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T : 목차정보

한국시학연구 = Korean poetics studies 11건

  1. [국내논문]   한국 근대 시인과 탈식민주의적 글쓰기 - 한용운, 임화, 김기림, 백석의 경우를 중심으로  

    서준섭
    한국시학연구 = Korean poetics studies 2005 no.13 = no.13 ,pp. 7 - 49 , 2005 , 1229-1943 ,

    초록

    When we read some Korean modern literary writings written in the colonial period of Korea, it"s easy to find that there were many authors who got motives based on experiences under the colony. This paper is to exemplify a few writers in this category such as Han Yong-Woon (1879-1944), Lim Hwa(1908-1953), Kim Ki-Rim (1908-?), Paek Sheok(1912-95?), who strove to decolonize Korea in accordance with their ideology. They put their principles - regarding their writings as a mirror of anticolonialism - into practice. They underwent all sorts of hardships during the Japanese rule. One of Japan"s cultural obliteration policies was "manuscripts censorship". Namely, most books and periodicals of those days had to be submitted for the censorship on the ground of "Japanization platforms". Despite Japanese brutalities, they kept writing against the colonialism. We can not only understand the historical meanings in their works but also find out many various movements or campaigns of Korean people. Particularly, their historical significances can be summarized into three aspects. Firstly, it has an important meaning - cultural and political resistance - that Korean learned men took the leading part against Japanese imperial policies. Secondly, it is the stepping stone with which Koreans open their eyes on the importance of their own literature not in Japanese but in Korean - "Han-gul". Lastly, it has unique feature in that it is a socialistic movement based on Marxism and cultural nationalism as well. Han Yong-Woon, a national representative, took part in the" March 1 Movement" in 1919. He was a very aggressive and active writer who combined many separated and scattered national or social movement into one. He wasa Buddhist priest-poet and his ideas contained both modern rationalism and traditional Zen Buddhism. So he carried national and practical thoughts and rendered distinguished services in person for this period. His most important anthology of poems, Silence of Lover, dealt with a woman who parted from her lover and endured many hardships and disgraces, but she never succumbed to the misfortunes, looking forward to the reunion with her lover. He implicated in his anthology the independence of his own nation; as it were, she is compared to his nation and her reunion with her lover is the independence of nation. Through this allegory, he sought to overcome the absurd treatments under colony. Lim Hwa was not only a poet but also a critic. As a leader of KAPF (Korea Artista Proletaria Federatio; socialistic literature session influenced by marxism), he was a distinguished marxist and exercised a far-reaching influence upon literary circles from 1925 to 1935. As he had studied Marx, he made head or tail of Japanese imperialism; his big motto was the enhancement of his people"s political consciousness. Above all, he considered Japanese imperialism in terms of Marx"s class theory. So he bolstered Korea people"s enlightenment and argued that it is inevitable to have interaction with Japanese progressive writers. He sought to combine Korean literary movement with Marxism and encouraged many writers to create works of realism. After KAPF went through a bitter ordeals by "ideology censorship" in 1931, he wrote many poems and critical essays on realism in Korean newspaper. Kim Ki-Rim studied European modernism in Tokyo. Some years later, he took the initiative of the Korea modernism movement. What with his clinging to modernism movement and what with emphasizing on the importance of conservation and improvement in Korea language, he attained eminence in the literature. Period of Prosperity and Train Derailment are the outstanding short stories dealing with people"s destitute lives in northern isolated districts in Korea. He described the exploited class and sweated labors of Koreans more specifically. Futhermore, he depicted th..

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  2. [국내논문]   1930년대 시어, 인공어와 자연어의 구도 - 백석 시어의 근대적 특성을 중심으로  

    최정례
    한국시학연구 = Korean poetics studies 2005 no.13 = no.13 ,pp. 51 - 89 , 2005 , 1229-1943 ,

    초록

    The aim of this dissertion is to reveal the meaning and effect of BaekSeok"s words in the relationship between artificial words and natural words during late 30s" Korean poetry. Assuming that 30s" words are understanded as two domains of artificial words and natural words, Lee Sang and Kim Kirim"s words should be located on one side, BaekSeok"s words on the other side, and Jeong Jiyong and Kim Yeongrang"s words on middle of the two sides. While artificial words of Lee Sang and Kim Kirim could be considered as mere conceptual language without concrete object, BaekSeok"s natural words could be an opposite of them. Words of Jeong Jiyong and Kim Yeongrang loses their naturality and nearly function as artificial words while "polishing" the words. Jeong Jiyong finds his words not from the traditional language itself, but through assembling the traditional language with his own sense. Words of Kim Yeongrang goes through "polishing" process for phonetically elegant and light feeling. BaekSeok discovers the beauty of natural language itself. BaekSeok does not try to lighten the weight of the reality with elegant words, or order the reality with modern conceptual words. He refuses easiness of elegant words, and evades strangeness of conceptual words to discover beauty of language from natural words. His esthetic should be considered independent. Independent consciousness implies recognizing the circumstances as itself. Therefore discovering and choosing the natural language itself should be considered independent also. While Lee Sang and Kim Kirim showed their modern awareness by ordering reality with conceptual words, BaekSeok discovered the strength of natural language hidden under the humble reality and switched them over to the modernity by positioning them at the place of poetic words. BaekSeok noticed the effect of placing a word at the place of poetic words. It is not important that BaekSeok used natural words in his works, but that how freshly and modernly he used his words. It is easy to pose a modern attitude like Kim Kirim or Lee Sang, choosing modern object, phenomenon and words in writing a poem. But it is never easy to observe and recognize the modernity, thus show the modern viewpoint by choosing natural words from the observation. While Jeong Jiyong concentrated in polishing the traditional words with his own esthetic, BaekSeok discovered the words ordering the traditional words with usual awareness. BaekSeok aimed the mental height without distinction between beauty and ugliness, visible and invisible, pure and impure. Thus BaekSeok"s sensitivity can accept the most rough things within his consciousness.

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  3. [국내논문]   일제 강점기 시의 교육 쟁점과 방법  

    남민우
    한국시학연구 = Korean poetics studies 2005 no.13 = no.13 ,pp. 91 - 127 , 2005 , 1229-1943 ,

    초록

    Until now, the poems and the history of those in the colonialism period have kept the major status in teaching poetry curriculum. Especially, the concepts of modern poetry are induced from those and the example works selected from among those. This current educational systems are constructed for crucial aims and reasons. Say, it is taken for granted that the aim of teaching korean poetry is to render citizens with korean nationality. And because those poems, actually the traditional folky lyrics and the resistant poems seem to be representative of "modern and national" consciousness, those poems may well being more prefered to others. Of course, this system has many merits and has devoted to teaching poetry. This system, however, needs to be reshaped and complemented by more educational perspectives and methods. First, we pay more attention to continuity-discontinuity between those and comtemporary ones. Actually, contemporary poems are different from those and explained by differnt paradigms. In this situations, students have difficulties in understanding contemporary poems based on the concepts only from among those. So, we are to teach the nature of poetry through the inclusive concepts. Secondly, the historical knowledges of poetry in the colonialism period are unconsistent among literary textbooks for students, especially about the division of period during those times. On the behalves of students, these contradictions are unefficient and confused. And most have unbalanced and biased contents specially on the relationships between male and female poems, between the traditional and modern poems, between purism and politic awareness in poetry, between adult and adolescent poems. Moreover, most of literary textbooks don"t pay proper attention to poetic achivements in the late 1930, but those achivements are very important for understanding the history of korean modern poetry. Therefore, we need to reshape the educational contents and knowledge. Finally, the current methods of teaching poetry during the colonialism period are unfruitful in motivating students to recognize the necessity of historical knowledge for understanding those poems. So we need to develop the activating methods that permit student to write the history of poetry in colonialism period through their own"s perspective and for their own"s interests. This pedagogy are focused on the spontaneousness of students and the freely participant opportunitis for students. And this method is organized from basic works of co-reading the famous and unknown poems to write the his own"s poetry history. This system is more efficient for activating student and evolving their interests in poems.

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  4. [국내논문]   모더니즘의 초극과 동양 인식 - 김기림의 30년대 중반 이후 비평을 중심으로  

    고봉준
    한국시학연구 = Korean poetics studies 2005 no.13 = no.13 ,pp. 129 - 156 , 2005 , 1229-1943 ,

    초록

    The purpose of this paper is to study the transformation of "modern" and "east" in Kim Ki Lim"s critics in the late 1930s. It is the critical point of this paper to unveil the interaction between Kim Ki Lim"s thoughts on modern and east and socio-political context such as "Orientalism“ and "Overcoming Modern.” In the perspective of modernism, modern is located in time dimension dividing undeveloped/developed. However, in the 1930s, modern was being considered as a problem about spatial dimension. Concerns on modern or universality changed its realm of discussion from time dimension to spatial dimension. This change is a very crucial point which make us understand "Orientalism" and "Overcoming Modern Theory" proclaimed in Japan during World War Ⅱ. The universal modern of the West no longer can justify its universality. Now the claimed universal modern became the specificity of the West. Though Kim Ki-Lim agreed with Japanese"s assertion, the fall of the West, he cannot turn back to the East which he criticized as "sentimentalism." He was so overwhelmed by his belief to "science" which remained untouched even when he censured values sustaining the modern of the West. Therefore Kim Ki-Lim"s silence is not "resistance" but compulsed silence by aporia of thoughts.

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  5. [국내논문]   김소월 시에 나타난 반식민주의적 성향  

    박호영
    한국시학연구 = Korean poetics studies 2005 no.13 = no.13 ,pp. 159 - 185 , 2005 , 1229-1943 ,

    초록

    Kim Soweol was famous as a poet whose work deals with issues of both national and traditional sentiment. Although he worked under the harsh realities of Japanese colonialism he attempted to both reflect and transcend these realities. The result is as follows. I"ll call them the poems of inclination towards anticolonialism. These poems have been studied partially. Some of the poems deal with the issues of Utopianism, others deal with the harsh realities of homelessness. While other poems have a tendency to promote nationalism. Aims at Utopia are analyzed through the poems; 「엄마야 누나야」(Mother, Sister), 「바다」(Sea), 「산 위에」 (On the Mountain). The distinctive feature is setting up the space like the riverside, the sea, the village where the lover is, where the being of maternity exists as Utopia. There appears an aspect of his inclination of feminism, and that is the way against Japanese masculine fascism. His poems, which present "House Complex", don"t only mean the yearnings toward home but also, further, is connected with the absence of the country, the house of the people. His poems, which present "House Complex", don"t only mean the yearnings toward home but also, further, is connected with the absence of the country, the house of people. The work, 「바라건대는 우리에게 우리의 보습 대일 이 잇섯드면」(For mercy"s sake, if we had the earth we could plow) holds up a true mirror to the fact. Soweol sang the poems which make Chosun stand directly and present love of our country. Nationalism is revealed in them. In some of these poems, Soweol expresses optimism for the future. Also, this is connected with Confucian Ideas which is based on belief, probity, and unchanged affections. Although the poems which present love of his country weren"t published, they can be evaluated as the great works which historic significance is included in.

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  6. [국내논문]   연변 조선족 중ㆍ고교 교과서 수록 시 연구  

    이승하
    한국시학연구 = Korean poetics studies 2005 no.13 = no.13 ,pp. 187 - 218 , 2005 , 1229-1943 ,

    초록

    In Yanbian self-governing province, which is the only one for the Korean-Chinese in China, it is possible to publish Korean textbooks. Korean textbooks of middle schools and high schools in the province were re-edited in 1999 and 2000. As a result, 13 textbooks were published and 36 Korean poems were found in those books. 20 modern poems among them were studied in this paper. The poems were divided into ones before the Korean emancipation in 1945, South Korean ones, North Korean ones, and Yanbian ones on a large scale. 12 poems written before the Korean emancipation from the Japanese rule are composed of 4 pure lyric poems and 8 poems of resistance. The reason why the latter is two times as many as the former is that the editors of textbooks wanted to teach local and national patriotism to students. Only 3 South Korean poems are included in the textbooks. Besides, Jo Byeong-wha"s poem is biased to instruction, Kim Sang-ok"s and Jeong Wan-young"s, which are sijo or Korean traditional odes, are inclined to be too retrospective and lamentable. 4 of 5 poems by North Korean poets are Jo Gi-cheon"s. Moreover, in "Duman River" Jo designated the Soviet army as an emancipator and welcomed them who crossed Duman river after the Korean emancipation. And in "My Fatherland" he glorified Kim Il-seong and the communist party of North Korea. Finally, there are 9 poems by 6 Yanbian poets in the textbooks. With the exception of "If I Were A Waterdrop" and "Spring Water In Mountain Hometown", the others are full of significance. When Korean-Chinese poets write a poem in Korean, they are apt to be confused through the process of pursuing self-identity. Especially in his poem, "In This Land, In This Country", Bak Wha recognizes China as his "fatherland" and pledges loyalty to her. It shows a part of Yanbian Korean-Chinese poets" agony.

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  7. [국내논문]   한국 근현대 베스트셀러문학에 나타난 독서의 사회사 - 1960~70년대 베스트셀러 시에 나타난 독자의 실천적 독서욕망  

    이은정
    한국시학연구 = Korean poetics studies 2005 no.13 = no.13 ,pp. 219 - 244 , 2005 , 1229-1943 ,

    초록

    The fact that bestsellers relate much to the societal trends of the eras in which they are published has always been unchallengeable. History itself has proved it over the years that books, which specially focus on social issues, consistently make it on the "bestseller" list. Although these days bestsellers are often criticized as culprits for degrading the sacred value of books by being a quantifying(how many are sold) tool, they are also commended as important evidence of our society"s vitality thanks to their continual focus on the society"s phenomena and people"s corresponding conceptions. In Korean literature, it is interesting to note that during 1960s and 70s, a time when bestsellers became more common, readers read anthologies or poems that touched on the sensitive issues of the society to fulfil his or her own desire. As traditional romantic poems somewhat retreated, people started to move away from self-ego-driven poems and turn to social-ego-driven anthologies. People took up anthologies containing non-romantic poems that talked about society"s problems, to satisfy their social and practical ego. Such anthologies were, to name a few, Kim Soo Young"s "Great Roots," Shin Dong Yeop"s "Kum River," Kim Ji Ha"s "Five Enemies" and "Yellow Soil," Yoon Dong Joo"s "The Sky, The Wind, The Stars and The Poem" became bestsellers of the period. The main cause of this radical change in people"s tastes could be attributed to the continual occurrence of major historical events such as the Korean War, the 4ㆍ19 revolution, industrialization, and labor movements. Amidst these changes involving concepts of nationalism and ideology, people naturally felt the need to become socially and mentally aware. Hence, collegians and the general reading public turned to literature that could aid them in doing so, poems in particular. Such works, including those mentioned above, incited the "self-improvement motive" in readers by emphasizing a progressive way of life. Throughout the nation, people came to adopt a new, more active perspective; they strived to get more involved in society. The 1960s through 70s is a surely a notable period in Korean literature for it was a time when poems transformed their identities from "high-class literature" to "all-accessible, common literature" by becoming "bestsellers." This "bestseller" phenomenon clearly shows not only how poems helped readers" individual betterment, but also how much literature influences and moves society by giving directions the society needs to follow. Kim Soo Young of the 60s dramatically formed the face of "bestseller poetry" by gaining reputation and praise from new, middle-class readers. His reactive negativism in tone, illustration of how colloquial language becomes doubly powerful in poems, self-reflection in every line, and unfamiliar and irregular settings helped attract such numerous readers. He virtually changed the landscape of bestsellers. Poet Shin Dong Yeop of the same period, though his "Kum River" is not at all an easy work to read, attracted many readers with its strong self-positiveness. Rather than falling into escapism, readers strived to overcome their war-stricken reality by searching out for strong, expressive poems. Consequently, both poets" works newly arose as bestsellers of the 1960s. During the next decade, with the growing nationwide strife for better education, the reading public widened its scope to include many lower-class citizens. The bestseller works themselves became more sophisticated; the concepts of populace, ideology, and activism no longer acted as colorful condiments to beautify bestsellers, but as crucial requisites in forming bestsellers. As these concepts arose in their significance, however, they also restri..

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  8. [국내논문]   김조규 시 연구  

    김정훈
    한국시학연구 = Korean poetics studies 2005 no.13 = no.13 ,pp. 245 - 276 , 2005 , 1229-1943 ,

    초록

    I watched his poetry to three part ago Kim-Jokyu"s glorious restoration in this paper. He defies in the world by romantic passion since work activity beginning, but is fallen soon in blank despair by inconsistent world realization. Then, by his poem of this time recording of pale highbrow"s own discord which live organ of the Japanese government-general in Korea under the Japanese rule. His poem of this time is often using surrealistic technique, but the root still puts on romantic foundation. "Wall" and "Window" used to main symbol at this time poet of be hopeless and shows well self-confinement state. He departs in private limit experiencing drifting and migrating people"s gruesome life and face nation"s life and suffering after do Gando(간도) wandering. As Kim-Jokyu"s poem of this time shows recording of painful life of drifting and migrating people that come by Gando through space "Station" mainly as is full, have high lyric awakening power. On the other hand, criticizing Japan and Manchu"s real condition, anti-Japanese struggle has fixed meaning in our real condition that there are not many poems that do foreground hearing viscosity 1940s that is showing contents of anti-Japanese struggle clearly. Romantic poem announced to organ of the Japanese government-general in Korea shows symbolic, esthetic, sentimental slant in corruption and atmosphere of gloom generally. Kim-Jokyu's poem, although show strong uncommunicated self-confinement one time, has meaning that is fixed in our history of romantic poetry in terms of contain strong social and ethnic ardent wish unlike this.

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    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

    이미지

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  9. [국내논문]   岸曙와 素月의 한시 번역과 창작시의 율격  

    노춘기
    한국시학연구 = Korean poetics studies 2005 no.13 = no.13 ,pp. 277 - 306 , 2005 , 1229-1943 ,

    초록

    The versification rules of Tang Poetry influenced overwhelmingly over East Asian poets as the standard of poem since Tang age. In spite of strictness of these rules, Tang Poetry was accepted as the influential aesthetic form. Poets must have learn the Chinese character with a characteristic of ideograph and a tone of voice, and very complicated versification rules. This experience of accepting the prominent position of Tang poetry had wide-ranging effect on recognition of the poetry. In result, modern korean poet in 1910"s who wrote a fixed form poetry got a potential reason of accepting the syllabic metric system. In this paper I compared the translated Tang poetry of Kim-Euk and Kim-Sowol to their lyric poetry. With the consequence that I found some remarkable idiosyncrasy in their versification method. In the case of Kim-Euk"s poetry, he had positively accepted the formal characteristics of Tang poetry in his poetry writing and had increasingly lost the tension and personality of his lyric poetry. In Kim-Sowol"s poety some case was found that he lost the tension of his poetic language while he strictly observe the syllabic rules in his traslated Tang poetry. And some differences was found in their later poetry. Kim-Euk had maintained a optimistic view of syllabic system, and finally published 먼동틀제 at dawn, an epic poem written on fixed form method. Kim-Sowol had shown the weakened inclination of fixed syllabic poem over his early day"s poetry. It is not easy to find the clear relation between Tang poetry and modern poetry. But it is possible that the form of Tang poetry influenced as the formal boundary of poetry verification to korean modern poets. Especially those two poets who have important position in formative period of ballad poem in 1920"s fixed syllabic system, had been influenced quitely.

    원문보기

    원문보기
    무료다운로드 유료다운로드

    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

    이미지

    Fig. 1 이미지
  10. [국내논문]   1930년대 후반 임화의 시 연구  

    전병준
    한국시학연구 = Korean poetics studies 2005 no.13 = no.13 ,pp. 307 - 333 , 2005 , 1229-1943 ,

    초록

    The purpose of this writing is to verify the change of Im-Hwa"s poems in the late 1930"s. The conflicting aspects appeared in that period, i.e. the active and the passive inclination toward the present reality. The transformation of the times made Im-Hwa recognize himself as an poet under Japanese rule, and reflect himself as a powerless intellectual. His oscilliating poems between the reality and the self show how a poet can write between the active resistance and the self examination.

    원문보기

    원문보기
    무료다운로드 유료다운로드

    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

    이미지

    Fig. 1 이미지

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