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Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Archi... 33건

  1. [국내논문]   Biotope Networking in a Metropolitan Area of Daegu -The Case of Susung gu-  

    Ra, Jung-Hwa (Department of Landscape Architecture, Kyungpook National University ) , Park, In-Hwan (Department of Landscape Architecture, Kyungpook National University ) , Sagong, Jung-Hee (Department of Landscape Architecture, Graduate School of Kyungpook National University)
    Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture. 한국조경학회지 / International edition no.1 ,pp. 1 - 12 , 2001 , 1225-1755 ,

    초록

    The biotope network of Susung gu is characterized as dense residence zones forming its core that enable partial biotope in and around the residential zones. First, in district I, it is possible to make these zones connected to the third district. In district II, which is abundant in biotope, it is very important not to continue destoyi9ng the existing biotopes. In the case of district III, old residence zones have fill the severe gap between forests and the Sinchun river, through redevelopment, which covers more than 30% of the biotope area with large scaled linear residence areas. In the case of district IV, limited destruction of biotope and the improvement of nature areas were suggested as the alternative for preservation of biotopes. Consequently, in the construction of the biotope network in Su-sung gu, the maintenance of existing biotopes is required. Int he old residence zones, as redevelopment occurs, by maintaining biotope area of more than 30% and making the scale of residential complexes more than 1ha, it is possible for old residence zones to accomplish the role of providing important green spaces. In the case of newly developed residential zones, by reducing the rate of pavement of traffic conducts, utilizing small sized parks at the junctions and the plantation of trees along the corridors, the entire residence zones are able to accomplish the role of providing important green space. The problem houses and connecting the inner green space of the private houses with the green spaces of the streets in some areas. Futhermore, green spaces of forests must not be used for urban development. Dual planting on sidewalks, planting plots dispersed among streets and median strips must be established on road, too.

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  2. [국내논문]   An Analysis of Vegetation Status in an Urban Natural Park -Focus on Seoo Royal Tomb-  

    Kang, Hyun-Kyoung (Lab. of Landscape Plants Ecology, Sangmyung University ) , Bang, Kwang-Ja (Department of Environmental Horticulture and Landscape Architecture, Sangmyung University ) , Kim, Hyun (Samsung Everland)
    Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture. 한국조경학회지 / International edition no.1 ,pp. 13 - 25 , 2001 , 1225-1755 ,

    초록

    Recently there have been increasing demands and desire for the urban open space due to urban development or environmental deterioration. Urban natural parks in Seoul provide citizens with comfortable open space and thus play an important role as learning spaces to experience nature and understand the environment. Accordingly, this study aims to analyze existing vegetation and provide basic data for the conservation and management plans of urban natural parks and education programs. The contents of the study encompass natural environment such as topography, altitude, slope and aspect and botanical ecosystem including the structure of plant communities and tree growth. According to the result of topography analysis, the overall altitude was not high but the slope was relative steep. Vegetation of Seoo Royal Tomb, a urban natural park has been classified into 12 types, and they include; Quercus acutissima community(lowland type), Quercus acutissima community(valley type), quercus variabilis community, Quercus mongolica community, Castanea crenata community, Capinus laxiflora community, Pinus densiflora community(lowland type), Pinus densiflora community(slope type), Robinia pseudo-acacia community, Populos $\times$ albaglandulosa community, Pinus rigida community, and Pinus koraiensis community. Based on the survey and analysis results, we have classified the study area into conservation, buffer, and utilization zones for the effective management. This study provides basic data to support the establishment of master plans for urban natural parks by analyzing vegetation conditions at Seoo Royal Tomb, an urban natural park, Based on the results presented in the study, consistent monitoring work needs to be conducted, and elaborate management plans also should be prepared.

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  3. [국내논문]   The Role of Urban Green Areas in the Conservation of Biological Diversity  

    Zhao, Shiwei (Beijing Municipan Department of Park ) , Zhang, Zuoshuang (Beijing Municipan Department of Park ) , Deng, Qisheng (Beijing Municipan Department of Park)
    Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture. 한국조경학회지 / International edition no.1 ,pp. 26 - 27 , 2001 , 1225-1755 ,

    초록

    The materials that are involved in urban landscaping include plants and the associated animals, soil, water, and other environmental elements. And biodiversity is the substantial base for human beings. The conservation of biodiversity is of great importance in the sustainable development of the society and should not be neglected in the development of sustainable urban landscape. The conservation of biodiversity should be included in the urban landscape planning. The conservation of biodiversity should be emphasized in the construction of urban green space. Every possible opportunity should be used to conserve the species diversity, genetic diversity and ecological diversity. The assessment of biodiversity conservation should be introduced into modern landscape planning.

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  4. [국내논문]   City Development and Green Space Protection  

    Li, Jun-hong (Kunming Institute of Landscape Architectures)
    Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture. 한국조경학회지 / International edition no.1 ,pp. 28 - 32 , 2001 , 1225-1755 ,

    초록

    The author has analyzed the ecological problems caused by city development and the comprehensive benefits of green space(e.g. ecological, social and economic benefits). The important role of green space in city sustainable development was discussed. Through benefits analysis of green space in city development in Kunming City, the author offered specific measures for green space protection in Kunming: strengthen plant management according to law; enhance nation awareness of plant protection; rationally plan city green land system;and use scientific forms of green land.

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  5. [국내논문]   Tapping the Potential of Roof Greening and Building a New City-scape  

    Wang, Xiao-yun (Kunming Garden Design and Planning Institute)
    Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture. 한국조경학회지 / International edition no.1 ,pp. 33 - 36 , 2001 , 1225-1755 ,

    초록

    Only do we have an earth! It is crucially important to improve our living environment and keep the sustained development of a city in the limited space. Some concrete examples will be analysized in the paper, elaborating upon how to make full use of roof space and various plants to create a better green-space. To create different activity space with unique characteristics for people, various plants, roof-space, water and buildings in the style of garden should be use when local conditions and design requirement should be considered.

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  6. [국내논문]   The Planning of Urban Green Space System and Sustainable Development  

    Wang, Bingluo (Chinese Society of Landscape Architecture)
    Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture. 한국조경학회지 / International edition no.1 ,pp. 37 - 42 , 2001 , 1225-1755 ,

    초록

    In order to answer the challenge that development gave to environment, Chinese cities are making up and putting into effect the green space system planning. The planning main keys are: set down standards and scope of green space; bring the characteristics of every types of green space in to full play and made into basic units of the system; formed powerful links of the system; make full use of the natural system of city, constituted the urban and countryside as a organic whole green space system, therefore give full play their function and ecological effect. In fact, this green space system is a complex system. It is the main body of city ecological system, a main container of the citizen activities of leisure and recreation and a leading factor for making characteristic city landscape. Therefore it is a system carrying city's environment sustainable development.

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  7. [국내논문]   Conservation of Satoyama Landscapes for the Restoration of Ecological Integrity of Urban Area in Japan   피인용횟수: 1

    Yokohari, Makoto (Institute of Policy and Planning Sciences, University of Tsukuba ) , Kurita, Hideharu (Institute of Policy and Planning Sciences, University of Tsukuba ) , Amati, Marco (Institute of Policy and Planning Sciences, University of Tsukuba)
    Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture. 한국조경학회지 / International edition no.1 ,pp. 43 - 52 , 2001 , 1225-1755 ,

    초록

    One of the major environmental issues Japanese cities is now facing with is the conservation of seminatural landscapes for the restoration of ecological integrity of urban areas. The satoyama landscape, which includes coppice woodlands, agricultural areas and rural settlements, is seen as an indispensable semi-natural landscape, formed as a result of man-nature interaction. However, because of the loss of the economic viability they are now abandoned and in the process of losing their ecological values. Today a number of local municipalities as well as NPO groups are involved in the conservation projects of these landscapes. Although satoyama landscapes are commonly believed to have maintained their character over the years, historical studies have revealed that these landscapes have experienced constant and dynamic changes due to a variation in human impacts. It is therefore understood that the conservation projects on satoyama landscapes should not intend to restore their past condition, but should wet the goal of maintaining their dynamic character by promoting ecological roles which the landscapes may play in the contemporary world. EXPO2005 project in Aichi Prefecture is a good example of a development project underway on satoyama landscapes which intend to conserve the landscapes by stimulating contemporary ecological for them. In EXPO2005 project the key issue was the conservation of semi-natural landscapes formed by constant and intensive human impacts over the centuries and thus allowing endemic and endangered species to be accommodated. The planning team proposed a scheme to restore economic viability of satoyama landscapes. The scheme involves re-introducing intensive human impacts through a new management system with an innovative technology. This may restore the economic viability of lumbers provided form satoyama woodlands. EXPO2005 is understood as a model case which stimulates contemporary ecological functions of satoyama landscapes by applying innovative planning concepts.

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  8. [국내논문]   Comparative Study of Master Plan for Open Spaces in Japan and China -A Comparison of Planning Drafts and Their Processes-  

    Shen, Yue (Himeji Institute of Technology ) , Saitoh, Yohei (Himeji Institute of Technology ) , Kinoshita, Takeshi (University of Chiba ) , Ye, Kyungrock (Keisen College of Horticulture)
    Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture. 한국조경학회지 / International edition no.1 ,pp. 53 - 58 , 2001 , 1225-1755 ,

    초록

    The study made a comparison of the draft making process and implementation of open spaces in Japan and China, and pointed out the issues to be solved. In summary, we discovered that the Japanese plan emphasizes joint conduct and cooperation between residents and corporation/organization, while the Chinese plan is characterized by its active usage of administrative lines. Regarding the policies of their plans, there are many similarities in the basic issues for both countries. The study clarified the differences in measures responding to geographical and systematic features of each country.

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  9. [국내논문]   Land Cover Change and Urban Greenery Prediction in Jabotabek by using Remote Sensing  

    Zain, Alinda-Medrial (Graduate School of Agricultural and Life Sciences, The University of Tokyo ) , Takeuchi, Kazuhiko (Graduate School of Agricultural and Life Sciences, The University of Tokyo ) , Tsunekawa, Atsushi (Graduate School of Agricultural and Life Sciences, The University of Tokyo)
    Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture. 한국조경학회지 / International edition no.1 ,pp. 59 - 66 , 2001 , 1225-1755 ,

    초록

    The tremendous growth of population and physical development in the largest urban agglomeration in Indonesia -the Jakarta Metropolitan Region, also known as Jabotabek (Jakarta, Bogor, Tanggerang, Bekasi)- has created many environmental problems, such as land use conversion, increasing urban temperature, water and air pollution, intrusion of seawater, and flooding. These problems have become more serious as the urban green space (trees, shrubs, and groundcovers) has decreased rapidly with the urbanization process. Urban green space directly benefits the urban environment through ameliorating air pollution, controlling temperature, contributing to the balance of the hydrological system, and providing space for recreation and relaxation. Because there is little hard data to support the claim of decreasing greenery in Jabotabek, it is necessary to measure the amount of urban green space. The paper describes the spatial analysis of urban green space within Jabotabek through the use of a geographical information system (GIS). We used GIS and remote sensing to determine land cover change and predicted greenery percentage. Interpretation of Landsat data for 1972, 1983, 1990, and 1997 showed that Jabotabek has experiences rapid development and associated depletion of green open space. The proportion of green open space fell by 23% from 1972 to 1997. We found a low percentage of urban green space in the center of Jakarta but a high percentage in fringe area. The amount of greenery is predicted by the Ratio Vegetation Index (RVI) model: predicted greenery (%) = [146.04] RVI - 134.96. We consider that our result will be useful for landscape planning to improve the environment of Jabotabek.

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  10. [국내논문]   Study on Change in Landscape Structure over Time in Suburban Area by Using GIS -Case Study of Kawachinagano City, Osaka-  

    Kaga, Horoyuki (School of Osaka Prefecture University ) , Izaki, Noriaki (School of Osaka Prefecture University ) , Shimomura, Yasuhiko (Keikan Sekkei Co., Ltd. ) , Masuda, Noboru (School of Osaka Prefecture University)
    Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture. 한국조경학회지 / International edition no.1 ,pp. 67 - 74 , 2001 , 1225-1755 ,

    초록

    Now that importance of landscape planning unique to each area is emphasized, it is necessary to conduct landscape planning by taking advantage of natural environments unique to each ares, because its natural environments are regarded as one of the assets the area possesses. This study targets at Kawachinagano City, Osaka, one of the residential areas that I not only rich in natural and historical elements, but also has been rapidly growing. The purposes of this study are to evaluate change in landscape structure over time by analyzing relation between landform and pattern of expanding the built-up area at three time points of 1932, 1967, and 1994 with GIS (ARC/INFO 7.0.3, ARC/View 3.0 (ESRI)), as well as to make some suggestions for planning landscape unique to the area. Data on main ridges, sub ridges, main rivers, and other landform were read from the elevation map, and data on woodland, and parks and open spaces (having more than 3 ha area) were read from the existing land use map. The data were used to understand the natural structure of the city from topographic viewpoint. Next, the existing land use map prepared with data on the built-up area and urban axes consisting of roads and streets were overlaid on the elevation map in order to understand relation between pattern of expanding the built-up area and the natural structure.

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