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한국지역사회생활과학회지 = The Korean Journal of Community Liv... 15건

  1. [국내논문]   어머니가 사용한 담화기능 및 질문유형과 영아의 언어발달과의 관계   피인용횟수: 1

    이귀옥 (경성대학교 이과대학 생활경영학과)
    한국지역사회생활과학회지 = The Korean Journal of Community Living Science v.17 no.3 ,pp. 3 - 14 , 2006 , 1229-8565 ,

    초록

    The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between conversational function and question type in mothers' utterances and their infant's language development. The subjects were 20 infants from 1;07 to 1;11 years of age in Yanji, China. Each child's spontaneous natural speech during interaction with his/her mother was videotaped for about 30 minutes. The children and their mother's spontaneous utterances were transcribed and coded for the number of type and token of word, grammatical morpheme conversational function and type of question in mother's language input to her child. The result showed that mothers used questions as the most frequent conversational function with their infants. The number of questions in conversational function in mothers' utterances positively correlated with the type of word, type of morpheme and grammatical morpheme in infants' utterance. However, there was no correlation between mothers' language input and infant early language development.

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  2. [국내논문]   경남 창원 지역의 유치원복 착용 실태와 치수체계에 관한 연구   피인용횟수: 1

    김선희 (창원대학교 교육대학원 가정교육전공 ) , 김여숙 (창원대학교 의류학과)
    한국지역사회생활과학회지 = The Korean Journal of Community Living Science v.17 no.3 ,pp. 15 - 28 , 2006 , 1229-8565 ,

    초록

    This study is on the kindergarten uniforms in Changwon, south Gyeongsang province. The first part of this research is on whether or not students should wear uniforms and how often they should wear uniforms. The research also deals with what types of uniforms are required, how much they should cost and their size. Fifty one preschools including kindergarten and nursery were targeted for this research. The second part of the research is on the discrepancy of the labeled size and the actual size of the child. The results of the first part are as follows: A total of 46 out of 51 places adopted uniforms for their children. Sports wear style is the most popular for spring, fall and summer uniforms. For wearing frequency of kindergarten uniforms, 26 (61%) places allowed the students to wear uniforms for special events such as picnics or observation trips 17(34%) places had the students wear their uniforms on a daily basis and 2 3 times only wearing a week.'rho preschool children interviewed for this study were from 2 to 5 in lull age. However, sizes with high frequency rates were 9 to 11 and the supplied sizes of uniforms were from 5 to 17. The results of the second part are as follows: The bust girth and the shoulder width of upper garments of uniforms are bigger than children's physical size, while clothes length and sleeve length are relatively shorter. Also the bust girth of upper garments of uniforms differs in the size depending on each preschool. The waist girth and the total length of lower garments of uniforms are made smaller than children's physical sizes, while hip girth is relatively larger. In the case of lower garments, the rest parts of cloth length are smaller than upper garments of uniforms. Also, the waist girth and hip width of uniforms are smaller than those of lower garments In summer garments, while thigh width is similar in both cases. The waist width is made too small. Described in the above excluding the waist width, the rest parts are relatively larger than children's physical sizes, but shorter in the length. Due to the length, children at age 7 may wear uniforms in the level of 17. Since summer uniforms touch the students' bare skin, the rest parts excluding clothes length are shorter than these of the spring and fall uniforms. In the case of clothes length, it seems to be due to different designs. The waist width of lower garments in all the uniforms tested in this study is too small for children, requiring them to be made in a larger size.

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  3. [국내논문]   아동의 정서적 부적응 행동과 관련변인과의 인과모형 분석   피인용횟수: 2

    최정미 (전남대학교 생활환경복지학과 ) , 우희정 (광주대학교 사회복지학부 ) , 이숙 (전남대학교 생활환경복지학과)
    한국지역사회생활과학회지 = The Korean Journal of Community Living Science v.17 no.3 ,pp. 29 - 41 , 2006 , 1229-8565 ,

    초록

    The purpose of this research is to study the causal model among mother related variables, child abuse, and children's emotional maladjustment behaviors. The sample subjects were 542 pairs of fifth and sixth grade elementary school students and first as well as eighth grade middle school students, and their mothers. The major findings of the research are as follows: First, the result of multiple regression analysis on the effects of the maternal parenting stress and marital satisfaction to the children's abuse indicates that stress related to learning expectation and stress related to relationship with child are the significant contributing factor to physical abuse and verbal abuse. Second, the result of multiple regression analysis on the effects of the maternal parenting stress and child abuse to the children's emotional maladjustment behaviors indicate that verbal abuse is the significant contributing factor. Third, looking at causal relations of the maternal variables (maternal parenting stress, marital satisfaction) and child abuse (physical abuse, verbal abuse, neglect) to the children's emotional maladjustment behaviors, maternal variables impact indirectly through the child abuse factor.

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  4. [국내논문]   인삼을 첨가한 한과 강정의 산화안정성에 관한 연구   피인용횟수: 2

    이정숙 (충남 금산농업기술센터 ) , 장영상 (중부대학교 한방건강식품학과 ) , 오만진 (충남대학교 식품공학과)
    한국지역사회생활과학회지 = The Korean Journal of Community Living Science v.17 no.3 ,pp. 43 - 53 , 2006 , 1229-8565 ,

    초록

    In order to improve on the stability during the storage of Han-gwa, this study measured peroxide value, AOM test of ginseng and antioxidants added to Han-gwa. 1.2% of ginseng added to Han-gwa consists of moisture (3.37%), protein(1.30%), lipids (11.54%), carbohydrate(82.45%) and ash (1.34%). The hardness of Han-gwa was 257.7 for 1.2% of ginseng added to Han-gwa and 269.8 for Han-gwa without ginseng. The expansion coefficient of Han-gwa including 1.2% of ginseng was 12.9 magnification to Bandegi, indicating that it was inversely proportioned to the amount of ginseng. The induction period of the AOM test according to the concentration of ginseng in Han-gwa was extended to $0.53{\sim}0.83$ of magnification than the test of Han-gwa without ginseng. According to changes in AOM, acid value, peroxide value and thiobarbituric acid value of Han-gwa with various packing materials, PP multilayer film packing was the most effective material for storage of Han-gwa at 30C. 1.2% of ginseng added to Han-gwa and rosemary extract in a panel test was the most effective, and using PP multilayer film packing for Han-gwa was found to be the most useful method.

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  5. [국내논문]   농산식품 안전성에 대한 생산자의 인식 및 정책인지도  

    최정숙 (농촌진흥청 농촌자원개발연구소 ) , 권성옥 (농촌진흥청 농촌자원개발연구소 ) , 박영희 (농촌진흥청 농촌자원개발연구소 ) , 전혜경 (농촌진흥청 농촌자원개발연구소)
    한국지역사회생활과학회지 = The Korean Journal of Community Living Science v.17 no.3 ,pp. 55 - 65 , 2006 , 1229-8565 ,

    초록

    Recent trends of global food production, processing, distribution and preparation under free trade circumstance are creating an increase in common' concerns about food safety. It is important that farmers improve agricultural products/food safety for satisfying consumer needs and health. Cognizant to the situation, this study was conducted to analyze how the Producers gather information, and determine their awareness about agricultural Products safety using a safety Questionnaire. The Questionnaire was given to 500 farmers who cultivate rice, fruit trees, vegetables, and other crops from September through October 2005. More than half of the producers felt concerns about the agricultural products/foods safety. Uneasiness of the producers was higher amongst those who were younger and earned a higher income. Pesticides and zoonosis (BSE AI, etc.) emerged as the main risk factors causing concerns among the greatest number of producers. Producers had a positive opinion of the effects and perception of food safety, but no opinion of the activity of government. The producers showed a high level of understanding of the Country of Origin Labeling System (88.2%), the quality certification system of agricultural and livestock products (71.9%), and the raising system of environment-friendly agriculture (72.7%). However, their level of understanding of the GAP (59.3%) and the Traceability System (22.8%) was still low. To effectively implement these policies, awareness of producers who are the beneficiaries of the above policies has to be enhanced. Therefore, the safety information should be provided at a more appropriate time and should be easier to understand.

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  6. [국내논문]   중년기 직업종사자의 은퇴 후를 대비한 재정적 준비: 공적 연금 유형에 따른 차이를 중심으로  

    김인숙 (서원대학교 교양학부)
    한국지역사회생활과학회지 = The Korean Journal of Community Living Science v.17 no.3 ,pp. 67 - 87 , 2006 , 1229-8565 ,

    초록

    This study examined how middle-aged jobholders anticipate their living after retirement, how they plan their post-retirement financial welfare and what attitude they have towards old age. The data came from 290 middle-aged male and female people in Incheon, Suwon and Cheongju city and were analyzed to find the differences among public planned pension types, such as the National Pension System (NPS), the Government Employee Pension Corporation (GEPC), and the Korea Teachers Pension (KTP). The major results were as follows: First, the expected income level after retirement in GEPC members was the highest and the lowest in KTP members. Second, the expected living period after retirement is the main criteria used when determining the amount of money needed for old age. Third, KTP members were of the most inferior at financial planning and practice, especially self-reflection of their expending behavior, thrift and saving practice for old age.

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    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

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  7. [국내논문]   전남지역 논 조건에서 무경운 재배가 콩의 생육, 수량 및 잡초 발생에 미치는 영향   피인용횟수: 1

    김동관 (전라남도농업기술원 ) , 천상욱 (㈜캐러스 ) , 허북구 ((재)나주시천연염색문화재단)
    한국지역사회생활과학회지 = The Korean Journal of Community Living Science v.17 no.3 ,pp. 89 - 97 , 2006 , 1229-8565 ,

    초록

    This study was conducted to compare soybean growth and yield and the degree of weed emergence according to no-tillage and conventional tillage system in two different drained paddy fields, loam of Chilgok series and silty clay loam of Deokpyeong series. In both soil conditions, the maturing time of the soybeans by the no-tillage system was two days earlier than that by the conventional tillage system. In the loam of Chilgok series, the stem length of the soybeans in the no-tillage system was 5.7 cm longer than that in the conventional tillage system. The miss-planted rate and diseased plants of black root rot (Calonectria iliacola) in the no-tillage system were 9.2% and 2.8% lower, respectively than those in the conventional tillage system. Also, the nodulation and seed yield in the no-tillage system were 32% and 13% more, respectively, than those in the conventional tillage system. In the silty clay loam of Deokpyeong series, the stem length of the soybeans in the no-tillage system was 4.6cm shorter than in the conventional tillage system. The diseased plants of black root rot (Calonectria iliacola) in the no-tillage system were 4.2% lower than those in the conventional tillage system. Also, no significant difference in the seed yield between the no-tillage and conventional tillage systems was observed. On the other hand, there was a lower occurrence of weed in the no-tillage system than in the conventional tillage system, and the income increased by 19% owing to yield increase and reduced management costs.

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    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

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  8. [국내논문]   영양관련 교양과목을 수강한 남자대학생의 거주형태별 식생활비교  

    정은희 (서원대학교 식품영양학과)
    한국지역사회생활과학회지 = The Korean Journal of Community Living Science v.17 no.3 ,pp. 99 - 107 , 2006 , 1229-8565 ,

    초록

    This study was performed to investigate the dietary habit based on residence types of male college students who registered nutrition course for nonmajor. Self reports on dietary habit and one-day dietary records were obtained from 158 male college students in Chungbuk area. The distribution of residence type of male college student was as follows; self-boarding(43.0%), home(41.1%), boarding with meal(12.7%), and others(3.2%). The mean age of subjects were $22.6{\pm}2.5$ , and the mean height and weight were $175.0{\pm}5.6cm\;and\;69.1{\pm}9.3kg$ , respectively. The dietary habit of male college students considered to be taken more care of, showing indifference to dietary balance, irregularity of meal, and skipping breakfast. One-day dietary records by 24hr recall methods also showed less diverse food intake(mean DVS, 12.7; mean DDS, 3.92). Especially, the students with self boarding residence were more likely not to eat properly, including indifference to dietary balance, irregularity of meal, skipping breakfast, frequent dining-out, high experience of smoking and drinking, and low DVS and DDS. Also the students with self boarding residence seemed not to make a good choice for food, showing high food intake frequency score in canned food, fast food and instant ramyun, while low score in fruit and fishes. More attention should be taken for self-boarding students to recognize the problems in their own dietary behavior, and more practical suggestion to improve their dietary status would be necessary.

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    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

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  9. [국내논문]   출산 전후 어머니 스트레스 변화의 종단적 연구   피인용횟수: 1

    이현정 (인하대학교 소비자아동학과 ) , 현온강 (인하대학교 소비자아동학과 ) , 나종혜 (한남대학교 아동복지학전공)
    한국지역사회생활과학회지 = The Korean Journal of Community Living Science v.17 no.3 ,pp. 109 - 121 , 2006 , 1229-8565 ,

    초록

    This study examines the relationship between mother's stress and cortisol level during late pregnancy and how it changes into postpartum periods. Thirty one families were recruited from Daejeon and Incheon in South Korea. The major findings were as follows: (1) The level of mothers' cortisol followed the typical diurnal pattern of decline throughout the day. Further longitudinal analysis revealed that the level of Korean mothers' cortisol steadily lowered from the 8th prenatal month to the 6th postnatal month. (2) During pregnancy, mothers reported to experience changes in physical activities, daily routines, eating habits, types or amount of social activities and sleeping habits. Among these they were stressed the most by changes in physical activities and social activities. (3) The results of postpartum depression tests conducted at two months after giving birth showed mothers at this time were mostly stressed from difficulty sleeping and unnecessary self criticism. (4) The level of psycho social stress in mothers at six months after giving birth was mainly on social roles and the questions about self reliance marked the highest points. (5) Overall, there was a tendency for the level of maternal stress to decrease definitely from before and after the delivery and even though the level of stress was steadily decreasing up to 6th postpartum month it was not as sharp as those of before and after the birth of the babies. The level of cortisol analysis also showed the same obvious tendency.

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  10. [국내논문]   Bacillus Subtilis NRLSI IV로 제조한 청국장의 접종포자농도와 발효시간에 따른 품질 특성   피인용횟수: 2

    김경미 (농촌진흥청 농업과학기술원 농촌자원개발연구소 ) , 김행란 (농촌진흥청 농업과학기술원 농촌자원개발연구소 ) , 박홍주 (농촌진흥청 농업과학기술원 농촌자원개발연구소)
    한국지역사회생활과학회지 = The Korean Journal of Community Living Science v.17 no.3 ,pp. 123 - 131 , 2006 , 1229-8565 ,

    초록

    To compare the quality characteristics, chunggugjang was prepared with Bacillus subtilis NRLSI IV on the different inoculum levels $(10^2,\;10^4,\;10^6,\;and\;10^8 CFU/ml)$ and fermentation times(0, 12, 24, 36, and 48 hours). Although significant change in total nitrogen content was not found, the content of amino type, soluble and ammonia type nitrogen was generally increased according to the increase in fermentation time. Decomposition rate of nitrogen was also increased by fermentation time and nitrogen solubility was the highest value(62-75.9%) at 48 hour fermentation. In results of color changes, it was found that L and a value were decreased but there was no significant changes in b value as fermentation time was increased. In chunggugjang made with long fermentation time, hardness was decreased and relative viscosity of viscous substance was gradually decreased after little increase at initial fermentation time. The effect of inoculum level on hardness and relative viscosity were similar to that of fermentation time, i.e. the decrease of these at high inoculum level. In activity of V-GTP, 36 hour incubation could produce the highest value whereas no effect of inoculum level was found during fermentation except at 48 hour. In chunggugjang made with $10^2CFU/mL$ of Bacillus subtilis NRLSI IV, the content of glucose, sucrose, raffinose and stachyose was dramatically decreased at initial fermentation time and that of phytic acid, oxalic acid, citric acid, tartaric acid and malic acid was also decreased during fermentation, although the increase in acetic acid was found.

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