content measuring system using TDR and energy balance-water budget approach using eddy correlation method at a small watershed scale. The degree of simiarity between the regressions of these two methods of measuring soil water content was explained by determining the correlations between these methods. Simple linear regression analyses showed that soil water content measured from TDR method was responsible for 58% and 63% of the variations estimated from energy balance-water budget approach with edy correlation at Lucky Hills and Kendall, respectively. The scatter plots and the regression analyses revealed that two different approaches for soil water content measurement at a small watershed scale have no significant difference.

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    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

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  5. [국내논문]   A Study on the Introduction of Fuzzy Theory to the Adjustment of Time Variant parameter  

    Lee, Jong-Kyu ; Lee, Chang-Hae
    Korean journal of hydrosciences v.8 ,pp. 69 - 83 , 1997 ,

    초록

    The Parameters of the storage function model (SFM) are taken as constants, while they have different values during every rainfall period and the duration of the runoff. Therefore, the results of the SFM generally show remarkably large errors. In this study, the modified storage function model (MSFM), in which the time variant parameters are introduced, is proposed to improve the SFM which is a conceptual rainfall-runoff model. The fuzzy reasoning method is applied as a real-time control one of the time variant parameters of the proposed model. The applicability of the MSFM was examined in the Bochung river, at a tributary of the Geum River, Korea. The pattern of the predicted runoff hydrograph and the peak discharge by the MSFM with fuzzy control are very similar to the measured values, compared with the results produced by the SFM.

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  6. [국내논문]   Calculation of Topographic Index with Geographic Information System  

    Kim, Sang-Hyun ; Han, Kun-Yeun
    Korean journal of hydrosciences v.8 ,pp. 85 - 95 , 1997 ,

    초록

    The multiple flow direction algorithm to calculate the spatial variation of the saturation tendency, I. e. topographic index, is integrated into the Geographic Information System, GRASS. A procedure is suggested to consider the effect of a tile system on calculating the topographic index. A small agricultural subwatershed ( $3.4\;\textrm{km}^2$ ) is used for this study. The impact of a tile system on the groundwater table can be effectively considered by the Laplace's equation to the DEM. The analysis shows that a tile system has a high degree of saturation to compared to the case without tile drainage, and the predicted riparian area is well fitted to the actual watershed condition. A procedure is suggested to consider a tile system's effect on calculating the topographic index.

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    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

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  7. [국내논문]   Estimation of Water Balance based on Satelite Date in the Korean Peninsula  

    Shin, Sha-Chul ; Sawamoto masaki, Sawamoto-Masaki
    Korean journal of hydrosciences v.8 ,pp. 97 - 110 , 1997 ,

    초록

    Quantifying water balance components is crucial to understanding the basic hydrology and hydrochemistry. An importance of water balace studies has been emphasized from the need to grasp the actual condition of water resources and environmental changes including climatic changes. This paper proposes a method for evaluating water balance components based on the vegetation monitor using remote sensing data. Here, the evapotranspiration model adopts a direct method by using NDVI(Normalized Difference Vegetation Index) calculated from NOAA/AVHRR data and a detailed descriptionof water balance by using the evapotranspiration over the Korean Peninsula. In the study, areal distribution data sets of water balance components are produced using NDVI and a simplified water balance model. This method enables one to discuss the hydrological problems for North Korea where insufficient meteorological and hydrological data exist. The results obtained indicate the specific regional features on water inventory and fluctuation in water balance.

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    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

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  8. [국내논문]   Analysis of Stratified Lake using an Eddy Diffusion and a Mixed-layer Models  

    Kim, Kyung-sub
    Korean journal of hydrosciences v.8 ,pp. 111 - 123 , 1997 ,

    초록

    A one-dimensional eddy diffusion model and a mixed-layer model are developed and applied to simulate the vertical temperature profiles in lakes. Also the running result of each method are compared and analyzed. In an eddy diffusion model, molecular diffusivity is neglected and eddy diffusivity which does not need lake-specific fitting parameter and constant lake's level are applied. The heat exchanges at the water surface and the bottom are formulated by the energy balance and zero energy gradient, respectively. In a mixed-layer model, two layers approach which has a constant thickness is adopted. The application of these models which use explicit finite difference and Runge-Kutta methods respectively demonstrates that the models simulate water temperatures efficiently.

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    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

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  9. [국내논문]   Drought Monitoring with Indexed Sequential Modeling  

    Kim, Hung-Soo ; Yoon, Yong-Nam
    Korean journal of hydrosciences v.8 ,pp. 125 - 136 , 1997 ,

    초록

    The simulation techniques of hydrologic data series have develped for the purposes of the design of water resources system, the optimization of reservoir operation, and the design of flood control of reservoir, etc. While the stochastic models are usually used in most analysis of water resources fields for the generation of data sequences, the indexed sequential modeling (ISM) method based on generation of a series of overlapping short-term flow sequences directly from the historical record has been used for the data generation in the western USA since the early of 1980s. It was reported that the reliable results by ISM were obtained in practical applications. In this study, we generate annual inflow series at a location of Hong Cheon Dam site by using ISM method and autoregressive, order-1 model (AR(1)), and estimate the drought characteristics for the comparison aim between ISM and AR(1).

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    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

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