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H : 소장처정보

T : 목차정보

Sustainable cities and society 21건

  1. [해외논문]   Serious games on environmental management   SCIE

    Madani, Kaveh (Centre for Environmental Policy, Imperial College London, London SW7 2AZ, UK ) , Pierce, Tyler W. (Department of Civil, Environmental and Construction Engineering, University of Central Florida, Orlando, FL 32816, USA ) , Mirchi, Ali (Department of Civil Engineering and Center for Environmental Resource Management, University of Texas at El Paso, 500W University Ave., El Paso, TX 79968, USA)
    Sustainable cities and society v.29 ,pp. 1 - 11 , 2017 , 2210-6707 ,

    초록

    Abstract Serious environmental management games can improve understanding of practical environmental sustainability challenges by offering opportunities to obtain first-hand experiences that may be otherwise too costly, difficult or dangerous to reproduce in reality. Game-based learning (GBL) has been found to increase soft skills, such as critical thinking, creative problem solving and teamwork, as well as to improve cognitive development, learning retention and social learning, which are important for future environmental researchers and professionals. Environmental management games can be applied in educational settings to promote awareness about sustainable resource planning and management among citizens who are increasingly exposed to products of the information age. This paper provides an overview of game-based learning and the state of serious games (SG) for environmental management, offering insight into their potential as effective tools in facilitating environmental education. SGs have been shown to possess numerous qualities that have been connected with improved learning experiences and cognitive development, but research must continue to study the SGs’ efficacy. Shortcomings found with games reviewed are that few evaluate or explain pedagogical foundation, and many are hard to implement or not accessible. Methods employed in determining the effectiveness of SGs vary greatly among environmental studies, necessitating a standardized methodology to reduce disparities in testing procedures. Furthermore, a centralized source, effectively an online database for SGs, is needed for locating and obtaining information pertaining to the available environmental games and their most appropriate applications. Highlights Serious games (SGs) for environmental management are reviewed. Potential of SGs in facilitating environmental education is discussed. The need for a standardized methodology to evaluate the effectiveness of SGs is highlighted.

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    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

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  2. [해외논문]   Energy productivity evaluation of large scale building energy efficiency programs for Oman   SCIE

    Krarti, Moncef (University of Colorado at Boulder, CO, USA ) , Dubey, Kankana (KAPSARC, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia)
    Sustainable cities and society v.29 ,pp. 12 - 22 , 2017 , 2210-6707 ,

    초록

    Abstract This paper outlines the benefits of large scale energy efficiency programs for new and existing buildings in Oman. In particular, an energy productivity analysis for these programs is carried out to encompass their overall impact for Oman’s economy. Over 75% of the total electricity consumed in Oman is attributed to buildings with almost 50% is due to household. First, a comprehensive optimization analysis is carried out using whole-building energy simulation to determine the best energy efficiency measures suitable to improve the energy performance of buildings in Oman. The economic and environmental benefits of a wide range of energy efficiency technologies are then evaluated. In particular, the impacts of different energy efficiency retrofit levels of existing buildings are the estimated on the energy productivity indicators for the building sector of Oman. The results of the analysis indicate that the implementation of a government funded large scale energy retrofit program for the existing residential building stock is highly cost-effective. In particular, it is found that a basic large scale energy efficiency retrofit program can provide a reduction of 957GWh in annual electricity consumption and 214MW in peak demand as well as over 660k-ton per year in carbon emissions.

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    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

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  3. [해외논문]   There is no publicity like word of mouth… Lessons for communicating drinking water risks in the urban setting   SCIE

    Bradford, Lori E.A. (Corresponding author.) , Idowu, Blessing , Zagozewski, Rebecca , Bharadwaj, Lalita A.
    Sustainable cities and society v.29 ,pp. 23 - 40 , 2017 , 2210-6707 ,

    초록

    Abstract Effective communication to citizens is of prime importance during public health crises involving water. This paper takes a sequential mixed method approach to the problem of communicating drinking water risks prevention of exposure to health risks in cities. City water officials are interviewed to learn about the goals of their drinking water communications strategies, and household surveys are completed subsequently in three suburbs in Saskatoon, Saskatchewan Canada to assess the effectiveness of communications for drinking water risks and advisories, and household resident’s knowledge of, and reported adherence to those advisories. Residents described how they heard about EBWA and PDWA’s, and lead pipe replacement programs; whether suggested protocols were followed; and how residents were informed about the termination of the advisories. Official communication efforts advised 21.4% of respondents directly about drinking water risks, however, the residents’ use of multiple unofficial information sources demonstrates an opportunity for increased resilience through having many pathways for receiving water advisory information. Communicating through word of mouth, in person and through social networks, reached 71% of respondents. Suburb-based differences in EBWA and PDWA communication effectiveness were also revealed. Lessons for how small cities could more effectively communicate urgent drinking water security issues and longer-term drinking water risks due to aging infrastructure are discussed. Implications for public health officers are explored. Highlights We explore and assess risk communications about drinking water in small cities. We study the effectiveness across two types of risk; long-term lead exposure and short-term precautionary measures. We suggest ways of enhancing drinking water communication methods in the urban context.

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    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

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  4. [해외논문]   Prediction and comparison of monthly indoor heat stress (WBGT and PHS) for RMG production spaces in Dhaka, Bangladesh   SCIE

    Chowdhury, Sajal (Laboratory of Environmental Ergonomics, Research Group of Planning and Performances for Built Environment, Division of Human Environmental Systems, Faculty of Engineering, Hokkaido University, Kita-ku, Sapporo, Hokkaido 060-8628, Japan ) , Hamada, Yasuhiro (Laboratory of Environmental Ergonomics, Research Group of Planning and Performances for Built Environment, Division of Human Environmental Systems, Faculty of Engineering, Hokkaido University, Kita-ku, Sapporo, Hokkaido 060-8628, Japan ) , Ahmed, Khandaker Shabbir (Department of Architecture, Bangladesh University of Engineering & Technology, Dhaka 1000, Bangladesh)
    Sustainable cities and society v.29 ,pp. 41 - 57 , 2017 , 2210-6707 ,

    초록

    Abstract In recent years, due to lack of considerations of indoor thermal condition as well as increasing global temperature has led to rapid increase of heatstroke patients at workplaces. In such context predicting overheated environment is becoming an imperative for the industry. From field monitoring, it was observed that production spaces in Readymade Garments (RMG) were adversely impacted by excessively hot indoor environments, and yet thousands of workers toiling away their days doing production work-in these spaces. Such excessive indoor temperatures, much higher than the worker’s normal body temperature, have an adverse impact on physiological conditions potentially leading health risks. In this study, whole year heat stress prediction for RMG workers has been analyzed by simulations using Energy Plus ⓒ and Open Studio ⓒ . Field monitoring of local RMG factories was conducted with data loggers for in-situ assessment. Wet Bulb Globe Temperature (WBGT) and Predicted Heat Strain (PHS) model criteria for the factory workers were examined. It was found that WBGT and PHS reached higher than comfortable levels between the months of May-August. The level of PHS was observed to reach values up to 53–60% higher than the average meteorological values, and the rest of the conditions remained moderate. Highlights Monthly comparison of WBGT and PHS criteria for RMG factory workers has been analyzed. Whole year heat stress prediction criteria of RMG production space in Dhaka have been examined. Months of May-July indicate high level of PHS criteria for the workers. PHS criteria appear at high risk level (up to 38°C) in summer. WBGT, t sk and t cr have significant deviation during peak working condition. WBGT and PHS criteria for different exterior walls, orientations and zones have significant deviation (0.98–3.9).

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    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

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  5. [해외논문]   Quantification of particle bound metallic load and PAHs in urban environment of Delhi, India: Source and toxicity assessment   SCIE

    Hazarika, Naba (Corresponding authors. ) , Srivastava, Arun (Corresponding authors.) , Das, Arunangshu
    Sustainable cities and society v.29 ,pp. 58 - 67 , 2017 , 2210-6707 ,

    초록

    Abstract The present investigation was carried out to observe the concentration variation of metals/metalloids and Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAHs) associated with size-segregated particles and its probable emission sources along with the toxicity level in urban environment from the capital of India. Energy Dispersive X-ray Fluorescence (EDXRF) and Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry (GC–MS) techniques were applied for the quantification of metals/metalloids and PAHs in fine ( 2.5μm) mode particles for the samples collected from four different sensitive sites in Delhi (India) during the year 2012–13. The observed load of metals/metalloids as well as PAHs predominated the fine mode particles, while it was lesser in coarse mode particles regardless the sites. Among metals/metalloids; Si had the highest average percentage contribution (∼14%), and similarly Benzo[ a ]pyrene had highest average percentage contribution (∼23%) among PAHs. Source apportionment of metals/metalloids and PAHs were carried out by applying the Principal Component Analysis (PCA). Crustal re-suspension, vehicular transportations and industrial activities were found to be the major sources of metals/metalloids; while vehicular emission, burning of biomass and coal were the responsible factors for PAHs. Molecular Diagnostic Ratio (MDR) also showed similar emission sources of PAHs. Excess cancer risk were observed for Ni, As and Pb; where As had the highest inhalation carcinogenic risk. Highlights Particulate matters were released due to industrial and anthropogenic activities. Metals/metalloids and PAHs were enriched in fine mode of particles. Sources of metals/metalloids were linked to crustal re-suspension, vehicle and industries. PAHs were primarily associated with vehicular fuel, burning activities and biogenic emission. Arsenic had the highest carcinogenic risk of inhalation.

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    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

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  6. [해외논문]   Regional assessment of exposure to traffic-related air pollution: Impacts of individual mobility and transit investment scenarios   SCIE

    Shekarrizfard, Maryam (Civil Engineering, McGill University, Canada ) , Faghih-Imani, Ahmadreza (Civil Engineering, McGill University, Canada ) , Té (Département de Santé) , treault, Louis-Francois (Environnementale et Santé) , Yasmin, Shamsunnahar (au Travail, Université) , Reynaud, Frederic (de Montréal, Canada ) , Morency, Patrick (Civil, Environmental and Construction Engineering, University of Central Florida, United States ) , Plante, Celine (Oliver Wyman Consulting, Montreal, Canada ) , Drouin, Louis (Direction Régionale de santé) , Smargiassi, Audrey (Publique du CIUSS du Centre-Sud-de-l'Île de Montréal, Canada ) , Eluru, Naveen (Direction Régionale de santé) , Hatzopoulou, Marianne (Publique du CIUSS du Centre-Sud-de-l'Île de Montréal, Canada )
    Sustainable cities and society v.29 ,pp. 68 - 76 , 2017 , 2210-6707 ,

    초록

    Abstract This paper describes the design and application of an integrated model for the prediction of exposure to traffic related air pollution in an urban area as a result of transport policy scenarios. For this purpose, a travel demand model linked with models for traffic assignment, emissions, and air quality was used to simulate population exposure to ambient Nitrogen Dioxide (NO 2 ) in a base year (2008) and in a horizon year (2031) while incorporating population and demographic projections. The integrated model was used to evaluate the impacts of the planned regional transit and vehicle technology improvements on exposure to NO 2 . In the 2031 business as usual scenario, an average decrease of 19% in exposure to NO 2 is observed across the sample population, compared to the 2008 base case. This decrease is primarily attributed to projected improvements in vehicle technology. In the 2031 transit scenario, we observed an average 10% decrease in exposure compared to the 2031 business as usual. In terms of the spatial variability in air pollution, the transit scenario was observed to achieve large reductions in NO 2 concentrations within the downtown area and moderate reductions throughout the suburbs. Highlights Integrated model evaluated impacts of transit and vehicle improvements on exposure. We observed an increase in modal share of public transit and lower traffic volumes. We observed lower emissions and NO 2 concentrations in the downtown area. The effect of transit policy on exposure is smaller than vehicle technology.

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    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

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  7. [해외논문]   Assessing user thermal sensation in the Aegean region against standards   SCIE

    Calis, Gulben (Corresponding author.) , Kuru, Merve
    Sustainable cities and society v.29 ,pp. 77 - 85 , 2017 , 2210-6707 ,

    초록

    Abstract Thermal comfort is an important criterion in design, operation and commissioning of commercial and residential buildings. Today, building systems are operated according to the predefined set points, which are determined according to the standards that have predefined comfort ranges for all climatic zones. However, users’ thermal sensation, preference and acceptability might vary for different climatic conditions, and, thus, operating buildings and predicting the comfort performance of buildings by measuring its adherence to the standards might not represent the perceived thermal sensation and satisfaction of users. This study aims at assessing the perceived thermal sensation of users in the Aegean region against the thermal comfort standards ASHRAE 55 and ISO 7730. Indoor environmental conditions were monitored and a survey study was carried out to obtain predicted mean vote (PMV) and actual mean vote (AMV), respectively. The results show that the PMV model underestimated the percentage of dissatisfied users in the environment and was not able to detect the thermal unacceptability in both seasons. Moreover, it was found that users prefer cooler environments both in the heating and cooling seasons. Therefore, lower temperatures compared to the standards should be maintained in order to ensure thermal comfort conditions. Highlights Assessment of indoor environmental conditions against ASHRAE 55 and ISO 7730 thermal comfort standards. Comparison of AMV and PMV values in the Aegean region. Analysis of thermal acceptability, neutrality and preference. Investigation of actual and predicted preferred neutral temperatures. APD was always higher than PPD in both heating and cooling seasons.

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    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

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  8. [해외논문]   A review of the theory and practice of regional resilience   SCIE

    Peng, Chong (School of Architecture and Urban Planning, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, 430074 China ) , Yuan, Minhang (School of Architecture and Urban Planning, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, 430074 China ) , Gu, Chaolin (School of Architecture, Tsinghua University, Beijing, 100084 China ) , Peng, Zhongren (Department of Urban and Regional Planning, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32607, USA ) , Ming, Tingzhen (School of Civil Engineering and Architecture, Wuhan University of Technology, Wuhan, 430070, China)
    Sustainable cities and society v.29 ,pp. 86 - 96 , 2017 , 2210-6707 ,

    초록

    Abstract The concept of resilience deeply affects regional planning, development, and post-disaster reconstruction. Recent research advances on the theories and practices of regional resilience are discussed in this article. First, the concepts of resilience and regional resilience are summarized, and the spatial characteristics of the resilient region are analyzed from the standpoints of property, process and capability. Second, the definition, research background, visual angle, basic research framework, guidelines, importance, and future development of regional resilience are evaluated from the following point of views: engineering, economy, ecology, and society. In addition, the predominant methods and technologies are reviewed to evaluate the regional resilience from the perspectives of property, process and capability factors. This is followed by a detailed discussion on the practice of regional resilience in planning and disaster management. Last, but not least, the worldwide main research results, their current deficiencies, and future research directions are presented. Highlights The concepts of resilience and regional resilience were summarized. The definition, research background, visual angle of regional resilience were analyzed. The basic research framework and future development of regional resilience were analyzed. The predominant methods and technologies were summarized to evaluate regional resilience.

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    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

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  9. [해외논문]   Influence of height/width proportions on the thermal comfort of courtyard typology for Italian climate zones   SCIE

    Martinelli, Letizia (Department of Planning, Design and Technology of Architecture, Sapienza University, Via Flaminia 72, 00196 Rome, Italy ) , Matzarakis, Andreas (Research Center Human Biometeorology, German Meteorological Service, Stefan-Meier-Str. 4, D-79104 Freiburg, Germany)
    Sustainable cities and society v.29 ,pp. 97 - 106 , 2017 , 2210-6707 ,

    초록

    Abstract The relationship between urban geometry and microclimate is a relevant topic for both urban planning and urban climatology, as it significantly influences the thermal comfort of individuals. Urban geometry, shaped by building typology, has opposite effects for different seasons, satisfying a demand for compactness in summer, to secure protection from the sun, and openness in winter, to provide solar access. The study presents a long term numerical analysis of the effect of height/width proportions on the thermal comfort of courtyard typology in Italy throughout the year. According to a detailed version of KOppen-Geiger classification, 6 Italian cities were selected as representative for each climate, excluding Alpine climates: Aosta, Milano, Campobasso, Firenze, Lecce, Catania. The assessment of thermal comfort is based on the Physiologically Equivalent Temperature (PET), calculated using the RayMan model. The input for the model are 30 years data on air temperature, vapour pressure, air velocity and cloud cover, with 3-h resolution, obtained from the meteorological station of each city. The results of daily median analysis over the year and seasonal frequency analysis indicate that high height/width proportions appear to have a stabilizing effect over thermal comfort. This effect is favourable for both winter and summer season; being more conspicuous in summer than in winter, it benefits more the courtyards located in warm climates. Highlights The study analyses the human thermal comfort of courtyards for Italian climate zones. It focuses on the annual and seasonal effect of height/width on the PET index. It emphasizes the seasonal trend of thermal comfort. High height/width has a stabilizing effect on thermal comfort, especially during summer. The choice of courtyard’s height/width can be linked to specific climatic conditions.

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    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

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  10. [해외논문]   Improving sustainable office building operation by using historical data and linear models to predict energy usage   SCIE

    Safa, Majeed (Department of Agricultural Management and Property Studies, Lincoln University, New Zealand ) , Safa, Mahdi (College of Business, Lamar University, USA ) , Allen, Jeremy (Energy Solution Providers Ltd, Auckland, New Zealand ) , Shahi, Arash (Department of Civil Engineering and Mineral, University of Toronto, Canada ) , Haas, Carl T. (Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Waterloo, Canada)
    Sustainable cities and society v.29 ,pp. 107 - 117 , 2017 , 2210-6707 ,

    초록

    Abstract Offices and retail outlets represent the most intensive energy consumers in the non-residential building sector and have been estimated to account for more than 50% of a building’s energy usage. Accurate predictions of office building energy usage can provide potential energy savings and significantly enhance the efficient energy management of office buildings. This paper proposes a method that applies multiple linear regression (MLR) and artificial neural network (ANN) models to predict energy consumption based on weather conditions and occupancy; thus, enabling a comparison of the use of these two types of modelling methods. In this study, four models of office sites at research institutions in different New Zealand regions were developed to investigate the ability of simple models to reduce margins of error in energy auditing projects. The models were developed based on the monthly average outside temperature and the number of full-time employees (FTEs). A comparison of the actual and predicted energy usage revealed that the models can predict energy usage within an acceptable error range. The results also demonstrated that each building should be investigated as an individual unit. Highlights The paper proposes a method that applies multiple linear regression (MLR) and artificial neural network (ANN) models to predict energy usage based on weather conditions and occupancy; thus enabling a comparison of the use of these two types of modelling methods. The models were developed based on the monthly outside temperatures and the number of full-time employees (FTEs). A comparison of the actual and predicted energy consumption revealed that the models can predict energy usage within an acceptable error range. The results also demonstrated that each building should be investigated as an individual unit.

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