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Kontakt: Journal of Nursing and Social Sciences re... 15건

  1. [해외논문]   Work satisfaction and mental pressure of social workers and workers in social services  

    Mrhá (University of South Bohemia in České) , lek, Tomá (Budějovice, Faculty of Education, Department of Pedagogy and Psychology, České) , š (Budějovice, Czech Republic ) , (University of South Bohemia in České) , Kajanová (Budějovice, Faculty of Health and Social Sciences, Institute of Social and Special-paedagogical Sciences, České) , , Alena (Budějovice, Czech Republic)
    Kontakt: Journal of Nursing and Social Sciences related to Health and Illness v.20 no.2 ,pp. e166 - e170 , 2018 , 1212-4117 ,

    초록

    Abstract Working in the social sphere is a profession that involves intensive social interaction with clients. The aim of this paper is to describe work satisfaction in the research group of social workers and workers in social services from the South Bohemian region ( N = 227). This is established by the means of a standardized Job Satisfaction Survey (JSS, Spector) and an evaluation of pressure of work by means of a Meister questionnaire. The research aim is also to test the relationships of dependent variables within the job positions and the scope of employment in this group of employees. The results show the research group is ambivalent from the aspect of work satisfaction, which means they are medium satisfied (56.1% of the research group). Total dissatisfaction has been identified in less than 5% of employees and satisfaction has been identified distinctly less than in the whole of the Czech population. The employees especially showed their satisfaction in the area of relationships at the workplace, communication and the scope of employment. Dissatisfaction was shown in possibilities for career development, evaluation of their work, and administrative stress. Less than 5% of the respondents mentioned high work stress, but despite this the group evaluated their working conditions rather negatively. The total pressure of work of most respondents conforms to the category 2, whereas temporary affection of subjective state and productivity can regularly occur. 17.4% of the research group reach the levels that increase the limit of mental pressure of work. A statistically significantly higher rate of pressure of work in the social workers compared to the workers in social services has also been proved. Generally satisfaction has been influenced by the trend of understanding social work as an obligation and support from the working collective, while negatives are connected with pay grades and work benefits.

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    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

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  2. [해외논문]   Family cohesion and a father's warmth are related to the positive lifestyles of female university students  

    Campos-Uscanga, Yolanda (Universidad Veracruzana, Instituto de Salud Pública, Veracruz, Mexico ) , Morales-Ortiz, Abigahid Vianey (Universidad del Istmo, Licenciatura en Enfermería, Oaxaca, Mexico ) , Argü (Universidad Veracruzana, Instituto de Salud Pública, Veracruz, Mexico ) , elles-Nava, Vianey Guadalupe (Universidad del Istmo, Licenciatura en Enfermería, Oaxaca, Mexico ) , Ramí (Universidad Veracruzana, Facultad de Nutrición, Veracruz, Mexico ) , rez-Chang, Luis Amado (Universidad Veracruzana, Instituto de Ciencias de la Salud, Veracruz, Mexico) , Zavaleta-Abad, Raú , l Alberto , Rosas-Campos, Rebeca
    Kontakt: Journal of Nursing and Social Sciences related to Health and Illness v.20 no.2 ,pp. e185 - e191 , 2018 , 1212-4117 ,

    초록

    Abstract One of the main strategies that healthy universities implement among their students is that of promoting healthy lifestyles. However, behind these healthy lifestyles, there may be some aspects related to family functioning that favour or limit its implementation. Consequently, the objective of this study is to establish whether there is a relationship between lifestyles and family cohesion, family ethnic socialization and the affective behaviour of the father and the mother. A cross-sectional study was conducted with a representative sample of 159 female university students from an indigenous area of Oaxaca, Mexico. The Healthy Lifestyle Scale for University Students, the Self-Assessment Scale of Affective Behaviour (with regard to the father and the mother) and the Family Cohesion Scale were used. Family ethnic socialization revealed a significant interrelationship with lifestyles in all ethnic groups. However, these scores were higher in the indigenous groups. Although the moderate hostility from the father did not show any relationship with lifestyles in either ethnic group, the scores for hostility from the father were higher in indigenous groups than in the mestizo group. A multivariate analysis confirmed better lifestyles when better family cohesion and greater warmth of the father were observed.

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    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

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  3. [해외논문]   Perceptions of social services from the perspective of their users and providers in the selected region of the Czech Republic  

    Varvaž (Czech University of Life Sciences Prague, Faculty of Economics and Management, Department of Humanities, Prague, Czech Republic ) , ovská (Czech University of Life Sciences Prague, Faculty of Economics and Management, Department of Languages, Prague, Czech Republic) , , Pavla , Jarkovská , , Martina
    Kontakt: Journal of Nursing and Social Sciences related to Health and Illness v.20 no.2 ,pp. e177 - e184 , 2018 , 1212-4117 ,

    초록

    Abstract Act No. 108/2006 Coll., on Social Services, brought a number of conceptual changes. The main aim of this paper is to compare the quality of social services in terms of user satisfaction in relation to the provider, and to find out whether these facilities are comparable in providing social services, whether they meet the needs of the target group of seniors and whether the seniors are satisfied with the service. A field survey was performed both quantitatively and qualitatively. The sample of respondents ( n = 108) was composed of seniors using residential social services for the elderly provided by both public and private entities. The questioning was conducted through structured interviews, taking into account the specificities of the questioning of the elderly. The qualitative survey was carried out using a semi-standardized interview with statutory representatives of homes for the elderly, family members and representatives of the founders of public organizations. More than three quarters of respondents rated the social service provided to them very positively. In the field of technical security, it was the non-state facility which received the better evaluation. Furthermore, the investigation conducted with statutory representatives of the organizations has provided valuable information on the funding of social services. The current funding method does not allow longer-term planning of organizational development, investment, and personnel policy. Finally, recommendations for practice are mentioned.

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    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

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  4. [해외논문]   Characteristics of oncology patients and their management strategy as a possible predictor of help in oncology social work  

    Sabolová (University of Prešov, Faculty of Arts, Institute of Educology and Social Work, Prešov, Slovak Republic ) , Fabianová (Pavol Jozef Šafárik University in Košice, Faculty of Arts, Department of Social Work, Košice, Slovak Republic) , , Antó , nia , Ž , iaková , , Tatiana
    Kontakt: Journal of Nursing and Social Sciences related to Health and Illness v.20 no.2 ,pp. e144 - e152 , 2018 , 1212-4117 ,

    초록

    Abstract The aim of this study is to point to the concept of the c-coping style of oncological patients, towards whom the attention has been shifted in the research sphere in the last few years. The preferences in coping strategies of oncological patients were identified and compared to the respondents who did not suffer from this serious disease. The result of the statistical comparison within the research group shows the differences in selected coping strategies, as well as differences in personal characteristics. The results of this study point to the fact that respondents diagnosed with oncological disease prefer, on the larger scale, selected coping strategies, which are generally considered to be more effective (Minimization, Distraction, Substitute gratification, Reaction control). At the same time, however, they possess the dimension of personal characteristics, through which the feelings of insecurity, hopelessness, and so on, can be defined. (Restlessness and Resilience dimension). Respondents diagnosed with oncological disease are also dominated by the need for social support and assistance strategy. On the other hand, respondents who have not been diagnosed with an oncological disease often show much higher intensity of the personal attribute called “Openness”. The authors respect the importance of using gender-sensitive language. For the purpose of clarity of the paper they are using the non-specific gender terms of patient or respondent, referring to both genders.

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    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

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  5. [해외논문]   Preliminary results of teaching first aid to 5–6 year old children – a longitudinal study  

    Bá (University of Pécs, Faculty of Health Sciences, Institute of Emergency Care and Health Pedagogy, Pécs, Hungary ) , nfai, Bá (University of Pécs, Faculty of Health Sciences, Institute of Emergency Care and Health Pedagogy, Pécs, Hungary ) , lint (University of Pécs, Faculty of Health Sciences, Institute of Emergency Care and Health Pedagogy, Pécs, Hungary ) , Deutsch, Krisztina (University of Pécs, Department of Emergency Medicine, Pécs, Hungary ) , Pandur, Attila (University of Pécs, Faculty of Health Sciences, Institute of Emergency Care and Health Pedagogy, Pécs, Hungary) , Bá , nfai-Csonka, Henrietta , Betlehem, Jó , zsef
    Kontakt: Journal of Nursing and Social Sciences related to Health and Illness v.20 no.2 ,pp. e120 - e125 , 2018 , 1212-4117 ,

    초록

    Abstract Objective Basic lifesaving activities should be taught in early childhood to develop helping attitude. Our goal was to teach up-to-date theoretical and practical basic first aid using the method of play for kindergarten children. Methods 51 children visiting kindergarten in two areas of Hungary were involved in the survey, which took place between September and November 2011. The training consisted of two sessions with theoretical and practical games about first aid. As well as the first steps, which concerned how to examine and handle an unconscious patient and how to call an ambulance, the most frequently occurring injuries were also performed in different playful situations. In the third session, children were tested on their skills and a month later they were re-tested. The tests measured the children's problem-solving skills and their basic knowledge about different scenarios requiring first aid. The statistical analysis was made with the SPSS 17.0 software using the Chi-square test and t -test. Results The maximum point score of the test was 38 points. The average point score of the first test was 16.94 points and the second resulted in higher scores (17.5 points). The difference between the results was significant ( p p Conclusions 5 and 6 year old kindergarten children can learn the basic concepts, but fewer children are able to act adequately in complex situations. A playful method of teaching first aid can improve children's knowledge and helping attitude.

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    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

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  6. [해외논문]   Validation of PedsQL™ questionnaires for assessing the quality of life in children and their families  

    Baloun, Ingrid (<i>Author for correspondence</i>: University of South Bohemia in České) , Velemí (Budějovice, Faculty of Health and Social Sciences, Institute of Laboratory Diagnostics and Public Health, J. Boreckého 27, 370 11 České) , nský (Budějovice, Czech Republic.) , , Miloš
    Kontakt: Journal of Nursing and Social Sciences related to Health and Illness v.20 no.2 ,pp. e160 - e165 , 2018 , 1212-4117 ,

    초록

    Abstract Quality of life is an individual's perception of their position in life in the context of the culture and value systems in which they live and in relation to their goals, expectations, standards and concerns. For the assessment of the quality of life in children, a number of questionnaires are used. One of them is the Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory™ (PedsQL) questionnaire. This questionnaire has an added value in the possibility to engage the whole family. The goal of this study is to increase the awareness about the content and reliability of the PedsQL questionnaires and to verify their content and reliability. After studying the information gained by a secondary data analysis, it will be mutually compared and the possibilities of its use for the assessment of the quality of life in children with specific chronic diseases will be suggested. For the assessment, we used a secondary data analysis gained from the WOS and SCOPUS databases, as well as from those that can be found in the PubMed database (e.g. MEDLINE). The source for obtaining the PedsQL questionnaires is ePROVIDE, where questionnaires are available after registration. When selecting the publications, we considered whether the measure of reliability – the Cronbach's alpha, was stated. We used the Boolean operators with the key words PedsQL, PedsQL AND Validation, PedsQL AND Reliability. The oldest references used for this article are from June 1996 and the newest are from August 2017. After analysing these sources, we carried out the synthesis of the gained information. We used the Haynes pyramid EDA to assess the results.

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    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

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  7. [해외논문]   Mental health problems as one of the factors in the development and persistence of homelessness  

    Habá (<i>Author for correspondence</i>: University of Ss. Cyril and Methodius, Faculty of Social Sciences, Bučianska 4/A, 917 01 Trnava, Slovak Republic.) , nik, Tomá , š
    Kontakt: Journal of Nursing and Social Sciences related to Health and Illness v.20 no.2 ,pp. e171 - e176 , 2018 , 1212-4117 ,

    초록

    Abstract The study aims to identify the presence of psychiatric disorders (and the different types) among the homeless, while also seeking a correlation between homelessness and mental health problems. The study was conducted as qualitative research at a low-threshold day treatment center in TrenčIn between January 1 and October 1, 2017. The research sample consisted of twelve users of low-threshold social services, and through these participants we examined and identified not only the extent of psychiatric disorders present in them, but also the current state of treatment and the interest of the participants in addressing existing mental health problems alongside their relationship to their social environment. The results of the study demonstrated the connection between homelessness and mental health problems, as well as the consequences of the failure to treat psychological problems due to how the homeless act and their behavior toward their social environment, limiting the ability to reintegrate them into society.

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    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

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  8. [해외논문]   Exogenous risk factors for colorectal cancer in people aged 50 years and older  

    Spá (<i>Author for correspondence:</i>Constantine the Philosopher University in Nitra, Faculty of Social Sciences and Health Care, Department of Nursing, Kraskova 1, 949 74 Nitra, Slovak Republic.) , č , ilová , , Zuzana , Solgajová , , Andrea , Vö , rö , sová , , Gabriela , Zrubcová , , Dana
    Kontakt: Journal of Nursing and Social Sciences related to Health and Illness v.20 no.2 ,pp. e126 - e133 , 2018 , 1212-4117 ,

    초록

    Abstract Colorectal cancer is a preventable disease caused by endogenous and external environmental factors. The study objective was to map the incidence of exogenous risk factors for colorectal cancer among the lay public in relation to age. The quantitative study was conducted by using the questionnaire “Colon Cancer”, which was supplemented by self-designed items. To process the obtained data, we used several mathematical and statistical methods found in STATISTICA and MS Excel. The sample consisted of 1715 respondents (males and females) from every region of Slovakia, including 1120 younger respondents (50–59 years old) and 595 older respondents (60 years and older). They had no cancerous diseases in their medical history; and they had no healthcare education. We found a high incidence of some exogenous risk factors for colorectal cancer: 60.36% of the younger respondents and 75.12% of the older respondents were overweight and suffered from obesity; 47.32% of the younger respondents and 41.18% of the older respondents ate large amounts of red meat; 76.52% of the younger respondents and 73.61% of the older respondents did not eat the recommended daily allowance of vegetables; and 47.77% of the younger respondents and 57.65% of the older respondents did not do adequate physical activity. We found that there was a statistically significant relationship between age and BMI, red meat consumption, physical activity, and smoking ( p ˂0.05). The frequency of consumption of vegetables and alcohol did not depend on the respondents’ age. There is a high incidence of exogenous risk factors for colorectal cancer in the Slovak population. We recommend implementing preventive strategies against colorectal cancer in individuals, communities, and society.

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    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

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  9. [해외논문]   The quality of life of patients after an acute stroke  

    Š (Slovak Medical University in Bratislava, Faculty of Health, Banská) , upí (Bystrica, Slovak Republic ) , nová (Svet zdravia, a. s., Žiar nad Hronom Hospital, Medical Ward, Žiar nad Hronom, Slovak Republic) , , Má , ria , Sklenková , , Gabriela
    Kontakt: Journal of Nursing and Social Sciences related to Health and Illness v.20 no.2 ,pp. e153 - e159 , 2018 , 1212-4117 ,

    초록

    Abstract The way in which the quality of life of patients is limited after an acute stroke can manifest in several areas. Patients often experience disorders of the motor system, speech, cognitive skills, self-maintenance and others. The objective of the study was to determine how respondents assess the impact of an acute stroke on the quality of their lives and how they rate their recovery afterwards. A total of 100 respondents with an average age of 55.4years were included. The study was conducted using a standardized “Stroke Impact Scale Version 3.0″ questionnaire. Descriptive statistics, Mann–Whitney U test and Spearman's correlation coefficient, were used to analyze the data obtained. Based on statistical tests, we found a relationship between the age of respondents and the assessment of the following domains: Communication, ADL, Mobility, Hand and Participation. Dependence between the assessment of individual domains and sex was not proven. The rate of recovery of patients after an acute stroke is not associated with age ( p = −0.20). It is significantly related to the assessment of individual domains. The quality of life, as well as the overall recovery rate of acute stroke patients, is reduced. It is not influenced by the age or sex of the patients. Age is related only to the assessment of selected areas of patient life.

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    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

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  10. [해외논문]   The Omaha system as an ontology and meta-model for nursing and healthcare in an era of Big Data  

    Monsen, Karen A. (<i>Author for correspondence</i>: Karen A. Monsen, PhD, RN, FAAN, University of Minnesota, School of Nursing, 5-140 Weaver-Densford Hall, 308 Harvard Street SE, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA.)
    Kontakt: Journal of Nursing and Social Sciences related to Health and Illness v.20 no.2 ,pp. e109 - e110 , 2018 , 1212-4117 ,

    초록

    Abstract The way in which the quality of life of patients is limited after an acute stroke can manifest in several areas. Patients often experience disorders of the motor system, speech, cognitive skills, self-maintenance and others. The objective of the study was to determine how respondents assess the impact of an acute stroke on the quality of their lives and how they rate their recovery afterwards. A total of 100 respondents with an average age of 55.4years were included. The study was conducted using a standardized “Stroke Impact Scale Version 3.0″ questionnaire. Descriptive statistics, Mann–Whitney U test and Spearman's correlation coefficient, were used to analyze the data obtained. Based on statistical tests, we found a relationship between the age of respondents and the assessment of the following domains: Communication, ADL, Mobility, Hand and Participation. Dependence between the assessment of individual domains and sex was not proven. The rate of recovery of patients after an acute stroke is not associated with age ( p = −0.20). It is significantly related to the assessment of individual domains. The quality of life, as well as the overall recovery rate of acute stroke patients, is reduced. It is not influenced by the age or sex of the patients. Age is related only to the assessment of selected areas of patient life.

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