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H : 소장처정보

T : 목차정보

지역사회간호학회지 = Journal of korean academy of community... 17건

  1. [국내논문]   금연프로그램이 성인 흡연자의 금연 및 흡연행위 변화에 미치는 영향   피인용횟수: 1

    김현옥 (전북대학교 간호학과, 전북대학교 간호학과 건강증진연구회)
    지역사회간호학회지 = Journal of korean academy of community health nursing v.13 no.1 ,pp. 5 - 16 , 2002 , 1225-9594 ,

    초록

    Purpose: This study was to compare the stop-smoking rate and nicotine dependency for an adult smoker after implementing the smoking cessation program. Method: Fourty-six adult smokers participated. Self report questionnaire and telephone interview were conducted at the pretest, 6 months later, 1 year later, 2 years later, 3 years later. Result: 1. Stop-smoking rate of smoking cessation program participants was 43.5% 6 months later, 35.6% 1 year later, 24.4% 2 years later, 45.5% 3 years later. 2. The mean of nicotine dependency for continuing smokers was significantly decreased 6 months later(paired-t=4.719, p=.000). 3. The mean of nicotine dependency for continuing smokers was significantly decreased 1 year later(pired-t=4.296=.000). 4. The mean of nicotine dependency for continuing smokers was significantly decreased 2 years later(paired-t=2.778. p=.000). 5. The mean of nicotine dependency for continuing smokers was significantly decreased 3 years later(paired-t=2.795. p=.000). Conclusion: The smoking cessation program was effective to induce cessation in the adult smoker, and to decrease nicotine dependency in the continuing adult smoker.

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  2. [국내논문]   사업장 근로자의 고혈압 관리를 위한 자가발반사요법의 효과   피인용횟수: 2

    차남현 (경희대 간호과학부)
    지역사회간호학회지 = Journal of korean academy of community health nursing v.13 no.1 ,pp. 17 - 29 , 2002 , 1225-9594 ,

    초록

    This study was carried out to investigate the effect of Self-foot reflexology (SFR) on the hypertension of workers. The purpose of the research was to evaluate: levels of knowledge, physical and emotional condition, work stress and fatigue on the hypertension of employees in the workplace. Quasi-experimental study was designed in the setting of a nonequivalent control and experimental Group applied by the pre and post test. The total subjects undertaken in the study were total of 34 employees working in three companies in Seoul. The SFR program was consisted of 6 phases. There were 2 minutes for preparation, 4 minutes for slow down, 26 minutes for base reflex, symptoms of a disease reflex and excretion reflex stimulation. Finally, there was 20 minutes relaxation in a comfortable posture and drinking hot water after blood pressure was checked in the order. This program was running 55 minutes a day everyday three times a week during the entire 8 week course. The finding showed blood pressure was reduced significantly. Moreover, the level of total cholesterol. high and low density lipoprotein cholesterol, depression, work stress, and fatigue were decreased in the study. But, they were not statistically significant except as it related to Group comparisons in time. The level of state anxiety was statistically significant between 2 Groups, but not in the time comparison of both Groups. As a summary of the study results, the SFR program was regarded as contributing to the physical and emotional promotion of employees. It had partially increased body circulations of functional organ related to the SFR sites. And, it improved relaxation of physical and mental condition through energy movement 'Chi'. Therefore, the SFR technique should be considered as an effective skill of a nursing program. Furthermore, it can be newly adopted as a nursing curriculum as a part of alternative treatment. However, it still needed to testify its effects through the review study.

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  3. [국내논문]   영세노인과 일반노인의 우울정도에 관한 비교연구   피인용횟수: 2

    권선숙 (중앙대학교 간호학과 ) , 정연강 (중앙대학교 간호학과 ) , 권혜진 (중앙대학교 간호학과)
    지역사회간호학회지 = Journal of korean academy of community health nursing v.13 no.1 ,pp. 30 - 38 , 2002 , 1225-9594 ,

    초록

    The purpose of this study was to compare the Depression levels of the poor and elderly as well as the elderly who were residents in a community. The author studied the Depression levels of 117 poor and elderly individuals and 183 elderly individuals all 65 years or older living in Suwon City. This study has been done using a direct-interview structured Questionnaire and Korean Form of Geriatric Depression Scale (KGDS) from May to July in 1999. The results can be summarized as following: 1. With Case and Control group there was no significant difference with respect to gender, age, education level, or religion. But was significantly different regarding marriage state, if subjects were living together, type of residency, province, and place of toilet(P

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  4. [국내논문]   재가 노인의 건강증진 행위, 생활만족도 및 자아존중감과의 관계연구   피인용횟수: 4

    최연희 (경산대학교 간호학부 ) , 백경신 (세명대학교 간호학과)
    지역사회간호학회지 = Journal of korean academy of community health nursing v.13 no.1 ,pp. 39 - 48 , 2002 , 1225-9594 ,

    초록

    Purpose: This study was done to describe the correlation among the elderly's health-promoting behavior. life satisfaction and self-esteem. Method: The subjects were a volunteer sample of 200 elderly in Kyungsan city. The instruments for this study were Health Promoting Lifestyle Profile(47 items). Life Satisfaction Scale(20 items) and Self-Esteem Scale(10 items). Frequency, percentage, t-test, ANOVA, Duncan test and Pearson's correlation coefficient with BAS program were used to analyze the data. Result: 1) The average item score for the health-promoting behavior was 3.23; the highest score on the subscale was self-actualization and nutrition(M=3.45) with the lowest being exercise(M=2.98). 2) The average item score for the life satisfaction was 2.98. 3) The average item score for the self-esteem was 3.41. 4) Health-promoting behavior was significantly different according to age, marital status, religion and participation in society circles. 5) Life satisfaction was significantly different according to marital status and participation in society circles. 6) Self-esteem was significantly different according to participation in society circles. 7) Health-promoting behavior was positively related to life satisfaction and self-esteem. Life satisfaction was positively related to self-esteem. Conclusion: It follows from this study that there is a very strong correlation among the elderly's health-promoting behavior, life satisfaction and self-esteem. Therefore health promoting programs that increase life satisfaction and self-esteem should be developed to promote a healthy lifestyle of the elderly.

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  5. [국내논문]   일 농촌지역 고혈압 환자들의 건강행태와 약물복용 이행도에 관한 연구   피인용횟수: 5

    김금이 (거제대학 간호과)
    지역사회간호학회지 = Journal of korean academy of community health nursing v.13 no.1 ,pp. 49 - 56 , 2002 , 1225-9594 ,

    초록

    This study was performed to identify the health behaviors and medication compliances of hypertensive patients in a rural area, from May 1 to July 31. 2001. The subjects were 100 hypertensive patients who were registered at the Health Center in Goeje City. The data was collected by face-to-face interviews with a 25-item questionnaire on health behaviors, and analyzed by the Chi-square test on each variable. The results were as follows: Approximately 76% of the subjects were currently taking drug medication. In the comparison of health behavior rates between male and female, there were statistically significant differences in smoking (p

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  6. [국내논문]   만성 B형 간염 환자의 관리실태 및 교육요구   피인용횟수: 1

    김매자 (서울대학교 간호대학 ) , 이선옥 (한국방송대학 보건위생학과 ) , 신계영 (초당대학 간호학과 ) , 김은경 (수원과학대학 간호과 ) , 장미라 (삼성서울병원)
    지역사회간호학회지 = Journal of korean academy of community health nursing v.13 no.1 ,pp. 57 - 67 , 2002 , 1225-9594 ,

    초록

    Purpose: Chronic hepatic disease is caused by inappropriate management of the hepatitis B virus. In Korea. there is an increasing number of chronic hepatic patients. who are at risk of dying from liver failure or hepatocellular carcinoma. Therefore it is important to manage the hepatitis B virus appropriately. Method: The patients diagnosed with chronic hepatic disease or HBV carrier who registered at a community health center or hospital were assessed regarding health man agement status and educational needs. The data was collected from 179 persons by convenient sampling between May, 2000 and April. 2001. The data were was analyzed for general characteristics using the descriptive method, factors influencing educational needs and health management using t-test and ANOVA. Results: 1. The average health management score was 18.2 from 12 to 24 range. Those who unknown were unaware of the presence of HBsAg, attending the educational program and keeping undergoing treatment at the community health center or hospital were had a higher management score(p

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  7. [국내논문]   한국거주와 일본거주 한국노인의 건강증진 행위 비교  

    박경민 (계명대학교 간호학부)
    지역사회간호학회지 = Journal of korean academy of community health nursing v.13 no.1 ,pp. 68 - 78 , 2002 , 1225-9594 ,

    초록

    This study intended to analyze the health promoting behaviors by comparing various factors according to the residence areas(Korea or Japan) of Korean Elderly. and to present basic data in planning systematic and effective programs of health promotion for each residence area. The subjects of this study were 164 Korean elders in Daegu, South Korea, and 164 elders in Aichi prefecture, Japan. Data was collected by interviews and self-administered questionnaires from the 1st to the 20th of April in 2000. The tool for this study was based on Walker et al.(1987)'s Health Promotion lifestyle Profiles (HPLP). The analysis was performed with Cronbach's $x^2-test$ , t-test. ANCOVA, Kendal tau, Pearson correlation, and Stepwise Multiple Regression test using SPSS program. The results are as follows: 1. There was a significant difference in occupation( $x^2$ =41.3 41.3. p=0.000), the source of the pocket money( $x^2$ =114. 114.36. p=0.000) by the residence areas in terms of socio-demographic characteristics. 2. There was a significant difference between the two groups on the health promoting behaviors(t=-8.19. p=0.000). The score of elders group in the South Korean group on health promoting behaviors was 2.32. showing 0.33 lower than that of the elders group in Japan(2.65). 3. ANCOVA involving occupation and the source of pocket money as co-variables. showed significant differences (F=15.37. p=0.000) regarding health promoting behaviors according to the residence areas. 4. In consideration of variables that have an influence on health promoting behavior by residence areas, pocket money occupied 11.5% of health promoting behavior in the elders group in South Korea. In the elders group in Japan, pocket money occupied 18.1% of health promoting behavior and 20.6% including education. The suggestions based on the results of this study are as follows.: 1. It is necessary to develop health promoting programs considering the residence areas of Korean elders. 2. It is necessary to develop social programs for improving the education level and solving pocket money problems, which are the significant factors for the health promoting behavior of Korean elders.

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  8. [국내논문]   주거환경 특성에 따른 집먼지진드기 항원량에 관한 조사   피인용횟수: 1

    김용순 (아주대학교 의과대학 간호학부 ) , 박지원 (아주대학교 의과대학 간호학부 ) , 송영신 (아주대학교 의과대학 간호학부)
    지역사회간호학회지 = Journal of korean academy of community health nursing v.13 no.1 ,pp. 79 - 88 , 2002 , 1225-9594 ,

    초록

    Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify the indoor environment i.e. house type and age, ventilation method, use of bed & sofa, cockroach, ants, etc. on HDM (House dust mites), especially Der fI allergen. Method: Samples of dust from mattresses, pillows and the floor were collected by using a vacuum cleaner from April. 2000. The amount of Group I allergen(Der. fI) of HDM (house dust mites) were measured by two-site ELISA. Indoor Environmental characteristics were accessed by using questionnaires on 178 house wives living in the Seoul area. Results: The amount of HDM allergen (Der fI) was higher in sofa using house. There were higher concentrations of HDM allergen (Der fI) in sofas made from quilt material than for those that were made from leather. Homes that had pets like dogs living in them had higher concentrations of HDM allergen (Der fI) than without dogs. Conclusion: The photophobic mites thrive in dark. warm and humid environments; Items such as pillows. mattresses, box springs, blankets. carpets. and upholstered furniture should be considered ideal environments for the mite. Therefore, an indoor environmental control program should be carried out to avoid the HDM allergen.

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  9. [국내논문]   Denver II 발달검사를 이용한 한국과 미국의 아동 발달 비교 연구  

    신희선 (단국대학교 간호학과 ) , 한경자 (서울대학교 간호대학 ) , 오가실 (연세대학교 간호대학 ) , 오진주 (단국대학교 간호학과 ) , 하미나 (단국대학교 의과대학)
    지역사회간호학회지 = Journal of korean academy of community health nursing v.13 no.1 ,pp. 89 - 97 , 2002 , 1225-9594 ,

    초록

    Purpose: The purpose of this study is to explore the validity of the application of the Denver II developmental screening test to Korean children. This screening test. which was developed and standardized in United States. was designed to screen for developmental delay in Korea. and to compare the levels of development of Korean children with the development of children from the U.S. Method: Quota sampling. NP To facilitate field sampling. the age range used from 0 to 6 years old. was split into 10 different age groups. Sample size was estimated according to residence. 1.054 children were recruited from Seoul's metropolitan. urban and rural areas. NP To fill the quota established. the Recruitment and testing of children was done at public health centers, pediatric outpatient clinics of general hospitals and a child care center. The 25, 50, 75 and 90 percentiles were identified by using logistic regression analysis and were calculated as norms. The items in which the ages of both 50 and 90 percent passing differed more than 20 percent by the calculation was identified for comparison. NP Result: There were significant differences found in 45 items between Korean children and the children from the City of Denver as it relates to age differences. 90% of the sample passed items among 125 items from 4 sectors, e.g., personal- social. fine motor adaptive, language, and gross motor sectors. Korean children were found to be advanced in 9 items, whereas there were significant differences found in 38 items in our comparison of the two countries for age differences when 50% of sample pass items. Korean children were found to be advanced in 16 items. NP Conclusion: The result showed that there was a discrepancy in the developmental norms. It could be explained by the differences in the developmental environment. including child rearing patterns and ethnicity. Therefore, a restandardization of the Denver Screening Test is necessary as it relates to its application on Korean children. This restandardization is necessary in order to avoid both under and over-referrals of children with developmental abnormality. The modification of items in the language sector is especially suggested.

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  10. [국내논문]   청소년 건강행위에 대한 국내연구동향   피인용횟수: 4

    박남희 (부산대학교 ) , 이해정 (부산대학교 간호학과, 부산대 간호과학 연구소)
    지역사회간호학회지 = Journal of korean academy of community health nursing v.13 no.1 ,pp. 98 - 114 , 2002 , 1225-9594 ,

    초록

    Purpose: This review examined literature relevant to adolescent's health behavior in order to identify key behaviors and factors related to health behaviors for targeting health promotion interventions. Method: A critical review of 29 research articles was carried out using the guidelines suggested by Cooper. Result: The majority of the studies were descriptive and cross-sectional. Generally. the study includes sub-dimensions such as general hygiene and daily life habit, safety and accident prevention, nutrition and eating (tobacco, drinking), exercise, mental health and stress management, health duty (drug, health examination, disease prevention). Factors highly related to health behaviors were age, living areas, economic status, parent health behaviors, parent health concern, social support, friends influence, self-efficacy, self-esteem, locus of control, and the perceived health status. Sex, parent education and health knowledge were not related to health behaviors of adolescents. Conclusion: Several conceptual and methodological problems were identified in the studies review, such as restricted conceptualization of health behaviors and sampling issues which limit the generalizability of the study outcomes. Further research is needed to enhance the concept clarification and generalizablity of the study results.

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