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韓國保健敎育學會誌 = Journal of Korean Society for Health E... 7건

  1. [국내논문]   AIDS에 대한 보건교육을 통한 일부 사병의 지식 및 태도변화  

    홍순이 (경북대학교 보건대학원 ) , 정문숙 (경북대학교 보건대학원)
    韓國保健敎育學會誌 = Journal of Korean Society for Health Education v.11 no.1 ,pp. 3 - 15 , 1994 , 1226-5527 ,

    초록

    This study was conducted to investigate changes of knowledge and attitude toward AIDS of soldier through health education. The sample was selected with and experimental group(160 persons who were received health education group) and control group(160 persons who were not received), 20-21 years of age from 320 persons(soldier) who were between in a certain base located in Kyung Gi province. The data was collected from 24th Feb. to 21st April 1993. By questionnaires before and post test for education process about 4 weeks(pre and post test). The results of this study were as follows ; Of 320 soldiers 66.6% had received health education on sex before attending in base, 58.8%(94 persons) of experimental group and 58.1%(93 persons) had experience with sexual intercourse. In characteristics related to sexual intercourse experience, age of first sexual intercourse for experimental group was 19 in highest percentage as 30.0%, 18 in control group, 64.9% of experimental group and 61.4% of control group answered no use condom during sexual intercourse. About the reasons why use condom 51.5% of experimental group answered to prevention of VD and 44.4% of control group answered to prevention of partner's pregnancy in the highest percentage. There was no significant difference between mean score of knowledge level of experimental group and mean score of control group in pre-test. There was significant difference between mean score(15.23) of experimental group and mean score(12.98) of control group(p

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  2. [국내논문]   근로자의 보건교육 요구도에 영향을 미치는 요인에 관한 연구  

    공득희 (이화여자대학교 대학원 건강교육과 ) , 이명선 (이화여자대학교 건강교육과)
    韓國保健敎育學會誌 = Journal of Korean Society for Health Education v.11 no.1 ,pp. 16 - 32 , 1994 , 1226-5527 ,

    초록

    Health Education is very important not only in school or community fields but also in industrial fields. And health education is most fundamental and enthusiastic area in industrial health. The purpose of this study was to analyze the workers' health education needs and the factors which could affect them. The subjects for this study was 855 workers selected from 57 factories in Inchon. The results were as follows: 1. For demographic variables, sex, age, educational level, and income of the workers were investigated. Most of the workers were males (80.2%). Of the respondents, 30∼39 years old were 41.3%. Approximately 62% of the workers were high school graduates. In additions, those who reported they earned 500,000∼800,000 won monthly were 41.9%. 2. Behavioral characteristics of the workers investigated in this study included smoking, drinking and physical activities. Of the respondents, 55.9% were smoking cigarettes, and 26.8% of the workers reported they drank alcohol once or twice a week. The workers who were taking any form of exercise regularly were 31.6%. 3. Occupational characteristics of the workers included working period working hours a day, medical examination, and so on. About 37.6% of the workers had worked 1∼5 years and 53.6% of the respondents were working less than 8 hours a day. More than half of the workers in this study were taking special medical examination(59.3%) and 59.6% of the respondents were working at the production line in the factories. And most of the respondents (69.0%) were mere members of the staffs. 4. For perceived health status of the respondents, 41.1% answered they were healthy. And for the level of health status, health grade 20.4% of the workers were unhealthy. 5. Health education areas the workers in this study wanted to learn were as follows: 1) Mental health 2) Worksite environment 3) Safety control 4) Disease contol. 6. Those who reported having ever received health education in the factories were 20.9%. 7. Women had more health education needs in personal health care, disease control and family health areas than men. Each age group had different health education needs in all health areas and the differences were significant statistically. 8. The workers who had received special medical examination had more health education needs in worksite environment, safety control, and disease control areas than those who had received general medical examination. The lower the satisfaction of the work and the working environment was, the higher the health education needs of worksite environment area were. 9. For the levels of health status healthy workers were more likely than unhealthy workers to have health education needs in all health areas.

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  3. [국내논문]   유아들의 건강습관 형성에 관한 기초적 조사 연구  

    홍양자 (이화여자대학교 건강교육과)
    韓國保健敎育學會誌 = Journal of Korean Society for Health Education v.11 no.1 ,pp. 33 - 42 , 1994 , 1226-5527 ,

    초록

    The purpose of this study was to investigate the health habit forming of children to develop health education area in children's education. For the purpose, 330 children with 175 boys and 155 girls ranging of 4 to 6 in the ages were selected as subjects. The methods of study are used by questionaries of DA KAENG Social Achievement Scale with 50 items in 5 areas. Statistical process was used ANOVA, t -test, coefficiency through SPSS. The results were as follows ; 1) The study showed that the score of health habits of 50 items were lower than score of standard value of DA KAENG type of social Achievement Scale. 2) There were coefficiency with 5 health habits area each other. 3) The score of boys were higher than girls score without signifficant differences level in health habit forming. 4) The area of excreting habit, neating habit, and clothing habit forming were effected by ages with signifficant difference among the those of health habit forming areas. 5) The study indicated that mother's job were not effect to health habit forming for children. 6) The excreting habit, neating habit and clothing habit forming among the health habits were effected by socia-economics status of home. 7) The factors of enrollment of preschool, father's job and mother's age were not effect to health habit forming for children.

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  4. [국내논문]   대학생의 성 및 AIDS에 관한 의식 연구  

    강병우 (광주보건전문대학 물리치료과)
    韓國保健敎育學會誌 = Journal of Korean Society for Health Education v.11 no.1 ,pp. 43 - 56 , 1994 , 1226-5527 ,

    초록

    Although the officially confirmed incidence of the acquired immune deficiency syndrome(AIDS) has remained low thus far in Korea, the progression of the pandemic has been rapid, concerned about an eventual increase in transmission. Until a vaccine or cure is found, public information and education remain an important weapon against AIDS. For the year 2000, the current WHO projection is that there will be a cumulative total of 40 million HIV infections in man, woman and children, of which more than 90% will be in the developing countries. The incerased mortality among adults and children has raised concerns that AIDS may become so devastaing as to reverse positive population growth rates and wipe out entire population. In order to plan for the rising incidence of patient with AIDS, an assessment of AIDS-related cognition and behavior, attitude of the recognized high-risk groups is necessary. Considering that undergraduates have sexuality active and more oriented toward sexual concerns than other ages. Adolescents today are more sexually involved than in the past: The media, including films, music, and television, reinforce sexual concerns by preseating images of highly sexual adolescents. Incidence of both petting and sexual intercourse in higher and occurs at earlier ages, they are important reservoir of AIDS infection. Hence, it has become important to emymerats and describe the knowledge, attitude and behavior of them, I want.. This information will eventually guide the direction of change in public policies and education programs to meet the challenges of AIDS. The objective of this study were to identity Knowledge, Attitude, Experience of Sex and AIDS in Korea. The data were collected by survey at Korean Federation for AIDS Affairs, INC. and J university, K junior college. After October in 1993, surveyed with 507 student during their's college days in Seoul. The questionnaire was designed to provide information on sex and AIDS-related knowledge and attitudes and experience. AIDS-related knowledge was measured by using 26 questions on mode of transmission and AIDS-related attitudes were measured by 7 questions, AIDS-related experience was measured by 5 questions. There were the main dependent variables in our study, In conclusion, students during their university day need to develop AIDS-preventive education programs. Clearly, the many AIDS-prevention educational effort need to be guided by well trained health agents. Financial supports from all sectors (i.e., public and private) of our society are required to achieve that end. Further researches on AIDS-related Knowledge and Attitude and behaviors of undergraduates are needed for the development of comprehensive AIDS prevention programs.

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  5. [국내논문]   일부 기혼부인의 가족계획 실천에 관한 연구 - 현존자녀의 성과 수를 중심으로 -  

    임현경 (운암고등학교 ) , 김초강 (이화여자대학교 건강교육과)
    韓國保健敎育學會誌 = Journal of Korean Society for Health Education v.11 no.1 ,pp. 57 - 69 , 1994 , 1226-5527 ,

    초록

    The purpose of this study is to investigate the experience of abortion and practice of contraception in view of preventive in order to analysis the degree of family planning according to the sex & number of actual children. We collected data on married conceptive women who are resident in Seoul and from 20 age to 49 age. This was carried out from 26 July, 1993 to 25 August, 1993. This collected data was analyzed through x² Logistic regression using SAS/PC/sup +/and SPSS/PC/sup +/. The analyzed results are as follow. 1. Those who answered "son is not positively necessary"are only 15.7% among investigated women. 2. The percentage of practicing contraception was 68.2%, in case of 30s' women it was 74.3% and most high. Also, in view of religion, the percentage of practicing contraception of Buddihist was most low as 61.54% (p

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  6. [국내논문]   한국인 신장의 최대발육연령으로 본 발육촉진현상의 추이연구  

    박순영 (경희대학교 의과대학 예방의학교실)
    韓國保健敎育學會誌 = Journal of Korean Society for Health Education v.11 no.1 ,pp. 70 - 84 , 1994 , 1226-5527 ,

    초록

    On the basis of the study intended to research by cross-sectional study keeped pace with semi-longitudinal study the growth accelerating phenomena that MGA(Maximum Growth Age) in teenager's body height. The duration of study is from Oct. 1st. 1991 to September 30 1992 and the data are analysed through computer. The body height and MGA of Koreans who had been for during the period from 1898 to 1973 proved transition of the growth accelerating phenomena by research data reported between 1913 and 1990. The results are as follows: 1. Maximum Growth Age The MGA's in body height of male are respectively the age 15.024 in 1913, 14.28 in 1940, 13.65 in 1959, 13.86 in 1967, 12.52 in 1983, 11.39 in 1987, 12.36 in 1990, while those of female are the age of 12.0 in 1940, 12.36 in 1959, 10.45 in 1969, 11.15 in 1985, 10.27 in 1988, 10.23 in 1990 ; these data show that the MGA of the Korean has been getting younger. 2. The correlation of the MGA's in body height are as below ; Male ; r = -0.448(p

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  7. [국내논문]   Water jet 사용시의 구강청결 효과에 관한 임상적 조사연구  

    김용성 (단국대학교 치과대학 예방치과학 교실 ) , 김경민 (단국대학교 치과대학 예방치과학 교 ) , 신승철 (단국대학교 치과대학 예방치과학 교실)
    韓國保健敎育學會誌 = Journal of Korean Society for Health Education v.11 no.1 ,pp. 85 - 94 , 1994 , 1226-5527 ,

    초록

    The purpose of this study is to provide a guide for selection of oral hygiene devices for nations and establishing valid indication of recently popularized water jet. The author has divided 36 persons into general, orthodontic, periodontal patients according to their oral hygiene state, and then evaluated the degree or decrease in plaque indices and gingival bleeding indices. The obtained results were as follows. 1. When both manual toothbrush and water jet were used together by three kind of patients, significant decreases in plaque index were observed in all patients, after 4 weeks compared with ordinary toothbrushing only(p

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